Tuesday, April 09, 2013 Indonesia Fears Shuttlecock Shortage Due to China Bird Flu
INDONESIA - Badminton-crazy Indonesia is concerned a deadly bird flu outbreak could claim an unlikely victim — the shuttlecock — officials said Tuesday after the government banned imports of Chinese duck feathers.
Thursday, January 31, 2013 Indonesia to Produce 10 Million Doses of Bird Flu Vaccine
INDONESIA - Indonesia will produce about 10 million doses of avian influenza vaccine for ducks in February following the death of hundreds of thousands of the birds in Java island in recent months.
Friday, January 18, 2013 Indonesian Bird Flu Outbreak ‘Has Only Infected Ducks’
INDONESIA - Indonesian health officials have downplayed concerns over a fresh outbreak of avian influenza which has killed some 160,000 reared ducks since September 2012.JakartaGlobe
Friday, January 11, 2013 Indonesia Plans to Manufacture Bird Flu Vaccine for New Strain
INDONESIA - The Indonesian government plans to produce bird flu vaccine for a new strain of the virus that has killed hundreds of thousands of ducks in Java island, a minister said Thursday, 10 January.Bernama.com Regions Warned of New Strain of Bird Flu
INDONESIA - Most regions across the country have now begun taking measures in anticipation of the spread of a new strain of the avian flu virus which has killed thousands of ducks over the past few months.The Jakarta Post
Wednesday, January 02, 2013 Govt to Stop Poultry Imports from Australia
INDONESIA - The government has decided to stop the import of poultry from Australia following notification from the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) about infectious diseases affecting poultry in the country.
The Jakarta Post
Friday, December 28, 2012 Indonesia Puts a Stop on Australian Poultry
INDONESIA - The government has decided to stop the import of poultry from Australia following notification from the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) about infectious diseases affecting poultry in the country. The death has been announced recently of the 192nd human victim from bird flu in Indonesia, following large outbreaks of the disease in ducks. ThePoultrySite News Desk
Thursday, December 27, 2012 Indonesia Culls Ducks to Stop Bird Flu
INDONESIA - Indonesian Agriculture ministry has culled 112,000 ducks for having new strain of bird flu viruses in the country, official said.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Friday, December 14, 2012 Bird Flu Alert in Indonesia
INDONESIA - Indonesian authorities have stepped up bird flu monitoring after thousands of poultry have died on Java island in recent months, officials said Wednesday, 12 December.Bangkok Post
Friday, August 10, 2012 Avian Influenza – Situation in Indonesia – Update
INDONESIA - The Ministry of Health has notified WHO of a new case of human infection with avian influenza A(H5N1) virus.World Health Organization
The case is a 37 year old male from Yogyakarta province. He developed fever on 24 July 2012, was hospitalized on 27 July and died on 30 July.
To date, the total number of human influenza A(H5N1) cases in Indonesia is 191 with 159 fatalities, eight (all fatal) of which occurred in 2012.
Friday, July 06, 2012 Indonesian Girl Dies of Bird Flu
INDONESIA - An eight-year-old Indonesia girl from Karawang of West Java died after catching avian influenza, bringing the total death toll to eight this year, Health Ministry said.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Monday, June 25, 2012 Indonesia to Produce Over 50,000 Bird Flu Vaccine
INDONESIA - Indonesian Health Minister Nafsiah Mboi said on Monday the country is attempting to produce sufficient bird flu vaccine, Xinhua news agency reported.
Wednesday, April 11, 2012 Smuggled Chickens on Bali Bus Infected With Bird Flu
INDONESIA - Quarantine officials in Bali have culled hundreds of chickens infected with bird flu that were smuggled onto the island from East Java, an official said on Tuesday.
