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GLOBAL POULTRY TRENDS - A Quarter of the Population Will Live in Africa

15 March 2016

Global Poultry Trends 2012

The continent of Africa recorded substantial growth in poultry production since 2000, with South Africa one of the most important players in the region, writes industry analyst Terry Evans.

In terms of numbers there will be almost 1,300 million more people having to be fed there than today and even by 2030 the increase will be of the order of almost 500 million.

Regarding chicken meat production, currently Africa produces around 5 million tonnes a year or some 5 per cent of an estimated world output of 99 million tonnes (Table 1).

Table 1. Indigenous* chicken meat production (million tonnes)
Region20002005200620072008200920102011201220132014E2015F
Africa 2.8 3.3 3.4 3.7 4.0 4.2 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.9 4.9
Americas 27.1 32.7 33.7 35.0 37.5 36.9 38.8 40.0 40.5 42.1 42.8 43.4
Asia 18.6 22.4 23.5 25.0 26.2 28.0 29.2 30.3 31.6 32.2 32.1 32.7
Europe 9.5 10.9 10.8 11.6 12.1 13.3 13.9 14.6 15.5 16.1 16.5 16.7
Oceania 0.7 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.3
WORLD 58.7 70.3 72.3 76.2 80.7 83.4 87.4 90.6 93.3 96.3 97.5 99.0
             
Broiler meat production (million tonnes)            
WORLD 50.1 63.1 64.3 68.3 72.8 73.6 78.2 81.4 83.4 84.6 86.4 87.3
*Meat from the slaughter of birds originating in a country, plus the meat equivalent of any such birds exported live.
E 2014 and F 2015 author's estimates and forecasts for chicken meat, F 2015 USDA forecast for broiler meat.
Regional figures may not add up to the world totals due to rounding.
Source: FAO for chicken meat, USDA for broiler meat

Over the period 2000 to 2013, which is the last year for official data from the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), production of chicken meat, table birds plus culled layers, in Africa expanded by a little over 4 per cent per year compared with a global figure of just under 4 per cent.

Consequently, Africa’s share of the world total has improved a shade from 4.7 to 4.9 per cent. Incidentally, for the same period the USDA, which makes assessments of global broiler production, calculates a growth rate of 4.1 per cent as output has climbed from 50.1 million tonnes to 84.6 million tonnes (Table 1).

Long-term forecasts for poultry meat production point to an annual growth of less than 2.5 per cent as the total amounts to around 134.5 million tonnes by 2023. As chicken meat represents around 88 per cent of poultry meat output, chicken production is likely to exceed 118 million tonnes at that time, with Africa supplying around 6 million tonnes.

Chicken meat production in Africa increased by almost 2 million tonnes between 2000 and 2013 with all bar a handful of countries recording substantial growth (Table 2).

