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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 20th September 2004's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter
Monday 20th September 2004
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Welcome to this week's newsletter

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

Avian Flu continues to be the main topic of discussion in Asia where a new RT-PCR test kit developed by the Malaysian Ipoh-based Veterinary Research Institute is reported to be able to detect the avian flu virus within eight to 12 hours compared with between two and five days normally.
     “With the new test kit, our field assistants can do the same job within eight to 12 hours,” said Dr Sharifah Syed Hassan, Institute Director.

Meanwhile, a new case of H5 type Avian Influenza has been detected near Kota Baharu, capital of the northern state of Kelantan, a senior Malaysian veterinary official said Sunday. The new case involved three chickens and the culling of birds within a one-kilometer radius had started immediately. "Surveillance and tests conducted in other parts of the country would continue and no signs of the Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) virus had been detected" said Veterinary Services Director-General Hawari Hussein .

Malaysia are to send a team of senior agriculture officials to Thailand for urgent talks on tightening border controls against the spread of bird flu, which has forced a quarantine of Malaysia's northern Kelantan state. Malaysia has blamed a pair of recent outbreaks of bird flu on fighting cocks smuggled over the border from Thailand.

Vietnam also recorded two H5 bird flu outbreaks this last week and responded by culling about 600 sick chickens and ducks, Reuters reports an official saying Thursday.
     Dau Ngoc Hao, deputy head of the agriculture ministry's animal health department, said the H5 subtype of bird flu virus was found among 300 sick and dead poultry, half of them ducks, at a market in Hanoi and from a flock in nearby Ha Tay province.
     The H5 subtype is not known to cause illness in humans and is a different strain from H5N1 which is blamed for 19 deaths in Vietnam and 9 in Thailand this year.

Faced with a second outbreak of bird flu, Thailand confirmed Wednesday that its poultry would not be inoculated against the disease because vaccines offered no guarantee of safety.
     A panel from the ministries of health, agriculture and commerce met for more than three hours before arriving at the decision. One of the main concerns with vaccination is that importers are loath to buy vaccinated chickens because vaccines have not been universally certified, and could jeopardize human health.

Vaccinated or not, the European Union has extended its ban on Asian poultry imports for three more months due to uncertainty that deadly bird flu disease is under control in the region, the European Commission said on Wednesday.
     The countries affected are Thailand, Cambodia, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Pakistan, China, South Korea and Vietnam.

Global Health Concerns
Senior officials of the World Health Organization (WHO) continue to be very very concerned about the possibility of a global human flu pandemic and are urging all countries in the western Pacific region to share samples of poultry and human avian influenza cases for scientific research.
     Such concerns are highlighted by two areas in Thailand with corresponding outbreaks of both human and bird flu, one in Bangkok and one in Prachin Buri, which have been placed under strict surveillance to guard against the possibility of the two virus strains combining to create a new species capable of triggering a global pandemic.
     "We need to be particularly vigilant for fear that the two viruses could create a 'Thai flu'," Dr Charal Trinwuthipong, acting Public Health permanent secretary, told a press conference yesterday.

Away from Avian Flu, India is set to increase Broiler production by 15 percent to 1.9 million tonnes in 2005 due to increased availability of raw feed material and growing demand for poultry meat among high-income consumers.

The Ukraine is planning to export hen eggs to Europe in 2005 says Olexander Baumenko, the Head of Board of the Poultry Breeding Union of Ukraine. He said Agrarian Policy Ministry was negotiating with EU to receive 2 percent share of the total import quota for the delivery of the product to European Union. The amount may come up to 2-3 billion eggs.

Brazil's export industry continues to grow with Chicken Exports for the period Jan-Aug rising 53.8% according to Brazilian Chicken Exporters Association (Abef). Exports totaled $1.706 billion and 1.597 million tons.
     The Middle East remained the main market for Brazilian chicken exports with Saudi Arabia buying around 45% of the total export volume to the region. The country is the largest single buyer of Brazilian chicken. Exports to the EU fell 15.5% to 185,901 tons due to protectionism said Abef. Sales to Russia rose 1.3% to 145,000 tons.

In the US, increased flock size are causing problems for the egg industry writes Barbara Olejnik in Poultry Times. This, and the related issue of "back filling" continue to plague the egg industry as it strives to cut supply in order to maintain demand for its product at an economically feasible rate.
     United Egg Producers Chairman Roger Deffner said a main area of economic concern is an oversupply of layers. "If we don't do something over the next three to four months, we will be over 390 million birds by the end of 2004." The demand cannot support this amount, he said.

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

In this regular newsletter section we aim to provide a brief overview of the new Feature articles that have been added to the site over the past week.

We have 3 new features this week

International Poultry Industry Overview
By the USDA FAS - This article provides the highlights and links to the 2004 USDA FAS Poultry and Products Annual reports for Argentina, Brazil, Canada, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Republic of, Thailand, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates and Venezuela.

Revolutionizing Turkey Production: Functional genomics is the driving force
By USDA's Agriculture Agricultural Research Service - Consumers give many thanks for the estimated 5.6 billion pounds of turkey brought to market each year. U.S. farmers meet that demand by producing close to 300 million turkeys annually.

UK Poultry Disease Surveillance Report - August 2004
By Veterinary Laboratories Agency - This report monitors trends in the major endemic poultry diseases and utilises the farmfile and VIDA (Veterinary Investigation Disease Analysis) databases. The report is compiled using disease data gathered by the network of 15 VLA regional laboratories which carry out disease investigation in the field.

That's all for this week.

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