Friday, May 03, 2013 Call to Ban Import of Live Poultry as H7N9 Continues to Spread
HONG KONG - Current affairs commentator and columnist, Albert Cheng, says the government must act, given the expert warnings about the virulence of H7N9 virus, and no sign that infections are abating.South China Morning Post
Wednesday, April 10, 2013 HK CE Pledges Resources to Fight H7N9
HONG KONG - Hong Kong Chief Executive CY Leung said that the government will ensure adequate manpower and resources to fight any possible H7N9 outbreak in the city.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Wednesday, February 20, 2013 HK Bans Poultry Products Imports from Germany
HONG KONG - Import of all poultry and poultry products, including poultry eggs, from the states of Brandenburg and Berlin of Germany, has been banned with immediate effect for the protection of Hong Kong's public and animal health, the Center for Food Safety (CFS) of the Food and Environmental Hygiene Department announced Tuesday, 19 February.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Friday, February 01, 2013 Black-headed Gull Tests Positive for H5N1 Virus
HONG KONG - A spokesman for the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department (AFCD) said today (1 February) that a black-headed gull found in Tuen Mun last week was confirmed to be H5N1-positive after a series of laboratory tests.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Wednesday, August 29, 2012 Hong Kong Introduces New Bird Flu Vaccine
HONG KONG - Secretary for Food & Health, Dr Ko Wing-man, says a new poultry vaccine, Re-6, which is more effective in preventing avian flu H5N1 than the existing one, will be introduced to local chicken farms.
ThePoultrySite News Desk
Friday, July 13, 2012 Bird Market Closed Due to Detection of H5N1 Virus
HONG KONG - Following confirmation of H5N1 virus detected in a swab sample collected from a bird cage in a pet shop on 5 July, all 1,000 birds in the pet shop where the sample was collected were destroyed. There are 18 bird pet shops in the neighborhood housing about 10,000 birds in total. The Hong Kong government immediately declared the market as an infected area and ordered for its closure for 21 days.ThePoultrySite News Desk Govt Approves New AI Vaccine for Poultry
HONG KONG - The Hong Kong government (HKG) has decided to recommend Re-5 H5N1 AI vaccine as an alternative to the existing Intervet Nobilis H5N2 AI vaccine for the mandatory vaccination program in local poultry farms after a 12-month successful field trial in two farms.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Monday, June 25, 2012 Hong Kong Reports More HPAI in Wild Birds
HONG KONG - The country's veterinary authorities have reported another outbreak of highly pathogenic avian flu in a scaly-breasted munia.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Monday, June 04, 2012 Boy Confirmed with Bird Flu in Hong Kong
HONG KONG - Hong Kong health authority said that a two-year-old boy has been confirmed with H5N1 Influenza A and urged the public not to panic.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Thursday, May 17, 2012 HK Resumes Poultry Imports from Liaoning
HONG KONG - The import of poultry products, including poultry eggs and frozen poultry, from northeastern Liaoning province on the Chinese mainland has resumed, the Center for Food Safety of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China announced.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Monday, May 07, 2012 Dead Bird H5N1 Positive in Hong Kong
HONG KONG - A carcass of a crested myna found on 27 April in Hong Kong was confirmed to be H5N1-positive after a series of laboratory tests, the city's Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department (AFCD) said here Monday.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Friday, April 27, 2012 Hong Kong Suspends Poultry Imports from Liaoning
HONG KONG - The Center for Food Safety of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China Thursday suspended the import of poultry products, including eggs and frozen poultry, from northeast Liaoning province of the Chinese mainland for three weeks.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Thursday, April 19, 2012 Bird Flu 'Epidemic' Sparks Chicken Cull
HONG KONG - Agricultural authorities have culled about 95,000 chickens following an outbreak of the H5N1 bird flu virus in northwest China.The Standard
Monday, April 16, 2012 HPAI Identified in One Oriental Magpie Robin
HONG KONG - The Hong Kong veterinary authorities have reported another case of highly pathogenic avian influenza in an Oriental Magpie Robin in Hung Hom.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Tuesday, April 10, 2012 H5N1 Virus Found in Wild Bird in Hong Kong