Friday, March 30, 2012 Health Minister Might Be Involved in Bird Flu Graft Case: Suspect
JAKARTA - Former director general of medical services at the Health Ministry, Ratna Dewi Umar, said Health Minister Endang Rahayu Sedyaningsih may have been involved in a botched procurement project of health equipment used to mitigate bird flu 2006 and 2007.The Jakarta Post
Tuesday, March 27, 2012 Indonesia Reports Sixth Bird Flu Death
INDONESIA - A 17 year-old Indonesian had died on avian influenza in West Nusa Tenggara, putting the total fatality in the country to six this year, Health Ministry said here on Tuesday.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Tuesday, March 06, 2012 Indonesian Bird Flu Suspect Dies
INDONESIA - A 42-year-old Indonesian man has died after he was suspected of having avian influenza in west Java province, a media reported on Monday.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Monday, February 27, 2012 Indonesia Reports 4th Bird Flu Death of the Year
INDONESIA - A 12-year-old boy on the Indonesian resort island of Bali has died from bird flu, the fourth human death from the virus this year, an official said on Saturday. The Straits Times
Thursday, February 23, 2012 5 Possible Bird Flu Cases in S. Sulawesi
INDONESIA - Five people from a remote village in Gowa district, South Sulawesi, were rushed to the Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital in Makassar late on Monday under suspicion that they had contracted the avian flu virus. JakartaGlobe
Wednesday, February 15, 2012 Govt Rolls Up Sleeves to Anticipate Bird Flu Outbreak
INDONESIA - The Health Ministry says it has taken necessary measures to anticipate a possible bird flu outbreak, such as by ensuring the availability of medical workers, community health centers, hospitals and antiviral drugs. The Jakarta Post
Thursday, January 26, 2012 Indonesia Expecting to Produce Bird Flu Vaccine Next Year
INDONESIA - Indonesia is expected to be able to begin mass production of bird flu vaccine next year, Health Minister Endang Rahayu Sedyaningsih said on Wednesday.
(aka bird flu, avian flu) is caused by a type of influenza virus that is hosted by birds, but may infect several species of mammals. It was first identified in Italy in the early 1900s and is now known to exist worldwide. A strain of the H5N1-type of avian influenza virus that emerged in 1997 has been identified as the most likely source of a future influenza pandemic.
Strains of avian influenza virus may infect various types of animals, including birds, pigs, horses, seals, whales and humans. However, wild fowl act as natural asymptomatic carriers, spreading it to more susceptible domestic stocks. Avian influenza virus spreads in the air and in manure and there is no evidence that the virus can survive in well cooked meat.
How to Recognise Avian Influenza
What to look for
- Ruffled feathers
- Soft-shelled eggs
- Depression and droopiness
- Sudden drop in egg production
- Loss of appetite
- Cyanosis (purplish-blue coloring) of wattles and comb
- Edema and swelling of head, eyelids, comb, wattles, and hocks
- Green diarrhoea
- Blood-tinged discharge from nostrils
- Incoordination, including loss of ability to walk and stand
- Pin-point hemorrhages (most easily seen on the feet and shanks)
- Respiratory distress
- Increased death losses in a flock
- Sudden death
- Nasal discharges
For more detail in avian influenza in poultry click here
Poultry Vaccination as a strategy for controlling AI in commercial birds
Outbreaks of avian influenza in the poultry industry cause devastating economic losses and is generally controlled through extensive culling of infected birds. Alternative strategies also use vaccination as a supplementary control measure during avian influenza outbreaks.
Advantages of Vaccination
For more information on poultry vaccination see:
- Vaccination reduces susceptibility to infection.
- A higher dose of virus is necessary to infect the vaccinated birds.
- Vaccinated birds shed less virus.
- Decreased contamination of the environment.
- Decreased risk of human infection
- Used strategically vaccination compliments a stamping out strategy by slowing/stopping the spread of the virus
Avian Influenza (Fowl Plague) is a potentially devastating disease, predominantly of chickens and turkeys, although the virus can also affect game birds (pheasants, partridge and quail), ratites (ostrich and emu), psittacine and passerine birds.
Avian Influenza is caused by an orthomyxovirus, or influenza virus and can survive for considerable lengths of time outside of the host and birds are infected through contact with other birds, mechanical vectors such as vehicles and equipment and personnel travelling between farms, markets and abattoirs.
Precautionary requirements include cleaning and disinfection of premises and the establishment of a Biosecurity barrier to help prevent spread of disease is essential.
For more information on biosecurity see the links below