Friday, March 24, 2017 Stronger Precautions Urged for Bird Flu
CHINA - Two international organizations have stressed the high possibility of human-to-human transmission of the H7N9 virus, which saw the biggest outbreak in China over the past winter since first being reported in China in 2013.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Monday, March 20, 2017 Reinforcing Control Efforts Amid Outbreak of Avian Influenza in China
CHINA - A resurgent outbreak of a new strain of avian influenza that can be lethal for humans underscores the need for robust and rapid detection and response systems at animal source.ThePoultrySite News Desk H7N9 Fatalities Hit 13 in East China's Jiangxi
CHINA - Thirteen of the 37 people infected with H7N9 avian flu have died since January in east China's Jiangxi Province, the provincial health and family planning commission announced Saturday.ThePoultrySite News Desk Kelantan Veterinary Dept Destroys 1,800 Poultry And 1,075 Eggs
MALAYSIA - Kelantan Veterinary Services Department destroyed 1,800 poultry and 1,075 eggs yesterday in a bid to stem the outbreak of avian flu (H5N1) in the state.
Bernama.com Namibian Poultry Industry Dealt With Yet Another Blow
NAMIBIA - The Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Forestry has suspended the importation and in-transit movement of live poultry and products due to the outbreaks of the Avian Influenza.AllAfrica
Friday, March 17, 2017 Alabama Officials Investigate Avian Flu Detections
US - Alabama agriculture officials are investigating suspected avian flu outbreaks at three locations in the northern part of the state, close to where H7N9 outbreaks — one highly pathogenic and one low pathogenic — were recently reported on two Tennessee farms.ThePoultrySite News Desk Malacca Poultry Farms Closely Monitored, Although H5N1-free
MALAYSIA - There is as yet no indication that the H5N1 virus has made headway into Malacca, but the Veterinary Services Department isn't taking any chances.New Straits Times Chinese City Halts Live Poultry Trading
CHINA - Live poultry trading will cease for three weeks in the central Chinese city of Changsha on concerns over the H7N9 bird flu virus, the local health and family planning commission said Friday.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Monday, March 13, 2017 East China Province Reports New H7N9 Cases
CHINA - Four more human infections of H7N9 bird flu have been reported in east China's Jiangxi Province, including one fatality, local health authorities said on Monday.ThePoultrySite News Desk H5N1, H5N6 Bird Flu Cases Detected in Viet Nam
VIET NAM - Viet Nam reported outbreaks of avian flu H5N1 and H5N6 in northern Cao Bang province, the National Institute of Hygiene and Epidemiology (NIHE) said on Monday.ThePoultrySite News Desk Bird Flu Infects 24 Iranian Provinces
IRAN - Avian influenza has spread across the country and at present 24 provinces are affected by the disease, according to the head of the board of directors at Tehran’s Union of Producers of Egg-Laying Chicken.Financial tribune
Friday, March 10, 2017 Chicken Prices Rreach Record High Levels Due to Bird Flu Outbreak
SOUTH KOREA - Prices of chicken surged to the highest level in three decades, industry data showed Friday, as large numbers of birds were culled following the nationwide outbreak of avian influenza late last year.The Korea Herald US Bird Flu Outbreak Set to Push Thai Poultry Exports
THAILAND - Thai poultry exports are likely to continue their growth this year as many countries restrict imports of US poultry in light of a bird flu outbreak.
