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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 4 August 2011

ThePoultrySite Weekly Newsletter
ThePoultrySite.com
Thursday 4th August 2011
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Welcome to this week's newsletter

Editorial – When Poultry Can be Bad for Your Health

Two news stories dominating the headlines this week highlight how closely human health is linked to poultry production.

The first is the publication of a study showing that the use of antimicrobials in food-producing animals is a risk to public health and can help to spread drug-resistant bacterial strains.

The study, by the Panel on Biological Hazards (BIOHAZ Panel) for the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), calls for a lowering of the overall use of antimicrobials in farm livestock in the EU in order to limit the risk to public health that can arise from resistance in the food chain.

In its assessment, the Panel evaluated the risks to public health of bacterial strains producing two types of enzymes: extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL) and AmpC beta-lactamases (AmpC). These enzymes inactivate the effects of antimicrobials such as penicillins and cephalosporins, which are critically important antimicrobials for both human and veterinary medicine.

EFSA's Panel experts found that different bacteria are able to produce these enzymes, most often E. coli and Salmonella. Since 2000, the Panel has found, ESBL/AmpC-producing Salmonella and E. coli in animals and foods have been increasingly reported both in Europe and globally.

After analysis of the risk factors contributing to the occurrence, emergence and spread of ESBL/AmpC-producing bacteria, the experts concluded that the use of antimicrobials in general – not only cephalosporins – is a risk factor for the spread of these types of resistant bacterial strains.

The EFSA Panel concluded that decreasing the overall use of antimicrobials in food-producing animals should be of high priority in the EU as these bacterial strains are often resistant to many other commonly used veterinary drugs. They also concluded that an additional risk factor is the extensive trade of animals in EU Member States.

The other headline story comes from the US. A week ago, the food safety authority issued a Public Health Alert following concerns about illnesses caused by Salmonella Heidelberg that was linked to the consumption of ground turkey meat.

A total of 79 persons infected with the outbreak strain of Salmonella Heidelberg have been reported from 26 states between 1 March and 3 August. The outbreak strain of Salmonella Heidelberg is resistant to several commonly prescribed antibiotics. Twenty-two persons have been hospitalised and one death has been reported.

As a result of the epidemiological and traceback investigations, as well as in-plant findings, FSIS determined that there is a link between ground turkey products from Cargill and this illness outbreak. Cargill has initiated a voluntary recall of more than 16,000 tonnes of ground turkey products and the company has suspended production at one of its turkey processing facilities.

And finally, poultry meat production in 2011 is forecast by the USDA Agricultural Marketing Service to increase two per cent globally to 100 million metric tons (MT), which is half of last year's rate of increase. However, the rate of increase for poultry meat production worldwide is much faster than that of other competing proteins. The reduced growth rate in production is attributed to high feed costs and a resurgence in disease.

Jackie Linden



* This Week's Feature Articles

We have 7 new features this week:

Impacts of Nutrition on Health and Welfare Explored
Studies on the effects of feeding and nutrition on poultry health and welfare formed a common theme at this year's WPSA UK Branch Meeting in Nottingham in April. Jackie Linden, senior editor of ThePoultrySite, reports.
New Vaccine Developed to Fight Newcastle Disease
Researchers at the USDA Agricultural Research Service are working towards a new vaccine to prevent Newcastle disease.
Incubation Can Affect Broiler Leg Strength
Bone characteristics, serum calcium levels, early growth rate and later leg weakness could be affected by commonly used incubation programmes, according to P.J. Groves and W.I. Muir of the Faculty of Veterinary Science at the University of Sydney in their paper presented at the 2011 Australian Poultry Science Symposium.
Role of Nutrition in Litter Condition in Turkeys
Dietary nutrient density impacted litter condition and the incidence of hock burns but not foot pad dermatitis in turkeys in a trial at Scottish Agricultural College (SAC). For ThePoultrySite, senior editor, Jackie Linden, summarises the results.
Preventing Omphalitis to Reduce First Week Mortality
Causes of navel-yolk sac infection (also known as 'mushy chick disease' and 'navel ill') and advice on its prevention by Gerd de Lange of Pas Reform.
Tackling Necrotic Enteritis with Orego-Stim
The challenge of necrotic enteritis and its solution with Orego-Stim are covered in Technical Bulletin No. 10 from Meriden Animal Health.
Greece Poultry Annual Report 2011
In 2010/2011 Greek broiler and turkey meat production is estimated to remain steady from the previous year and recent improvements in poultry production, including the adoption of high-quality standards should help the sector, according to the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service.
Vectormune HVT NDV
* Company News

