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GLOBAL POULTRY TRENDS 2013 - Africa, Oceania Are Not Key Egg Traders

09 April 2014

Global Poultry Trends 2012

Africa and Oceania are not important players in the export market for shell eggs, according to poultry industry analyst, Terry Evans, but there is more trade in egg products.

The total exported from African countries in 2011, at 7,442 tonnes (Table 1) represented less than 0.5 per cent of world trade, whereas shipments from countries in Oceania at some 3,654 tonnes amounted to only 0.2 per cent.

Table 1. Hen egg exports in shell from countries in Africa and Oceania (tonnes)
Country2000200520072008200920102011
Botswana 0 0 0 1 55 305 210
Congo 0 106 0 0 0 0 0
Egypt 58 2,191 17 9 58 0 496
Ethiopia 0 232 137 179 5 3 0
Kenya 31 78 42 27 71 525 550
Malawi 0 3 367 735 268 80 138
Morocco 1 7 0 58 48 1,750 937
Senegal 0 143 96 61 16 10 25
South Africa 2,862 382 477 1,176 3,974 5,731 2,592
Swaziland 73 125 579 579 579 579 579
Uganda 2 130 0 74 71 1,139 69
Zambia 158 109 533 611 899 779 795
Zimbabwe 2,726 2,966 1,438 2,174 562 290 839
AFRICA 6,155 6,515 3,716 5,742 6,644 11,411 7,442
               
Australia 129 85 90 172 165 74 385
Fiji 34 30 2 853 516 1,048 830
New Zealand 687 703 922 861 3,071 3,646 2,439
OCEANIA 852 818 1,014 1,886 3,752 4,768 3,654
WORLD 944,793 1,111,230 1,414,784 1,674,065 1,765,121 2,021,225 1,809,404
Countries failing to export more than 100 tonnes in at least one year have been excluded.
Source: FAO

African Shell Egg Trade Stable

Quantities exported from African countries have shown little movement over the past decade or so, the relatively large rise in 2010 being primarily due to increased sales from South Africa, Morocco and Uganda.

In that year, South Africa sold 2,100 tonnes to Mozambique compared with 577 tonnes in 2009. Mauritania took 1,490 tonnes from Morocco, while Uganda sold 650 tonnes to the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

However, in 2011 South Africa’s exports were more than halved as trade with Zimbabwe plunged from 2,440 tonnes to a mere 216 tonnes. For 2012, South Africa’s shell egg exports are considered to have fallen again.

There is no breakdown of sales from Morocco, while exports from Zimbabwe have declined sharply when compared with 2005. Zimbabwe’s leading customers in 2011 were Mozambique (254 tonnes), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (191 tonnes) and Botswana (144 tonnes).

Sales from Zambia have trended upwards to around 800 tonnes in 2011, of which some 686 tonnes were bought by the United Republic of Tanzania.

New Zealand Tops Oceania's Egg Exporters

In Oceania, New Zealand is the leading exporter shipping almost 2,439 tonnes of shell eggs in 2011, the main purchasers being Papua New Guinea (738 tonnes), New Caledonia (536 tonnes), Fiji (391 tonnes) and the Solomon Islands (235 tonnes).

In this region, Fiji is a sizeable exporter and of the 830 tonnes sold in 2011 almost 630 tonnes went to Samoa.

Less Than Four Per Cent of World Shell Egg Exports Go to Africa 

Africa’s imports of shell eggs (Table 2) represent about 3.5 per cent of the world trade, as in 2011 imports increased to 63,400 tonnes.

More than 60 per cent of this business was conducted by just three countries – Angola taking 25,238 tonnes, Liberia 7,670 tonnes and Libya 5,645 tonnes. The main reasons for the increase in the total over 2010 was a rise of almost 6,200 tonnes in purchases by Angola and nearly 4,200 tonnes by Liberia. While Liberia’s purchases have expanded, Libya has become less active in this market.

