Monday, January 30, 2017 More Pheasants Killed by Avian Flu in Lancashire
UK - The UK’s Deputy Chief Veterinary Officer has confirmed a second case of H5N8 avian flu at a premises in Wyre, Lancashire.ThePoultrySite
Friday, January 27, 2017 Turkey Farm in Lincolnshire Latest UK Victim of Bird Flu
UK - The UK’s Chief Veterinary Officer has confirmed H5N8 avian flu at a turkey rearing farm near Boston, Lincolnshire.ThePoultrySite
Thursday, January 26, 2017 Bird Flu Housing Order Extended to March for Poultry in Northern Ireland
NORTHERN IRELAND, UK - Poultry keepers in Northern Ireland have been ordered to keep birds indoors to protect them from avian flu until 16 March - an extension of the original time of the Prevention Zone.ThePoultrySite Avian Flu Confirmed on Lancashire Farm
UK - The UK’s Chief Veterinary Officer has confirmed H5N8 avian flu in a flock of farmed breeding pheasants at a premises in Wyre, Lancashire.ThePoultrySite Free Range Labelling Under Threat Due to Bird Flu - What Will Europe Do?
EU - Many countries in Europe have forced poultry indoors to protect them from a dangerous type of avian influenza, but EU rules mean that if the birds are ordered indoors for more than twelve weeks their products can no longer be listed as free range.ThePoultrySite
Wednesday, January 25, 2017 Poultry Club Meets Defra to Discuss Rare Breed Survival in Bird Flu Outbreaks
UK - The Poultry Club of Great Britain (PCGB) has hailed the results of a meeting with the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra).ThePoultrySite
Monday, January 23, 2017 Europe Reports More Birds Killed in Flu Outbreaks
EUROPE - Further reports of H5N8 avian flu outbreaks have been sent to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) from a number of European countries in the past week.ThePoultrySite
Thursday, January 19, 2017 Avian Flu Spreads to Uganda, Threatening Millions of Birds
GLOBAL - Uganda is the latest African country to report a H5 type of avian influenza, according to the latest reports to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE).ThePoultrySite Australia to Export Eggs to South Korea to Lessen Bird Flu Shortage
AUSTRALIA - Help from Australian egg farmers will soon be on its way to South Korea as the country fights one of its worst avian influenza (bird flu) epidemics in recent times, according to the Australian Egg Corporation Limited.ThePoultrySite
Wednesday, January 18, 2017 Avian Flu Found in Second Wild Bird in Ireland
IRELAND - Ireland's Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine has announced that it has confirmed a second case of avian influenza H5N8 in a wigeon in County Galway.ThePoultrySite Second Lincolnshire Turkey Farm Hit by Bird Flu
UK - The UK’s Chief Veterinary Officer has confirmed H5N8 avian flu in a flock of turkeys at a farm in East Lindsey, Lincolnshire.ThePoultrySite
Tuesday, January 17, 2017 Huge Poultry Population May Make Planet More 'Infectable'
UK - Mass livestock production is driving molecular changes in diseases that could lead to human pandemics, a professor from the University of Exeter suggests in a new book.ThePoultrySite
Monday, January 16, 2017 South Korea Imports US Eggs to Ease Bird Flu Shortage
SOUTH KOREA - South Korea's Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs (MAFRA, under Minister Kim Jae-su) has promised to 'minimise inconvenience' to the public from its largest ever avian influenza epidemic, as part of a suite of measures to grow the agriculture and food industries.ThePoultrySite Taiwan Battling Two Bird Flu Virus Types
TAIWAN - Both the H5N2 and H5N8 strains of highly pathogenic avian influenza are still causing problems in Taiwan, with more outbreaks reported to the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) last week.ThePoultrySite
Friday, January 13, 2017 European Countries Continue to Battle H5N8 Avian Flu
EUROPE - A number of different European countries have announced new outbreaks of H5N8 strain highly pathogenic avian influenza in the past few days, including spread to new countries of Spain, Italy and Slovenia.ThePoultrySite
