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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 6th February 2006

Monday 6th February 2006
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*Latest News (link to all this weeks news)

This week we start in Britain, where the farm ministry confirmed Tuesday that Britain will allow poultry to be poisoned with carbon dioxide as a measure to combat any bird flu outbreak. Carbon dioxide has been used to cull large numbers of poultry in a number of countries hit by the deadly H5N1 bird flu virus.

On 9 December 2005 the UK Government established the GB Poultry Register, with the support of many organisations supporting the interests of poultry keepers. The purpose of the register is to establish more accurately the locations of poultry flocks.
     By law bird owners must register if they own or are responsible for a commercial poultry premises with 50 or more birds, says Defra. This requirement also applies even if the premises is only stocked with 50 or more birds for part of the year.
     They warn that failure to register commercial poultry is an offence, and that the deadline to register is 28th February 2006.

A UK producer is reported to have cut back on chicken production on the back of fears about bird flu. While there have been no reported cases of avian flu among humans in the UK cases have been confirmed elsewhere, most recently in Turkey.
     Media coverage about human cases in far-flung countries and speculation in some media about the likelihood of a pandemic have resulted in Ian Chisholm reducing production at his Norton Mandeville farm in Essex from about 1000 birds per week to 300 birds per week.

In Ireland, the Minister for the Environment is being asked by the IFA to defer the introduction of the Nitrates regulations until a proper scientific evaluation takes place. IFA President Padraig Walshe stressed that no responsible Government would proceed with the introduction of such “damaging” legislation based on “inadequate and flawed science”.
     He warned that the damage to agriculture would be irreversible, affecting the livelihoods and viability of thousands of farmers.

In the Southern German state of Bavaria, just days after being hit by a new scandal involving mislabeled spoiled meat, Germany had to temporarily close off five pig farms suspected of using dioxin-contaminated animal feed.

Meanwhile, in the Netherlands, the Dutch food and safety authority (VWA) said most of the pig farms sealed off as a precaution due to the dioxin scare would remain shut until the results of tests on animal feed were known.
     "Test feed results will show what the exact percentage of dioxin is and/or if it is within or above normal limits," VWA said. It did not say when it expected the results to come in.

Belgian chemical maker Tessenderlo said on Wednesday it was too early to discuss compensation over the dioxin in animal feed because the investigation into the contamination was still open.
     "Discussions about compensation and amicable settlements are premature as long as the various investigations are under way," it said in a statement.

The European Commission has set maximum levels for dioxins and PCBs in food as fears grow about the finding of cancer-causing dioxins in pig and poultry feed .
     The limits will take effect from November 2006 giving food processors and other sector companies another parameter to test for when sourcing their ingredients or releasing their products to market. Any food or feed in which the sum of dioxins and dioxin-like PCBs exceeds these maximum levels will not be allowed to be marketed in the EU.
See Also: EC set max levels for dioxins and PCBs in feed and food

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Bulgarian authorities said on Sunday it will supply all veterinary departments and the units of the Civil Defense across the country with Tamiflu to prevent the spread of bird flu.
     The antiviral drug will be dispensed mainly to districts at highest risk of avian flu outbreaks, such as wet zones along the Danube River, the Black Sea and reservoirs in Central Bulgaria, said Deputy Premier and Disaster Management Minister Emel Etem.
     Bulgaria reported dozens of dead waterfowl in its wet zones on Saturday, a day after it confirmed its first case of bird flu in a dead swan found four days ago.

In Iraq, the WHO said on Thursday the death of a girl believed to have had bird flu showed how little was known about the disease. Tests carried out by a British laboratory on the Iraqi teenager have confirmed she died of bird flu, the New Scientist magazine said.
     By Thursday, WHO officials have declined to confirm the report but say they are working on the assumption that the H5N1 strain of bird flu was indeed the cause of her death.

In Kashmir, about 600 carcasses of migratory birds, blamed for the spread of bird flu in several countries across the globe, were found near the Pangong Lake in the Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir some weeks ago, sources said Sunday.
     They said the dead birds were found near the Lake, which lies in the northeast of Leh, in December last year. The sources said the birds could have possibly died of H5N1 avian influenza.

Indonesia has suffered two more avian-influenza fatalities, local tests indicate. Although official confirmation of the results from the World Health Organization has yet to come, the circumstances of the deaths and the local test results make it likely that the country has now seen 15 H5N1 deaths.

