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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 23 February 2012

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The Poultry Site

Thursday 23rd February 2012.

Jackie Linden - ThePoultrySite Senior Editor

Jackie Linden
Senior Editor

Editorial – EU and US Take Another Step in Opposing Directions over GM Crops

The contrasting approaches of European and US regulatory bodies to the authorisation of genetically modified (GM) crops have been back in the news this week.

France's ministry for ecology is reported to have asked EU regulators to suspend authorisation for the use of MON 810 GM maize from Monsanto. The French authority has raised concerns following the recent publication of a report by the European Food Safety Authority over another GM maize, BT11, which, France contends, could also be applied to MON 810.

"If the European Union does not act, we can invoke the safeguard clause," which allows EU nations to independently restrict or prohibit the sales of products, a ministry statement said.

Also this week, Bloomberg reported that GM crops are to get faster approval in the US. The aim of a new rule change at the USDA is to cut in half the time needed to approve biotech crops from the current average of three years.

Following these moves, it looks likely that European views on GM crops will put EU livestock farmers at a greater competitive disadvantage in future.

With unpredictable, extreme weather conditions and competition on global markets, European farmers may struggle to source non-GM feed for livestock production at a competitive price. There are sections of the industry that believe the introduction of GM crops could help.

With the EU dependent on imports for 80 per cent of its vegetable protein needs, it was recently agreed that new EU rules will allow a low–level presence of GMOs in feed to facilitate imports into the EU.

Copa Cogeca, the EU farming group, says that without this, feed prices would have continued to rise, pushing the EU livestock sector into a crisis.

Despite this small step, resistance against GM technology in the EU from consumers, farmers and politicians continues. German chemical company, BASF, has said that this resistance has led it to pull out of GM crop trials in Europe and focus on its activities in the ‘GM–friendlier’ markets of North and South America.

Several studies in the US and elsewhere have confirmed that there is no health risk associated with feeding livestock GM feed. A study in 2011 looked at the long–term impacts of GM diets in livestock, and found no associated health risks.

Earlier this month, Russia’s Agriculture Minister reported that 2011 was a landmark year for Russian agriculture. Russia overcame the consequences of abnormal drought in 2010 and farmers harvested a good grain crop.

She said that Russia has solved the most important strategic task, which was to keep positive growth in the livestock industry. Since the beginning of the implementation of the National Priority Project in agriculture in 2006, she said, poultry production has almost doubled.

A new USDA report, however, says that while still positive, the outlook for Russian poultry production is less rosy than six months ago.

Production is being supported by domestic backing and high but stable producer prices but USDA says official estimates of broiler meat exports reaching 200,000 to 250,000 tonnes in 2012 are unlikely to be achieved as current exports are non-existent.

Turning to bird flu news, there have been five suspected flu cases in humans in a village in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. The disease appears to have killed another wild bird in Hong Kong and three new outbreaks have been reported in poultry in Viet Nam.

Jackie Linden

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GLOBAL POULTRY TRENDS – More Eggs Eaten in Asia
Egg consumption in Asia is increasing slightly faster than the global average and is forecast to approach 10kg per person this year, according to Terry Evans in the last part of his examination of the Asian egg industry.

Antimicrobial Resistance – Veterinary and Public Health Concerns in Europe
Radical reforms of antimicrobial use in livestock are being contemplated for political reasons, according to David Burch of Octagon Services Ltd.

Prevalence and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Salmonella in Japanese Broiler Flocks
Salmonella was found on 86 per cent of the broiler farms tested, according to researchers based in Tokyo, following analysis of faecal samples. S. Infantis was the most common and most geographically spread serotype. High levels of resistance were found to common antibiotics; 26 per cent of one serovar showed resistance to ceftiofur, a drug that has not been approved for broilers in Japan.

Identification of Motifs of VP2 in Chicken Anaemia Virus
Research from Taiwan has helped to explain the role of a crucial protein, VP2, in the replication of chicken anaemia virus (CAV).

Persistent Salmonella Enteritidis Environmental Contamination on Layer Farms
Research from Belgium has shown that Salmonella Enteritidis remains in the environment of persistently Salmonella Enteritidis-contaminated layer farms, even after cleaning and disinfection, despite obligatory vaccination. The scientists identified the egg-collecting area as a critical point of contamination on most farms.

Gene Expression Differences in White Blood Cells after E. coli Infection in Chickens
The genes and pathways identified in this microarray study form the basis for understanding host response to avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) infection and may lead to targets for genetic improvement of resistance to disease, according to Erin Sandford, Megan Orr, Xianyao Li, Huaijun Zhou, Timothy J. Johnson, Subhashinie Kariyawasam, Lisa K. Nolan, Peng Liu and Susan J. Lamont in a report published in Iowa State University Animal Industry Report 2012.

Trends in Remote and Mobile Information Access Technologies
As access to the Internet becomes more commonplace and more mobile, the ability to gather information from anywhere has moved from being a luxury to being an essential part of doing business, writes Sim Harbert from the Georgia Tech Research Institute.

