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GLOBAL POULTRY TRENDS 2013: Record World Duck Meat Production in 2013

05 February 2014

Global Poultry Trends 2012

Global duck meat output reached a record high in 2011, the latest year for which data are available, according to industry analyst, Terry Evans. Asia as a region dominates the world production league table and China accounts for almost 80 per cent of the Asian total.

Recording an annual average growth rate of almost 3.5 per cent, global duck meat production expanded by some 1.3 million tonnes between 2000 and 2011 as output climbed from 2.9 million tonnes to almost 4.2 million tonnes, according to FAO data (Table 1). If this rate has been maintained, then currently the world total will be approaching a record 4.5 million tonnes.

Table 1. Indigenous duck meat production ('000 tonnes)
Region2000200620072008200920102011
Africa 56.6 78.6 84.2 88.0 89.6 86.5 84.3
Americas 96.4 132.3 103.0 99.1 97.1 100.7 103.2
Asia 2,329.4 2,727.9 2,905.7 3,094.9 3,162.1 3,347.8 3,481.3
Europe 403.9 450.5 497.5 479.1 483.0 499.7 508.0
Oceania 8.9 11.7 12.2 15.7 19.3 17.6 16.5
WORLD 2,895.3 3,401.0 3,602.6 3,776.9 3,851.1 4,052.3 4,193.2

Source FAO

Production in Africa and Asia grew by 3.7 per cent per year in the review period, while Europe recorded a 2.1 per cent gain. However, data published by AVEC - the Association of Poultry Processors and Poultry Trade in the European Union - indicates that the upward trend in Europe has been halted, with 2012 actually witnessing a near two per cent cut-back. The increase in the Americas was small at just 0.6 per cent per year. The most rapid growth of 5.7 per cent per year was noted in Oceania, but the quantities involved were tiny.

As is clear from Table 1 and Figure 1, the main reason for the global expansion in meat duck production has stemmed from the industry in Asia, which grew from 2.3 million tonnes in 2000 to nearly 3.5 million tonnes in 2011, boosting this region’s share of the world total from 80.5 per cent to 83 per cent.


Figure 1. Indigenous duck meat production ('000 tonnes)

The production data presented in the tables refer to indigenous output which, according to the FAO’s definition, is the quantity of meat from the slaughterings of domestically-grown birds plus the meat equivalent from such birds exported live.

The leading duck producing countries in five major regions are listed in Table 2.

Table 2. Leading duck meat producing countries ('000 tonnes)
 2000200620072008200920102011
AFRICA 56.6 78.6 84.2 88.0 89.6 86.5 84.3
of which:              
Egypt 38.0 60.0 65.0 68.2 69.5 66.2 63.3
Madagascar 10.9 11.0 11.1 11.4 11.6 11.8 12.0
               
AMERICAS 96.4 132.3 103.0 99.1 97.1 100.7 103.2
of which:              
Argentina 7.3 7.5 7.5 8.5 9.1 9.2 9.4
Brazil 7.1 7.5 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.7 7.8
Canada 7.5 8.0 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.5 7.6
Mexico 20.0 20.3 20.5 20.5 20.5 20.8 20.9
US 52.6 86.3 57.3 52.0 49.1 52.0 54.0
               
ASIA 2,329.4 2,727.9 2,905.7 3,094.9 3,162.1 3,347.8 3,481.3
of which:              
Bangladesh 33.0 38.5 39.1 40.0 41.2 41.5 44.0
China, mainland 1,801.0 2,010.0 2,230.0 2,435.0 2,500.0 2,670.0 2,750.0
China, Taiwan 64.5 74.8 77.7 68.8 63.3 67.1 67.7
India 46.0 38.4 37.0 36.4 37.7 37.9 39.0
Indonesia 13.8 24.5 44.1 31.0 25.8 26.0 29.2
Korea Rep. 44.6 52.6 56.6 55.5 61.4 64.1 68.9
Malaysia 82.1 119.1 123.5 124.5 123.2 125.2 128.1
Myanmar 28.4 67.9 74.1 80.8 89.1 98.1 105.2
Philippines 21.6 24.3 30.9 30.2 29.4 28.1 28.8
Thailand 102.1 83.3 84.9 76.4 77.3 80.0 82.0
Viet Nam 69.6 70.2 73.6 82.0 79.2 74.8 105.0
               
EUROPE 403.9 450.5 497.5 479.1 483.0 499.7 508.0
of which:              
Bulgaria 8.0 18.6 14.3 15.9 16.0 18.8 18.8
France 233.3 261.1 289.8 274.3 265.6 284.2 291.7
Germany 40.0 41.6 57.1 61.7 64.0 62.7 57.9
Hungary 43.4 44.5 51.4 42.6 52.3 52.7 59.4
Netherlands 13.4 14.4 15.9 15.5 18.4 16.9 15.6
Poland 11.0 16.0 17.0 17.2 17.0 17.2 16.8
United Kingdom 40.5 35.1 33.1 33.1 30.0 29.2 33.0
               
