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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 24th April 2006

Monday 24th April 2006
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Welcome to this weeks newsletter

*Latest News (link to all this weeks news)

This week we start in the Sudan, where the government has declared its first cases of bird flu in poultry in the capital Khartoum and nearby Jazeera state, an official of the Ministry of Animal Resources announced last week.
     "Laboratorial tests have confirmed the existence of bird flu cases in Khartoum and Jazeera," Ahammed Mustafa, undersecretary of the ministry, told reporters. "The health authorities have culled more than 100,000 chickens at 15 farms in Khartoum," Mustafa said.

In Hong Kong, the government has acknowledged there are holes in its defenses aimed at halting poultry smuggling. Conservationists want authorities to stop the trafficking of poultry from the mainland, an act that they say occurs in broad daylight in Hong Kong waters.
     The government does not carry out tests to determine if chickens on sale in village wet markets have been smuggled in, according to The Standard.

China's Health Ministry has confirmed that a 21-year-old man in the central province of Hubei province has been infected with the H5N1 strain of avian influenza and is in critical condition, state media said on Wednesday. China has now reported 17 human infections with H5N1 bird flu, including 11 deaths, but some experts believe more cases may have gone undetected, reports The Bangkok Post.

In this weeks China Broiler Market Weekly, eFeedLink report that prices are mixed, with lacklustre demand in some regions. Despite expectations of improved broiler demand in the run up to the Labour Day holidays (first week of May), the outlook for overall broiler consumption has been rather uncertain due to warmer weather conditions. The weakness in live hog prices in some regions has also affected prices of broilers.

In Burma, chicken prices have recovered after the Burmese military’s assurance it had recent bird flu outbreaks under control, reports Mizzima News. Residents told Mizzima chicken prices had dropped from 3500 kyat a vis to 1000 kyat after news of the outbreaks was first released last month. Prices have recovered slightly and have reportedly stabilised at about 2500 kyat. "But we still dare not eat chicken," Daw Mya Win, a Rangoon resident said. The price rises come despite many poultry farms being closed until last Friday.

In Indonesia, thousands of duck farmers in the Brebes region, Central Java, are distressed about a sudden increase in feed prices. The increase in prices, ranging from 80 to 100% which was blamed due to lack of supply, has prompted farmers to request government intervention to resolve the problem.

Pakistan has culled around 40,000 chickens at six farms near the capital Islamabad where bird flu has been detected, officials said yesterday. Pakistan reported its first case of the deadly H5N1 bird flu at two farms in the North West Frontier Province in February and found the virus at other farms near Islamabad last week.
     Scientists detected a mild strain of bird flu in flocks at six farms in Sihala, Tarlai and Ali Pur Farash areas in the outskirts of Islamabad, said Dr Afzal, commissioner at the state-run Animal Husbandry.

In India, the poultry industry, which has suffered a Rs 9,000 crore (approx US$2 billion) loss after reports of bird flu, and the 15 million farmers who supply feed materials are looking ahead with renewed hope after agriculture minister Sharad Pawar assured them of a new assistance package.
     The poultry industry in Tamil Nadu is very enthusiastic about the minister’s support for the much-awaited ‘zoning’ programme to facilitate movement of poultry products nationally and internationally from the earmarked zones. The Tamil Nadu government and industry had been asking for the creation of such zones.

Fluxx Breeder from Big Dutchman
Fluxx Breeder from Big Dutchman

In Egypt, a total of 12 people have now contracted the deadly H5N1 strain of bird flu and four of them have died of the disease, the WHO said on Saturday. The infections brought the worldwide toll to 204 cases, 113 of them fatal, reports iol.co.za.

A Swiss study predicts that the deadly bird flu virus will develop resistance to new anti-viral drugs, if a pandemic breaks out. The mathematical model used by researchers at Zurich's Federal Institute of Technology to plot the likely course of an outbreak showed that resistance is more likely if drugs are used as prophylactics.

Germany has indefinitely extended a lock-up order for domestic fowl in a bid to contain the spread of the deadly H5N1 strain of bird flu. Germany leveled the lock-up order for fowl between October and December during the migration season and reapplied it in February for two months after an outbreak of H5N1 among wild birds in the north of the country.