Exploring the ‘Instruction Manual’ that Determines the Good Bird
The US$10-million genomics research collaboration between Cobb, Hendrix Genetics and leading academic institutes, partly funded by the US Department of Agriculture, is now entering its final phase. Dr Rachel Hawken, director of biotechnology, describes the progress achieved over the past four years and why she is so excited about the future in the latest issue of Cobb Focus.

Hatching Egg Quality
Hatchability and chick data are the most important references for optimising incubation management, according to an article in African Farming by Pas Reform Hatchery Technologies.

Impact of Canadian Ethanol Policy on Canada’s Livestock and Meat Industry 2012
Ethanol has already contributed to the downsizing of the Canadian livestock industry through its impact on margins and livestock prices, and expansion of the ethanol industry will amplify the negative consequences, according to Kevin Grier (Senior Market Analyst), Al Mussell (Senior Research Associate) and Irena Rajcan (Research Analyst), all with the George Morris Centre in Guelph, Ontario, Canada.

Aviagen SAU Appoints New Manager
SPAIN, PORTUGAL & MOROCCO - Aviagen have appointed Sergio Illán to the position of Business Unit Manager for Aviagen SAU. In this role he will lead the local management team, which oversees all Aviagen’s business within Spain, Portugal and Morocco.
Biosecurity Award for Cobb Europe Team
EU - The annual Cobb award for the biggest advance in biosecurity programs and disease prevention has been presented to Roy Mutimer, general manager for Cobb Europe — their second success in four years of the award.
Petersime Inaugurates New Facilities in Brazil
BRAZIL - Petersime’s subsidiary in Brazil, Petersime do Brasil Ltda., is proud to announce the inauguration of its new facilities in Içara, SC, Brazil.
BIOMIN Secures US Patent for Innovative Synbiotic
US - BIOMIN has been granted patent protection in the US for its multi-species synbiotic PoultryStar. The approval, patent number US 8101170, brings the total number of patents granted to BIOMIN to over 100.


BIRD FLU: Possible Bird Flu Cases in S. Sulawesi

   United States

Turkey Meat Production Forecast to Drop in Q1 2012
Self-Assessment Air Quality Awareness Tool
MSU Poultry Expert Given Top Recognition
Congresswoman Quizzes Companies over Antibiotics in Meat
Bayer to Acquire Animal Health Business
Tyson Biodiesel Venture Supplies Transport Giant
Butterball Workers Arrested on Animal Cruelty Charges
CME: Chicken Prices Finally Rose in January
Pilgrim's Pride Shows Large Loss
Corn and Soybean Export Progress
Foodmate US Moves Headquarters to Larger Building
Case Foods Announces Changes to Executive Team
Appropriate Ground Cover for Free-Range Birds
Study Finds Origins of MRSA Strain in Food Animals
CME: Beef, Pork & Poultry Stocks Down from Last Year


US Companies Approved to Export Day-Old Chicks to Thailand
Egg Producers Complain over Plummeting Prices


Livestock Science to Benefit Sub-Sahara Africa
China and US Firms Sign Biofuel Deal
Experts Agree H5N1 Research Critical
China & US Co-operate in Agriculture


Poultry Wholesalers Halt Fresh Supplies


Contaminated Chicken, Turkey Flood Cross River


CB Creates 'Smart Egg' for Low-Consumption Market


Sunnymel Chicken Plant Forging Ahead
Reports Point to Strong Showing for Canadian Agriculture
'Defining the Future' Takes Focus at Conference

   Russian Federation

AgroFarm Welcomes More Visitors and Exhibitors
2011 a Landmark Year for Russian Agriculture
Poultry Production Outlook for 2012 Looks Positive

   United Kingdom

NFU AGM - Protests Greet Conference Delegates
NFU AGM - Farming to Help Kick Start Economy
NFU AGM - CAP Greening Will Not Penalise Champions
NFU AGM - Farmers Attack CAP Reform Proposals
Pig and Poultry Assurance Scheme to be Evaluated
Great Line Up for Poultry Breakout Session
Attraction of Renewable Options for Farming Community
Healthy Food from Healthy Animals
Freeing up Farming to Reach its Full Potential
Freedom Food Uptake Grows

   European Union

Copa-Cogeca - Cap Must Ensure Food Security
EU Misses Out on GM Livestock Feed Opportunity


Ukrainian Poultry Industry Set to Grow in 2012

   United Arab Emirates

UAE Poultry and Water Prices Likely to Rise

   Hong Kong

HPAI Kills Wild Bird


Food Prices Rise; Meat Price Rise Insignificant
Unprecedented Hike in Egg Prices

   Viet Nam

Another HPAI Outbreak in Viet Nam
Two HPAI Outbreaks in Bac Ninh


Poultry Delegation Calls on DCO
Chicken Being Sold at High Prices

   New Zealand

Chickens Left for Dead at Free-range Egg Farm


Poultry CRC Travelling Smoothly
Illegal Chicken Farm in NSW to be Destroyed
New Ways to Gauge Welfare in Free-range Hens


Food Safety Agency Seizes Eggs from Poland


Farm Produce Prices Drop Last Week


Austrian Group Joins European Poultry Association
Wech Leading the Way in GM-Free Poultry


Kosovo Farmer Blames KFOR for Business Failure

   South Africa

Rainbow Chicken's Profits Increase


Ovobel and Coenraadts Join Forces

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