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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 29 March 2012

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The Poultry Site

Thursday 29th March 2012.

Jackie Linden - ThePoultrySite Senior Editor

Jackie Linden
Senior Editor

Editorial – More Pressure to Cut Antibiotic Use in Farm Animals

In the US, a judge has issued a landmark ruling that the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) must act to limit the overuse of antibiotics in farm animals.

The ruling stems from a lawsuit brought last year by a coalition of consumer of advocacy groups suing the FDA over its inaction in addressing the growing public health threat posed by the daily dosing of antibiotics in livestock feed and the rise of antibiotic–resistant bacteria.

The lawsuit came on the heels of an FDA report released to Congresswoman Louise Slaughter confirming that 80 per cent of antibiotics are sold for use in agriculture.

“It’s about time,’ said Congresswoman Slaughter. “The FDA has been dragging its feet on this for 35 years.”

In response to a report entitled ‘E. coli Superbugs on Farms and Food’, the Soil Association in the UK is recommending that the preventative use of antibiotics in healthy animals is phased out, and the overall use of antibiotics on farms halved within five years.

The British Veterinary Association (BVA) has urged caution over the findings, questioning the claim that there is ‘overwhelming evidence’ and in contrast, it points to the scientific opinion of the European Food Safety Authority.

In a statement, BVA said: “Few studies designed to assess risk factors for ESBL and/or AmpC occurrence in animals are available. The use of antimicrobials is a risk factor for selection and spread of resistant clones, resistance genes and plasmids.”

The opinion then goes on to state: “How widespread ESBL–carrying bacteria are in food-producing animals in the breeding, rearing and fattening sectors is generally unknown.”

At the World Trade Organization (WTO), the office of the US Trade Representative has opted to appeal the WTO ruling on Country of Origin Labelling (COOL) brought by Canada.

Country-of-Origin Labeling (COOL) is a USDA marketing programme mandated by the 2002 Farm Bill which requires retailers to notify their customers of the country of origin of beef, veal, goat meat, lamb, pork, poultry, fish and other perishable agricultural commodities.

In November, WTO ruled that the US COOL requirements were in violation of WTO agreements.

Canada claimed that the COOL requirements meant Canadian products were being treated unfavourably, with some US packers not accepting Canadian livestock, or purchasing less.

Finally, turning to bird flu news, the H5N1 subtype of the virus has continued its spread across Nepal and in Bangladesh, a series of outbreaks has cut chicken production and raised the prices of meat and eggs. Indonesia has announced a sixth victim has died of the disease so far this year.

Jackie Linden

Positive Indicators for the US Turkey Market
The US turkey market enjoyed another profitable year in 2011 and could extend its success into this year, according to Joel Brandenberger, president of the US National Turkey Federation. Senior editor, Jackie Linden, reports from the Turkey Science and Production Conference, held on 22 and 23 March 2012 in Macclesfield, UK.

Effect of Varying Light Intensity on Growth Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Heavy Broilers
Reducing lighting intensity may be beneficial on farms using low–lighting environment to reduce hyperactivity, pecking damage and energy costs without physiological stress effects on broiler welfare, according to USDA researchers in Mississippi. There were some significant effects of light intensity on some carcass characteristics.

Occurrence and Characteristics of ESBL–Producing Enterobacteriaceae in Animals, Minced Meat and Raw Milk
Researchers based in Switzerland found relatively high rates of extended–spectrum beta–lactamase (ESBL) producers in pigs, cattle, sheep and chickens and they expressed concern about the high genetic diversity among these isolates, which they said indicates an established reservoir in farm animals.

Bridging the US China Trade Gap
The growing US trade imbalance with China has been a major cause of concern for US policy makers, according to a study by Xiuzhi Wang, Edward A. Evans, and Fredy H. Ballen for the University of Florida.

Keeping Coccidiosis in Check is Yielding Healthier, More Efficient Broilers
Maintaining optimum gut health and feed conversion is important for any poultry operation, but it is particularly critical when growing birds to eight pounds. Pilgrim’s field operations manager, John Haas, talks about his experiences developing a more sustainable approach to coccidiosis control in Broiler Health from Merck Animal Health.

Incubation at High Altitudes
The effects of hatching at high altitude on hatchability and chick quality depend largely on the altitude at which the hatching eggs are produced and how the hatchery manager adjusts the incubation programme, writes Gerd de Lange of Pas Reform.

