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South Africa Poultry and Products Annual 2006

24 September 2006

By the USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service - This article provides the poultry industry data from the USDA FAS Poultry and Products Annual 2006 report for South Africa. A link to the full report is also provided. The full report includes all the tabular data which we have ommited from this article.

Report Highlights:

South Africa produced 825,000 metric tons of broiler meat in 2005, 4.3% more than in 2004. A further increase in production is expected for 2006. Total poultry meat and product imports amounted to 189,000 tons in 2005 compared to 154,000 tons in 2004. Poultry meat imports reached 81,000 tons compared to 69,000 tons in 2004. All imports are showing exceptional growth in 2006, but the delay in lifting the anti-dumping duty on US bone-in cuts limits US exports.

Summary

South Africa’s 2005 broiler production is estimated at 825,000 tons, 4.3% more than the revised figure of 790,000 tons for 2004. A further increase in production is expected for 2006 as a result of the buoyant South African economy. Total broiler meat imports (whole birds and cuts) reached about 81,000 tons in 2005 compared to about 69,000 tons in 2004. MRM (Mechanically Removed Meat) and offal imports reached about 108,000 tons for total poultry product imports of 189,000 tons. In contrast total imports amounted to about 154,000 tons in 2004 and 125,000 tons in 2003. Imports are, however, increasing again in 2006 and by mid year chicken meat imports already exceeded the 2005 total.

Total meat and product imports increased by 24% between 2004 and 2005 and by 300% over the past five years. But the anti-dumping duty on US bone-in cuts limits the US ability to compete. Brazil, (74%) and Canada are currently the main suppliers.

US Dollar 1 = SA Rand 7.15 (08/28/06)

Production

The SA Poultry Association estimates 2005 broiler meat production at 825,000 tons. This amounts to 624 million birds, or 12 million per week. Unit weight is taken at 1.32 kg. (excluding giblets). This is still 4.3% more than the revised 790,000 tons, or 11.5 million per week produced in 2004.

Annual slaughter for 2005 is estimated at 624 million broilers at 1.91 kg. live weight and 1.32 kg. carcass weight. That means,
Total live weight production was 1,192,000 tons,
Young chicken meat production amounted to 825,000 tons,
Offal production amounted to 119,000 tons,
And feathers, entrails and blood amounted to 250,000 tons.

The poultry and egg industry annually produces in excess of 800,000 tons of broilers and 300,000 tons of eggs. In a normal year the industry consumes nearly 70% of the feed industry’s production and 15 to 25% of the total corn crop. Productio n is efficient, a 1.3 kg. carcass weight can be reached in 38 days at a feed conversion rate of 1.8, but production costs are high. Production at high altitudes leads to higher, 5 to 6%, fatalities.

The latest SA Poultry Association cost analysis suggests that the price of feed declined by 11% in 2005 mainly as a result of lower corn prices.

Consumption

Forty three percent of the 2005 imports were chicken meat (81,100 tons) and 57% chicken products (189,300 tons). Whole birds and discernable cuts are the result of a conscious effort to produce young chicken meat, and the other products are mainly by-products. The total meat shown in the table above, 81,106 tons for 2005, thus constitutes chicken meat imports.

When the poultry meat imports are added to production, and the small exports subtracted, domestic consumption amounted to about 855,000 tons in 2004 and exceeded 900,000 tons in 2005.

The category, tariff number 0207 1490, bone in cuts, include the chicken leg quarters which was the cause of the anti dumping duty against the US product instituted in 2000. It formed 64% of the 2005 meat imports, the US being replaced as primary supplier by Brazil and Canada. In 2000, before the duty was levied, 21,000 tons were imported of which the US supplied 16,500 tons or 79%.

The 2005 quantity involved is 51,908 tons of which Brazil supplied 33,281 tons, or 64%. The US supplied 25 tons. The 52,000 tons imported constitute 6.3% of domestic production and 5.7% of consumption in 2005. In the first six months of 2006 imports jumped 71% to 44,700 tons compared to the same period in 2005. The previous Board on Tariffs and Trade brought out an initial report #4065 in June 2000 that recommended the anti-dumping duty. The final report # 4088 was published in December 2000. Provisional payments were introduced on July 5, 2000 and finalized on December 27, 2000, with retrospective effect to July 5, 2000.

On May 28, 2004 the International Trade Administration (ITAC) notified all parties that the anti-dumping duty would expire in 2005 if there were no requests to continue with the duty. The date of the imposition of the duty was given as 12/27/2000 and the date of expiry as 12/27/2005. Interested parties were given time till 06/27/05 (before 07/05/05, 5 years after the provisional payments were instituted) to request a continuation of the duty. The SA Poultry Association submitted a continuation request and the process is ongoing. It is claimed that the South African law considers the final date of the imposition of the duty (12/27/2000) as the date when the duty commenced, and not the retrospective date.

The expiry has thus been effectively slowed down nine months from December 2005 and 15 months from July 2005 with no end in sight. The general rate of duty on this category is 220 c/kg; the EU the rate is 165 c/kg. and the SADC free. The anti-dumping duty on product from Tyson Foods is 224c/kg. from Gold Kist Inc. 245c/kg. and 725 c/kg. from other US producers.

To read the full report, including tables, click here (PDF)

List of Articles in this series

To view our complete list of 2006 Poultry and Products Annual reports, please click here

September 2006



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