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The recent avian influenza outbreaks in Europe, the Middle East and Africa have caused dramatic swings in poultry consumption, increased trade bans and sharp price declines, the FAO said last week.
The UN agency expects many poultry consumption shocks this year as unfounded fears of disease transmission reduce consumption and imports. Lower domestic prices are forecast to limit production growth.
In France, the government said the H5N1 bird flu virus has spread south near the home of the pink flamingos of the Camargue, identifying the first case outside an enclave near the Swiss border.
The Ministry of Agriculture said yesterday that a dead wild swan was found with the virus in Saint-Mitre-les-Ramparts, about 50 kilometers (31 miles) east of Camargue toward Marseille. A wild duck was also found in Ain, near Switzerland. Both birds were found dead on Feb. 28.
France has become the latest country to put a figure on how much its poultry industry is losing due to falling sales in the face of fears over bird flu. The French government said on Friday that its poultry sector - the largest in Europe - was now losing 40m euros ($48m; £27m) a month.
Officials said poultry sales had fallen both domestically and abroad where 40 nations had brought in restrictions. Germany's poultry industry has seen demand drop 20% due to bird flu. It estimates that the sector has lost more than 140m euros since last autumn.
Poland detected its first case of bird flu, the government said on Sunday. Two swans found dead on the banks of the River Vistula in the northern city of Torun had tested positive for H5 bird flu. Tests were being carried out at a British laboratory to determine if it was the deadly H5N1 strain.
In Sweden, precautionary measures preventing bird flu from spreading were kept in place on Friday near Oskarshamn in the South-East after infected dead wild birds had been found earlier this week. Two dead tufted ducks found near Oskarshamn on Sweden's south-eastern Baltic coast were carrying the H5 strain of bird flu virus, authorities confirmed on Tuesday.
In the Republic of Ireland, the Irish Farmers' Association has rejected the suggestion that poultry sales have fallen by 20% amid fears over bird flu. The organisation says only imports have been hit by the decline. Free-range producers have reported an increase in business of 25%.
Despite increased demand for chicken in the UK this year, wholesale prices have plummeted since the outbreak of bird flu in continental Europe due to the saturation of the market by cheap imports from France and Italy.
Charles Bourns, chairman of the Poultry Board of the National Farmers’ Union, said last week that wholesale prices have dropped from £1.10 per kilogram to £0.48 per kilogram since the most recent outbreak of avian influenza in France. According to Dow Jones, producers need to get £0.80 per kilogram to break even. "The problem is the UK wholesale market has been flooded with French and Italian chickens," said Bourns.
See Also: NFU raises fears over French poultry
Hatchery Automation Systems - Improved quality and reduced costs
As new outbreaks of bird flu have peppered Europe and Africa in the last few weeks, experts are realizing that they do not fully understand how migrating birds disseminate the H5N1 virus, leaving the continents vulnerable to unexpected outbreaks.
Just after new scientific research clarified the role of wild birds in spreading H5N1 out of its original territory in southern China, the virus promptly moved into dozens of locations in Europe and Africa, following no apparent pattern and underlining how little scientists actually know.
In fact, current knowledge of how H5N1 is spreading in Europe and Africa is so rudimentary that experts say there is absolutely no way of predicting where it will strike next reports the International Herald Tribune.
In this weeks China Broiler Market Weekly, eFeedLink report that broiler prices extended gains in southern China on increased demand while AA broiler prices rose on low supplies during the week ending Mar 1.
Fresh cases of bird flu in some regions may affect near-term price outlook and demand is seen sluggish in the week ahead on bird flu concerns.
Poultry farms in Singapore will soon hear from the authorities about two new measures to keep bird flu at bay. The Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority will implement a "bio-segregation" system so that an affected area can be immediately isolated. It will also carry out emergency vaccination of poultry if the threat of bird flu becomes imminent.
In Indonesia, a girl and her brother, both hospitalized with bird flu symptoms, have died, according to a hospital in Indonesia's Central Java province. At least 93 of the 173 people known to be infected with the bird flu have died, including 20 in Indonesia, according to the World Health Organization.
In Pakistan, as many as 25,000 chickens were culled on Tuesday at two poultry farms in the North West Frontier Province, where low pathogenic avian influenza, had been detected one day earlier. "As a precautionary measure all the birds at suspected farms in the two cities have been destroyed," Dr Muhammad Afzal, livestock commissioner at the Ministry of Food and Agriculture said. However, "There is no report of bird flu from any other farm in the country to date," he added.
In Thailand, the Ministry of Commerce will invite trading partners from Europe and the Middle East to inspect chicken and shrimp production in Thailand with a view to boosting exports of these products, local media reported.
Chantra Purnariksha, Director General of the ministry's Department of Export Promotion said that trading partners in Europe and the Middle East will be invited to inspect production and processing plants in Thailand in May to make sure that the products are free of avian influenza and toxic chemical residue problems.
Fluxx Breeder from Big Dutchman
Nigeria suspects that illegal poultry imports were to blame for introducing deadly bird flu to Africa's most populous country, the information minister said on Thursday. The H5N1 virus has spread to seven of the country's 36 states and the capital city since it was first detected in northern Nigeria on Feb. 8, but 90% of infected farms bought day-old chicks from one farm in Kano state, minister Frank Nweke said.
As spring approaches in the Northern Hemisphere and millions of birds begin their
long-distance migrations, scientific evidence is mounting that the deadly Asian strain of H5N1 "bird flu" virus is flying with them.
If so, the virus soon might wing its way into Alaska, where biologists are establishing an unprecedented surveillance network as part of an aggressive, $29 million early warning campaign with a new focus on birds in the wild. Until now, scientists' greatest focus has been on domestic flocks, according to the Spectrum Online.
