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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 19 April 2012

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The Poultry Site

Thursday 19th April 2012.

Jackie Linden - ThePoultrySite Senior Editor

Jackie Linden
Senior Editor









Editorial – Market Impacts of EU Battery Cage

The EU directive banning battery cages for laying hens had much to commend it but the impacts on the egg market may have been overlooked or underestimated.

Just three months after the ban came into force on 1 January, EU egg production is reported to be down by between 10 and 15 per cent and there has been much disruption in the market.

Despite years of advanced warning, many egg producers failed to replace in time their old cages with the so-called enriched or colony cages, which are acceptable under the new directive.

It had been expected that some farmers intended to leave egg production rather than update their housing systems: the Commission had estimated 2.5 per cent drop in egg production. However, the Directive has had a much bigger impact than predicted.

Furthermore, markets are suffering disruption in less obvious ways. In the UK, for example, prices have increased substantially but the free-range sector continues to have a tough time due to over-supply as so many new free-range units have been built recently. Few British egg producers opted for barns or aviaries as alternatives to battery cages.

Bearing in mind that the whole UK egg industry was largely compliant with the directive in advance of the ban, the plight of its free-range producers seems unfair, if not entirely unexpected.

From Member States less well prepared for the changes, there have been reports of substantial increases in egg prices. Farm–gate prices for eggs increased 72 per cent between 2011 and the end of February in Spain, for example. In the Czech Republic, one egg cost 2.50 crowns in December but 7.00 crowns in the run-up to Easter.

The situation in the Czech Republic highlights another problem: that country was heavily reliant on imports of eggs from Poland, which was only minimally prepared for the ban on battery cages. Supplies from there to the Republic dried up almost overnight as the EU authorities made it clear they will come down hard on any national governments allowing trade between Member States in ‘illegal’ battery eggs.

Spain’s poultry industry is under attack from all directions, it seems. Not only were egg farmers unprepared for the battery cage ban but the present drought is hitting domestic feed crops yields, as previously reported. Now, the country's farmers are threatened by a possible ban on imports of soy and other products from Argentina. The ban is being considered in retaliation for a political wrangle between the two countries over the ownership of an oil company.

Colombia's farmers are concerned about the free trade agreement (FTA) with the US, which begins on 15 May 2012. The agreement will eliminate most tariffs immediately and phase out the remaining tariffs over periods of up to 19 years – 18 years for chicken leg quarters because of fears that US leg quarter exports could overwhelm the Colombian market.

This treaty is a double–edged sword for Colombia. The livestock sector generally wants access to cheap corn and soybeans to feed their animals, since they import large quantities of these products from the US, while the poor state of the country's roads may be put into the spotlight.

FAO recently convened the First Global Multi-stakeholder Forum on Animal Welfare, with more than 250 participants representing the food industry, farmers, the civil society, inter-governmental organizations, governmental authorities and the academia in 35 countries, which reflected the growing conviction that animal welfare is an issue of widespread interest, said the organisers.

Turning to bird flu news, a significant outbreak of H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza has been reported in China's Northwestern Ningxia Hui autonomous region, involving 23,000 chickens on several farms in one village. H5N2 low-pathogenic bird flu has been found in another flock of native chickens in Taiwan.


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GLOBAL POULTRY TRENDS – Slow Population Growth but Rise in Processed Egg Uptake in Europe
With the population likely to remain fairly constant, the key feature of the egg market in Europe in the coming years is the rise in the consumption of egg products by the region’s residents, according to Terry Evans in the last part of his analysis of the European egg industry. Some estimates point to the proportion reaching as high as 40 per cent in certain countries by 2025.

Waste of Processed Product at Retail and Consumption Level
Roughly one-third of the edible parts of food produced for human consumption, gets lost or wasted globally, which is about 1.3 billion tons per year. Food is wasted throughout the food supply chain, from initial agricultural production down to final household consumption, writes Dr Ashleigh Bright from the Farm Animal Initiative.

Environmental Factors to Control When Brooding Chicks
Brian Fairchild, Extension Poultry Scientist with the University of Georgia, discusses temperature and chick physiology, the effects of temperature and chick performance, the importance of relative humidity, ventilation and lighting as well as energy conservation.

Effects of Canthaxanthin on the Productive and Reproductive Performance of Broiler Breeders
Canthaxanthin supplementation of diets for broiler breeders improved hatchability and fertility and reduced the presence of thiobarbituric reactive substances in eggs, according to new research from Brazil.