Table 2. Hen egg imports in shell into countries in Africa and Oceania (tonnes)
Country2000200520072008200920102011
Algeria 3,152 569 157 332 999 450 461
Angola 6,600 14,717 14,039 17,963 15,006 19,046 25,238
Benin 0 576 0 3 42 42 20
Botswana 698 319 733 896 595 994 760
Cabo Verde 139 33 87 175 153 81 240
Congo 1,067 1,612 1,122 844 1,051 1,042 2,353
Cote d'Ivoire 75 254 220 240 190 159 134
Dem. Rep. Congo 230 3,203 1,475 383 466 1,590 2,068
Djibouti 210 479 353 416 185 224 389
Egypt 13 18 0 0 1,504 20 0
Equatorial Guinea 20 529 830 570 788 1,694 1,917
Gambia 368 1,696 2,334 2,692 233 311 331
Ghana 169 107 51 45 20 36 84
Guinea 2 328 81 82 82 53 123
Kenya 54 185 188 62 26 7 631
Lesotho 120 160 180 180 180 180 180
Liberia 1,500 5,290 1,862 3,816 3,218 3,801 7,670
Libya 3,100 4,388 11,977 11,977 8,539 9,084 5,645
Malawi 190 695 129 106 21 52 56
Mauritania 458 1,840 1,362 489 565 1,061 1,542
Morocco 740 0 0 0 68 78 78
Mozambique 1,000 358 388 1,198 1,397 2,239 2,255
Namibia 1,328 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger 47 44 1 25 25 118 73
Nigeria 0 248 4 7 7 212 412
Rwanda 0 0 0 0 213 825 1,169
Senegal 159 606 969 931 1,093 1,064 1,196
Seychelles 83 91 111 90 74 68 64
Sierra Leone 1,800 890 1,134 2,509 2,032 1,846 2,195
South Africa 16 722 716 443 12 4 3
Sudan 242 511 1,055 876 1,008 1,076 1,295
Swaziland 957 596 2,408 2,408 2,408 2,408 2,408
Tunisia 226 252 408 44 114 705 311
United Rep. Tanzania 594 146 353 116 371 462 1,183
Zambia 66 136 6,041 14 3 63 1
Zimbabwe 4 8 0 11 3,115 2,825 519
AFRICA 25,712 41,817 50,968 50,206 46,052 54,357 63,408
               
American Samoa 150 0 0 0 0 0 0
Australia 26 568 134 416 1,010 823 686
Fiji 391 232 405 236 128 228 72
Kiribati 10 11 100 100 100 100 0
New Caledonia 40 40 60 185 263 193 389
New Zealand 2 7 151 19 58 76 120
Samoa 0 452 382 500 600 1,092 243
Solomon Isl. 40 42 127 45 63 74 229
OCEANIA 674 1,533 1,535 1,709 2,388 2,821 1,831
WORLD 886,023 1,093,651 1,468,005 1,580,962 1,627,866 1,681,751 1,681,176
Countries failing to import more than 100 tonnes in at least one year have been excluded.
Source: FAO

Shell Egg Imports to Oceania Minimal

Imports into Oceania are miniscule amounting to less than 2,000 tonnes a year. Most are bought by Australia which does not permit imports of table eggs, imports being restricted to hatching eggs or eggs for pharmaceutical purposes.

Trade in Dried Egg

Only small quantities of dried egg are exported from Africa. It should be noted that the FAO data shown in Tables 3 and 4 do not include the trade in dried albumen.

In 2011, some 122 tonnes of Egypt’s exports went to Saudi Arabia, while Mozambique was the only customer for South Africa’s exports of 283 tonnes in 2011, though the total sold from South Africa in 2012 looks to have contracted to some 173 tonnes.

Table 3. Exports of dried egg* from countries in Africa and Oceania (tonnes)
Country2000200520072008200920102011
Egypt 0 0 0 0 169 169 153
Ethiopia 0 0 0 0 17 7 0
Gambia 0 0 0 27 0 0 0
South Africa 0 5 1 2 0 12 283
AFRICA 13 12 4 44 199 197 437
OCEANIA 5 2 1 2 2 2 1
WORLD 29,412 47,578 54,735 57,614 57,074 55,800 59,534
Countries failing to import more than 100 tonnes in at least one year have been excluded.
*The trade in albumen is not included.
Source: FAO

African countries are a little more active in the trade in imported dried egg. Although total purchases into the region in 2011 were roughly treble the 2000 level, the quantities bought since 2005 have fluctuated between 1,000 and 1,700 tonnes. Biggest buyer in 2011 was Egypt with 363 tonnes, the bulk (197 tonnes) of which came from the Ukraine.

Mauritania imported 357 tonnes, purchases being primarily divided between Brazil (166 tonnes) and the Netherlands (137 tonnes).

Tunisia received just over 200 tonnes, with 115 tonnes coming from Denmark and 80 tonnes from France.

Table 4. Imports of dried egg* into countries in Africa and Oceania (tonnes)
Country2000200520072008200920102011
Algeria 20 31 24 0 0 1 16
Botswana 1 1 33 7 0 0 0
Congo 0 0 0 0 28 28 28
Cote d'Ivoire 40 11 31 35 16 21 21
Egypt 68 221 87 89 259 172 363
Gambia 52 86 419 625 103 201 95
Madagascar 0 6 7 5 6 10 24
Mauritania 0 9 79 570 2 30 357
Morocco 22 32 57 53 93 63 62
Namibia 40 11 11 11 11 11 0
Nigeria 1 20 2 1 1 10 10
South Africa 0 0 40 21 54 42 104
Sudan (former) 0 3 1 42 166 85 44
Swaziland 115 631 110 110 110 110 110
Tunisia 141 272 254 131 109 144 201
AFRICA 513 1,343 1,170 1,721 975 937 1,455
               
Australia 238 221 674 767 366 711 582
New Caledonia 0 4 4 2 3 12 12
New Zealand 71 90 155 148 124 119 123
OCEANIA 314 315 833 917 493 842 717
WORLD 34,244 53,613 60,850 55,672 53,671 59,408 59,732
Countries failing to import more than 100 tonnes in at least one year have been excluded.
*The trade in albumen is not included.
Source: FAO

During 2011, Australia imported 582 tonnes of dried egg, of which 404 tonnes came from Denmark, while Canada and the US supplied 107 tonnes and 71 tonnes, respectively.

