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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 12 April 2012

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The Poultry Site

Thursday 12th April 2012.

Jackie Linden - ThePoultrySite Senior Editor

Jackie Linden
Senior Editor

Editorial – US Takes First Step to Reduce Antimicrobial Use

The USDA Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has introduced a voluntary initiative on antimicrobial use in the US.

FDA has announced that it is taking three steps to protect public health and promote the judicious use of medically important antibiotics in food-producing animals. A voluntary initiative for labelling and use of antimicrobial drugs in livestock is proposed.

Antimicrobial resistance occurs when bacteria or other microbes develop the ability to resist the effects of a drug. Once this occurs, a drug may no longer be as effective in treating various illnesses or infections. Because it is well established that all uses of antimicrobial drugs, in both humans and animals, contribute to the development of antimicrobial resistance, it is important to use these drugs only when medically necessary, says the FDA.

Based on a consideration of relevant reports and scientific data, FDA is proposing a voluntary initiative to phase in certain changes to how medically important antimicrobial drugs are labelled and used in food-producing animals. FDA is taking this action to help preserve the effectiveness of medically important antimicrobials for treating disease in humans.

FDA has issued three documents that will help veterinarians, farmers and animal producers use medically important antibiotics judiciously in food-producing animals by targeting their use to only address diseases and health problems. Under this new voluntary initiative, certain antibiotics would not be used for so-called ‘production’ purposes, such as to enhance growth or improve feed efficiency in an animal. These antibiotics would still be available to prevent, control or treat illnesses in food-producing animals under the supervision of a veterinarian.

USDA’s Chief Veterinary Medical Officer stressed that his organisation has worked with the FDA to ensure that the voices of livestock producers across the country were taken into account and that it will continue to collaborate with the FDA, the American Veterinary Medical Association and livestock groups to ensure that the appropriate services are available to help make the transition.

Also in the US, the World Agricultural Outlook Board, in its latest World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates report, has raised its forecast for broiler production for the first half of the year, as well as for turkey and egg output for the year. The broiler export forecast is reduced slightly from last month. Prices for all three sectors are forecast to rise.

Finally, turning to bird flu news, a flock of ducks in Taiwan has tested positive for the low-pathogenic form of the disease. H5N1 highly pathogenic avian flu has been found in a wild bird in Hong Kong. South Africa's ostrrich industry, lately hard hit by many outbreaks of avian flu, has announced it may reestablish its export markets by selling cooked ostrich meat.

Jackie Linden

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GLOBAL POULTRY TRENDS – Problems with European Egg Trade
Trade in egg and egg products is big business in the European Union, according to Terry Evans in his analysis of the egg industry in Europe. The region accounts for more than 60 per cent of global egg trade.

Can Naked Oats Cut Organic Chicken Production Costs?
Scientists at Ohio State University have received a four-year, $896,000 US Department of Agriculture grant to study the feasibility of incorporating so-called ‘naked oats’ into organic farming rotations as a way to cut the cost of producing organic chicken.

Quantitative Analysis of Waterfowl Parvoviruses in Geese and Muscovy Ducks
Researchers in Poland have developed a real-time polymerase chain reaction method for the detection of parvoviruses in geese and Muscovy ducks, even in young birds before symptoms were observed.

Threonine Requirement of Broiler Chickens during Subclinical Intestinal Clostridium Infection
A higher ratio of threonine to lysine improved the performance of broilers infected with Clostridium perfringens, the pathogen associated with necrotic enteritis, according to researchers based in the Netherlands and France. However, intestinal damage was not affected by the amino acid ratio.

Managing the Hatch Window
The term ‘hatch window’ is used to describe the time span between the hatching of the first and the last chick in one particular hatcher. However in ­practice, because it is impossible to look inside each and every hatcher basket without compromising the hatcher climate, the hatch window is estimated rather than measured precisely.

Coccidiosis Vaccination: Making a Good Thing Even Better
Two experts from Merck Animal Health describe their field experiences with coccisiosis vaccination oand discuss new strategies for successful programmes in the company’s Broiler Health publication.

