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Latest Avian / Bird Flu News
Friday, November 21, 2014
 - Bird Flu News Mass Culling of Birds in EU Following Bird Flu Outbreak
EU - Following the recent detection of bird flu at a poultry farm in the Netherlands, another case at a duck breeding farm in the UK, as well as a scare in Germany earlier this November, it is clear that avian influenza is not just a thing of the past, according to an animal welfare organisation.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
Thursday, November 20, 2014
 - Bird Flu News Bird Flu Update: Movement Ban in Yorkshire Bites, Ukraine Bans Poultry Meat Imports
UK, NETHERLANDS, GERMANY - In the UK, the culling of birds at the outbreak farm in Yorkshire has been completed, while the control measures are causing difficulties for nearby free-range egg farmers. Ukraine has banned poultry imports from the three EU countries that have reported outbreaks.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
 - Bird Flu News Questions and Answers on Highly Pathogenic H5N8 Avian Influenza
GLOBAL - A summary of current knowledge on the H5N8 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus from the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE).
OIE
 - Bird Flu News Poultry Farmers in UK Must Remain Vigilant after Bird Flu Outbreaks
UK - Poultry producers have been urged to remain vigilant following a case of avian influenza discovered at a duck farm in Yorkshire, the National Farmers Union (NFU) said.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
Wednesday, November 19, 2014
 - Bird Flu News Europe Responds to Bird Flu Outbreaks
EU - Emergency measures to combat bird flu have come into force in countries already reporting outbreaks - the Netherlands and the UK - and surveillance is raised in France. The virus in the UK has been confirmed as H5N8 and culling has begun on the affected farm. The nationwide poultry transport ban has been lifted in the Netherlands.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
 - Bird Flu News Human Infection with Avian Influenza A(H7N9) Virus – China - Update 18 November 2014
CHINA - On 15 November 2014, the National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) of China notified WHO of three additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus, including one death.
Details of the cases are as follows: a 54-year-old woman from Shihezi City, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (died); a 58-year-old woman from Changzhou City, Jiangsu Province (critical condition) and a 45-year-old woman from Changzhou City, Jiangsu Province (mild condition).
Patients 2 and 3 are known to have been exposed to poultry at markets; exposure is unknown for the first patient.
World Health Organization
 - Bird Flu News Second Woman This Week Dies of Bird Flu in Egypt
EGYPT - A woman has died in the south of Cairo, the second death from the disease in two days and the third this year in the country. The cause of death is confirmed as the H5N1 virus.
The ministry was quoted by 'Al-Ahram' as saying that they have identified a total of seven cases of the virus this year, including the three who died.
Aljazeera
United Kingdom - Bird Flu News Poultry Farmers in UK Must Remain Vigilant after Bird Flu Outbreaks
UK - Poultry producers have been urged to remain vigilant following a case of avian influenza discovered at a duck farm in Yorkshire, the National Farmers Union (NFU) said.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
Tuesday, November 18, 2014
United Kingdom - Bird Flu News Yorkshire Bird Flu Outbreak Prompts Calls for Vigilance on Poultry Farms
UK - Further details on the outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in East Yorkshire have been emerging since the first announcement yesterday, 17 November.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
 - Bird Flu News International Call for More Influenza Surveillance in Animals
GLOBAL - On influenza surveillance in animals, an FAO study has explored global capacity to detect emerging influenza viruses with zoonotic potential.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
 - Bird Flu News Dutch Poultry Sector in Lock-down
THE NETHERLANDS - As the outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza was confirmed, the government imposed an order preventing all poultry movements across the country for 72 hours and all outdoor runs must be covered.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
United Kingdom - Bird Flu News Quick Guide to Bird Flu
UK - With the new outbreaks of avian influenza around the UK and Europe, the British Poultry Council has published a quick question-and-answer guide to bird flu.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
Monday, November 17, 2014
 - Bird Flu News Highly Pathogenic Bird Flu Reported in Netherlands, UK
THE NETHERLANDS & UK - Over the weekend, two outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian flu were announced, one each in the Netherlands and East Yorkshire in the UK.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
 - Bird Flu News Avian Influenza A(H5N8) Detected in Europe
GERMANY - Germany has become the first European country to report an outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza caused by an A(H5N8) virus genetically similar to one spreading in the Republic of Korea since January.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
 - Bird Flu News H5N8 Influenza A Virus Detected in Japanese Tundra Swan
JAPAN - The H5N8 subtype of the highly pathogenic avian influenza virus has been detected in droppings from one swan in the Shimane region of the main island, Honshu.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
Friday, November 07, 2014
 - Bird Flu News New Strain of Avian Influenza Detected in German Poultry
GERMANY - With a new outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza confirmed at a turkey farm in northern Germany, a whole range of measures have been introduced to control the spread of the virus.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
Thursday, October 30, 2014
China - Bird Flu News Human Infection with Avian Influenza A(H7N9) Virus – China - 29 October 2014
CHINA - On 19 October 2014, the National Health and Family Planning Commission of China notified WHO of two additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus, including one death.
Details of the cases are as follows: a 44-year-old woman from Urumqi City, Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (died) and a seven-year-old female from Chaoyang District, Beijing Municipality (mild condition, not admitted to hospital).
The first patient had a history of exposure to live poultry.
World Health Organization
Tuesday, October 28, 2014
China - Bird Flu News China Reports Two H7N9 Cases, One Fatal
CHINA - China recently reported two new H7N9 avian flu cases, in a 44-year-old woman from Xinjiang province who died in September from her infection and in a seven-year-old girl from Beijing, Hong Kong's Centre for Health Protection (CHP) said in a statement on 18 October.
Two other cases from China were also reported in late August in Xinjiang province, located in China's far northwestern region.
The cases raise the mainland's H7N9 case total to 440. According to a case series kept by FluTrackers, an infectious disease news message board, the overall total for the virus is 456 cases.
A CHP spokesman said that, based on the recent case reports from the mainland, more sporadic H7N9 infections are expected in affected and possibly neighbouring areas and that heightened vigilance is needed.
CIDRAP
Monday, October 27, 2014
China - Bird Flu News Five Subtypes of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Reported in China
CHINA - A total of 51 positive findings of five subtypes of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) have been reported and confirmed across China.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
Thursday, October 23, 2014
 - Bird Flu News Viet Nam Reports No H5N6 Avian Flu Outbreaks for a Month
VIET NAM - The veterinary authority sent Follow Up Report No.4 dated 22 October to the OIE, reporting no new outbreaks of H5N6 highly pathogenic avian flu in poultry.
The previous report described two new outbreaks, which started on 13 and 14 September 2014.
World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE)
Next 20
Avian Influenza