Table 2. Chicken meat production in Africa ('000 tonnes eviscerated weight)
Country2000200520092010201120122013
Algeria 235.3 249.6 249.5 249.6 253.8 255.9 261.3
Angola 7.6 7.5 15.6 19.0 21.8 25.4 29.7
Benin 12.2 15.4 21.4 22.2 23.5 23.7 24.1
Botswana 3.6 4.8 4.5 4.4 5.7 6.1 6.8
Burkina Faso 27.0 30.8 35.3 37.2 38.3 38.4 37.9
Burundi 5.8 6.5 6.7 6.8 6.8 3.8 3.6
Cameroon 21.2 53.2 63.8 67.8 69.8 70.2 71.8
Cabo Verde 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.8
Central African Rep 3.2 4.2 5.5 5.7 5.9 6.0 6.0
Chad 4.7 4.9 5.2 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.4
Comoros 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Congo 4.4 5.6 6.0 6.2 6.5 6.6 6.7
Congo Dem Rep 11.4 10.5 10.4 10.4 10.5 11.2 11.3
Cote d'Ivoire 21.9 21.7 23.2 34.7 33.2 41.5 47.1
Egypt 511.8 569.7 671.2 744.0 796.2 822.3 834.1
Equatorial Guinea 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Eritrea 1.7 2.1 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.7 1.7
Ethiopia 37.6 42.5 50.4 59.2 53.9 60.4 61.8
Gabon 3.7 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.7
Gambia 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.5 1.6
Ghana 19.0 26.5 32.9 35.6 36.9 42.7 47.4
Guinea 4.1 5.6 6.7 6.4 6.2 6.3 6.5
Guinea-Bissau 1.1 1.4 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9
Kenya 18.6 24.6 28.6 30.9 26.5 24.7 25.8
Lesotho 1.8 2.1 1.9 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Liberia 6.4 8.5 10.4 10.9 11.4 11.6 11.6
Libya 96.9 98.8 115.2 118.8 122.4 124.2 125.0
Madagascar 31.7 35.4 36.9 36.3 36.0 35.8 38.4
Malawi 15.3 15.8 21.3 21.4 22.4 22.5 22.8
Mali 29.2 34.9 41.0 41.7 41.3 42.1 44.3
Mauritania 4.0 4.3 4.3 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.6
Mauritius 21.1 33.3 44.9 46.5 48.4 48.6 48.4
Morocco 238.3 361.1 486.5 558.8 586.2 557.5 599.3
Mozambique 28.8 17.1 29.7 28.3 27.0 23.1 23.1
Namibia 4.0 3.5 6.8 6.8 7.2 7.6 7.7
Niger 11.0 11.7 16.2 16.6 16.6 16.8 17.2
Nigeria 158.8 218.5 272.9 245.0 144.7 155.5 170.0
Reunion 13.3 14.1 15.7 16.8 17.0 17.2 17.2
Rwanda 1.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.1
Sao Tome/Principe 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Senegal 23.0 29.0 39.3 45.4 55.7 56.6 64.5
Seychelles 1.0 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.9 1.0
Sierra Leone 5.4 4.5 11.9 13.0 13.7 14.4 15.1
Somalia 3.2 3.7 3.1 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.6
South Africa 818.7 948.7 1387.3 1473.4 1485.6 1488.6 1497.0
Sudan (former) 25.8 26.0 27.3 37.3 39.3 44.3 44.3
Swaziland 3.8 5.2 4.3 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.9
Tanzania Un Rep 44.2 51.2 48.3 79.3 92.1 83.7 86.5
Togo 12.0 17.6 26.0 28.4 29.6 31.2 32.0
Tunisia 86.0 86.3 101.8 111.6 106.9 126.3 138.8
Uganda 43.6 50.4 50.3 56.3 60.1 60.1 61.6
Zambia 35.0 39.4 40.0 42.5 42.8 43.7 45.6
Zimbabwe 33.5 52.2 62.5 61.8 64.1 64.4 64.7
AFRICA 2755.4 3269.7 4155.2 4469.5 4498.9 4554.7 4691.0
Source: FAO

In 2013, close to 70 per cent of the regional total was produced in just four countries, South Africa, Egypt, Morocco and Algeria, whereas the top seven accounted for 3.63 million tonnes or some 77 per cent (Tables 2 and 3).

South Africa is easily the leading producer (Table 4 and figure 1). However, although expansion averaged 4.6 per cent per year between 2000 and 2010, since then annual output of chicken meat has shown little growth at around 1.5 million tonnes.

Table 3. Chicken meat production ranking in Africa 2013 ('000 tonnes)
South Africa 497.0
Egypt 834.1
Morocco 599.3
Algeria 261.3
Nigeria 170.0
Tunisia 138.8
Libya 125.0
Tanzania Un Rep 86.5
Cameroon 71.8
Zimbabwe 64.7
Senegal 64.5
Ethiopia 61.8
Uganda 61.6
Mauritius 48.4
Ghana 47.4
Cote d'Ivoire 47.1
Zambia 45.6
Sudan (former) 44.3
Mali 44.3
Madagascar 38.4
Burkina Faso 37.9
Togo 32.0
Angola 29.7
Kenya 25.8
Benin 24.1
Mozambique 23.1
Malawi 22.8
Reunion 17.2
Niger 17.2
Sierra Leone 15.1
Liberia 11.6
Congo Dem Rep 11.3
Namibia 7.7
Botswana 6.8
Congo 6.7
Guinea 6.5
Central African Rep 6.0
Chad 5.4
Swaziland 4.9
Mauritania 4.6
Gabon 3.7
Somalia 3.6
Burundi 3.6
Rwanda 2.1
Guinea-Bissau 1.9
Eritrea 1.7
Lesotho 1.6
Gambia 1.6
Seychelles 1.0
Cabo Verde 0.8
Sao Tome/Principe 0.7
Comoros 0.6
Equatorial Guinea 0.2
Source: FAO