New Head for Cobb World Technical Support Team
GLOBAL - Dr Steve Bolden has joined Cobb as director of its World Technical Support Team which provides high-level expertise for customers to support the regional technical service personnel.
Aviagen Launches New Production Management School
GLOBAL - Aviagen has announced the launch of its first Production Management School for customers based in Europe, Turkey, the Middle East and Africa following the success of similar schools in the US, China and Brazil.
Give Your Chickens Their ‘Five a Day’
UK - Popular rural TV presenter and farmer Adam Henson has teamed up with animal feed specialist Dodson & Horrell to create two products for domestic laying poultry.
Bounty Fresh Appointed as Indian River Grandparent Customer
PHILIPPINES - Bounty Fresh, the second largest poultry producer in the Philippines and winner of several prestigious national awards in the poultry industry, has signed an agreement to be an Indian River Grandparent customer in February 2012.
FOSSILSHIELD: High Resistance to Moisture
UK - There are many red mite control products on the market, however, FOSSILSHIELD is a non-toxic diatomaceous earth and is unique in its ability to accept an electrostatic charge due to its high resistance to moisture.
Meriden Exhibits at Ildex Viet Nam
VIET NAM - Meriden Animal Health Limited exhibited at Ildex Viet Nam last week, welcoming the opportunity to greet old and new customers alike.


Poultry and Fish Price Hikes Follow FMD Epidemic


Changing the Sex Ratio in Chicken

United States

AMI Joins Coalition in Call for Comprehensive FTA
CME: Chicken Stocks Still Down
Judge Withdraws Approval for Antibiotics in Feed
March USDA Reports and Beyond
International Production & Processing Expo Logo Introduced
Congress Mulls over Law on Battery Cages
Cal-Maine's New Sales for Q3 for Fiscal 2012 Up
CME: Grain Markets Await Plantings & Stocks Report
January Turkey Meat Exports Higher Than a Year Ago
Changing Dynamics of Food Animal Production
Opposition to Corn Ethanol Subsidies Reiterated
Ohio Voters Favour Federal Bill on More Space for Hens
Moark Donates Over 1M Eggs in Time for Easter Holiday


Customs Impounds Contraband, Frozen Chicken
Poultry Farmers Protest High Fees
Lagos Supports Poultry, Rice and Aquaculture
Transforming Poultry Waste to Wealth in Lagos

United Kingdom

NFU Poultry Board Seeks New Chairman
Reform to Hen Cages Right & Necessary, Says Labour MEP
Industry Day: Healthy Food from Healthy Animals
Poultry Industry Sees Bright Side of Chancellor’s Budget
McDonalds Steps Up Support for Farmers
Chickens Firm Family Favourite in Time for National Pet Month
TURKEY CONFERENCE: Attendance Rises Again
Poor Home Hygiene Blamed for Rising Food Poisoning
E.Coli Warning from Excessive Antibiotic Use
Minister Outlines Export Opportunities
Vets Urge Caution over Claims in ‘Superbugs’ Report


US Corn Quality Report Hits Algeria, Morocco
US to Appeal WTO Country of Origin Labelling
Bid to Move World Trade Talks Forward
Vaccinating Chickens to Prevent Food-borne Illness
Epigenetics: The Next Frontier in Livestock Genetics
Global Investment in Sustainable Agriculture Needed


Canada Looks to Secure Trade
Cost-Effective Feed Critical to Livestock Production
Canada, Manitoba Partner to Protect Animal Health


JBS Revenue Rises but Profits Fall
Moody's Upgrades Brasil Foods' Rating


Broiler and Egg Production Increasing in Turkey

Hong Kong

Hong Kong Agriculture & Fisheries Visits Guangdong
Hong Kong Discovers More HPAI in Wild Birds


The Norwegian Link
Next Generation of Poultry Scientists


Plans to Expand Table Egg Capacity


Consolidated Financial Results for Ovostar Union


Chicken Prices at Record High


Indonesia Reports Sixth Bird Flu Death


Newcastle Disease Outbreaks in Hazafon


Nepal Reports More HPAI Outbreaks in Bagmati


Chile’s Court Suspends Collusion Case
Possible Import Tariff Surcharge for Corn, Chicken Imports from Argentina


IPC to Discuss Poultry Health, Sustainability


Efforts to Boost Poultry Industry Underway in Tanzania

Sri Lanka

Illegal Poultry Farm Causing Health Hazards

European Union

ForFarmers Group to Acquire BOCM Pauls


Imported Chicken Sold Under Local Brand


BIRD FLU: Govt Falls Foul of Poultry Ban in Orissa

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