Tuesday, May 29, 2012 Scientists Develop Bird Flu Test Kit
SINGAPORE - Scientists have developed a H5N1 bird flu test kit that can now rapidly detect all existing strains of the H5N1 viruses in a single test with almost 100 per cent accuracy, within a few hours.
Thursday, March 22, 2012 AVA Conducts Bird Flu Exercise, 2 New Processes Tested
SINGAPORE - Some 200 staff members of the Agri-Food & Veterinary Authority (AVA) were put through the paces of a simulated emergency on Thursday to prepare them operationally should there be a bird flu outbreak in Singapore.Straits Times
Thursday, December 22, 2011 MOH Closely Monitors Bird Flu Despite Very Low Risk
SINGAPORE - Risk of bird flu is very low at the moment in Singapore, but the Ministry of Health (MOH) is closely monitoring the situation in Hong Kong following the latest outbreak in the country.
Friday, January 29, 2010 1M Doses of Bird Flu Vaccine
SINGAPORE - The Health Ministry will be buying about one million doses of H5N1 avian flu pre-pandemic vaccine soon.Straits Times
Wednesday, April 15, 2009 Singapore Bans Poultry Imports from Kentucky
SINGAPORE - Singapore has suspended all import of poultry and poultry products from Kentucky of the United States, local media reported on Wednesday. ThePoultrySite News Desk
Tuesday, March 25, 2008 Singapore Markets Avian Flu Detecting Chip
SINGAPORE - Following successful trials of a new chip that can detect bird flu within a couple of hours, Singapore's biomedical firm, Veredus Laboratories, have taken the product to market.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Monday, October 01, 2007 S'pore seeks wider powers to combat bird flu
SINGAPORE - Singapore's Health Ministry is seeking sweeping powers to combat the spread of infectious diseases such as influenza, including the power to restrict people's movements, news reports said yesterday.TheBruneiTimes
Monday, September 24, 2007 Singapore scientists speed up bird flu test
SINGAPOR - Scientists in Singapore say they've created a hand-held device that can detect the deadly H5N1 strain of the bird flu virus within half-an-hour.
Monday, September 17, 2007 Singapore Lifts Import Ban On Poultry From Selangor
SINGAPORE - Singapore has lifted the suspension on imports of poultry and poultry products from Selangor effective Monday.
Friday, July 20, 2007 S'pore, France launch workshop on epidemic
SINGAPORE - Managing an Avian Flu epidemic in the region, if it happens - that's what Singapore and France will be focusing on as part of a workshop to study the prevention and management of the H5N1 virus in ASEAN. ChannelNewsAsia
Monday, July 09, 2007 On high bird flu alert, MOH plans ahead
SINGAPORE - The public focus may be on dengue now, but the Ministry of Health (MOH) is not letting down its guard against the next big infectious disease threat — bird flu. MediaCorp
Thursday, June 07, 2007 Singapore Suspend Malaysian Imports
SINGAPORE - The Malaysian Department of Veterinary Services (DVS) informed the Agri-
Food & Veterinary Authority (AVA) this morning that it had detected an
outbreak of H5N1 bird flu in chickens in a village household in Sungei Buluh,
Monday, March 19, 2007 ASEAN Chooses Singapore To Stockpile Anti-bird Flu Drug
SINGAPORE - The Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN) has chosen Singapore as a regional centre for stockpiling the anti-bird flu drug oseltamivir as part of preparations for a human pandemic, media reports said Monday.
Thursday, February 01, 2007 Singapore keeping up vigilance against infectious diseases
SINGAPORE - Singapore has completed stockpiling more than 10 million tablets (or more than one million boxes) of the antiviral drug, Tamiflu, for the treatment of bird flu. Channel NewsAsia
Wednesday, December 13, 2006 Keep small birds out of chicken farms, expert says
SINGAPORE - Poultry farms must be properly screened and protected from small birds such as sparrows, starlings and pigeons which are capable of passing the H5N1 bird flu virus to chickens, an expert said in Singapore on Monday.Reuters
Tuesday, December 12, 2006 Keep small birds out of chicken farms, expert says
SINGAPORE - Poultry farms must be properly screened and protected from small birds such as sparrows, starlings and pigeons which are capable of passing the H5N1 bird flu virus to chickens, an expert said on Monday.Reuters Vaccines for all H5N1 flu strains crucial -experts
SINGAPORE - The H5N1 bird flu virus has undergone many changes since making its first known jump into humans in 1997 and vaccines must be manufactured to fight its major strains, experts said on Monday.Reuters
(aka bird flu, avian flu) is caused by a type of influenza virus that is hosted by birds, but may infect several species of mammals. It was first identified in Italy in the early 1900s and is now known to exist worldwide. A strain of the H5N1-type of avian influenza virus that emerged in 1997 has been identified as the most likely source of a future influenza pandemic.
Strains of avian influenza virus may infect various types of animals, including birds, pigs, horses, seals, whales and humans. However, wild fowl act as natural asymptomatic carriers, spreading it to more susceptible domestic stocks. Avian influenza virus spreads in the air and in manure and there is no evidence that the virus can survive in well cooked meat.
How to Recognise Avian Influenza
What to look for
- Ruffled feathers
- Soft-shelled eggs
- Depression and droopiness
- Sudden drop in egg production
- Loss of appetite
- Cyanosis (purplish-blue coloring) of wattles and comb
- Edema and swelling of head, eyelids, comb, wattles, and hocks
- Green diarrhoea
- Blood-tinged discharge from nostrils
- Incoordination, including loss of ability to walk and stand
- Pin-point hemorrhages (most easily seen on the feet and shanks)
- Respiratory distress
- Increased death losses in a flock
- Sudden death
- Nasal discharges
For more detail in avian influenza in poultry click here
Poultry Vaccination as a strategy for controlling AI in commercial birds
Outbreaks of avian influenza in the poultry industry cause devastating economic losses and is generally controlled through extensive culling of infected birds. Alternative strategies also use vaccination as a supplementary control measure during avian influenza outbreaks.
Advantages of Vaccination
For more information on poultry vaccination see:
- Vaccination reduces susceptibility to infection.
- A higher dose of virus is necessary to infect the vaccinated birds.
- Vaccinated birds shed less virus.
- Decreased contamination of the environment.
- Decreased risk of human infection
- Used strategically vaccination compliments a stamping out strategy by slowing/stopping the spread of the virus
Avian Influenza (Fowl Plague) is a potentially devastating disease, predominantly of chickens and turkeys, although the virus can also affect game birds (pheasants, partridge and quail), ratites (ostrich and emu), psittacine and passerine birds.
Avian Influenza is caused by an orthomyxovirus, or influenza virus and can survive for considerable lengths of time outside of the host and birds are infected through contact with other birds, mechanical vectors such as vehicles and equipment and personnel travelling between farms, markets and abattoirs.
Precautionary requirements include cleaning and disinfection of premises and the establishment of a Biosecurity barrier to help prevent spread of disease is essential.
For more information on biosecurity see the links below