OCEANIA 8.9 11.7 12.2 15.7 19.3 17.6 16.5
of which:              
Australia 8.0 10.9 11.4 14.9 18.5 16.8 15.8

Source FAO

Egypt is the major producer in Africa, its industry having grown from 38,000 tonnes a year back in 2000 to almost 70,000 tonnes in 2009. However, since then, output has slipped back to a little over 63,000 tonnes in 2011.

Production appears stable in Madagascar at around 12,000 tonnes a year.

Clearly, duck meat is not popular in the Americas as the total output for all the countries in this region has declined since 2006 and is not that much greater than the total for Africa.

Accounting for more than 83 per cent of the global total, Asia is clearly the dominant producing region, with mainland China accounting for almost 79 per cent of the regional total. Production in China has escalated at around four per cent per year over the past decade or so, the annual total increasing by one million tonnes from1.8 to almost 2.8 million tonnes.

Myanmar has the fastest growing industry in Asia, output having rocketed by more than 12 per cent per year from 28,400 tonnes in 2000 to exceed 105,000 tonnes in 2011.

Solid growth at around the regional average of four per cent per year has been achieved by both Malaysia and Viet Nam. However, production in Thailand contracted from 102,000 tonnes in 2000 to around 80,000 tonnes in both 2010 and 2011.

While Europe’s meat duck industry recorded an average annual increase of three per cent between 2000 and 2007, it has since slowed to just 0.5 per cent. Nevertheless, in 2011 production exceeded half a million tonnes for the first time (Table 2).

In Europe, as in the other regions, one country dominates production. In this instance, France is the leader, accounting for 57 per cent of the regional total, output having risen from 233,000 tonnes in 2000 to around 292,000 tonnes in 2011. However, the latest AVEC figures indicate that output in France and the EU as a whole slipped a few points in 2012.

Australia accounts for virtually all the duck production in Oceania.

Less Than Four Per Cent of Duck Meat is Exported

A little under four per cent of global duck meat production is exported (Table 3), the volume having risen from 107,000 tonnes in 2000 to almost 159,000 tonnes in 2011.

Table 3. Exports of duck meat (tonnes)
Region2000200620072008200920102011
Africa 303 346 215 417 1,189 1,006 2,424
Americas 6,755 12,626 12,066 11,405 10,885 14,770 17,438
Asia 34,034 41,345 42,973 42,059 42,800 57,759 55,439
Europe 65,338 54,227 68,158 69,370 71,487 77,449 83,238
Oceania 606 346 190 253 337 245 121
WORLD 107,036 108,890 123,602 123,504 126,698 151,229 158,660

Source FAO

South Africa is the only significant exporter in Africa (Table 4) although the quantities were small until 2011 when more than 2,000 tonnes were transported to Mozambique.

While exports from the Americas nearly trebled since the start of this review, the quantities, while trending upwards, were not large, amounting to only 17,500 tonnes in 2011. In that year, Canada exported almost 7,900 tonnes, the bulk going to China and Hong Kong. In contrast, exports from the United States have been much more broadly based, sales being made to a large number of countries, though Canada, Mexico, China and the Republic of Korea were the most important customers.

Table 4. Leading exporters of duck meat (tonnes)
 2000200620072008200920102011
AFRICA 303 346 215 417 1,189 1,006 2,424
of which:              
South Africa 274 267 64 149 848 775 2,232
               
AMERICAS 6,755 12,626 12,066 11,405 10,885 14,770 17,438
of which:              
Brazil 6 1,510 1,159 1,181 1,917 2,178 1,507
Canada 1,827 3,283 3,671 2,614 2,559 5,780 7,852
US 4,909 7,826 7,235 7,609 6,158 6,733 8,003
               
ASIA 34,034 41,345 42,973 42,059 42,800 57,759 55,439
of which:              
China, Hong Kong SAR 16,253 5,561 3,932 3,715 5,159 4,488 1,858
China, mainland 7,594 25,765 25,998 26,458 26,008 41,239 42,616
China, Taiwan 677 934 4,846 4,921 3,859 1,721 2,521
India 0 234 168 153 418 1,744 1,329
Malaysia 193 767 1,456 394 188 405 592
Pakistan 24 55 12 109 43 279 488
Saudi Arabia 137 4,092 1,525 126 126 1,736 1,950
Thailand 8,832 3,379 4,630 5,629 6,428 5,301 3,218
               
