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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 26 April 2012

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The Poultry Site

Thursday 26th April 2012.

Jackie Linden - ThePoultrySite Senior Editor

Jackie Linden
Senior Editor

Editorial – Biosecurity in the Spotlight

Researchers at Cambridge University have shed new light on Salmonella, a common food poisoning bug. Using real-time video microscopy, coupled with mathematical modelling, they have changed assumptions about Salmonella and how it infects human cells. The research was published in Interface.

Dr Bryant, from the University of Cambridge, said: "Understanding how these bacteria invade, survive, proliferate and kill vital macrophage cells provides a wealth of knowledge to help improve our health. For the first time, we have been able to calculate the rate at which Salmonella can infect macrophages and we have also seen evidence of dual infection and reinfection of a single cell."

Their research found that many incorrect assumptions had been made about Salmonella infection, particularly that macrophages are highly susceptible to infection. Their data showed that infection occurrences after initial contact between a bacterium and macrophage were low. The probability of that bacterium infecting the cell is less than five per cent. However, they also showed that an infected macrophage can be reinfected by a second bacterium. The concept of reinfection by Salmonella had not been considered before and this previously overlooked mechanism may make an important contribution to total bacterial numbers in infection studies.

The study also highlighted the fact that some cells are far more susceptible to infection than others. Rather than grouping all macrophages together in terms of their susceptibility to infection, the research shows that there is a spectrum of susceptibility.

"Our research revealed novel biological processes that occur when Salmonella interacts with macrophages. It will lead to a reconsideration of the mechanisms behind infection which will be important for the future development of intervention strategies," added Dr Bryant.

Thai chicken exports to the EU are to go ahead from July. On 3 April, Thailand’s Agricultural Affairs Office in Belgium notified its Minister of Agriculture that the EU’s Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health reached a consensus to reopen the imports of Thai frozen uncooked chicken, beginning on 1 July 2012. Thailand’s uncooked chicken has been banned since 23 January 2004 when an outbreak of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) bird flu was detected.

Trade sources reported that the EU directives on the decision should complete the required legislative process by early May. The EU allocates Thailand a quota of 92,610 metric tons of its total quota of 264,245 metric tons for uncooked salted poultry meat. The in-quota tariff rate is 15.4 per cent while the out-of-quota rate will be €1,300 per ton.

A few large export-orientated chicken processing plants have indicated that Thailand would be able to export 50,000 metric tons of uncooked chicken meat to the EU in the second half of 2012.

More samples have been tested in Dubai in order to improve biosecurity further in the country. As part of raising biosecurity and safety from biological risks in the Emirate of Dubai, many more samples have been tested the Veterinary Services Section of Dubai Municipality (DM) has completed the examination of approximately 26,232 samples received during the first quarter of this year from various farms – an increase of 30 per cent from last year.

The head of veterinary services, said the section works in line with the strategic plan and strategic objective of the Emirate of Dubai in order to raise the biosecurity and ensure the safety from biological risks arising from diseases that affect animals and birds as well as common diseases among humans and animals.

In the UK, the Food Standards Agency is launching enhanced molecular-based surveillance and source attribution of Campylobacter infections in the UK.

Turning to bird flu news, new outbreaks of H5N1 have been reported in the last week in China and Bhutan. In Bangladesh, almost two-thirds of poultry farms have been closed down over the last two years due to highly pathogenic avian flu.

Jackie Linden

Keeping Geese Keeping Geese
Written from thirty years of first-hand experience of keeping, breeding and exhibiting these birds, Keeping Geese gives an insight into their habits and behaviour.
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Poultry Signals Poultry Signals
Proper management starts with recognising signals in practice. For poultry-keepers, this means being alert when in the hen house, watching and listening to the animals, and paying attention to their behaviour as a group as well as their individual behaviour.
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Importance of Grit Removal from Commercial Shell Egg Processing Wastewater
One essential element of an effectively operating commercial shell egg processing wastewater treatment system is the efficient removal of grit as the negative effects can be substantial, according to Dr Brian Kiepper of the Departments of Bio & Ag Engineering and Poultry Science and Dr Casey Ritz of the Department of Poultry Science, both at the University of Georgia.

