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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 11th October 2004's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter
Monday 11th October 2004
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Welcome to this week's newsletter

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

We start this week in Asia, where Southeast Asian nations have agreed to band together to coordinate response to the deadly avian influenza outbreak that has caused 31 human deaths and widespread poultry losses.
     Agriculture ministers from the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) concluded a 2-day meeting with a statement Friday that said the H5N1 avian flu is threatening "global public health, poultry production, trade and economic development," according to Cidrap.
     Following the agreement of Singapore's proposal to set up a regional task force, ASEAN said the first meeting will be held in Singapore and will aim to coordinate cooperation for the control and eradication of bird flu in the region.

The World Health Organization last Thursday cast doubt on Indonesia's claim that a bird flu strain that had killed millions of chickens in the country could not be transmitted to humans. "We know of no studies that would support that kind of contention," WHO spokesman Dick Thompson told Reuters in response to a query.
     The director of animal health at Indonesia's agriculture ministry, said that tests conducted at a laboratory in a WHO collaborating center, found the H5N1 bird flu strain in Indonesia was different from in Thailand and Vietnam.

In Thailand, the government plans to buy about 5 million duck eggs from farmers and destroy them in a bid to thwart the spread of bird flu. The plan would mean that birds from flu outbreak areas are culled "before they are born," helping to prevent the spread of the virus, he said.

The Thai government will also spend more than Bt3 billion (US$73 million) on measures to stop duck flocks being let loose to feed. “Bird flu infections appear to have a correlation to areas where ducks have foraged,” the Deputy Prime Minister said. He said farmers would be encouraged to switch to a closed system of raising ducks and indigenous chickens.

Though Viet Nam has contained the latest outbreak of bird flu, it needs to step up vigilance in view of the situation unfolding in neighbouring countries, the agriculture minister has said. At a meeting in Ha Noi to review an Action Month to combat avian influenza, the Minister for Agriculture and Rural Development warned there was a high risk of recurrence and that bird flu remained a threat to public health.

South Korea will resume exports of poultry to the US, Japan and various countries after announcing its freedom from bird flu, the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry said last Wednesday. The ministry said the report of South Korea being virus free for a consecutive eight months was reported to the OIE.

In Japan, a shipment of about 14 tons of Taiwan's poultry products have passed health inspections Wednesday and were allowed to enter the Japanese market, officials of the Cabinet-level Council of Agriculture said. This is the first shipment since August 30 when the government announced it would lift its ban on poultry imports from Taiwan due to Bird flu.

Russia has lifted a ban on poultry imports from the US state of Maryland. The restriction had been introduced in March due to a case of bird flu. There have not been any cases of avian flu reported in six months, the USA Poultry and Egg Export Council's representation in Russia said, citing data from the USDA's veterinary service.

In the US, New data from a survey of animal health companies shows that the volume of antibiotics used in animals in the U.S. dropped nearly 8 percent in 2003 compared to the previous year, evidence of increasingly careful use of these important products, says the Animal Health Institute.

Prices of bacon and chicken chalked up double-digit percentage increases in the last three months, as food costs continued their climb, reports the Des Moines Register. A survey by the American Farm Bureau Federation showed higher retail prices for 11 of 16 food products. Whole fryer chicken prices increased 20 percent for the third quarter but prices fell for eggs, according to the survey released last Monday.

In California, the owner of Sonoma Foie Gras responded to Gov. Arnold Schwarzeneggers signing of legislation to prohibit Californians from force-feeding birds by saying "We asked the governor to sign the bill so that we have 7 1/2 years to demonstrate that foie-gras production is safe and proper, and are excited to work with his administration on a long-term solution". Under the measure, the force-feeding of birds for fois gras can continue until 2012.
See also: Consensus on controversy over foie gras? Fat chance.

A decrease in eggshell quality is a trait that may be used to detect chickens infected with Salmonella, according to Agricultural Research Service scientists. Veterinary medical officer Jean Guard Bouldin found an interesting phenomenon - not only was Salmonella present inside chicken eggs, but other bacteria were there also.

The USDA's Food Safety and Inspection Service has announced a final rule that amends nutrition labeling regulations. The final rule will permit nutrient content claims on the labeling of multi-serve "meal-type" meat and poultry products. Previously, FSIS only allowed nutrient content claims on single serve meat and poultry products.

In the Republic of Ireland, an advertising campaign has been launched to inform consumers about the marking of eggs. Rules introduced in 2004 make it easier for consumers to identify the country where the egg was produced and the production methods (organic, free range, barn and cage) and also ensure that each egg is fully traceable back to the individual flock. The Irish Egg Association, the European Commission and the Department of Agriculture and Food are jointly sponsoring the campaign.

In the UK, a portable mini lab that can test for human and animal diseases could save lives and time, say its makers. Developed by the Ministry of Defence's research arm, the system was originally designed to search for biological warfare agents on the battlefield, but the UK researchers behind the mini lab say it has much wider and more practical uses. The mini lab could be used in the food industry to test for contamination from bacteria, such as Salmonella , Listeria and E. coli, reports the BBC.

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

In this regular newsletter section we aim to provide a brief overview of the new Feature articles that have been added to the site over the past week. This week there is a focus on Poultry Waste:

We have 3 new features this week

Practices to Reduce Ammonia
Prepared by Wendy Powers, Iowa State University - Practices to control ammonia emissions associated with livestock production can be applied to animal housing, manure and compost storage areas, and land where manure is applied. This document provides an overview of control practices for each situation, highlights their advantages and disadvantages, and allows producers to make informed choices after evaluating production and economic aspects of their operations.

Poultry Waste: Georgia's 50 Million Dollar Forgotten Crop
By Larry Vest and Bill Merka, Extension Poultry Scientists & William I. Segars, Extension Agronomist, The University of Georgia - The value of manure as a source of plant nutrients has been recognized for centuries. Poultry manure contains all essential nutrients required for crop production. In spite of its beneficial effects on plant growth, manure constitutes only a very small percentage of nutrients applied to cropland when compared to commercial fertilizer.

Converting manure into crude oil
By Yuanhui Zhang, Kim Ocfemia, and Malia Appleford, University of Illinois - Industrial-scale farming has a serious waste problem, but new technology can convert it into oil

That's all for this week.

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