Friday, May 29, 2015 Four More US Avian Flu Outbreaks Confirmed
US - Four more outbreaks of H5N2 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) have been confirmed by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA).ThePoultrySite News Desk Avian Flu Outbreak in Cote d'Ivoire
COTE D'IVOIRE - An outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza has been confirmed in Cote d'Ivoire.ThePoultrySite News Desk Proper disposal key to moving on after bird flu
Local folks are cleaning up and moving on as the worst bird flu outbreak in U.S. history continues to spread.http://bismarcktribune.com/
Thursday, May 28, 2015 Two More Avian Influenza Outbreaks Confirmed in US
US - Two more outbreaks of H5N2 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) have been confirmed in the US states of Iowa and Nebraska.ThePoultrySite News Desk Mexico working hard to prevent new outbreaks of bird flu: official
Mexico is working hard to prevent outbreaks of a bird flu epidemic that has stricken the U.S. poultry and egg industry in recent months, a senior Mexican agriculture ministry official said on Wednesday.
http://www.dailymail.co.uk Kandiyohi County Hit Hard From Bird Flu Crisis
The numbers don’t lie — Minnesota has been hit hard by the bird flu.
So far, 97 farms have been affected by the bird flu since the outbreak began in March. Kandiyohi County is ground zero with 37 of those farms. The state announced three new cases of the bird flu Wednesday, and six new ones were reported Tuesday.http://minnesota.cbslocal.com Research institute confirms bird flu in Ghana
The Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research of the University of Ghana, Legon, has confirmed the outbreak of bird flu in Ghana, local media reported Thursday.http://en.ce.cn US Egg Prices Running High, Avian Flu Epidemic on the Wane
US - According to the top US veterinary officer, the worst bird flu outbreak in US history may be over by July, write Steve Meyer and Len Steiner.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Wednesday, May 27, 2015 States Hit by Further Presumed Bird Flu Cases
US - Presumptive new cases of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) have been announced by Minnesota's state government, ending a hiatus of new cases that lasted over a week.ThePoultrySite News Desk Bird flu pandemic alert: Virus could soon be passed from human to human, warns Cambridge professor
-Virus is just two mutations away from being infectious between humans
-Currently can only be transmitted between birds and from birds to humans
-Cambridge professor said it was something the world should 'worry about'http://www.dailymail.co.uk/ USDA chief vet says bird flu cases waning, sees end by July
PARIS - The number of cases of bird flu in the United States has started to decline and the epidemic is likely to be over within a couple of months, helped by warm weather in the summer, the U.S. chief veterinary officer said on Tuesday.http://www.the-news-daily.com/ Commercial turkey population in South Dakota reduced 20 percent due to bird flu
The outbreak of avian influenza in poultry and egg barns has hit close to home in South Dakota, leading to many consumer questions and concerns. Dustin Oedekoven, DVM, South Dakota State Veterinarian, addresses some of these concerns about the bird flu.http://www.tristateneighbor.com/
Tuesday, May 26, 2015 Two Further Avian Flu Outbreaks in US
US - There have been two more confirmed outbreaks of H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza in Iowa.ThePoultrySite News Desk International Egg Commission Launches Avian Flu Action Plan
GLOBAL - The International Egg Commission (IEC) is launching its 'Avian Influenza Action Plan', a series of initiatives related to combating avian influenza.ThePoultrySite News Desk Kansas State Researchers Develop Avian Flu Vaccine
US - A vaccine has been developed for the H5N1 and H7N9 strains of avian influenza, using a method based on the Newcastle disease virus, according to a study from Kansas State University and others.ThePoultrySite News Desk H5N1 Avian Flu Outbreak in Viet Nam
VIET NAM - There has been an outbreak of H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza in Viet Nam.ThePoultrySite News Desk Wild Bird Avian Flu Outbreak in Kazakhstan
KAZAKHSTAN - There has been an outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza in Dalmatian Pelicans in Kazakhstan's State Nature Reserve.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Friday, May 22, 2015 Three New US Bird Flu Outbreaks in Iowa
US - Three more outbreaks of H5N2 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) have been confirmed in the US, but no new outbreaks have been reported in Minnesota for several days.ThePoultrySite News Desk 6 Days Without a New Minnesota Bird Flu Case: Is the Outbreak Winding Down?
New reports of avian influenza on Minnesota poultry farms seemed to be a daily occurrence earlier this spring. So the absence of any such reports for nearly a week is generating hopes that the virus may be loosening its grip on the state.http://bringmethenews.com/ Bird Flu Crisis Slows In Minnesota, Focus Now On Recovery
Minnesota notched six straight days without a new case of bird flu on Thursday, and though state officials aren’t ready to say the outbreak is over, they’re beginning to stand down.http://minnesota.cbslocal.com/
(aka bird flu, avian flu) is caused by a type of influenza virus that is hosted by birds, but may infect several species of mammals. It was first identified in Italy in the early 1900s and is now known to exist worldwide. A strain of the H5N1-type of avian influenza virus that emerged in 1997 has been identified as the most likely source of a future influenza pandemic.Strains of avian influenza virus may infect various types of animals, including birds, pigs, horses, seals, whales and humans. However, wild fowl act as natural asymptomatic carriers, spreading it to more susceptible domestic stocks. Avian influenza virus spreads in the air and in manure and there is no evidence that the virus can survive in well cooked meat.How to Recognise Avian Influenza
What to look for
- Ruffled feathers
- Soft-shelled eggs
- Depression and droopiness
- Sudden drop in egg production
- Loss of appetite
- Cyanosis (purplish-blue coloring) of wattles and comb
- Edema and swelling of head, eyelids, comb, wattles, and hocks
- Green diarrhoea
- Blood-tinged discharge from nostrils
- Incoordination, including loss of ability to walk and stand
- Pin-point hemorrhages (most easily seen on the feet and shanks)
- Respiratory distress
- Increased death losses in a flock
- Sudden death
- Nasal discharges
For more detail in avian influenza in poultry click here
Poultry Vaccination as a strategy for controlling AI in commercial birds
Outbreaks of avian influenza in the poultry industry cause devastating economic losses and is generally controlled through extensive culling of infected birds. Alternative strategies also use vaccination as a supplementary control measure during avian influenza outbreaks.
.Advantages of Vaccination
For more information on poultry vaccination see:
- Vaccination reduces susceptibility to infection.
- A higher dose of virus is necessary to infect the vaccinated birds.
- Vaccinated birds shed less virus.
- Decreased contamination of the environment.
- Decreased risk of human infection
- Used strategically vaccination compliments a stamping out strategy by slowing/stopping the spread of the virus
Avian Influenza (Fowl Plague) is a potentially devastating disease, predominantly of chickens and turkeys, although the virus can also affect game birds (pheasants, partridge and quail), ratites (ostrich and emu), psittacine and passerine birds.
Avian Influenza is caused by an orthomyxovirus, or influenza virus and can survive for considerable lengths of time outside of the host and birds are infected through contact with other birds, mechanical vectors such as vehicles and equipment and personnel travelling between farms, markets and abattoirs.
Precautionary requirements include cleaning and disinfection of premises and the establishment of a Biosecurity barrier to help prevent spread of disease is essential.
For more information on biosecurity see the links below