New Zealand’s imports of 123 tonnes in 2011 came from Canada (79 tonnes) and the US (42 tonnes).

Trade in Liquid Egg

As with dried egg, the quantities of liquid egg traded by countries in Africa and Oceania are small. Of the 1,000 tonnes marketed in 2011 (Table 5), South Africa accounted for 652 tonnes, as Mozambique took 566 tonnes and Angola 85 tonnes. However, in 2012 South Africa’s dried egg exports totalled around 1,670 tonnes.

The only other major exporter of liquid egg was Egypt with 261 tonnes, shipments of 140 tonnes being made to Saudi Arabia, while Libya and Jordan took 70 tonnes and 50 tonnes, respectively.

Australia with 371 tonnes (Table 5) accounted for almost 79 per cent of Oceania’s liquid egg exports in 2011, with some 291 tonnes being bought by Thailand. In 2012, Australia exported nearly 300 tonnes.

Table 5. Exports of liquid egg from countries in Africa and Oceania (tonnes)
Country2000200520072008200920102011
Egypt 0 0 0 0 82 375 261
Gambia 0 0 0 0 0 0 22
Kenya 1 0 11 4 0 2 2
Malawi 0 0 0 0 10 7 7
Namibia 2 19 19 19 19 19 19
Senegal 0 0 7 36 1 4 0
South Africa 532 167 10 8 99 129 652
Uganda 0 1 0 34 1 106 33
Zambia 0 0 0 0 44 0 0
Zimbabwe 13 160 62 20 20 0 0
AFRICA 552 348 139 130 269 650 1,006
               
Australia 685 468 228 237 400 210 371
Fiji 1 20 460 57 20 6 15
New Zealand 55 231 125 178 202 293 87
OCEANIA 741 719 813 472 622 509 473
WORLD 144,190 194,078 217,255 235,998 266,462 272,639 313,984
Countries failing to import more than 100 tonnes in at least one year have been excluded.
Source: FAO

On the import side (Table 6) the quantities traded are similar to the picture for exports. In 2011, nearly 1,400 tonnes of liquid egg were imported into African countries. Egypt was the biggest buyer taking 822 tonnes, of which 360 tonnes were supplied by Greece and 285 tonnes by the Netherlands, while 130 tonnes came from the US.

Mauritania bought nearly 190 tonnes of liquid egg with the Netherlands (109 tonnes) the main supplier.

Australia accounts for nearly all of this business in Oceania, purchases in 2011 amounting to 384 tonnes the bulk coming from Thailand (156 tonnes), New Zealand (85 tonnes) and Taiwan (83 tonnes).

Table 6. Imports of liquid egg into countries in Africa and Oceania (tonnes)
Country2000200520072008200920102011
Algeria 11 3 4 4 7 3 3
Botswana 152 180 78 10 17 0 5
Cabo Verde 0 1 3 6 9 35 20
Congo 0 52 0 0 0 0 0
Cote d'Ivoire 0 0 0 0 21 32 0
Dem. Rep. Congo 1 0 11 340 49 98 24
Egypt 0 168 0 0 80 676 822
Gabon 20 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gambia 26 48 524 425 147 212 45
Kenya 0 14 6 0 1 0 8
Madagascar 1 0 2 1 1 44 16
Mauritania 0 42 68 355 0 31 188
Mauritius 13 4 1 0 0 0 1
Morocco 1 34 16 3 0 1 1
Namibia 72 54 54 54 54 54 54
Niger 16 35 0 0 0 0 0
Nigeria 10 10 0 0 0 8 14
Senegal 0 16 39 34 19 13 18
South Africa 2 180 80 37 0 1 1
Swaziland 704 1,239 82 82 82 82 82
Togo 1 34 19 19 5 0 0
United Rep. Tanzania 5 2 5 8 3 26 17
AFRICA 1,037 2,123 1,004 1,385 554 1,326 1,369
               
Australia 92 414 345 305 377 425 384
Fiji 305 2 3 1 8 10 2
French Polynesia 0 8 18 11 62 25 10
New Caledonia 3 0 16 7 18 0 0
New Zealand 4 0 0 0 5 34 16
Tonga 0 11 0 0 0 0 0
OCEANIA 405 439 384 326 472 496 414
WORLD 124,335 189,368 215,287 230,369 249,486 270,486 271,809
Countries failing to import more than 100 tonnes in at least one year have been excluded.
Source: FAO

April 2014

 



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