 

Table 4. Leading chicken meat producers in Africa ('000 tonnes)
Country20032004200520062007200820092010201120122013
South Africa 898 907 949 971 1125 1328 1387 1473 1486 1489 1497
Egypt 563 585 570 617 705 629 671 744 796 822 834
Morocco 314 318 361 364 372 436 487 559 586 558 599
Algeria 251 250 250 249 250 251 250 250 254 256 261
Nigeria 200 210 219 232 243 260 273 245 145 156 170
Tunisia 89 95 86 78 95 102 102 112 107 126 139
Source: FAO

Figure 1. South Africa and Egypt head the group of leading producers in the region ('000 tonnes)

South African Poultry Association (SAPA) figures, which apply to commercial and subsistence chicken production, show a similar trend though at the higher level of 1.7 million tonnes for the latter years.

Another series, compiled by the USDA on broiler production in South Africa for the period 2013 to and including 2015 shows little change around an annual figure of 1.4 million tonnes.

While the demand for chicken continues to outstrip supply, South African producers are having to face increased competition from imports. Indeed, the Association foresees ongoing battles against unfair trade practices as one of the major challenges to industry growth. Nevertheless, it is anticipated that production could reach 1.8 million tonnes in the next decade.

Egypt is the second largest producer having managed a near 4 per cent per year growth rate between 2000 and 2013 as annual output expanded from 512,000 to 834,000 tonnes.

Among the largest producers, Morocco has recorded the most rapid increase since 2000, averaging over 7 per cent per year, as production more than doubled from 238,000 tonnes to 599,000 tonnes.

Although Algeria is among the leading producers actual output has changed little over the past decade or so at around 250,000 tonnes.

Having expanded from 159,000 tonnes in 2000 to 273,000 tonnes in 2009 Nigeria’s industry almost collapsed to 145,000 tonnes in 2011. Since then a slow recovery has ensued with output reaching 170,000 tonnes in 2013.

Chicken production in Tunisia has expanded by 3.8 per cent per year to a record high of 139,000 tonnes in 2013.

A moderate 2 per cent per year increase has pushed Libya’s output to 125,000 tonnes.
Of note is that quite a number of the smaller nations managed to more than double production during the review period.

Africa’s imports will continue to grow

World trade in frozen/fresh chicken meat almost doubled between 2000 and 2012 when it totalled 12.6 million tonnes (Table 5). In recent years however, global trade has slowed and appears to have even contracted in 2015, though forecasts point to a recovery in 2016.

Table 5. World trade in fresh/frozen chicken meat ('000 tonnes)
Exports2000200520082009201020112012
Africa 9.5 4.8 9.5 46.3 61.5 14.4 14.3
Americas 3627.4 5517.2 7311.6 7235.3 7260.7 7539.5 7733.0
Asia 1432.2 420.6 765.8 876.5 1188.0 1373.1 1287.4
Europe 1805.1 2137.3 2344.7 2592.1 3115.7 3477.8 3547.9
Oceania 14.3 21.8 31.0 33.3 29.2 32.8 39.4
WORLD 6888.4 8101.7 10462.6 10783.5 11655.1 12437.6 12621.9
Imports              
Africa 259.0 512.9 718.2 861.2 1069.0 1283.4 1550.4
Americas 556.0 912.2 1375.6 1384.4 1493.8 1505.2 1584.9
Asia 3276.7 2767.2 4274.9 4650.3 5021.5 5780.0 5328.6
Europe 1811.2 3223.6 3374.2 3095.0 2879.7 2790.3 3029.9
Oceania 26.4 35.5 38.1 44.0 48.8 59.2 66.4
WORLD 5929.3 7451.4 9781.0 10035.5 10512.8 11418.1 11560.1
Source: FAO

According to the FAO, world poultry meat trade slipped by 1 per cent in 2015 from 12.7 to 12.6 million tonnes. Similar to this, the USDA’s estimates of global broiler meat exports show a 2 per decline from 2014 to 2015 as the total fell from 10.47 million tonnes to 10.23 million tonnes.

However, the forecast for 2016 rises to 10.69 million tonnes. It should be noted that the data presented by both the FAO and the USDA excludes trade between EU member countries.

