Wednesday, May 28, 2014 Nepal Declares Freedom from H5N1 Avian Flu
NEPAL - Nepal has declared the country free from H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) with effect from 22 May 2014.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Thursday, March 06, 2014 Institutions Told to Restructure Bird Flu Affected Loans
NEPAL - Poultry farmers struggling to repay loans in the aftermath of the bird flu epidemic can heave a sigh of relief as financial institutions have been asked to restructure the affected poultry loans.The Himalayan
Thursday, February 27, 2014 H5N1 Bird Flu Outbreak Affects Commercial Layers in Nepal Farm
NEPAL - The Nepali veterinary authorities have reported an outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 bird flu at a Kosh-based commercial layer farm in production stage kept in deep litter system.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Monday, December 16, 2013 Over Rs210 Million Compensation for Bird Flu Victims
NEPAL - The Ministry of Agriculture Development has so far provided a compensation of more than NPR211.6 million to the poultry farmers and businesses concerned for the loss of chicks, eggs, bird feed and chicken due to the spread of bird flu at six different places. The Himalayan
Wednesday, November 13, 2013 Nepal Reports 85 New Bird Flu Outbreaks
NEPAL - The Nepalese veterinary authorities have reported 85 new outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza at various farms across Bagmati, Narayani and Bheri, affecting broilers, layers, parent stock birds and backyard birds.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Friday, November 08, 2013 Govt Distributes Compensation to Poultry Farmers
NEPAL - The government has started providing compensation to the chickens and poultry feed destroyed after declaring bird flu emergency zone in Bhaktapur district.Nepalnews.com
Tuesday, November 05, 2013 FAO to Conduct Study on Recent Bird Flu Outbreak
NEPAL - The Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations will soon carry out a diagnostic study on the recent bird flu outbreak in the country that led to the culling of over 1.5 million chickens, mostly in Kathmandu Valley and Kavre district, and pushed the poultry industry to the brink of a collapse.The Himalayan
Thursday, October 24, 2013 West Kathmandu Poultry Farmers Denounce Compensation
NEPAL - Poultry entrepreneurs of the western Kathmandu who have been hit by the recent outbreak of avian influenza (H5N1) commonly known as bird flu have refused compensation from the government. The Himalayan
Thursday, September 26, 2013 Nepal SC Summons Government Over Bird Flu
NEPAL - The Supreme Court today summoned government authorities for their opinion on whether the court should issue an interim order to stop the sale of chicken in the Kathmandu Valley until bird flu fears persist. The Himalayan
Wednesday, September 25, 2013 Bird Flu Outbreak Reduces Waste Production in Valley
NEPAL - Emergence of bird flu is no good tiding, but then every dark cloud has a silver lining. The Himalayan
Tuesday, September 24, 2013 High-path Bird Flu Outbreaks in Nepal Affect Broilers and Layers
NEPAL - The Nepalese veterinary authorities have reported 43 new outbreaks of H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza at various poultry farms across Bagmati, Lumbini and Janakpur and starting within just two weeks between 26 July and 9 August.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Monday, September 16, 2013 Some Relief Ahead for Nepal's Poultry Farmers
NEPAL - Poultry farmers suffering with the effects of bird flu on their businesses are to get some relief from the banks in terms of low-interest loans.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Thursday, September 12, 2013 Bird Flu Hit 140,000 Nepali Poultry in July
NEPAL - A total of 21 outbreaks of H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) were reported in the Bagmati, Gandaki and Narayani regions in July.ThePoultrySite News Desk
Monday, September 02, 2013 Bird Flu Fear in Pokhara
NEPAL - Fear of bird flu is having an impact on the poultry industry and restaurants in Kaski district.The Himalayan Bird Flu in Kavre
NEPAL - Bird flu has been confirmed in Kavre villages. According to District Livestock Office, the H5N1 virus has spread to the villages from Kavre’s Nasikasthan, Sanga, Ugratara Jangal, Mahendrajyoti, Dhulikhel, and Panauti. The Himalayan Bird Flu Affected Poultry Farmers Meet IEC Chairman Regmi