HONG KONG - A carcass of an oriental magpie robin found in Hong Kong last week was confirmed to be H5N1-positive after a series of laboratory tests, the city government said in a statement today.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Monday, March 26, 2012 Hong Kong Discovers More HPAI in Wild Birds
HONG KONG - Dr Thomas Sit, Chief Veterinary Officer, has reported another two outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza in Lantau and in Shek Kip Mei.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Monday, March 19, 2012 HK's House Crow Tested Positive for Bird Flu Virus
HONG KONG - A preliminary testing of a dead house crow found in Hong Kong's Shek Kip Mei area has tested positive for the H5 avian influenza virus, the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department (AFCD) of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region government said Saturday.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Monday, March 12, 2012 More HPAI in Hong Kong
HONG KONG - The country's veterinary authorities have reported two new outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian flu in wild birds.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Monday, March 05, 2012 Hong Kong Reports More HPAI in Wild Birds
HONG KONG - The country's veterinary authorities have reported three new outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza in Cheung Chau and Mongkok.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Thursday, March 01, 2012 Second Cheung Chau Bird Flu Scare in Days
HONG KONG - A dead oriental magpie robin, which was found in Cheung Chau, has tested positive for the H5 bird flu virus in preliminary checks, the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department said yesterday.The Standard
(aka bird flu, avian flu) is caused by a type of influenza virus that is hosted by birds, but may infect several species of mammals. It was first identified in Italy in the early 1900s and is now known to exist worldwide. A strain of the H5N1-type of avian influenza virus that emerged in 1997 has been identified as the most likely source of a future influenza pandemic.
Strains of avian influenza virus may infect various types of animals, including birds, pigs, horses, seals, whales and humans. However, wild fowl act as natural asymptomatic carriers, spreading it to more susceptible domestic stocks. Avian influenza virus spreads in the air and in manure and there is no evidence that the virus can survive in well cooked meat.
How to Recognise Avian Influenza
What to look for
- Ruffled feathers
- Soft-shelled eggs
- Depression and droopiness
- Sudden drop in egg production
- Loss of appetite
- Cyanosis (purplish-blue coloring) of wattles and comb
- Edema and swelling of head, eyelids, comb, wattles, and hocks
- Green diarrhoea
- Blood-tinged discharge from nostrils
- Incoordination, including loss of ability to walk and stand
- Pin-point hemorrhages (most easily seen on the feet and shanks)
- Respiratory distress
- Increased death losses in a flock
- Sudden death
- Nasal discharges
For more detail in avian influenza in poultry click here
Poultry Vaccination as a strategy for controlling AI in commercial birds
Outbreaks of avian influenza in the poultry industry cause devastating economic losses and is generally controlled through extensive culling of infected birds. Alternative strategies also use vaccination as a supplementary control measure during avian influenza outbreaks.
Advantages of Vaccination
For more information on poultry vaccination see:
- Vaccination reduces susceptibility to infection.
- A higher dose of virus is necessary to infect the vaccinated birds.
- Vaccinated birds shed less virus.
- Decreased contamination of the environment.
- Decreased risk of human infection
- Used strategically vaccination compliments a stamping out strategy by slowing/stopping the spread of the virus
Avian Influenza (Fowl Plague) is a potentially devastating disease, predominantly of chickens and turkeys, although the virus can also affect game birds (pheasants, partridge and quail), ratites (ostrich and emu), psittacine and passerine birds.
Avian Influenza is caused by an orthomyxovirus, or influenza virus and can survive for considerable lengths of time outside of the host and birds are infected through contact with other birds, mechanical vectors such as vehicles and equipment and personnel travelling between farms, markets and abattoirs.
Precautionary requirements include cleaning and disinfection of premises and the establishment of a Biosecurity barrier to help prevent spread of disease is essential.
For more information on biosecurity see the links below