Exports of chicken meat from African countries are negligible and have actually declined from a peak of over 61,000 tonnes in 2010 to a mere 14,300 tonnes in 2012.

The picture on imports is markedly different. Here, the quantities involved increased sixfold over the review period to reach almost 1.6 million tonnes in 2012.

Reference to tables 6, 7 and figure 2 reveals that South Africa is the leading importer in the region taking almost 340,000 tonnes in 2012 followed by Angola with 301,000 tonnes, Ghana with 154,000 tonnes, Benin with almost 124,000 tonnes and Egypt with 110,000 tonnes.

Table 6. Imports of fresh/frozen chicken meat by African countries (tonnes)
Country2000200520082009201020112012
Angola 47300 102812 170612 160770 238357 286761 301288
Benin 33030 29949 60602 75791 78070 104164 123773
Botswana 54 116 2331 2768 4260 3658 3648
Burkina Faso 0 0 0 4 14 5 7
Burundi 0 0 0 0 15 11 1
Cameroon 13481 5893 148 17 45 124 85
Cape Verde 1447 5027 5889 6534 7046 7050 6143
Central Afr Rep 0 46 82 163 192 256 624
Chad 9 235 30 30 74 65 257
Comoros 932 4843 5596 6805 10923 8017 12760
Congo 8959 11681 25641 50936 22187 79200 93767
Congo Dem Rep 11800 36692 52452 64672 58348 66384 70173
Cote d'Ivoire 1381 4894 832 804 697 945 826
Djibouti 420 3786 6214 4330 1348 714 4603
Egypt 4000 31 20900 56164 126041 34731 110372
Equatorial Guinea 3800 8058 12615 14415 13917 20178 19220
Ethiopia 1 1 2 0 0 1 1
Gabon 13399 26980 30410 44357 43686 54901 54617
Gambia 1790 4911 2475 4197 3558 5682 5293
Ghana 13865 49916 71731 78837 109179 155056 154366
Guinea 798 2564 3106 3100 5569 8202 7088
Guinea-Bissau 430 515 1029 979 1208 1450 1201
Kenya 1 0 402 660 958 1672 1827
Lesotho 4600 5250 5400 5500 8000 9000 9500
Liberia 2700 5812 7719 6481 11441 20397 22340
Libyan Arab Jam 651 10 0 0 0 23850 88631
Madagascar 0 0 101 0 161 553 0
Malawi 0 0 8 33 3 4 38
Mali 7 25 130 130 27 27 5
Mauritania 2786 4220 5423 8818 7306 11377 11902
Mauritius 2 224 190 124 146 117 93
Morocco 395 220 530 160 364 412 300
Mozambique 2900 13216 9199 12605 9748 12797 6573
Namibia 16909 9470 26936 3606 3245 9970 30148
Niger 10 16 1 1 118 298 530
Nigeria 0 39 600 32837 45032 1009 202
Rwanda 0 0 1 4 2 9 34
Sao Tome/Principe 0 549 721 680 1145 1131 1147
Senegal 413 11486 1100 1 0 0 0
Seychelles 329 349 988 1548 1767 2691 2746
Sierra Leone 1189 1472 4141 3838 6421 8840 18230
South Africa 66577 157392 169013 184522 219638 298560 339145
Sudan (former) 0 204 677 835 1623 3627 -
Swaziland 592 180 28 21 21 21 21
Tanzania Un Rep 74 494 1 0 72 786 671
Togo 1829 3167 11559 6876 6715 8972 10749
Tunisia 71 27 132 1102 2599 2529 5200
Uganda 13 0 2 7 17 351 682
Zambia 1 112 1 0 558 967 1606
Zimbabwe 24 57 655 15803 17123 25905 27948
AFRICA 258971 512932 718175 861865 1068984 1283427 1550416
- no figure
Source: FAO

 

Table 7. Leading chicken meat importers in Africa ('000 tonnes)
 20002005201020112012201320142015E2016F
South Africa 72 189 240 326 371 355 369 420 440
Angola 49 103 239 287 301 321 365 240 260
Benin 40 29 98 104 124 114 152 180 -
Ghana 12 51 109 155 155 169 144 140 -
Congo 21 29 84 77 94 81 93 100 -
Dem Rep Congo 15 38 60 67 69 62 74 78 -
- No figure         
Source: USDA         

Figure 2. South Africa's chicken meat imports have escalated rapidly since 2000 ('000 tonnes)

In 2012, Brazil was the major supplier to South Africa shipping some 176,000 tonnes followed by the Netherlands with 54,000 tonnes, the UK (24,000 tonnes), Argentina (24,000 tonnes) and Germany (22,000 tonnes).