Aviagen takes on Dutch Poultry Research Facility Spelderholt
NETHERLANDS - Aviagen has boosted its global Research and Development capacity through a long-term lease of the research facilities of the internationally renowned applied poultry research institute Spelderholt, based in Lelystad, the Netherlands.
New Director of Pfizer US Veterinary Medical Services
US - Pfizer Animal Health announced today that it has named Dr Christine Jenkins to the position of Group Director of US Veterinary Medical Services.
New Staff Additions Strengthen Aviagen Team in Latin America
LATIN AMERICA - Aviagen Latin America recently increased its staff, hiring three new professionals in order to continue to provide superior service to customers in the region. The new team members include Marco Aurelio Romagnole de Araujo, Jonivan Paloschi, and Ed Wilson Fava.
Ceva Develops Vectormune HVT AIV vaccine
UK - Ceva announced the successful development and subsequent USDA approval of Vectormune HVT AIV, a recombinant vaccine against Avian Influenza (AI), at the 8th International Symposium on AI.
First Grimaud Grand Parent STAR 53 Pekin Duck Flock
CHINA - On March 2012, world n°1 in duck meat producer Shandong New Hope Liuhe Group received its first flock of Grand Parent Star 53 Pekin ducks from Grimaud Freres Selection in France. The delivery went well for several thousand GP ducklings of lines A, B, C and D, placed directly in quarantine for 30 days right after their arrival in China.

   Hong Kong

H5N1 Virus Found in Wild Bird in Hong Kong

   United Kingdom

Third Welfare Science Conference Scheduled
Egg Shell Recycling Idea Gets Food and Drink iNet Support
Layer Health, Welfare Discussion Meetings Imminent
Mad Men ‘Go to Work on an Egg’
NFU Organic Lobbying Success

   Sri Lanka

Poultry Farms Required to Register by 30 April


Ag Minister Promises to Revival of Imo Poultry

   United States

High-tech Tactic May Expose Stealthy Salmonella
2012 Veterinary Biologics Training Programme
Researchers Find Evidence of Banned Antibiotics
What You Don’t See Can Hurt You
AFBF Analysis Sees Soybeans as New Market Driver
Cargill Third Quarter Earnings Level
Food Costs Could Rise with Relocation & Reduction
Arsenic and Other Compounds Not Fed to Chickens
CME: WASDE Contained Few Surprises
Importance of Livestock Assistance in Farm Bill
Reduce Lameness Losses Through Probiotics
Industry Condemns Misleading Claims About Supermarket Chicken
Half of Supermarket Chickens Tainted with Poultry Faeces
FDA Introduces Voluntary Initiative on Antimicrobials


CCTV Reveals Poultry Polluted by Industrial Rosin
Farm Produce Prices Fall for Third Week


Food Prices Remain Nearly Unchanged in March
BIRD FLU: Smuggled Chickens Infected with Bird Flu; LPAI Affects Ducks in Taiwan; Ceva Develops Vaccine


More Taiwanese Ducks Affected by LPAI

   Russian Federation

ABH MIRATORG Mixed Feed Production Up in 2012
Cherkizovo Group Launches Poultry Breeding Facility


Incentive for Poultry Farmers in Next Budget Promised


Government Rules Out Imported Poultry Ban


Ban on Indian Poultry Products Triggers Price Hike


Government Helps Poultry Farmers Meet Changing Consumer Demands


March Chicken Exports Up Compared to a Year Ago

   European Union

Programme Launches First Food Security Initiative


Intestinal Health Management in Tomorrow’s Poultry Industry

Intestinal Health
Biomin - Mycotoxins
Global Poultry Trends 2011
World Poultry - 11th Annual Conference 2011

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Merck Animal Health - It's a New Day for Animal Health

Biomin - The Natural Way
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Intestinal Health
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The Difference is in the Delivery


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LIMA - Quality in Meat-bone Separation

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