Thursday, January 12, 2017 Nigeria Seeks New Measures to Tackle Bird Flu as H5N8 Found
NIGERIA - A meeting has been held in Nigeria to try and come up with new solutions to help prevent avian influenza.ThePoultrySite
Wednesday, January 11, 2017 Poultry Club Reaffirms Commitment to Protecting UK Flocks from Bird Flu
UK - Traditional poultry breed organisation The Poultry Club of Great Britain has rebuffed claims made by NFU President Meurig Raymond that backyard poultry keepers are endangering commercial poultry keepers in the UK.ThePoultrySite Vets Urge Owners to Keep Backyard Flocks Safe Amid Avian Flu Spread
UK - The British Veterinary Association (BVA) and British Veterinary Poultry Association (BVPA) are urging backyard poultry keepers to protect their flocks with practical biosecurity steps.ThePoultrySite Avian Influenza Found in Wild Mallard Duck in Montana, US
US - A Eurasian/North American H5N2 avian influenza virus has been detected in a wild mallard duck in Fergus County, Montana, according to the US Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (USDA-APHIS).ThePoultrySite
Tuesday, January 10, 2017 Chile Bird Flu Outbreak Not Very Dangerous
CHILE - An outbreak of avian influenza in Chile that was discovered last week hasa been confirmed to be low pathogenic, or not as dangerous as some viruses, following sample testing in the US.ThePoultrySite
(aka bird flu, avian flu) is caused by a type of influenza virus that is hosted by birds, but may infect several species of mammals. It was first identified in Italy in the early 1900s and is now known to exist worldwide. A strain of the H5N1-type of avian influenza virus that emerged in 1997 has been identified as the most likely source of a future influenza pandemic.Strains of avian influenza virus may infect various types of animals, including birds, pigs, horses, seals, whales and humans. However, wild fowl act as natural asymptomatic carriers, spreading it to more susceptible domestic stocks.How to Recognise Avian Influenza
What to look for
- Ruffled feathers
- Soft-shelled eggs
- Depression and droopiness
- Sudden drop in egg production
- Loss of appetite
- Cyanosis (purplish-blue coloring) of wattles and comb
- Edema and swelling of head, eyelids, comb, wattles, and hocks
- Green diarrhoea
- Blood-tinged discharge from nostrils
- Incoordination, including loss of ability to walk and stand
- Pin-point hemorrhages (most easily seen on the feet and shanks)
- Respiratory distress
- Increased death losses in a flock
- Sudden death
- Nasal discharges
For more detail in avian influenza in poultry click here
Poultry Vaccination as a strategy for controlling AI in commercial birds
Outbreaks of avian influenza in the poultry industry cause devastating economic losses and is generally controlled through extensive culling of infected birds. Alternative strategies also use vaccination as a supplementary control measure during avian influenza outbreaks.
.Advantages of Vaccination
For more information on poultry vaccination see:
- Vaccination reduces susceptibility to infection.
- A higher dose of virus is necessary to infect the vaccinated birds.
- Vaccinated birds shed less virus.
- Decreased contamination of the environment.
- Decreased risk of human infection
- Used strategically vaccination compliments a stamping out strategy by slowing/stopping the spread of the virus
Avian Influenza (Fowl Plague) is a potentially devastating disease, predominantly of chickens and turkeys, although the virus can also affect game birds (pheasants, partridge and quail), ratites (ostrich and emu), psittacine and passerine birds.
Avian Influenza is caused by an orthomyxovirus, or influenza virus and can survive for considerable lengths of time outside of the host and birds are infected through contact with other birds, mechanical vectors such as vehicles and equipment and personnel travelling between farms, markets and abattoirs.
Precautionary requirements include cleaning and disinfection of premises and the establishment of a Biosecurity barrier to help prevent spread of disease is essential.
For more information on biosecurity see the links below