Effect of Feeding Hemp Seed and Hemp Seed Oil to Laying Hens
Inclusion of the hemp products, hemp seed and hemp seed oil in the diets of laying hens up to levels of 20 and 12 per cent, respectively, did not adversely affect the performance of laying hens and increased the ?–3 fatty acid content of eggs, according to new research from Canada.

Epigenetics: A New Challenge in the Post-Genomic Era
While controversial, epigenetics does appear to offer potentially significant value to livestock genetic programmes. Oscar Gonzalez-Reico from the Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria, Madrid, Spain looks at the challenges faced in dealing with epigenetics in Frontiers in Genetics.

Enigma of the Red Poultry Mite
Greater priority should be given to the eradication of red mites on poultry farms, according to Serbian researchers, A. Pavlicevic (AVES Inc. in Palic), I. Pavlovic (Scientific Veterinary Institute in Belgrade) and Natasa Pavlicevic (Specialist Veterinary Institute in Subotica).

23rd Annual Australian Poultry Science Symposium 2012
Proceedings of the 23rd Annual Australian Poultry Science Symposium 2012, held at the University of Sydney on 19 to 22 February 2012.

Choose Battles Wisely When Considering a Recombinant
“You have to look at the big picture and use recombinant vaccines strategically,” says Marilynn Finklin, DVM, poultry technical service manager for Merck Animal Health in Broiler Health.

Optimum Timing for Pulling Day–Old Chicks
Incubation time depends on flock age, egg storage time and incubation temperature, according to Marleen Boerjan of Pas Reform, so it is impossible to standardise optimal pulling time.

Groundbreaking Ceremony for Premix Plant in Viet Nam
VIET NAM - On 4 April 2012, BIOMIN Viet Nam held the groundbreaking ceremony for a new premix plant at Viet Nam – Singapore Industrial Park 2 (VSIP 2) in Binh Duong province.
AB Vista Launches New Intuitive Website
BRAZIL - AB Vista is springing into action this April with a freshly designed, more intuitive website – introducing a platform for new generation services for customers across the feed industry.
Novus Celebrates Record Year of HMTBa Production
US - Confirming what commercial partners and animal nutritionists have known for decades, Novus is continuing to harness the full value of the HMTBa molecule in several species.
One Month to go to World Poultry 2012
BELGIUM - World Poultry is the premier forum for the international poultry industry, providing essential information needed to deal with the most pressing challenges and to benefit from new opportunities and contacts, say the event organisers.
Aviagen Hosts First Latin American Business Conference with Customers
MEXICO - Aviagen Latin America held the first Aviagen Business Conference for Latin America (ABC-LA) customers from 29 March through 1 April in Cancun, Mexico.
EuroTier 2012 Remains Bound for Success
GERMANY - The international EuroTier 2012 exhibition to be held in Hanover from 13 to 16 November is attracting more suppliers of machinery and equipment, farm inputs and animal breeding from home and abroad than ever before.
Cobb Global Animal Welfare Appointment
GLOBAL - Dr Kate Barger has been appointed director of world animal welfare for Cobb.
1st IMV Seminar on Poultry Reproduction
FRANCE - IMV organized its first seminar on poultry reproduction in its new headquarters in l’Aigle, on 18 and 19 April. A total of 87 people registered for the event.
Foodmate US Names Operations & Engineering Manager
US - Foodmate US has named veteran engineer David Hughes as Operations and Engineering Manager.
Teaching Academy Steering Committee Named
US - Four months after its inaugural meeting sponsored by Pfizer Animal Health, the Consortium of Western Regional Colleges of Veterinary Medicine announced today that it has established a new Teaching Academy to identify, share and leverage expertise across the five colleges in the Consortium. The Teaching Academy will support the development and implementation of best practices and scholarship in veterinary medical education.
Aviagen Welcomes Cherkizovo Group to Scotland
SCOTLAND, UK - Aviagen and Cherkizovo Group, Russia’s leading poultry meat producer and one of Aviagen’s key Russian customers, have completed a series of meetings at Aviagen’s European headquarters in Edinburgh in a move designed to share technical information and improve understanding of modern farming methods.
Global Market for Coproducts is Changing
FRANCE - The global market for co-products is changing as the meat and poultry processing industry develops.
New Distribution in Australia
AUSTRALIA - Termotecnica Pericoli will be expanding their Asian sales and marketing activities during the upcoming PIX Exhibition on the Gold Coast, QLD from 20-23 May 2012 with the announcement of the appointment of a distribution network in the Australian market.
Aviagen's Dr Ken Laughlin Passes Away
SCOTLAND, UK - Dr Ken Laughlin, one of the world’s most respected animal welfare and poultry breeding experts, has died after a period of illness.
Hubbard Extends Distribution Network in Indonesia
INDONESIA - Hubbard is very pleased to announce that they have concluded a Grand Parent Stock agreement with Sujaya Group Ltd., based on Kalimantan-Indonesia, for the production and sales of the Hubbard Classic in Indonesia.
AB Vista Sponsors Debate on Pigs, Poultry and Phosphorus
NETHERLANDS - AB Vista is sponsoring a symposium on the benefits of the mineral phosphorus for pigs and poultry. Titled ‘Developments in Phosphorus Nutrition in Pigs and Poultry’, the symposium takes place in Wageningen on 14 June 2012.


