Thursday, October 08, 2015 Jamaica's Government Commits to Avian Flu Protection
JAMAICA - The Jamaican Government has reaffirmed its commitment to partnering with key stakeholders in protecting the poultry industry from diseases which threaten the sustainability of the sector.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Tuesday, October 06, 2015 Four More Avian Flu Outbreaks Reported in Taiwan
TAIWAN - Four more highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreaks have been reported in Taiwan, killing several different poultry species.ThePoultrySite News Desk Call for FDA to Prevent Egg Waste After Avian Flu Shortage
US - The US' National Chicken Council has said the broiler industry is being forced to discard millions of eggs by the Food and Drug Administration, when the eggs could have been used to help with shortages in the wake of the avian flu outbreaks.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Friday, October 02, 2015 Another Avian Flu Outbreak Found in Viet Nam
VIET NAM - There has been another outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza in Viet Nam.ThePoultrySite News Desk Avian Flu Preparation Meetings to be Held in UK
UK - The UK Poultry Health and Welfare Group (PHWG) will be holding several informative events across Great Britain and Northern Ireland in the next few months, to help poultry farmers be prepared in the event of an outbreak.ThePoultrySite News Desk Georgia Congressman Asks for Quick Approval for "Ventilation Shutdown"
US - The "ventilation shutdown" method of poultry house depopulation should be available quickly in the event of another avian flu outbreak, the Georgia Congressman Doug Collins has urged in a letter to Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Wednesday, September 30, 2015 Nigerians Urged to Step Up Biosecurity Against Avian Flu
NIGERIA - The Veterinary Council of Nigeria (VCN) has urged Nigerian poultry farmers to protect their farms from highly pathogenic avian influenza by implementing better biosecurity.ThePoultrySite News Desk USPOULTRY Seminar Highlights More Avian Flu Preparation Ideas
US - More ideas for preparing for a potential resurgence of avian influenza in the US have been discussed at USPOULTRY’s 2015 Live Production and Welfare Seminar in Nashville, Tennessee.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Tuesday, September 29, 2015 Georgia Poultry Farmers Warned About Avian Influenza
US - The Georgia Poultry Federation has initiated a targeted campaign educating poultry farmers about this fall’s (autumn's) impending risks of avian influenza and the biosecurity measures that can be used to prevent it.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Monday, September 28, 2015 Layers Affected in Latest Nigerian Bird Flu Outbreak
NIGERIA - Over one thousand birds have been destroyed in the latest highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreak detected in Nigeria.ThePoultrySite News Desk Latin American Countries Unite Against Avian Flu
GLOBAL - The Latin American Poultry Association (ALA) has released a letter with a number of recommendations to unify the actions of Latin American countries in the fight against highly pathogenic avian influenza.ThePoultrySite News Desk Ostrich Farms Hit by Low Path Avian Flu in South Africa
SOUTH AFRICA - Two ostrich farms have been hit by low pathogenic avian flu outbreaks in South Africa.ThePoultrySite News Desk US Pork, Poultry Producers Still on Look Out for Deadly Diseases
US - As autumn begins, the US meat and poultry sector once again watches carefully for signs of disease and contemplates its impact, write Steve Meyer and Len Steiner.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Thursday, September 24, 2015 More Avian Flu Reported in Nigeria
NIGERIA - There have been seven more outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza in Nigeria.ThePoultrySite News Desk 'Broad Spectrum' Avian Flu Vaccine Research Gets Funding Boost
US - A Purdue University-led avian influenza vaccine project is aiming to develop new types of protection for birds after an award of $1.55 million from the National Institutes of Health.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Wednesday, September 23, 2015 More Avian Flu Detected in Nigeria
A further 18 new outbreaks of Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) have been reported on layer and turkey farms in Nigeria.The Poultry Site Avian Flu Bird Monitoring Programme Missing
INDIA - Two months into the migratory bird season, a migratory bird surveillance programme promised after the last year’s avian flu outbreak is still missing in Kerala State.ThePoultrySite News Desk Avian Flu Reported in Vietnam Village Birds
VIETNAM - Two new outbreaks of Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) have been reported in village birds.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Tuesday, September 22, 2015 Nigeria Detects Further Avian Influenza in Poultry
Another seven outbreaks of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) have been reported in broilers and layers.
Wild Birds Get Bird Flu in Ghana for First Time
Birds carrying the H5N1 strain of avian influenza include partridge, quail and pigeons, a technical workshop heard on Sunday.Modern Ghana
(aka bird flu, avian flu) is caused by a type of influenza virus that is hosted by birds, but may infect several species of mammals. It was first identified in Italy in the early 1900s and is now known to exist worldwide. A strain of the H5N1-type of avian influenza virus that emerged in 1997 has been identified as the most likely source of a future influenza pandemic.Strains of avian influenza virus may infect various types of animals, including birds, pigs, horses, seals, whales and humans. However, wild fowl act as natural asymptomatic carriers, spreading it to more susceptible domestic stocks. Avian influenza virus spreads in the air and in manure and there is no evidence that the virus can survive in well cooked meat.How to Recognise Avian Influenza
What to look for
- Ruffled feathers
- Soft-shelled eggs
- Depression and droopiness
- Sudden drop in egg production
- Loss of appetite
- Cyanosis (purplish-blue coloring) of wattles and comb
- Edema and swelling of head, eyelids, comb, wattles, and hocks
- Green diarrhoea
- Blood-tinged discharge from nostrils
- Incoordination, including loss of ability to walk and stand
- Pin-point hemorrhages (most easily seen on the feet and shanks)
- Respiratory distress
- Increased death losses in a flock
- Sudden death
- Nasal discharges
For more detail in avian influenza in poultry click here
Poultry Vaccination as a strategy for controlling AI in commercial birds
Outbreaks of avian influenza in the poultry industry cause devastating economic losses and is generally controlled through extensive culling of infected birds. Alternative strategies also use vaccination as a supplementary control measure during avian influenza outbreaks.
.Advantages of Vaccination
For more information on poultry vaccination see:
- Vaccination reduces susceptibility to infection.
- A higher dose of virus is necessary to infect the vaccinated birds.
- Vaccinated birds shed less virus.
- Decreased contamination of the environment.
- Decreased risk of human infection
- Used strategically vaccination compliments a stamping out strategy by slowing/stopping the spread of the virus
Avian Influenza (Fowl Plague) is a potentially devastating disease, predominantly of chickens and turkeys, although the virus can also affect game birds (pheasants, partridge and quail), ratites (ostrich and emu), psittacine and passerine birds.
Avian Influenza is caused by an orthomyxovirus, or influenza virus and can survive for considerable lengths of time outside of the host and birds are infected through contact with other birds, mechanical vectors such as vehicles and equipment and personnel travelling between farms, markets and abattoirs.
Precautionary requirements include cleaning and disinfection of premises and the establishment of a Biosecurity barrier to help prevent spread of disease is essential.
For more information on biosecurity see the links below