According to SAPA broiler imports in 2014 (almost 94 per cent of total poultry meat imports) amounted to 369,000 tonnes nearly all of which were frozen. While supplies from Brazil actually declined by nearly 9 per cent to 154,000 tonnes, receipts from EU member countries jumped by more than 27 per cent to 188,000 tonnes.

Interim anti-dumping tariffs, particularly in bone-in portions from the EU, have not proved effective and the Association considers that an alternative strategy is needed as South Africa is now the biggest single export destination for EU products.

Data produced by the USDA indicate that South Africa’s imports have since continued to rise the estimate for 2015 being 420,000 tonnes while the forecast for 2016 points to a new “high” of 440,000 tonnes.

South Africa has now begun to import US bone-in chicken after years of wrangling related to the African Growth and Opportunities Act.

It is envisaged that South Africa will continue to be a major importer of chicken meat as the annual average growth in production of a little under 3 per cent is outpaced by the anticipated growth in consumption of around 4.5 per cent. A forecast by the Standard Bank puts 2020 imports at almost 660,000 tonnes when they could represent some 28 per cent of domestic consumption.

According to FAO data, imports of fresh/frozen chicken meat into Angola escalated by a massive near 17 per cent per year since 2000 to exceed 301,000 tonnes in 2012 compared with only 47,300 tonnes back in 2000.

Data compiled by the USDA reveals that Angola’s poultry meat imports in 2012 came close to 324,000 tonnes and increased by 6 percent to more than 342,000 tonnes in 2013. Of the latter, almost 210,000 tonnes were supplied by the USA, while Brazil sent 100,000 tonnes.

The US has been highly successful in this market having sold only 140,000 tonnes back in 2010, against Brazil’s 112,000 tonnes. While Angola’s broiler production increased from a lowly 8,000 tonnes in 2004 to 26,000 tonnes in 2015, its imports rocketed from 86,000 tonnes to an estimated 367,000 tonnes in 2014, though are expected to decline to 340,000 tonnes this year.

The only other major importing country for which trade details are available is Ghana. In 2012 this country purchased more than 150,000 tonnes. The USA was the leading supplier with almost 43,000 tonnes, while both Brazil and Belgium supplied nearly 39,000 tonnes.

As was indicated earlier, chicken exports from African countries (Tables 5 and 8) have been insignificant in recent years. However, the latest data released by SAPA shows that South Africa’s poultry meat exports jumped to exceed 25,000 tonnes in 2013 and further to 66,000 tonnes in 2014, of which 93 per cent were chicken meat.

Table 8. Exports of fresh/frozen chicken meat from African countries (tonnes)
Country2000200520082009201020112012
Algeria 0 1 0 0 6 33 5
Benin 722 0 4 30340 41807 0 0
Botswana 0 132 220 1 8 26 3
Burundi 0 0 2 0 0 0 0
Cameroon 1 6 0 1 1 0 0
Cape Verde 1 6 5 0 0 0 0
Congo 0 796 0 0 0 0 0
Cote d'Ivoire 2 1 3 20 17 12 31
Egypt 458 327 206 1928 1928 2165 693
Gabon 6 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ghana 14 64 0 18 0 0 5
Kenya 6 4 185 29 50 50 50
Malawi 0 0 0 0 0 2 10
Mali 0 25 0 0 84 84 0
Mauritania 0 0 0 0 28 0 0
Mauritius 10 20 0 0 1 92 12
Morocco 27 0 1800 32 34 34 27
Namibia 122 1208 4204 455 283 283 2335
Senegal 2 78 1 1 1 0 0
Seychelles 0 0 26 26 26 26 26
South Africa 6393 1513 2319 11802 14708 6789 7938
Swaziland 250 93 0 0 0 0 0
Tanzania Un Rep 160 0 0 0 0 1 0
Togo 175 0 0 307 248 138 0
Tunisia 0 0 393 1173 2228 4524 3058
Uganda 0 13 0 3 3 3 37
Zambia 46 0 31 22 8 50 33
Zimbabwe 1116 560 51 0 5 0 0
AFRICA 9512 4824 9502 46317 61526 14364 14339
Source: FAO       

Growth double the world average

Population growth in Africa is double the global rate. In broad terms people numbers will increase by more than 2 per cent per year from now on, against less than 1 per cent for the world total with the result, as mentioned earlier, that by 2050 a quarter of the world’s population will be based in this region (Table 9).