In France, two more swans have tested positive for the deadly H5N1 strain of bird flu, authorities in the affected region said. The swans were found in Saint-Paul-de-Varax in the Ain region of southeast France, some 45 km from the city of Lyon. A national laboratory on Friday confirmed they were infected with H5N1, the Ain region's prefecture said.
     Anti-bird flu protection and surveillance zones were put in place stretching for 10 km around the spot where the two dead swans were found. The measures will be in place for a month.
     The Ain is the epicentre of French efforts to combat bird flu, recording 65 of the 66 cases of H5N1 found so far this year in tests on more than 14,000 dead wild birds in France. The other case was in the Bouches-du-Rhone region further south.

DuPont Animal Health Solutions - ANTEC® BIOSENTRY®
DuPont Animal Health Solutions - ANTEC®  BIOSENTRY®

In the UK, some bird flu restrictions, imposed after a dead whooper swan at Cellardyke in Fife tested positive for a strain of the H5N1 virus, have been lifted. The measures, limiting the movement of poultry and eggs in parts of eastern Scotland, were introduced on 5 April. Tests since then have established that no further cases have been found.
     The immediate 3km protection zone will lapse, but a 10km control zone on the movement of poultry and captive birds will not be removed until 1 May. The final restrictions will only be lifted if there are no further positive tests for the virus.
     So far, tests for the virus - which can be passed to humans - on all dead birds across Scotland have proved negative. First Minister Jack McConnell announced the lifting of the restrictions to the Scottish Parliament on Thursday.

A new technique could soon help poultry farmers to spot which newly laid eggs will later crack before they get anywhere near the packing plant. "It's a major problem," says Ian Dunn of the Roslin Institute in Edinburgh, UK, joint head of a team developing the technique. He says that about 10% of eggs are lost through shell breakage.

In Europe, McDonald's Corp is having its suppliers bring normally free-range chickens indoors to try to contain the spread of bird flu and to make sure the food it serves is not tainted with the disease, the company said last week.
     "We are now imposing standards which require that those free range chickens that are producing free-range eggs be brought into houses because of the threat of the spread of avian influenza," said Catherine Adams, vice president worldwide quality at McDonald's.
     The standard, in place for six to eight months, is not just for birds producing eggs McDonald's uses, but for the poultry it serves to customers, too, company officials said in presentations to reporters on Monday.

Consumption of poultry meat has dropped by more than half in some EU states, with 300,000 tonnes now in storage across the bloc, according to EU estimates. While the glut pushes down the price of poultry for processors, it is also a sign that the public continues to stay away from the meat with the continuing advancement of avian influenza in Europe.
     So far 13 EU member states have reported bird flu in the wild. This includes France and Germany, where infections in domesticated poultry occurred.

Coccivac-B - Coccidiosis vaccine for poultry
Coccivac-B - Coccidiosis vaccine for poultry

US egg production totaled 7.84 billion during March 2006, up 1 percent from last year, report the National Agricultural Statistics Service in their monthly Chickens and Eggs report. Production included 6.73 billion table eggs, and 1.11 billion hatching eggs, of which 1.04 billion were broiler-type and 69 million were egg-type.

Scientists with the ARS Henry A. Wallace Beltsvill Agricultural Research Center will join scientists from around the country and the world in a new project that will ultimately accelerate the characterization and treatment of a range of animal diseases. The project, which was announced Feb. 7, will help researchers develop tools needed to create improved vaccines and tests for animal diseases that threaten agriculture and the food supply.

Poultry processed in China will be allowed to enter the United States, despite outbreaks of deadly bird flu in China, the U.S. administration said Thursday. Critics said the imported poultry will put public health at risk. The USDA said the meat would be fully cooked and perfectly safe. "It will have been processed," said Richard Raymond, the department's undersecretary for food safety.