NEPAL - The bird flu affected poultry farmers Sunday called on Interim Election Council (IEC) Chairman Khil Raj Regmi at the latter's office at Singha Durbar and apprised him of their crisis-ridden business.Nepalnews.com
Tuesday, August 27, 2013 Bird Flu in One More Kavre Farm
NEPAL - Bird flu has been confirmed in one more hatchery in Kavre. With this, the disease has been confirmed in six farms and hatcheries in the district. The Himalayan Panel to Assess Impact of Bird Flu on Farmers
NEPAL - The Ministry of Agriculture has formed a taskforce to review compensation that the government has provided to poultry farmers for bird-flu infected chickens culled to control spread of the deadly virus. The Himalayan
Monday, August 26, 2013 Tanahun Bird Flu Alert
NEPAL - Tanahun administration has gone on high alert to avert an outbreak of bird flu in the district. As part of preventive measures, a meeting of Bird Flu Control Coordination Committee of the district on Sunday in Damauli banned the supply of chickens in and out of the district, informed District Livestock Service Office Tanahun. The Himalayan Compensation to Bird Flu Victim Farmers According to Market Price
NEPAL - The Department of Livestock Services has said that farmers would get compensation amount of chicken killed due to bird flu as per the market price.
(aka bird flu, avian flu) is caused by a type of influenza virus that is hosted by birds, but may infect several species of mammals. It was first identified in Italy in the early 1900s and is now known to exist worldwide. A strain of the H5N1-type of avian influenza virus that emerged in 1997 has been identified as the most likely source of a future influenza pandemic.
Strains of avian influenza virus may infect various types of animals, including birds, pigs, horses, seals, whales and humans. However, wild fowl act as natural asymptomatic carriers, spreading it to more susceptible domestic stocks. Avian influenza virus spreads in the air and in manure and there is no evidence that the virus can survive in well cooked meat.
How to Recognise Avian Influenza
What to look for
- Ruffled feathers
- Soft-shelled eggs
- Depression and droopiness
- Sudden drop in egg production
- Loss of appetite
- Cyanosis (purplish-blue coloring) of wattles and comb
- Edema and swelling of head, eyelids, comb, wattles, and hocks
- Green diarrhoea
- Blood-tinged discharge from nostrils
- Incoordination, including loss of ability to walk and stand
- Pin-point hemorrhages (most easily seen on the feet and shanks)
- Respiratory distress
- Increased death losses in a flock
- Sudden death
- Nasal discharges
For more detail in avian influenza in poultry click here
Poultry Vaccination as a strategy for controlling AI in commercial birds
Outbreaks of avian influenza in the poultry industry cause devastating economic losses and is generally controlled through extensive culling of infected birds. Alternative strategies also use vaccination as a supplementary control measure during avian influenza outbreaks.
Advantages of Vaccination
For more information on poultry vaccination see:
- Vaccination reduces susceptibility to infection.
- A higher dose of virus is necessary to infect the vaccinated birds.
- Vaccinated birds shed less virus.
- Decreased contamination of the environment.
- Decreased risk of human infection
- Used strategically vaccination compliments a stamping out strategy by slowing/stopping the spread of the virus
Avian Influenza (Fowl Plague) is a potentially devastating disease, predominantly of chickens and turkeys, although the virus can also affect game birds (pheasants, partridge and quail), ratites (ostrich and emu), psittacine and passerine birds.
Avian Influenza is caused by an orthomyxovirus, or influenza virus and can survive for considerable lengths of time outside of the host and birds are infected through contact with other birds, mechanical vectors such as vehicles and equipment and personnel travelling between farms, markets and abattoirs.
Precautionary requirements include cleaning and disinfection of premises and the establishment of a Biosecurity barrier to help prevent spread of disease is essential.
For more information on biosecurity see the links below