Empty Shells – a Valuable Source of Information
Empty egg shells can give valuable information to the hatchery, according to Gerd de Lange of Pas Reform.

Understanding How IB Attacks Clarifies Need for Broad Vaccine Protection
Understanding how the infectious bronchitis (IB) virus attacks the chicken’s respiratory system clarifies why broad IB vaccine protection is needed, writes Aris Malo, DVM, global technical director for poultry for MSD Animal Health, in Journal of Poultry Respiratory Protection.

Combating Health Issues
Every day, new reports are published in newspapers worldwide reporting about the effects of antibiotic resistant bacteria and their consequences on human health, according to Biomin.


Aviagen Export Analyst Shares Real-World Experiences
US - Attendees of the 38th Annual Animal Transport Association (ATA) Meeting held in Vancouver, British Columbia, recently heard first-hand about proven best practices in humanely and safely transporting animals overseas.
Prinzen Introduces OVOSET
NETHERLANDS - The OVOSET is a most affordable solution for setting hatching eggs onto setter trays by a machine. The incoming flow of eggs is carefully aligned and positioned points down.
Fourth Annual Aviagen Technical Meeting Held in Brazil
BRAZIL - Aviagen Latin America held its fourth annual Technical Meeting, which included its Brazilian consultants, on 12-15 March in Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil.


   Indonesia

Feed Company Merger in Prospect in Indonesia

   India

Poultry Prices Slashed to Lift Consumption

   Australia

Free to Roam Chicken Case in Federal Court
Helping Keep Track of Queensland's Livestock

   United States

Slight Increase in Retail Food Prices Driven
NCC Blasts Vegan Group’s Misleading Claims about Supermarket Chicken
Congresswoman Welcomes FDA Move on Antibiotics
Egg Company CEO Responds to HSUS Criticism of Farm Conditions
FDA Reports on Antibiotic Residues in Distillers Products
FDA Invites Comments on Antibiotic Reduction Proposal
CME: Beef, Pork, Poultry Output Down Last Week
Has the 2011 Corn Crop Been Rationed?
Turkey Gnats Pose Problems for Birds
How to Curb Discharge of the Most Potent GHG
NFU in Washington: Pass a Farm Bill in 2012
CME: Corn Plantings Off to a Strong Start
Livestock Legislation Compromises Welfare

   European Union

Young Farmers Central to Policy Reform
EU Draws up Animal Cloning Options
New Target for Reduction of Salmonella in Turkeys
EU Hen Welfare Tops Agenda at UK NFU
EU Welfare Regulations and the Law of Unintended Consequences

   Philippines

Chicken Droppings to Power Biogas Plants in Rizal
South Korea Opens Market to Philippine Poultry
Philippines Bans Poultry Imports from Netherlands

   Norway

Packaging with Smart Functions

   Austria

More Food for Fewer People?

   Taiwan

More Cases of LPAI in I-Lan
Manila Suspends Imports of Poultry from Taiwan

   Hong Kong

HPAI Identified in One Oriental Magpie Robin

   United Kingdom

Campylobacter Found in Supermarket Chicken
Rise in Mortality in Free-range Layer Flock
EU Agriculture Reforms Too Complex
Training in Intensive Livestock Health and Production
Alternative Options for Poultry Litter Management
Government Fails to Improve Livestock Sustainability

   Brazil

Brazil Hosts 24th World Poultry Congress

   Pakistan

Chicken Prices Reach Record High

   Chile

Beef, Pork, Chicken Production Increases in 2012

   Global

Living under the Shadow of Pesticides and Antibiotics
Ukraine and Jordan Expand Agricultural Cooperation
Joint Efforts to Address Animal Welfare
BIRD FLU: H5N1 in NW China; HK Bird Flu Sparks Chicken Cull

   Israel

Nine Newcastle Disease Outbreaks in Israel

   China

China Expects Slowing Farm Produce Price Growth
H5N1 Bird Flu Reported in NW China

   Colombia

Colombian Poultry Industry Concerned about FTA

   New Zealand

Chicken Farm Closes Ahead of Welfare Changes

   Bhutan

Tsirang Poultry Businesses Threatened by Indian Rupee

   Bangladesh

Two Jailed for Selling Dead Chicken

   Spain

Import Restrictions on Argentinian Soy Would Affect Livestock Producers


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