converting website visitors - news, features, articles and disease information for the poultry industry

ThePoultrySite Quick Disease Guide

Use the above box to quickly switch to another disease

Turkey Rhinotracheitis (in rear)

Extracted From:
A Pocket Guide to
Poultry Health
Order me a copy
By Paul McMullin
© 2004
Click Here to
Order Your Copy


A disease of turkeys caused by the viruses of the Pneumovirus genus, Paramyxoviridae. Morbidity is 10-100% and mortality 1- 30%. Rapid transmission occurs laterally, possibly involving fomites; vertical transmission is uncertain, maternal antibody may protect.


  • Decreased appetite, weight gain and feed efficiency.
  • Loss of voice.
  • Ocular and nasal discharge.
  • Conjunctivitis.
  • Snick.
  • Dyspnoea.
  • Sinusitis.

Post-mortem lesions

  • Serous rhinitis and tracheitis, sometimes pus in bronchi.
  • If there is secondary E. coli infection then pneumonia, airsacculitis and perihepatitis.


Clinical signs, serology (using an Elisa test to demonstrate rising titre), isolation and identification of the ciliostatic virus.


Antibiotics are not very effective, control respiratory stressors, chlorinate drinking water.


All-in/all-out production. Vaccination at day-old seems to be most effective.

Our Sponsors


Seasonal Picks

Animal Welfare Science, Husbandry and Ethics: The Evolving Story of Our Relationship with Farm Animals