Tyson Foods Inc., sent shares of meat companies lower in early trading on Thursday (Apr 20) after it slashed estimates for quarterly and fiscal-year earnings due to worse than expected beef and chicken sales. The US meat industry has been reeling from oversupply and low sales lately, according to eFeedLink.
     Bird flu has inflicted massive damage to poultry export sales. The chicken industry could alleviate some of its problems by reducing production, said Bank of America analyst Todd Duvick, adding that lower output could ease supply in a few months.

Viruses can affect a small flock of hens in a backyard coop as easily as thousands of hens in warehouse-sized chicken plants. That’s why the National Animal Identification System (NAIS) needs to be implemented, Maryland State Veterinarian Guy Hohenhaus said. but not everyone agrees. The federal program has been criticized by some as a cumbersome and expensive burden that could force smaller farmers out of business and as further intrusion by the government.

Yield from Hubbard - A Trusted Name with a New Focus
Yield from Hubbard

The latest case of BSE in Canada has rekindled calls for a total ban on the use of any animal protein in any type of animal feed. Currently, the United States and Canada do not allow the use of these products in feed for ruminants but it is allowed for simple-stomach species. Critics say this is too risky, that there are facilities that manufacture feed for both types of animals and there is always the chance of cross-contamination.

In Australia, egg producers are furious that a meeting of state and federal primary industries ministers has refused to endorse a $23 million adjustment package, reports ABC. The funds would have helped farmers to leave the sector if they could not afford to upgrade to bigger hen cages under new animal welfare laws.

The Russia Federal Customs Service plans to increase the cost of imported meat. The new prices affect the minimal cost of meat imports and were expected to come into effect this week. The new pricing policy has led to fears in the Russian meat industry that it could put pork out of the reach of some consumers. The increase is part of a budget review and is expected to raise the price of pork and beef, generally, but will not affect poultry imports as severely.

Last wednesday, a rally against Russia’s accession to the World Trade Organization took place in front of Economy Ministry’s headquarters in downtown Moscow. The rally gathered representatives of various poultry farms. “The purpose of our action is to draw the Economic Development and Trade Ministry’s attention to the problem: we are against joining the WTO because this is disadvantageous for Russia,” Federation Council member Sergei Lisovksy, one of those behind the protest, told Interfax agency.

Company news

Mexican poultry health expert, Dr Alberto Torres-Rodriguez, has joined Cobb-Vantress, Inc as veterinary international export manager. He succeeds Kate Barger who moved from the export department at Siloam Springs, Arkansas, to become responsible for sales in Mexico and Central America. "We are excited to have Alberto as a part of our team", says Steve Iseler, Cobb director of planning. "He will be instrumental in working with customers and government officials to secure export channels."

*This Week's Feature Articles

We have 7 new features this week

Formulating Feed For Broiler Performance
By Dr. K. R. Gunasekar, Senior Technical Manager at Avitech Animal Health Pvt. Ltd. - Every year the marketing age of broilers decreases by an average of 0.75 days for the same performance. This trend is likely to continue in the same direction for the coming years. Nutrition plays a vital role in enabling this improvement.
Factors Affecting Egg Quality
By R. Scott Beyer, Poultry Specialist, Kansas State University - Many factors affect egg quality. Sometimes the cause is not a single factor but a combination of factors. A few of these problems can be prevented or reduced by good hen management.
Physiological Stress in Laying Hens
By J. Odihambo Mumma, J. P. Thaxton, Y. Vizzier-Thaxton, and W. L. Dodson, Michigan State University
Fat Recovery From Wastewater
By William C. Merka, Extension Poultry Scientist, The University of Georgia.
Playing Chicken - Avoiding Arsenic in Your Meat
By David Wallinga, M.D., The Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy - This reports looks at the "decades-old practice" of adding arsenic into chicken feed and links this directly to arsenic residues in U.S. chicken meat.
US Poultry Outlook Report - April 2006
By U.S.D.A., Economic Research Service - This article is an extract from the April 2006: Livestock, Dairy and Poultry Outlook Report, highlighting Global Poultry Industry data.
World Poultry Trade Overview - March 2006
By USDA Foreign Agricultural Service.

Hatchery Automation Systems - Improved quality and reduced costs
Improved quality and reduced costs

That's all for this week!

Ed.


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