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Latest Avian / Bird Flu News
Tuesday, November 25, 2014
 - Bird Flu News FAO, OIE Warn of Avian Influenza’s Rapid Spread
GLOBAL - FAO and OIE are urging at-risk countries to step-up prevention efforts through increased biosecurity as they warn the new avian influenza virus's spread to Europe threatens the poultry sector, especially in low-resourced countries.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
United Kingdom - Bird Flu News UK Government Updates Guidance on Bird Flu Biosecurity
UK - Following the outbreak of H5N8 highly pathogenic avian influenza at a farm in Yorkshire last week, the agriculture department has updated its advice on biosecurity, particularly regarding contact with wild birds.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
 - Bird Flu News Japan Confirms H5N8 Bird Flu Virus as Highly Pathogenic
JAPAN - A report to OIE indicates no new outbreaks of avian flu.
It also confirms that the two faecal samples from wild birds that were positive for H5N8 influenza A virus carried the highly pathogenic form of the virus although no clinical cases were observed.
World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE)
Monday, November 24, 2014
United Kingdom - Bird Flu News Advice to All Poultry Owners in Bird Flu Control Zones
UK - The National Farmers Union offers important guidance for farmers in the avian influenza zone regarding biosecurity and poultry movements.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
 - Bird Flu News Switzerland Bans Imports of Dutch, British Poultry
SWITZERLAND - Following outbreaks of avian flu in the Netherlands and the UK, the Swiss authorities have banned imports of poultry from the affected areas of those countries.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
 - Bird Flu News Highly Pathogenic H5N8 Flu Virus Hits Third Dutch Poultry Farm
THE NETHERLANDS - A new outbreak of avian flu occurred at a farm of breeding poultry at Kamperveen in Overijssel on 21 November. Around 500 of the 10,000-bird flock died; the rest have been destroyed.
A 10-km surveillance zone has been established around the outbreak. It covers 26 other premises, all of which will be screened.
World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE)
Sunday, November 23, 2014
 - Bird Flu News H5N8 Bird Flu Virus Detected in German Wild Bird
GERMANY - The H5N8 avian influenza virus has been detected in a wild bird in Europe for the first time. It was found in north-east Germany, in the same state as the earlier outbreak in poultry but more than 50km away from the farm.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
 - Bird Flu News Poultry Farmers in Belgium Ordered to Confine Birds
BELGIUM - Poultry farmers have been called on to confine their birds after the third outbreak of H5N8 highly pathogenic avian influenza was announced in neighbouring the Netherlands.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
Saturday, November 22, 2014
 - Bird Flu News Bird Flu Spreads in Dutch Poultry
THE NETHERLANDS - Two further outbreaks of avian influenza have been reported in Dutch poultry in new provinces across the country and two further poultry flocks have been culled as a precaution against further spread of the virus. The government has reinstated a nationwide ban on all poultry movements.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
 - Bird Flu News Bird Flu Detected in Wild Duck in Japan
JAPAN - The H5N8 highly pathogenic avian influenza A virus has been detected in samples from wild ducks on Honshu.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
Friday, November 21, 2014
 - Bird Flu News Mass Culling of Birds in EU Following Bird Flu Outbreak
EU - Following the recent detection of bird flu at a poultry farm in the Netherlands, another case at a duck breeding farm in the UK, as well as a scare in Germany earlier this November, it is clear that avian influenza is not just a thing of the past, according to an animal welfare organisation.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
Thursday, November 20, 2014
 - Bird Flu News Bird Flu Update: Movement Ban in Yorkshire Bites, Ukraine Bans Poultry Meat Imports
UK, NETHERLANDS, GERMANY - In the UK, the culling of birds at the outbreak farm in Yorkshire has been completed, while the control measures are causing difficulties for nearby free-range egg farmers. Ukraine has banned poultry imports from the three EU countries that have reported outbreaks.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
 - Bird Flu News Questions and Answers on Highly Pathogenic H5N8 Avian Influenza
GLOBAL - A summary of current knowledge on the H5N8 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus from the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE).
OIE
 - Bird Flu News Poultry Farmers in UK Must Remain Vigilant after Bird Flu Outbreaks
UK - Poultry producers have been urged to remain vigilant following a case of avian influenza discovered at a duck farm in Yorkshire, the National Farmers Union (NFU) said.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
Wednesday, November 19, 2014
 - Bird Flu News Europe Responds to Bird Flu Outbreaks
EU - Emergency measures to combat bird flu have come into force in countries already reporting outbreaks - the Netherlands and the UK - and surveillance is raised in France. The virus in the UK has been confirmed as H5N8 and culling has begun on the affected farm. The nationwide poultry transport ban has been lifted in the Netherlands.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
 - Bird Flu News Human Infection with Avian Influenza A(H7N9) Virus – China - Update 18 November 2014
CHINA - On 15 November 2014, the National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) of China notified WHO of three additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus, including one death.
Details of the cases are as follows: a 54-year-old woman from Shihezi City, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (died); a 58-year-old woman from Changzhou City, Jiangsu Province (critical condition) and a 45-year-old woman from Changzhou City, Jiangsu Province (mild condition).
Patients 2 and 3 are known to have been exposed to poultry at markets; exposure is unknown for the first patient.
World Health Organization
 - Bird Flu News Second Woman This Week Dies of Bird Flu in Egypt
EGYPT - A woman has died in the south of Cairo, the second death from the disease in two days and the third this year in the country. The cause of death is confirmed as the H5N1 virus.
The ministry was quoted by 'Al-Ahram' as saying that they have identified a total of seven cases of the virus this year, including the three who died.
Aljazeera
United Kingdom - Bird Flu News Poultry Farmers in UK Must Remain Vigilant after Bird Flu Outbreaks
UK - Poultry producers have been urged to remain vigilant following a case of avian influenza discovered at a duck farm in Yorkshire, the National Farmers Union (NFU) said.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
Tuesday, November 18, 2014
United Kingdom - Bird Flu News Yorkshire Bird Flu Outbreak Prompts Calls for Vigilance on Poultry Farms
UK - Further details on the outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in East Yorkshire have been emerging since the first announcement yesterday, 17 November.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
 - Bird Flu News International Call for More Influenza Surveillance in Animals
GLOBAL - On influenza surveillance in animals, an FAO study has explored global capacity to detect emerging influenza viruses with zoonotic potential.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
Next 20
Avian Influenza