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Hong Kong has put customs officers on high alert and tightened surveillance to stop people smuggling birds and poultry into the territory after a handful birds have been found with the deadly H5N1 avian influenza.
     It has also strengthened communications with mainland China on illegal bird trafficking, and the health chief York Chow, was travelling to the neighbouring city of Shenzhen on Monday to meet border officials.
     "Front line customs officers have been put on high alert and examination of suspicious imported cargo and baggage has also been increased," Chow Kwong, assistant commissioner of Hong Kong's boundary and ports authority, said in a statement.

Turkish Cypriot authorities said on Wednesday they had culled about 1,200 poultry in a district struck by avian flu in an attempt to stop the disease spreading. The EC had earlier confirmed the presence of the deadly H5N1 strain of avian flu in a sample taken from dead poultry in northern Cyprus, fanning fears that the virus is advancing towards Europe from Asia.

Nigeria has sent samples from poultry that died on a farm in the northern state of Kano to a veterinary laboratory for testing, but authorities said this was unlikely to be Africa's first case of deadly H5N1 bird flu, reports Reuters.

US health officials announced Friday the approval of a new rapid lab test to detect bird flu in humans. The test works by detecting viral genetic material, which, in turn, is used to demonstrate the presence of bird-flu infection.
     It was developed by the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration within two weeks. "The approval provides CDC and its Laboratory Response Network with a powerful tool to allow early detection of avian flu should it appear in the United States," an FDA spokesman said.

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Flex from Hubbard

Three East Central Indiana industrial-style swine and poultry producers are among the first in the nation to complete federal consent agreements designed to reduce air pollution in coming years.      Supporters call the deals a giant step toward the future regulation of dust, ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, volatile organic compounds and other air pollutants from concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs).
See Also: U.S. defers pollution fines for big livestock, poultry farms

Stock in Tyson Foods Inc., the world’s largest meat processor, fell last Monday after the company said its first-quarter profit fell 19% on weaker operating results in its pork and beef businesses. The company also projected fiscal 2006 earnings below Wall Street expectations.
     Sales were flat at $6.45 billion, as a modest rise in sales of beef did little to offset declines in chicken, pork and prepared foods sales.

In Brazil, the near term outlook for poultry, pork and beef is bullish due to strong export demand. The forecast growth in exports is partly due to more value-added products and specialty meats, as well as various beef and pork export markets available, Credit Suisse analysts said.
     Poultry exports in January totalled 206,600 tonnes, down from 237,000 tonnes in December 2005 but up from 187,400 tonnes during the same period last year.

The regulations governing the importation of poultry to the US have been amended, with Argentina added to the list of regions deemed free of Exotic Newcastle disease, the Federal & News Dispatch revealed last week. The revisions have been made following a risk evaluation carried out by the National Centre for Import and Export.
     “We have conducted a risk evaluation and have determined that Argentina has met our requirements for being recognized as free of this disease,” said the NCIE. “This action eliminates certain restrictions on the importation into the United States of poultry and poultry products from Argentina.”

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*This Week's Feature Articles

In this regular newsletter section we aim to provide a brief overview of the new Feature articles that have been added to the site over the past week.

We have 4 new features this week

UK Poultry and Poultrymeat Statistics - January 2006
By Defra - This monthly publication combines information from the UK Hatcheries Survey and Poultry Slaughterhouse Survey results together with other Defra statistics, and trade data, pulling all ‘official’ poultry statistics in one publication.

Thailand Poultry and Products Semi-Annual Overview - February 2006
By the USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service - This article provides the poultry industry data from the USDA FAS Poultry and Products Semi-Annual 2006 report for Thailand. A link to the full report is also provided. The full report includes all the tabular data which we have ommited from this article.

Manifestations of Clostridium perfringens and related bacterial enteritides in broiler chickens
By J. Wilson, University of Guelph; G. Tice, Elanco Animal Health; M. L. Brash, Elanco, Division Eli Lilly Canada Inc., and S. St. Hilaire, Idaho State University and published by Lohmann animal Health - Well known as the cause of necrotic enteritis, C. perfringens (CP) is now recognized as causing a spectrum of effects including subclinical infection, mild disease with focal intestinal necrosis, diarrhoeal illness and liver disease, as well as the classic form of acute fulminant necrotizing enteritis.

The Effect of Feather Eating on Feed Passage in Laying Hens
By A. Harlander-Matauschek, H. P. Piepho, and W. Bessei - This article contains an abstract from the Poultry Science Association's January 2006 journal.

Fluxx Breeder from Big Dutchman
Fluxx Breeder from Big Dutchman

That's all for this week!

Ed.


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