(aka bird flu, avian flu) is caused by a type of influenza virus that is hosted by birds, but may infect several species of mammals. It was first identified in Italy in the early 1900s and is now known to exist worldwide. A strain of the H5N1-type of avian influenza virus that emerged in 1997 has been identified as the most likely source of a future influenza pandemic. Strains of avian influenza virus may infect various types of animals, including birds, pigs, horses, seals, whales and humans. However, wild fowl act as natural asymptomatic carriers, spreading it to more susceptible domestic stocks. Avian influenza virus spreads in the air and in manure and there is no evidence that the virus can survive in well cooked meat.

Diagnosis
How to Recognise Avian Influenza
What to look for
  • Ruffled feathers
  • Soft-shelled eggs
  • Depression and droopiness
  • Sudden drop in egg production
  • Loss of appetite
  • Cyanosis (purplish-blue coloring) of wattles and comb
  • Edema and swelling of head, eyelids, comb, wattles, and hocks
  • Green diarrhoea
  • Blood-tinged discharge from nostrils
  • Incoordination, including loss of ability to walk and stand
  • Pin-point hemorrhages (most easily seen on the feet and shanks)
  • Respiratory distress
  • Increased death losses in a flock
  • Sudden death
  • Nasal discharges
For more detail in avian influenza in poultry click here
Poultry Vaccination

Poultry Vaccination as a strategy for controlling AI in commercial birds

Outbreaks of avian influenza in the poultry industry cause devastating economic losses and is generally controlled through extensive culling of infected birds. Alternative strategies also use vaccination as a supplementary control measure during avian influenza outbreaks.

. Advantages of Vaccination
  • Vaccination reduces susceptibility to infection.
  • A higher dose of virus is necessary to infect the vaccinated birds.
  • Vaccinated birds shed less virus.
    - Decreased contamination of the environment.
    - Decreased risk of human infection
  • Used strategically vaccination compliments a stamping out strategy by slowing/stopping the spread of the virus
For more information on poultry vaccination see:
Biosecurity

Avian Influenza (Fowl Plague) is a potentially devastating disease, predominantly of chickens and turkeys, although the virus can also affect game birds (pheasants, partridge and quail), ratites (ostrich and emu), psittacine and passerine birds.

Avian Influenza is caused by an orthomyxovirus, or influenza virus and can survive for considerable lengths of time outside of the host and birds are infected through contact with other birds, mechanical vectors such as vehicles and equipment and personnel travelling between farms, markets and abattoirs.

Precautionary requirements include cleaning and disinfection of premises and the establishment of a Biosecurity barrier to help prevent spread of disease is essential.

For more information on biosecurity see the links below

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