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Latest Avian / Bird Flu News
Monday, April 21, 2014
 - Bird Flu News Japan Culls Poultry in Effort to Prevent Spread of H5N8 Bird Flu
JAPAN - The Japanese veterinary authorities have reported that no further outbreaks of highly pathogenic H5N8 avian influenza have taken place.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
Thursday, April 17, 2014
 - Bird Flu News Two Outbreaks of High-path Avian Flu in North Korea
NORTH KOREA - Two outbreaks of H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in poultry have been reported in the P'yongyang region.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
China - Bird Flu News Human Infection with Avian Influenza A(H7N9) Virus – Update 16 April
CHINA - On 15 April 2014, the National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) of China notified WHO of an additional laboratory-confirmed case of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus.
The patient is a 30 year-old man from Hengyang City, Hunan Province (stable condition).
World Health Organization
Wednesday, April 16, 2014
China - Bird Flu News Human Infection with Avian Influenza A(H7N9) Virus – Update 15 April
CHINA - The Centre for Health Protection (CHP), Hong Kong, SAR, China and the National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) of China recently notified WHO of two additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus.
Details of the laboratory-confirmed case reported on 13 April 2014 are as follows: an 85 year-old woman from Hong Kong with underlying medical conditions who travelled to Dongguan in Guangdong Province (critical condition in Hong Kong)
Details of the laboratory-confirmed case reported by the National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) of China on 14 April are as follows: a 52-year-old man from Changzhou City, Jiangsu Province (severe condition).
The first patient had contact with poultry and visited a live bird market in China.
World Health Organization
United Kingdom - Bird Flu News British Poultry Farmers Warned to Maintain Vigilance Against Bird Flu
UK – Rigid protocols to safeguard against avian influenza are necessary and also reduce other devastating diseases from the livestock sector, UK agriculture has been told.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
Tuesday, April 15, 2014
China - Bird Flu News Human Infection with Avian Influenza A(H7N9) Virus – Update 14 April
CHINA - On 11 April 2014, the National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) of China notified WHO of four additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus.
Details of the cases reported to WHO are as follows: an 81-year-old woman from Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province (critical condition); a 37-year-old man from Shantou City, Guangdong Province (critical condition); a 71 year-old woman from Heyuan City, Guangdong Province (critical condition) and a 79-year-old man from Guangzhou City, Guangdong Province.
All four were reported in a critical condition and had some previous contact with live poultry.
World Health Organization
 - Bird Flu News Hong Kong Bans Poultry Products from Japan
HONG KONG - Hong Kong's Center for Food Safety has announced that it has banned, with immediate effect, the import of poultry and poultry products, including eggs, from Kumamoto Prefecture of Japan following the announcement of avian flu in poultry in that region.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
Monday, April 14, 2014
 - Bird Flu News Chickens Culled at Kumamoto Farms in Bid to Curb Bird Flu Outbreak
JAPAN - Racing to contain an avian flu outbreak, about 400 workers culled 112,000 birds at two Kumamoto chicken farms from Sunday night through Monday morning.
The Japan Times
Sunday, April 13, 2014
China - Bird Flu News Human Infection with Avian Influenza A(H7N9) Virus – Update 11 April
CHINA - The Centre for Health Protection (CHP), Hong Kong, SAR, China and the National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) of China recently notified WHO of two additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus.
Details of the case notified by the CHP, Hong Kong on 9 April are as follows: an 82-year-old woman with underlying medical conditions, from Guangzhou. She became ill on 7 April. She travelled to Hong Kong on 8 April and was hospitalised on the same day (stable condition).
Details of the case notified by the NHFPC, China on 10 April are as follows:a 69-year-old man from Anqing city, Anhui province (critical condition).
World Health Organization
 - Bird Flu News Bird Flu Outbreak Reported in Japan
JAPAN - More than 110,000 chickens on two farms have been culled as the result of an outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza in the south of the country.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
Friday, April 11, 2014
China - Bird Flu News Human Infection with Avian Influenza A(H7N9) Virus – Update 10 April
CHINA - On 8 April 2014, the National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) of China notified WHO of two additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus.
Details of the cases reported to WHO are as follows: a 73-year-old man from Taizhou city, Jiangsu province (critical condition) and a 28-year-old woman from Suzhou city, Jiangsu province (critical condition).
World Health Organization
 - Bird Flu News Sales of Live Local Chickens About to Be Suspended
HONG KONG - On bird flu fears, sales of local fresh chickens will be suspended from Monday (14 April), drastically cutting daily supplies, until imports of live poultry from the mainland resume in June.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
Thursday, April 10, 2014
 - Bird Flu News North Korea Hit by Outbreak of Bird Flu
NORTH KOREA - North Korea has been fighting an outbreak of bird flu since last month, culling tens of thousands of poultry so far.
Bernama.com
 - Bird Flu News Taiwan Culls Poultry to Prevent Spread of H5N3 Bird Flu
TAIWAN - The Taiwanese veterinary authorities have reported that all poultry within the affected farms were slaughtered after they tested negative for H5/H7 viruses.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
Wednesday, April 09, 2014
China - Bird Flu News Human Infection with Avian Influenza A(H7N9) Virus – Update 8 April
CHINA - On 4 April 2014, the National Health and Family Planning Commission (NHFPC) of China notified WHO of three additional laboratory-confirmed cases of human infection with avian influenza A(H7N9) virus.
Details of the cases reported to WHO are as follows: a 30-year-old man from Tongling City, Anhui province (critical condition), a 37-year-old man from Shenzen City, Guangdong province (stable condition) and a 62 year-old man from Heyuan City, Guangdong province (critical condition).
The second and third patients have a history of exposure to poultry.
World Health Organization
 - Bird Flu News North Korea Hit by Extensive Outbreak of H5N1 High-path Bird Flu
NORTH KOREA - North Korea has experienced an outbreak of bird flu since last month, culling tens of thousands of poultry so far, according to its news agency.
A chicken farm in the capital city of Pyongyang first reported symptoms of avian influenza (AI), known as the H5N1 virus, on 21 March and the virus has been spreading to other poultry farms.
Earlier this year, South Korea also experienced the outbreak of the highly contagious virus, the first since 2011. More than 10 million poultry were destroyed to prevent the disease from spreading.
Yonhap
Friday, April 04, 2014
 - Bird Flu News Poultry Sales in Macau Reopen after 21-day Suspension
MACAU - Macau's market opened its doors to poultry imports after a 21 suspensions on avian bird-flu grounds.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
 - Bird Flu News Hong Kong Health Boss Suggests Live Poultry Ban for Bird Flu Control
HONG KONG - The government should consider banning live poultry sales altogether in order to prevent the spread of diseases such as bird flu, the director general of the World Health Organisation has said.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
 - Bird Flu News German Grant to Strengthen Indonesian Bird Flu Controls
GERMANY & INDONESIA - German-based banking institution KfW has provided a grant to the Indonesian government to strengthen its avian influenza prevention and control system for animal health
ThePoultrySite News Desk
 - Bird Flu News Better Poultry Disease Surveillance for Live Bird Markets
GLOBAL - Following consultations, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has issued guidelines on avian disease surveillance for poultry market chains with a focus on live bird markets.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
Next 20
Avian Influenza

