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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 18th October 2004

ThePoultrySite.com's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter ThePoultrySite.com's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter
Monday 18th October 2004
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Welcome to this week's newsletter

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

We start this week in Australia, where an experimental bird flu vaccine has failed to protect chickens against the deadly virus, its Australian makers said today. Only a small percentage of the chickens inoculated in the first Australian trial of a possible bird flu vaccine survived when exposed to the H5N1 virus, biopharmaceutical company Imugene said.
     "These are not the results we hoped for but we will now use this experience to develop a second avian influenza vaccine candidate," Imugene managing director Dr Warwick Lamb said.

CSIRO researchers are investigating whether an ancient arm of the immune system can be used to control livestock animal diseases. CSIRO Livestock Industries' scientist Dr Tim Doran says a biological phenomenon called RNA interference (RNAi) has huge potential to control, and possibly eliminate, a number of major animal diseases.

In southern Vietnam a new bird flu outbreak has surfaced, raising renewed fears over the disease that has killed 31 people in Asia this year, officials said on Saturday. Authorities in the southern province of Long An have culled more than 2,300 chickens after about 250 birds from two farms in a village there died from the disease on September 30, said the head of the province's animal health bureau.

In Malaysia, the Star Online reports the Kelantan region cannot be declared bird flu-free yet even though the standard 21-day quarantine period from the last reported case has lapsed. Veterinary Services Department director-general Datuk Dr Hawari Hussein said several safety aspects had to be considered and examinations made before the state could be declared completely free from the deadly avian flu.
     Since the last bird flu case was detected, the department continued culling chickens, ducks and birds until last Sunday to contain the spread of the virus.

Thailand and Malaysia have agreed to cooperate on bird flu control, facilitate goods transportation and carry out the Kolok river bridge project, reports Xinhuanet. In an agreement reached on Wednesday by Thai Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra and his visiting Malaysian counterpart AbdullahAhmad Badawi in Phuket, the two countries pledged to swiftly exchange information on bird flu to prevent it from spreading.

The Thai government has vetoed a budget plan for bird flu vaccine research, local press reported on Wednesday. Under the plan, the government was asked to set a budget of 300 million thai baht (US$7.5million) to build a new laboratory on bird flu vaccine research. The proposal, put forward by the Agriculture Ministry, was rejected Tuesday by the government in line with its policy of not using or producing bird flu vaccine, said a Government spokesman.

Thailand's cabinet has however approved a THB900 million budget for short-term measures needed to tackle the outbreak of avian influenza in the country. Deputy Prime Minister Chaturon Chaisang told reporters after the cabinet meeting that the short-term measures will include research and development about the virus, protection, monitoring, and a public relations campaign to keep the public informed about the government's actions to eradicate the disease and the risks from it.

In South Africa, the department of agriculture and land affairs has failed to comment on the extension of a ban by the EU on imports of South African ostrich products to European countries. The department's spokesperson promised to issue a media release and to explain the situation after lunch today, but numerous attempts to reach him afterwards were unsuccessful, reports SABC News.

Brussels' ambitions to reform welfare-in-transit rules proved too hot to handle, with the northern countries of Europe generally in favour of reform, the southern countries wondering what all the fuss was about, and members of the European Parliament apparently wanting to see all animals herded to their destination on foot!
     Any kind of consensus proved impossible and for six months or so reform plans have been gathering dust but the new presidency is now with the Dutch and they have picked up the dossier and pledged to get reform sorted out in a matter of weeks.

In the US, scientists from Auburn University have reported the successful vaccination of chickens against Gumboro disease using a plant derived vaccine. Genetic material from an infectious bursal disease virus was integrated into the genome (genetic material) of a plant which contained a protein structure responsible for inducing an immune response in chickens.
See also: Immunizing against Infectious Bursal Disease
and: www.gumboro.com


Two Quebec-based processors are merging certain operations in hopes of becoming a leading processor at both national and international level. Supraliment and Olymel announced Wednesday that they have agreed to merge and integrate all of their assets and operations in the slaughtering, cutting, boning, processing and marketing of pork and poultry meats.

The Brazilian exports of chicken and pork meat fell in September principally due to the embargo imposed by Russia after the discovery of foot-and-mouth disease in the Amazon. The deliveries of both products fell by 16.6% in volume and 17.3% in income. Russia is the largest importer of Brazilian hog meat with 61% of the sales in the period between January and August 2004.

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

In this regular newsletter section we aim to provide a brief overview of the new Feature articles that have been added to the site over the past week. This week there is a focus on Poultry Waste:

We have 3 new features this week

Brooding and Rearing Ducklings and Goslings
By Glenn Geiger and Harold Biellier, Department of Animal Sciences, Missouri State University - Today, hatcheries produce day-old ducklings and goslings in large numbers. Commercial growers brood and rear them in about the same way they would baby chicks. Ducks and geese are hardy and are not susceptible to many of the common poultry diseases. This makes them easy to raise.

Immunizing against Infectious Bursal Disease
By H. Wu and Joseph J. Giambrone, Department of Poultry Science, Auburn University, Narendra K. Singh and Robert D. Locy, Department of Biological Sciences, Auburn University, and K. Scissum-Gunn, Department of Biological Sciences, Alabama State University - This article is the abstract from a study entitled Immunization of Chickens with VP2 Protein of Infectious Bursal Disease Virus Expressed in Arabidopsis thaliana.

Broiler Production Systems in Georgia
By Dan L. Cunningham, Extension Poultry Scientist, University of Georgia - This report looks at the broiler production systems available in Georgia, and gives cash flow and budget examples.

That's all for this week.

Ed.


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