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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 1st November 2004

ThePoultrySite.com's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter ThePoultrySite.com's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter
Monday 1st November 2004
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Welcome to this week's newsletter

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

We start this week in Asia, where countries experiencing outbreaks of H5N1 in poultry need to be aware that domestic ducks may have acquired an important role in the transmission of highly pathogenic H5N1 to other poultry and, possibly, to humans as well, says the World Health Organization.
     A new laboratory study of domestic ducks infected with several 2004 H5N1 viruses shows that, when compared with infections caused by viruses from 2003, domestic ducks are shedding more virus for longer periods. The majority are doing so without showing symptoms of illness.
     Findings from this study also show that, compared to highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses from previous outbreaks, the recent H5N1 viruses survive several days longer in the environment.
See also The altered role of domestic ducks in Asia

Vietnam has just culled 800 chickens in the southern Long An province after detecting a number of dead fowls in the flock from Oct. 20 to 27. Testing for bird flu viruses in the affected chickens is underway, but the result has yet to come out, reports Peoples Daily.
     To prevent bird flu spread, Long An has intensified monitoring the transport and import of fowls and their eggs.

Vietnam has also culled 1,500 ducks in the southern province of Tien Giang after detecting 500 dead fowls in the flock last Sunday. To prevent bird flu spread, Tien Giang has intensified the quarantine of imported fowls, and asked local raisers not to recover flocks which have been hit by the disease. The province, one of four southern localities suffering reoccurrence of bird flu, detected some 3,000 chickens infected with the disease early this month.

The Philippine poultry industry has benefited considerably from the country's bird flu free status, with the opening of new export markets among its Asian neighbors, according to the Bureau of Animal Industry (BAI). The BAI added that the temporary bans on chicken imports from Taiwan, Japan and the United States have been lifted.

Singapore's Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority said that its supply of eggs and chicken is more than adequate to meet local demand following the partial lifting of the ban on imports from Malaysia last month. "This restores the import levels of eggs and chickens to what they were before the suspension was imposed on Malaysian farms last August due to the outbreak of bird flu in the northern state of Kelantan," it said.

The Indian government has again imposed a ban on poultry imports. The decision is based on the recurrence of bird-flu in Malaysia, which for past years supplied day-old chicks and other poultry products. A similar ban on the import of poultry from Japan, Thailand, Vietnam, South Korea as well as Malaysia was imposed in January following bird-flu panic.

Pakistani authorities said last Monday that they were preparing for a repeat of the bird flu that led to millions of poultry being culled last year, as the pre-winter migratory season gets underway. “It is difficult to forestall the flu outbreak as migrating birds during the upcoming winter pose high risk to the Pakistani birds,” said the commissioner for the Ministry of Food and Agriculture.

In Australia, research shows migratory shore birds are only playing a minor role in the global spread of bird flu. The Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service has spent 10 years investigating the threat from birds such as curlews, godwits and sandpipers, which inhabit coastal areas. It's now turning its attention to migratory waterfowl, such as magpie geese, which seek out fresh water.

A Western Australian Upper House MP has joined the debate over a proposed poultry litter fired power station at Muchea, saying he is concerned at the type of material that could be incinerated at the site. There has been speculation over the types of product that could be incinerated by the power station. The Environment Minister's conditions for the project state any fuel mix should be at least 70 per cent poultry litter, and any other component must be clean biomass.

In Indonesia, thousands of chickens have died from a disease that has, so far, baffled local experts. The symptoms, say health experts, are different from those found in chickens with bird flu (avian influenza). The mystery disease has struck in Central Java, Indonesia. Indonesia has suffered badly from bird flu - so far 9 million chickens have died over the last twelve months.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Center for Veterinary Biologics, has awarded a five-year contract to Fort Dodge Animal Health to develop an avian influenza (AI) vaccine antigen bank for poultry that will house enough antigen to produce 40 million doses of AI vaccine. The vaccine, for subtypes H5N2, H5N9, H7N2 and H7N3, will be manufactured and stored at Fort Dodge Animal Health facilities located in Charles City, Iowa.

Scientists are now learning more about how animals can be hosts for flu viruses. Birds are believed to be a global reservoir of influenza virus genes that make their way to humans, reports the USDA's ARS.
     Since pigs can be infected with both avian and human strains, they may also be a "mixing vessel" in the transmission process. When bird influenza viruses infect pigs that already contain a swine or human influenza virus, gene segments from each virus can mix and a new influenza subtype virus can emerge.

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

In this regular newsletter section we aim to provide a brief overview of the new Feature articles that have been added to the site over the past week.

We have 3 new features this week

The economic benefit of a disinfection programme in the control of a salmonella outbreak
By DuPont Animal Health Solutions - This paper outlines the economic benefits of controlling a clinical Salmonella outbreak and shows a cost:benefit ratio of 1:11.

Poultry Outlook Report - October 2004
By U.S.D.A., Economic Research Service - This article is an extract from the October 2004: Livestock, Dairy and Poultry Outlook Report, highlighting Global Poultry Industry data. The report indicates that the Broiler production forecast is higher than expected and with that, broiler prices are lower

Effects of Water Acidification on Broiler Performance
By Susan Watkins, Jana Cornelison, Cheyanne Tillery, Melony Wilson and Robert Hubbard at the University of Arkansas's Avian Advice - Acidifiers such as sodium bisulfate, citric acid or vinegar are often used by poultry producers to lower the pH of the drinking water they give their birds. Many claim that adding these products results in an increase in water consumption, less feed passage or firmer droppings from the birds.

That's all for this week.

Ed.


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