(aka bird flu, avian flu) is caused by a type of influenza virus that is hosted by birds, but may infect several species of mammals. It was first identified in Italy in the early 1900s and is now known to exist worldwide. A strain of the H5N1-type of avian influenza virus that emerged in 1997 has been identified as the most likely source of a future influenza pandemic. Strains of avian influenza virus may infect various types of animals, including birds, pigs, horses, seals, whales and humans. However, wild fowl act as natural asymptomatic carriers, spreading it to more susceptible domestic stocks. Avian influenza virus spreads in the air and in manure and there is no evidence that the virus can survive in well cooked meat.

Diagnosis
How to Recognise Avian Influenza
What to look for
  • Ruffled feathers
  • Soft-shelled eggs
  • Depression and droopiness
  • Sudden drop in egg production
  • Loss of appetite
  • Cyanosis (purplish-blue coloring) of wattles and comb
  • Edema and swelling of head, eyelids, comb, wattles, and hocks
  • Green diarrhoea
  • Blood-tinged discharge from nostrils
  • Incoordination, including loss of ability to walk and stand
  • Pin-point hemorrhages (most easily seen on the feet and shanks)
  • Respiratory distress
  • Increased death losses in a flock
  • Sudden death
  • Nasal discharges
For more detail in avian influenza in poultry click here
Poultry Vaccination

Poultry Vaccination as a strategy for controlling AI in commercial birds

Outbreaks of avian influenza in the poultry industry cause devastating economic losses and is generally controlled through extensive culling of infected birds. Alternative strategies also use vaccination as a supplementary control measure during avian influenza outbreaks.

. Advantages of Vaccination
  • Vaccination reduces susceptibility to infection.
  • A higher dose of virus is necessary to infect the vaccinated birds.
  • Vaccinated birds shed less virus.
    - Decreased contamination of the environment.
    - Decreased risk of human infection
  • Used strategically vaccination compliments a stamping out strategy by slowing/stopping the spread of the virus
For more information on poultry vaccination see:
Biosecurity

Avian Influenza (Fowl Plague) is a potentially devastating disease, predominantly of chickens and turkeys, although the virus can also affect game birds (pheasants, partridge and quail), ratites (ostrich and emu), psittacine and passerine birds.

Avian Influenza is caused by an orthomyxovirus, or influenza virus and can survive for considerable lengths of time outside of the host and birds are infected through contact with other birds, mechanical vectors such as vehicles and equipment and personnel travelling between farms, markets and abattoirs.

Precautionary requirements include cleaning and disinfection of premises and the establishment of a Biosecurity barrier to help prevent spread of disease is essential.

For more information on biosecurity see the links below

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