Table 9. Human population of the world (millions)
Region 2000  2015  2020  2030  2050 
  Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
Africa 814.1 13.3 1186.2 16.1 1340.1 17.3 1679.3 19.8 2477.5 25.5
Americas 840.6 13.7 992.2 13.5 1037.8 13.4 1117.4 13.1 1217.4 12.5
Asia 3714.5 60.6 4393.3 59.8 4598.4 59.3 4922.8 57.9 5266.9 54.2
Europe 726.4 11.9 738.4 10.1 739.7 9.5 733.9 8.6 706.8 7.3
Oceania 31.1 0.5 39.3 0.5 42.1 0.5 47.4 0.6 56.6 0.6
WORLD 6126.6 100.0 7349.5 100.0 7758.2 100.0 8500.8 100.0 9725.2 100.0
Source: FAO          

The figures on poultry meat consumption (Tables 10 and 11) are not direct measurements of uptake, but estimates of the quantities considered to be available for consumption.

As can be expected there are wide differences between the estimated poultry meat consumption figures around the world (Table 10), though all the major regions make contributions to the upward trend in the global average which rose by 3.5kg per person between 2000 and 2011. For Africa the gain over this period was 2kg per person (Tables 10, 11 and figure 3).

Table 10. Poultry meat consumption (kg/person/year)       
  2000 2005 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Africa 4.2 4.7 5.2 5.4 5.6 6.1 6.2
Americas 31.5 34.1 36.0 37.1 35.9 37.6 38.5
Asia 6.6 7.4 8.1 8.5 9.0 9.2 9.5
Europe 15.9 19.2 20.2 21.3 21.7 21.4 21.7
Oceania 30.1 35.6 36.8 35.4 35.6 37.4 42.1
WORLD 11.0 12.2 13.1 13.6 13.8 14.1 14.5
Source: FAO       

 