(aka bird flu, avian flu) is caused by a type of influenza virus that is hosted by birds, but may infect several species of mammals. It was first identified in Italy in the early 1900s and is now known to exist worldwide. A strain of the H5N1-type of avian influenza virus that emerged in 1997 has been identified as the most likely source of a future influenza pandemic. Strains of avian influenza virus may infect various types of animals, including birds, pigs, horses, seals, whales and humans. However, wild fowl act as natural asymptomatic carriers, spreading it to more susceptible domestic stocks. Avian influenza virus spreads in the air and in manure and there is no evidence that the virus can survive in well cooked meat.

Diagnosis
How to Recognise Avian Influenza
What to look for
  • Ruffled feathers
  • Soft-shelled eggs
  • Depression and droopiness
  • Sudden drop in egg production
  • Loss of appetite
  • Cyanosis (purplish-blue coloring) of wattles and comb
  • Edema and swelling of head, eyelids, comb, wattles, and hocks
  • Green diarrhoea
  • Blood-tinged discharge from nostrils
  • Incoordination, including loss of ability to walk and stand
  • Pin-point hemorrhages (most easily seen on the feet and shanks)
  • Respiratory distress
  • Increased death losses in a flock
  • Sudden death
  • Nasal discharges
For more detail in avian influenza in poultry click here
Poultry Vaccination

Poultry Vaccination as a strategy for controlling AI in commercial birds

Outbreaks of avian influenza in the poultry industry cause devastating economic losses and is generally controlled through extensive culling of infected birds. Alternative strategies also use vaccination as a supplementary control measure during avian influenza outbreaks.

. Advantages of Vaccination
  • Vaccination reduces susceptibility to infection.
  • A higher dose of virus is necessary to infect the vaccinated birds.
  • Vaccinated birds shed less virus.
    - Decreased contamination of the environment.
    - Decreased risk of human infection
  • Used strategically vaccination compliments a stamping out strategy by slowing/stopping the spread of the virus
For more information on poultry vaccination see:
Biosecurity

Avian Influenza (Fowl Plague) is a potentially devastating disease, predominantly of chickens and turkeys, although the virus can also affect game birds (pheasants, partridge and quail), ratites (ostrich and emu), psittacine and passerine birds.

Avian Influenza is caused by an orthomyxovirus, or influenza virus and can survive for considerable lengths of time outside of the host and birds are infected through contact with other birds, mechanical vectors such as vehicles and equipment and personnel travelling between farms, markets and abattoirs.

Precautionary requirements include cleaning and disinfection of premises and the establishment of a Biosecurity barrier to help prevent spread of disease is essential.

For more information on biosecurity see the links below

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