Successful Poultry Seminar in Kathmandu
NEPAL - Aviagen is celebrating the success of a recent seminar in Kathmandu, which formally introduced the company and its capabilities to the Nepalese market.
Friesland Hosts Cobb Europe Technical Seminar
NETHERLANDS - More than 40 delegates from grandparent distributors and parent stock customers from Europe, the Middle East and Africa took part in a week-long technical seminar organised by Cobb Europe at Friesland in northern Holland.
Big Dutchman Expands Sales Force in China
CHINA - Big Dutchman has appointed Richard Armstrong as Technical & Sales Director for the Poultry Division. He will be based in the Beijing Sales Office.
Pfizer is Committed to Russian Collaboration
RUSSIA - Collaboration will deliver improved flock health and increased performance in the emerging Russian poultry market, according to Pfizer Animal Health Global Poultry.
Enhancing Welfare Explored by Industry Leaders
US - Enhancing welfare in livestock production was explored by industry leaders at the second Annual Novus University Day.
Orego-Stim Gains Organic Certification
AUSTRALIA - Orego-Stim, the natural feed additive from Meriden Animal Health, has been certified for use in organic systems in Australia by the Bio-Dynamic Research Institute.
* Global Poultry Industry News

   General

 » BIRD FLU: Oral Interferon May Prevent & Control Bird Flu Virus Infection
 » Texas Researchers Warn of Bioterrorism Threat
 » WPC 2012: Registration is Now Open
 » International Egg and Poultry Review: World

Aviagen, Ross Breeders, Arbor Acres, Nicholas Turkeys, L.I.R.
   Korea, South

 » S Korean Firm Buys US Poultry Producer

   United States

 » Heat-Wave Raises Farmers' Concerns
 » Siler City Processing Plant to Close
 » Animal Welfare Concerns, Doubt about Regulations
 » Consumers Say Animal Welfare Labelling Important
 » US Egg Products Report - July 2011
 » Townsends to Close by October
 » Second Quarter Loss Reported by Pilgrim's Pride
 » CME: Producers Struggle with High Feed Costs
 » Health Alert over Ground Turkey Products
 » NCC Appoints VP of Science & Technology
 » Weekly US Broiler Hatchery Report
 » Cargill Recalls 36 Million Pounds of Ground Turkey
 » Action & Investigation at Turkey Plant

   United Kingdom

 » Registration Open for Poultry Meat Conference
 » AHVLA: Salmonella Pullorum in Gamebirds
 » NFUS Announces Future Farmer Award Winners
 » Farmers' Leader Supports Welsh Poultry Industry
 » Restructuring at Vion Coupar Angus
 » Cockerel Combs Extract as a Novel Food
 » UK Egg Statistics - Second Quarter 2011

OVN - Good for Animals
   Mexico

 » Quarterly Sales up but Margin down for Bachoco

   Canada

 » Maple Leaf Sees Earnings Soar
 » Centre Offers Chance to Observe Egg Farming Safely

   Philippines

 » Better Second-Half Ahead, Says Bounty Fresh
 » Swift Rests Two Farms due to Disease

   Uganda

 » Relief for Farmers as Feed Prices Drop

Cobb 700 - The new standard in high yield
   Russian Federation

 » Cherkizovo's CEO is Confident of Strategy

   Cambodia

 » Cambodia Reports Bird Flu Outbreak

   China

 » Egg Prices Show Seasonal Rise

   France

 » Fluoroquinolone Link to Drug-Resistant Salmonella

   Dominican Republic

 » Chicken Prices Likely to Rise Higher

Evonik - A fresh perspective on our Masterpieces
   Australia

 » Poultry CRC Calls for Research Proposals
 » Avian Health Online Course

   Israel

 » Making Eggs a Healthier Breakfast Choice

   European Union

 » EFSA Panel Shows Risks of Antimicrobial Use

   Argentina

 » Last Chance for ALA Registration Discount

   Ghana

 » Crisis in Ghana's Poultry Industry

   Turkey

 » Heat-Wave Hits Poultry Sales

   Viet Nam

 » Five New Bird Flu Outbreaks in Viet Nam



That's all for this week!

Ed.
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