Wednesday, March 08, 2017 South China's Guangxi Reports Two More H7N9 Cases
CHINA - Two more human cases of H7N9 bird flu were reported in south China's Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region on Monday, bringing the total number of infections to eight in the region this year.ThePoultrySite News Desk CME: HPAI-infected Poultry Barred from Entering Food System
US - A case of highly pathogenic H7 avian influenza (HPAI) was confirmed in Lincoln County, Tennessee chicken breeder flock this past weekend, according to the Steiner Consulting Group, DLR Division, Inc.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Tuesday, March 07, 2017 China H7N9 Situation on Decline, Reports Health Authority
CHINA - China's health authority said Friday that the H7N9 epidemic had been on the decline since emergency measures were taken.ThePoultrySite News Desk Taiwan Bans Poultry Imports from 2 US States Plagued by Avian Flu
TAIWAN - Taiwan has imposed a ban on imports of all poultry-related products from Tennessee and imports of poultry meat from Wisconsin after the two U.S. states reported avian influenza outbreaks.Focus Taiwan Govt Bans Imports of Chicken, Eggs from US
SOUTH KOREA - Korea is banning imports of live fowl, raw chicken meat and fresh eggs from the United States after the US confirmed a case of highly pathogenic H7 avian influenza (AI) at a commercial farm in Tennessee Sunday. Korea Joongang Daily Avian Influenza and Free Range Eggs: What's the Latest?
UK - Chief executive of the British Free Range Egg Producers Association (BFREPA) Robert Gooch has issued a statement regarding avian influenza and its threat to the UK's free range egg sector.ThePoultrySite News Desk Council Reacts to HPAI at Tennessee Broiler-Breeder Farm
US - The National Chicken Council (NCC) was notified by the United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) that the agency has confirmed the presence of highly pathogenic H7 avian influenza (HPAI) in a commercial broiler breeder flock in Lincoln County, Tennessee, along the Mississippi flyway. Tests are underway to identify the neuraminidase, or "N" number of the virus.ThePoultrySite News Desk
(aka bird flu, avian flu) is caused by a type of influenza virus that is hosted by birds, but may infect several species of mammals. It was first identified in Italy in the early 1900s and is now known to exist worldwide. A strain of the H5N1-type of avian influenza virus that emerged in 1997 has been identified as the most likely source of a future influenza pandemic.Strains of avian influenza virus may infect various types of animals, including birds, pigs, horses, seals, whales and humans. However, wild fowl act as natural asymptomatic carriers, spreading it to more susceptible domestic stocks.How to Recognise Avian Influenza
What to look for
- Ruffled feathers
- Soft-shelled eggs
- Depression and droopiness
- Sudden drop in egg production
- Loss of appetite
- Cyanosis (purplish-blue coloring) of wattles and comb
- Edema and swelling of head, eyelids, comb, wattles, and hocks
- Green diarrhoea
- Blood-tinged discharge from nostrils
- Incoordination, including loss of ability to walk and stand
- Pin-point hemorrhages (most easily seen on the feet and shanks)
- Respiratory distress
- Increased death losses in a flock
- Sudden death
- Nasal discharges
For more detail in avian influenza in poultry click here
Poultry Vaccination as a strategy for controlling AI in commercial birds
Outbreaks of avian influenza in the poultry industry cause devastating economic losses and is generally controlled through extensive culling of infected birds. Alternative strategies also use vaccination as a supplementary control measure during avian influenza outbreaks.
.Advantages of Vaccination
For more information on poultry vaccination see:
- Vaccination reduces susceptibility to infection.
- A higher dose of virus is necessary to infect the vaccinated birds.
- Vaccinated birds shed less virus.
- Decreased contamination of the environment.
- Decreased risk of human infection
- Used strategically vaccination compliments a stamping out strategy by slowing/stopping the spread of the virus
Avian Influenza (Fowl Plague) is a potentially devastating disease, predominantly of chickens and turkeys, although the virus can also affect game birds (pheasants, partridge and quail), ratites (ostrich and emu), psittacine and passerine birds.
Avian Influenza is caused by an orthomyxovirus, or influenza virus and can survive for considerable lengths of time outside of the host and birds are infected through contact with other birds, mechanical vectors such as vehicles and equipment and personnel travelling between farms, markets and abattoirs.
Precautionary requirements include cleaning and disinfection of premises and the establishment of a Biosecurity barrier to help prevent spread of disease is essential.
For more information on biosecurity see the links below