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GLOBAL POULTRY TRENDS - Goose Meat Trade 'Flat'

08 September 2015

Global Poultry Trends 2012

World goose production is concentrated in Asia and especially mainland China, whilst Hungary and Poland dominate Europe's exports, writes industry analyst Terry Evans.

Goose output close to 3 million tonnes

World goose meat production showed solid growth of nearly 3 per cent per year between 2000 and 2013 as the total climbed from 1.9 million tonnes to 2.7 million tonnes (Tables 5 and 6 and figure 4). At this rate output will currently be approaching 3 million tonnes.

Table 5. Indigenous goose production
YearWorldAsia
2000 1881.7 1767.5
2001 1874.5 1769.5
2002 1826.2 1718.0
2003 1895.0 1779.1
2004 1930.1 1812.6
2005 2062.9 1949.4
2006 2059.4 1955.7
2007 2244.0 2149.0
2008 2275.6 2181.5
2009 2362.6 2266.3
2010 2439.0 2353.8
2011 2520.2 2428.5
2012 2669.6 2560.7
2013 2698.3 2592.9
Source: FAO

 

Table 6. Indigenous goose meat production (tonnes)
Region/Country2000200520092010201120122013
AFRICA 33236 33588 33879 34064 34110 46073 46043
Of which:              
Egypt 19700 20500 20731 20938 20944 32907 32907
Madagascar 13050 12588 12618 12597 12633 12633 12603
AMERICAS 1797 1901 1957 1957 2057 2152 2227
Of which:              
Argentina 510 540 540 540 540 540 540
Paraguay 200 240 270 270 270 280 280
Canada 900 900 900 900 1000 1085 1160
ASIA 1767511 1949352 2266309 2353789 2428478 2560714 2592861
Of which:              
China, mainland 1726920 1912000 2233220 2318974 2392019 2524589 2557098
China, Taiwan Prov 25850 23508 16915 18505 20200 19961 19550
Israel 4500 3410 3500 3560 3600 3600 3600
Myanmar 1930 3040 5760 6261 6739 6800 6840
Turkey 4250 3238 2650 2350 1768 1618 1618
EUROPE 79050 77893 60312 49029 55405 60528 57071
Of which:              
Czech Rep 4514 3119 1500 1500 750 603 607
France 6400 6000 5406 5164 5014 5000 5000
Germany 1615 1715 2333 2593 2683 2683 2683
Hungary 48000 36433 27157 16775 24038 29011 26441
Poland 6900 18400 18561 18492 18405 18405 18405
UK 2895 2935 2406 2000 2000 1996 1764
EU 71376 70693 60312 49029 55405 60527 57071
OCEANIA 100 120 120 120 120 120 120
WORLD 1881693 2062855 2362577 2438959 2520169 2669586 2698322
Source: FAO

Figure 4. Currently Asia accounts for 96 per cent of world goose meat production (million tonnes)

In 2013 Asia, with an output of nearly 2.6 million tonnes, accounted for 96 per cent of the global total, up from 94 per cent back in 2000. Industry growth in this region averaged nearly 3 per cent year over the 13 years reviewed. Not surprisingly, mainland China with 2.56 million tonnes in 2013 accounted for 99 per cent of the regional total.

World goose production is almost entirely centred on Asia and in particular mainland China.In terms of the numbers of geese killed, the global total rose from 474 million in 2000 to 690 million in 2012, but eased back to 680 million in 2013 as the total in Asia slipped from 664 million ton 655 million. Since 2000, geese numbers in Europe contracted from 18.4 million to 12.6 million.

Although the numbers are small, production in Myanmar increased over the period, in contrast to the decline which occurred in Taiwan, Israel and Turkey.

Between 2000 and 2013 goose meat production in Europe contracted from 79,000 tonnes to 57,000 tonnes.

Although Hungary continued to be the biggest producer in the region, output actually declined by a massive 45 per cent since 2000, from 48,000 tonnes to less than 27,000 tonnes, at which point it represented 46 per cent of the Europe total compared with 61 per cent back in 2000.

Although output in Poland nearly trebled between 2000 and 2009, it has since appeared to have stabilised at around the 18,500 tonnes a year mark. However, that the FAO figures did not change between 2011 and 2013 may well indicate that, in order to assess a regional total, the 2011 figure was inserted into the following years’ data because official figures were unavailable.

Though the numbers are small rising from 33,000 tonnes to 46,000 tonnes the expansion which has occurred in Africa averaged 2.5 per cent per year over the period as output in Egypt climbed from less than 20,000 tonnes to around 33,000 tonnes.

