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Latest Avian / Bird Flu News
Friday, October 05, 2018
Bulgaria - Bird Flu News Bird flu detected at poultry farm in southern Bulgaria
BULGARIA (Reuters) - Bulgaria has reported an outbreak of bird flu virus on a farm in the southern district of Plovdiv, the national food safety agency said on Friday
Friday, March 18, 2016
Bulgaria - Bird Flu News More Newcastle Disease Reported in Bulgaria
BULGARIA - Another outbreak of Newcastle Disease has been found in Bulgaria.
ThePoultrySite
Friday, March 27, 2015
Bulgaria - Bird Flu News High-path H5N1 Avian Flu Kills Wild Birds in North-east Bulgaria
BULGARIA - A total of 21 Dalmatian pelicans (Pelecanus crispus; Pelecanidae) found dead at Srebana in the municipality of Silistra on 23 March have tested positive for the H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus. Silistra is in the north-east of the country and borders Romania.
OIE
Thursday, February 12, 2015
Bulgaria - Bird Flu News H5N1 High-path Avian Flu Virus Detected in Bulgarian Wild Birds
BULGARIA - Two dead wild birds have tested positive for the H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus in the city of Burgas. This is the same virus and in the same region as other wild birds and one outbreak in domestic birds recently.
OIE
Thursday, February 05, 2015
Bulgaria - Bird Flu News Bulgaria Reports First Avian Flu Outbreak in Domestic Poultry
BULGARIA - The first outbreak of H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza has been reported in domestic poultry - in the same region as the dead wild bird last month.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
Wednesday, January 28, 2015
Bulgaria - Bird Flu News H5N1 Virus Detected in Wild Water Bird in Bulgaria
BULGARIA - In the framework of the passive surveillance under the national avian influenza surveillance and control programme, a Dalmatian pelican (Pelecanus crispus) produced a real-time PCR-positive result for highly pathogenic avian influenza subtype H5N1 was found dead on 22 January in Poda protected area in the east of the country. The pelican was found dead together with a black-headed gull (Chroicocephalus ridibundus), which tested negative for avian flu.
OIE
Tuesday, April 06, 2010
Bulgaria - Bird Flu News Wild Bird Found with Bird Flu in Bulgaria
BULGARIA - A wild bird found dead in Varna has been found to have been infected with H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI).
ThePoultrySite News Desk
Thursday, February 07, 2008
Bulgaria - Bird Flu News Bulgaria Vulnerable to Bird Flu Outbreaks
SOFIA, BULGARIA - Bulgaria is very vulnerable to bird flu because of backyard poultry and exposure to migratory birds carrying the virus, its chief veterinarian said on Wednesday.
Reuters
Thursday, January 24, 2008
Bulgaria - Bird Flu News Bulgaria Tightens Controls After Turkey Bird Flu
SOFIA - Bulgarian authorities stepped up monitoring and testing of poultry and wild birds on Wednesday as a precaution after neighbouring Turkey found the deadly H5N1 bird flu strain in chickens.
Reuters
Monday, August 21, 2006
Bulgaria - Bird Flu News Bulgaria's first suspected bird flu cases confirmed as Newcastle disease
BULGARIA - Bulgaria's first suspected cases of bird flu in poultry have been confirmed as Newcastle disease, a low-pathogenic form of bird flu, not related to the potentially lethal H5 or H7 viruses, final test results from the EU reference laboratory showed on Tuesday.
People's Daily Online
Monday, July 24, 2006
Bulgaria - Bird Flu News Bulgarian bird flu is probably not virulent
SOFIA - Bird flu reported in Bulgaria last week is most probably not from the highly virulent H5 or H7 strain, potentially dangerous for humans, veterinarian officials said on Sunday.
iol.co.za
Friday, July 21, 2006
Bulgaria - Bird Flu News Bulgaria finds avian flu in domestic birds
SOFIA - Bulgaria said on Thursday it had detected bird flu in three farms in a village in the south of the country near the Turkish border and suspected it was the feared H5N1 strain of the virus.
Reuters
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Avian Influenza

(aka bird flu, avian flu) is caused by a type of influenza virus that is hosted by birds, but may infect several species of mammals. It was first identified in Italy in the early 1900s and is now known to exist worldwide. A strain of the H5N1-type of avian influenza virus that emerged in 1997 has been identified as the most likely source of a future influenza pandemic.Strains of avian influenza virus may infect various types of animals, including birds, pigs, horses, seals, whales and humans. However, wild fowl act as natural asymptomatic carriers, spreading it to more susceptible domestic stocks.

Diagnosis
How to Recognise Avian Influenza
What to look for
  • Ruffled feathers
  • Soft-shelled eggs
  • Depression and droopiness
  • Sudden drop in egg production
  • Loss of appetite
  • Cyanosis (purplish-blue coloring) of wattles and comb
  • Edema and swelling of head, eyelids, comb, wattles, and hocks
  • Green diarrhoea
  • Blood-tinged discharge from nostrils
  • Incoordination, including loss of ability to walk and stand
  • Pin-point hemorrhages (most easily seen on the feet and shanks)
  • Respiratory distress
  • Increased death losses in a flock
  • Sudden death
  • Nasal discharges
For more detail in avian influenza in poultry click here
Poultry Vaccination

Poultry Vaccination as a strategy for controlling AI in commercial birds

Outbreaks of avian influenza in the poultry industry cause devastating economic losses and is generally controlled through extensive culling of infected birds. Alternative strategies also use vaccination as a supplementary control measure during avian influenza outbreaks.

.Advantages of Vaccination
  • Vaccination reduces susceptibility to infection.
  • A higher dose of virus is necessary to infect the vaccinated birds.
  • Vaccinated birds shed less virus.
    - Decreased contamination of the environment.
    - Decreased risk of human infection
  • Used strategically vaccination compliments a stamping out strategy by slowing/stopping the spread of the virus
For more information on poultry vaccination see:
Biosecurity

Avian Influenza (Fowl Plague) is a potentially devastating disease, predominantly of chickens and turkeys, although the virus can also affect game birds (pheasants, partridge and quail), ratites (ostrich and emu), psittacine and passerine birds.

Avian Influenza is caused by an orthomyxovirus, or influenza virus and can survive for considerable lengths of time outside of the host and birds are infected through contact with other birds, mechanical vectors such as vehicles and equipment and personnel travelling between farms, markets and abattoirs.

Precautionary requirements include cleaning and disinfection of premises and the establishment of a Biosecurity barrier to help prevent spread of disease is essential.

For more information on biosecurity see the links below

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