In Canada, thousands of ducks imported into Quebec from France don't have the deadly H5N1 avian influenza virus, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency announced Thursday. "All tests came back negative," Alain Charette, a spokesman for the agency, said from Ottawa.
The highly pathogenic virus has not shown up in wild birds or domestic poultry in Canada so officials imposed a ban on importing live birds and unprocessed poultry from the European nation last weekend, after France became the first European nation to confirm the H5N1 in a commercial flock.
In the US chickens in Eastern Oklahoma and Northwest Arkansas generate a lot of income, a lot of manure and many environmental questions. There are 700 poultry farms in Oklahoma along the Arkansas border, said Mitch Fram, Oklahoma State University area water-quality specialist.
Northwest Arkansas farms have a capacity of 1.1 million broilers a year that can generate 1.23 million tons of litter, he said. The concentration of manure in eastern Oklahoma has hurt water quality with excessive algae and nutrients, he said.
See Also: Poultry grower lobby Oklahoma lawmakers
DuPont Animal Health Solutions - ANTEC® BIOSENTRY®
Avian influenza and Newcastle disease are poultry diseases of great concern to the poultry industry. The viruses that cause these diseases can be killed by heat. But the exact parameters for inactivating them by pasteurization had not been established - until now.
Agricultural Research Service scientists have shown that the same industry-standard pasteurization temperatures and times established for Salmonella inactivation in egg products can also kill AI and ND viruses.
For Francois Turcotte, the avian influenza virus making its way around the globe could be a real problem for his poultry and turkey farm if it were to make an appearance in Canada. But it hasn't, so at the moment the bigger problem for Turcotte and other poultry producers is the public fear and misunderstanding about the H5N1 virus.
"It's the hysteria that we have at this time," Turcotte, a poultry farmer on L'ile d'Orleans near Quebec City, said in an interview. "Consumers are afraid that they will catch this virus by eating chicken. It's completely false."
In Turkey, bird flu cases have been detected in Istanbul and the Black Sea province of Rize, the Turkish Zaman newspaper reported on Friday. Turkish National Coordination Center for Bird Flu was quoted as reporting that bird flu cases were detected in ducks and chicken in Istanbul.
Fast-Acting PoultrySulfaTM Aids Control of Coccidiosis, Acute Fowl Cholera. Alpharma Inc. has introduced PoultrySulfaTM (sulfonamide), the only triple-sulfa soluble powder combination approved by FDA for use in chickens and turkeys.
The broad-spectrum, water-soluble product contains three forms of the powerful, field-proven antibiotic sulfa - sulfamethazine, sulfamerazine and sulfaquinoxaline - and may be used to aid control of coccidiosis and acute fowl cholera caused by pathogens susceptible to these antibiotics.
Aviagen, the world's leading poultry breeding company, announced that it has named Randall Ennis as chief operation officer for Aviagen and Chris Hill as the chief operation officer for the turkey and hatching egg division of Aviagen Group.
In their new roles, Ennis will be responsible for all chicken breeding operations globally and will become a member of the Aviagen Group Board, while Hill will be responsible for Nicholas Turkeys, B.U.T., and CWT at the board level.
Andy Perrella, DuPont Personal Protection, recently participated in a panel discussion at the Bird Flu Summit held in Washington, D.C. The summit was sponsored by DuPont Chemical Solutions Enterprise.
Andy participated in the "Prevention Education Efforts and Risk Communications" discussion and highlighted DuPont's biosecurity positioning, including the use of DuPont™ Virkon® S disinfectant and DuPont™ Tyvek® personal protection products. United Nations Bird Flu coordinator Dr. David Nabarro and Homeland Security leaders also spoke at the summit.
Paracox-5 - Coccidiosis vaccine for poultry
We have 6 new features this week
Global Poultry trade prospects for 2006 (updated)
By FAO - As outbreaks of avian influenza in wild swans in Europe are reported, global poultry markets have witnessed immediate and dramatic consumer responses, an increased number of trade bans and sharp reductions in prices. Unlike in 2004 and most of 2005 when the AI consumption impact was largely restricted to the Asian region, new AI detections in February 2006 in more than 12 nations in Africa, the Near East and Europe have resulted in immediate and pronounced consumption declines in importing countries in Europe, the Middle East and Central Asia.
Long Term Meat Production and Consumption Trends
By John Lawrence - We often spend a lot of time focusing on short term market situation and outlook. These quarter-to-quarter and year-to-year supply and price forecasts are important for business planning. It is also important to step back and take a longer term perspective on occasion, not only where we have been but what factors will carry us forward.
OUTLOOK: Ethanol, Animals and Animal Feed
By Amanda Barth, University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences - The growth of ethanol production would seem to have positive benefits for cattle feeders, and perhaps the dairy industry, said a Purdue University Extension marketing specialist, but the outlook for Hogs and Poultry is not so clear.
Newcastle Disease 2005: Lessons To Be Learned
By Defra - On 15 July 2005 the UK confirmed an outbreak of Newcastle Disease (ND) in pheasants at a game establishment in Surrey. Disease was confirmed on a single holding containing an estimated 11,700 pheasants, aged around 8-9 weeks. There was no evidence that the single infected premises had caused any onward spread of disease within the UK. The disease was controlled through the application of measures set out in European Community Law. This article looks at the lessons to be learned from this outbreak.
USDA Poultry and Products Semi-Annual Reports 2006: Russia
By USDA, FAS - This article provides the poultry data from the USDA FAS Poultry and Products Semi-Annual 2006 reports. This week's article covers the following country; Russia.
Chickens and Eggs 2005 Annual Summary
By the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service - This report looks at the highlights of the US chicken and egg industry over the past year.
Color from Hubbard - A Trusted Name with a New Focus
That's all for this week!
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