The industry in Madagascar appears to have been stable with annual output at around 13,000 tonnes a year.

Goose production in the Americas, and to an even lesser extent Oceania, was negligible.

“Flat” goose meat trade

The FAO trade data on goose meat includes guinea fowl, though the quantities of the latter will be tiny. While there have been some annual fluctuations in exports, in general terms, the volumes traded ranged from 45,000 tonnes to 50,000 tonnes a year between 2000 and 2009, falling back to around 33,000 tonnes in the next two years before recovering to the 50,000 tonnes level in 2012.

Reason why the EU export total in 2012 was higher than that for Europe was because the EU figure included data from Cyprus which was excluded from the Europe total.

EU countries accounted for all of Europe’s exports with just two countries, Hungary and Poland, representing 94 per cent of this business. Up until 2012, Poland was the leading exporter but, in that year, she had to bow to Hungary as this country took the number one spot with sales of nearly 18,300 tonnes (Table 7).

Table 7. Exports of fresh and frozen goose and guinea fowl meat (tonnes)
Region/Country2000200520082009201020112012
AFRICA 1 0 2 1 0 122 133
ASIA 24473 13092 17745 18785 2114 1969 13706
Of which:              
China, mainland 24276 13067 15317 16167 0 0 11921
Malaysia 0 24 2427 2617 1885 1917 1194
EUROPE 23639 33315 27917 31879 30673 31151 36645
Of which:              
France 392 241 358 172 200 295 381
Germany 383 233 1003 827 786 922 1155
Hungary 19827 12577 10495 11860 13038 13066 18272
Poland 0 14885 15714 18485 15903 16019 16145
EU 23639 33315 27916 31878 30695 31150 36652
EU ex int 5840 1210 1263 2276 3300 2439 5929
WORLD 48113 46407 45664 50665 32787 33242 50654
Source: FAO

Five countries, accounting for 82 per cent of the total, were the main recipients of Hungarian goose meat- Germany (7,700 tonnes), France (2,500 tonnes), Austria (2,000 tonnes), Hong Kong (1,800 tonnes) and the Russian Federation (1,000 tonnes).

Of Poland’s exports of nearly 16,200 tonnes, Germany purchased nearly three-quarters or almost 12,000 tonnes, Hong Kong took 1,600 tonnes and France 1,400 tonnes.

Virtually all of mainland China’s exports went to Hong Kong.

On the import side of the trade balance sheet, Hong Kong was the only country outside of Europe purchasing large quantities (Table 8).

Table 8. Imports of fresh and frozen goose and guinea fowl meat (tonnes).
Region/Country2000200520082009201020112012
AFRICA 18 102 197 87 415 50 12
Of which:              
Benin 0 94 155 77 158 0 0
Niger 0 0 0 0 0 26 8
Gambia 0 0 0 0 240 0 0
AMERICAS 643 1072 1049 1038 996 981 1039
Of which:              
Mexico 643 1044 1042 1024 983 934 945
Panama 0 0 4 7 7 40 40
ASIA 13267 1251 499 570 51 120 15040
Of which:              
China, Hong Kong SAR - - - - - - 13904
China, Macao SAR 0 144 0 0 0 0 455
China, mainland 13057 898 456 541 0 0 0
Kazakhstan - 3 3 10 0 110 531
EUROPE 36242 25148 29563 27258 35040 32387 32473
Of which:              
Austria 3834 836 1141 1639 2037 2452 2001
Czech Rep 2510 1082 622 1149 1546 1335 1265
France 3473 1882 1408 1351 1903 1142 3191
Germany 24347 16520 21429 18038 23658 22469 21714
Russian Federation 0 337 291 495 1263 260 1138
Switzerland 1276 1221 1381 1367 1335 1459 50
EU 35064 23389 27898 25405 32440 30668 31202
EU ex Int 234 7 0 0 0   0
OCEANIA 43 0 1 1 1 0 16
WORLD 50213 27573 31309 28945 36503 33538 48580
Source: FAO

As indicated in the commentary on exports, the bulk of Germany’s purchases came from Poland and Hungary.

Once again, within Europe, EU member states were responsible for virtually all purchases, the annual quantities averaging a little over 31,000 tonnes. Here, Germany was easily the leading player taking around 22,000 tonnes, followed a long way behind by France (3,200 tonnes), the Czech Republic (1,300 tonnes) and the Russian Federation (1,100 tonnes).

In 2012, Hong Kong’s purchases were primarily from mainland China as out of a total of almost 14,000 tonnes, she bought 11,300 tonnes from this source, with just 1,200 tonnes coming from Poland.

September 2015

 



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