Table 11. Human population of Africa and poultry meat consumption          
   Human population    Poultry meat consumption    
  (millions) (kg/person/year)    
Country 2000 2015 2020 2030 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Algeria 31.2 39.7 43.0 48.3 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.4
Angola 15.1 25.0 29.3 39.4 4.0 8.4 10.0 9.3 13.2 15.3
Benin 7.0 10.9 12.4 15.6 9.8 8.1 12.8 10.7 8.9 12.4
Botswana 1.8 2.3 2.5 2.8 5.4 3.6 4.9 4.6 5.4 5.2
Burkina Faso 11.6 18.1 20.9 27.2 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.4
Burundi 6.8 11.2 13.1 17.4 - - - - - -
Cabo Verde 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 4.3 15.5 16.0 19.1 18.8 18.9
Cameroon 15.9 23.3 26.3 33.0 2.2 3.6 3.5 3.2 3.3 3.3
Central African Rep 3.7 4.9 5.4 6.5 0.9 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4
Chad 8.3 14.0 16.4 22.0 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4
Comoros 0.5 0.8 0.9 1.1 - - - - - -
Congo 3.1 4.6 5.3 6.8 5.0 9.4 8.7 9.7 12.0 22.3
Congo Dem Rep 48.1 77.3 90.2 120.3 - - - - - -
Cote d'Ivoire 16.5 22.7 25.6 32.1 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.9 1.8
Djibouti 0.7 0.9 1.0 1.1 0.6 7.2 7.7 5.3 1.6 0.8
Egypt 68.3 91.5 100.5 117.1 8.8 10.9 9.9 10.7 12.3 11.6
Equatorial Guinea 0.5 0.9 1.0 1.2 - - - - - -
Eritrea 3.5 5.2 5.9 7.3 - - - - - -
Ethiopia 66.4 99.4 112.0 138.3 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6
Gabon 1.2 1.7 1.9 2.3 12.0 27.9 30.5 32.1 30.6 33.1
Gambia 1.2 2.0 2.3 3.1 2.2 4.9 2.3 3.5 3.2 4.3
Ghana 18.8 27.4 30.5 36.9 1.9 5.4 5.3 4.8 6.2 8.0
Guinea 8.8 12.6 14.4 18.3 0.6 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.6
Guinea-Bissau 1.3 1.8 2.1 2.5 1.3 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.1
Kenya 31.1 46.1 52.2 65.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6
Lesotho 1.9 2.1 2.3 2.5 3.5 3.9 3.5 3.7 4.8 5.2
Liberia 2.9 4.5 5.1 6.4 3.2 4.5 4.9 4.5 5.7 7.9
Libya 5.3 6.3 6.7 7.4 19.2 19.9 19.9 19.3 19.7 20.1
Madagascar 15.7 24.2 27.8 36.0 4.1 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.4
Malawi 11.2 17.2 20.0 26.6 1.4 1.0 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.5
Mali 11.1 17.6 20.5 27.4 2.9 2.7 3.0 3.0 3.1 2.9
Mauritania 2.7 4.1 4.6 5.7 2.5 3.2 2.9 3.8 3.3 4.3
Mauritius 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 18.3 32.9 34.6 36.1 38.2 38.1
Mayotte 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 - - - - - -
Morocco 29.0 34.4 36.4 39.8 9.4 13.8 15.8 17.5 19.5 20.2
Mozambique 18.3 28.0 32.0 41.4 2.0 1.5 1.6 1.9 1.7 1.8
Namibia 1.9 2.5 2.7 3.3 8.2 10.7 16.2 6.9 6.9 9.9
Niger 11.2 19.9 24.3 36.0 1.0 0.8 0.7 1.1 1.1 1.0
Nigeria 122.9 182.2 243.1 359.7 1.3 1.7 1.7 2.0 2.1 1.8
Reunion 0.7 0.9 0.9 1.0 - - - - - -
Rwanda 8.0 11.6 13.0 15.8 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Saint Helena # # # # - - - - - -
Sao Tome/Principe 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 4.3 8.1 9.0 8.5 10.9 10.6
Senegal 9.9 15.1 17.5 22.8 2.4 3.1 3.5 3.2 3.5 4.2
Seychelles 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 - - - - - -
Sierra Leone 4.1 6.5 7.2 8.6 1.6 2.3 2.8 3.0 3.6 4.1
Somalia 7.4 10.8 12.4 16.5 - - - - - -
South Africa 44.9 54.5 56.7 60.0 20.2 27.8 30.5 31.3 33.2 34.8
South Sudan - 12.3 14.1 17.8 - - - - - -
Sudan - 40.2 45.3 56.4 - - - - - -
Sudan (former) 34.4 45.6 - - 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 -
Swaziland 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.5 3.8 5.6 5.1 5.0 5.2 5.3
Tanzania Un Rep 34.0 53.4 62.3 82.9 1.3 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 2.1
Togo 4.9 7.3 8.3 10.5 4.0 4.1 5.6 5.6 6.1 6.5
Tunisia 9.7 11.3 11.8 12.7 12.2 13.4 13.7 13.7 15.2 13.7
Uganda 23.8 39.0 45.9 61.9 1.8 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.8 1.8
Western Sahara 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.7 - - - - - -
Zambia 10.6 16.2 18.9 25.3 3.5 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.3 3.2
Zimbabwe 12.5 15.6 17.5 21.4 2.0 4.5 4.8 6.1 6.1 6.7
AFRICA 814.1 1186.2 1340.1 1679.3 4.2 5.2 5.4 5.6 6.1 6.2
Source: FAO          

Figure 3. Africa's consumption growth has not matched the world average (kg/person/year)

While there are considerable differences between countries, in only a handful has the average uptake per person declined while, in contrast, many have recorded dramatic increases. Estimates of poultry consumption in South Africa vary according to source. USDA data indicates that uptake is around 36kg per person which compares with 3kg for mutton, 5kg for pork and 17 kg for beef.

On the other hand, SAPA quotes an average uptake figure of almost 38 kg per person for poultry and around 37.5kg for chicken. All reports show that chicken is the most affordable meat protein source, though high unemployment acts as a constraint on consumer spending.

Total domestic consumption of chicken in Angola is expected to reach 376,000 tonnes this as income growth is strengthening demand.

 



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