EUROPE 65,338 54,227 68,158 69,370 71,487 77,449 83,238
of which:              
Denmark 1,710 1,129 438 710 530 805 1,099
France 16,524 11,013 12,511 12,113 10,288 9,491 9,332
Germany 4,532 8,003 10,719 14,006 13,732 18,382 20,129
Hungary 24,672 11,692 16,097 14,943 21,511 23,504 23,670
Ireland 115 1,819 3,791 3,205 3,259 2,998 2,350
Netherlands 8,920 11,809 16,827 16,105 14,862 14,165 17,511
UK 8,163 5,330 4,586 5,225 4,348 4,694 5,303
               
OCEANIA 606 346 190 253 337 245 121
of which:              
Fiji 149 6 6 15 36 42 37
New Zealand 56 142 19 74 97 63 78

Source FAO

Sales from mainland China are the key to Asia’s total exports, representing over three-quarters of the regional total of 55,500 tonnes in 2011, with 86 per cent being delivered to Hong Kong. Macao and Kyrgyzstan were also significant buyers each purchasing more than 2,000 tonnes.

Europe is easily the leading duck meat exporting region although almost all is sold by EU member states of which, around 84 per cent are purchased by fellow EU members.

While Hungary has been the leading exporter for more than a decade, the quantity sold in recent years has been relatively steady at between 22,000 and 24,000 tonnes a year. In 2011 Hungary’s main customers were Germany (7,300 tonnes), the Czech Republic (5,600 tonnes), Slovakia (3,900 tonnes), Austria (2,500 tonnes) and the UK (1,100 tonnes).

As exports from France have contracted, so sales from Germany have expanded. Back in 2000, France exported almost 17,000 tonnes of duck meat and Germany 4,500 tonnes but by 2011, deliveries from France amounted to just 9,300 tonnes, while Germany’s exports had risen to more than 20,000 tonnes, of which the UK took almost 6,000 tonnes, the Czech Republic 2,600 tonnes, Denmark 2,400 tonnes, the Russian Federation 1,900 tonnes, Austria 1,400 tonnes, Portugal 1,200 tonnes and the Netherlands 1,100 tonnes.

The Netherlands was the third largest exporter in 2011 with 17,500 tonnes with Germany taking 7,700 tonnes, Spain almost 4,000 tonnes, France 1,300 tonnes and the UK nearly 1,000 tonnes.

The leading importers of duck meat are listed in Table 5, most of which have already been referred to in the text regarding the major exporters.

Table 5. Leading importers of duck meat (tonnes)
 2000200620072008200920102011
AFRICA 4,142 946 765 1,609 1,816 3,637 3,630
of which:              
Togo 264 20 126 1,012 904 2,627 2,748
               
AMERICAS 3,545 4,031 3,968 3,440 2,519 3,216 3,274
of which:              
Canada 906 1,687 1,807 1,483 1,002 1,744 1,435
US 1,273 1,730 1,738 1,359 922 832 922
               
ASIA 99,843 61,616 69,786 94,307 63,989 81,392 68,748
of which:              
China, Hong Kong SAR 55,190 47,622 47,583 48,247 51,255 52,401 53,181
China, Macao SAR 133 1,477 1,748 2,239 2,349 2,400 2,657
Japan 14,931 8,064 6,620 6,361 5,098 3,262 4,865
Qatar 0 1,174 3,696 25,942 180 16,994 141
Saudi Arabia 20,717 632 679 106 106 888 1,836
United Arab Emirates 0 841 1,736 2,491 954 857 1,330
               
EUROPE 55,257 45,205 52,024 56,267 54,108 64,219 60,814
of which:              
Austria 2,762 1,775 2,888 2,072 2,478 3,468 2,291
Czech Rep. 0 3,164 3,603 4,579 6,209 5,657 7,040
Denmark 2,670 3,754 3,265 3,952 4,282 4,777 5,846
France 1,291 1,463 1,666 1,870 1,584 1,664 1,786
Germany 27,052 11,473 14,986 16,371 14,676 17,452 16,232
Russian Federation 1,938 1,966 3,091 3,737 3,822 5,591 2,924
Slovakia 1,345 1,355 1,309 2,285 1,916 2,586 2,451
Spain 3,362 4,630 5,441 4,675 4,226 4,371 4,042
United Kingdom 5,285 8,825 8,835 8,900 6,312 7,148 7,817
               
OCEANIA 2,071 1,097 948 600 535 696 948
of which:              
French Polynesia 408 477 518 509 459 393 430
Kiribati 0 4 4 0 0 6 230
New Caledonia 30 150 193 24 0 188 199

Source FAO

 

February 2014

 



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