Cattle Numbers Down While Poultry Numbers Grow

   Sri Lanka

Sri Lankan Poultry Industry to Expand


Mexico-US Poultry Talks Collapse
World Broiler Production Up, Despite Challenges
BIRD FLU: HPAI Reported in China; Irish Ag Department Lifts Restrictions in Cork
Global Petition to Improve Treatment of Farm Animals


Eggs Turn Cheaper on Oman Ban on Imports from India
Guidance for Poultry Farmers on Reduction of Bird Flu Incidence
Suguna Poultry to Diversify

   United States

Delay to Poultry Inspection Proposals
NCC Responds to News Report on Proposed Poultry Inspection System
NCC Supports Opening of Indian Market for US Poultry
CME: Cold Storage Supplies Higher than Last Year
Expectations for the 2012-13 Corn Marketing Year
AFBF Urges Senate to Move Farm Bill Forward
WPC Expo 2012 Gathers Important Poultry Industry Brands
NFU: Farm Bill Mark-up Recommendations
Burger King Announces Animal Welfare Reforms
CME: Significant Decline in Number of Broilers Coming to Market

   United Kingdom

Research Call for Campylobacter Study
Poultry Farmer Benefits from the Sun
Egg Shells Hatch into Sophisticated Uses
UFU Still Supportive of Rose Energy Project
British Lion Eggs at Pig and Poultry 2012
Cambridge Sheds New Light on Salmonella
Union Leaders Concerned at Possible Payment Cuts


Bhutan Reports Another HPAI Outbreak

   European Union

Short Supply Chains Increase Farm Returns
Export Refunds for Egg Products Reduced to Zero
Excessive Bureaucracy under EU Subsidies
Call for EU-wide Fair Play in Grocery Chain


DA Orders Inspection of Markets for Smuggled Meat


Hybrid Poultry Gets Ultimatum
Poultry Sector Woos $80,000 Investment


Indian Eggs Threaten Bangladesh Poultry

   South Africa

Chickens Suffer as ZA Govt Project Collapses


SA Egg Producers Crack Free Range Definition
No Choice at Free Range Egg Talks


FG to Revive Avutu Poultry Farm in Imo


Schothorst Feed Research Expands Poultry Research Possibilities


BR Frango Starts Operations at Paraná Complex
Poultry Meat Considered Healthy and Nutritious


Support for Manitoba's Premises Identification Program
Ag Minister Extends Tasty Challenge to MPs
Experts Challenge Sustainability of Food System


Chinese Farm Produce Prices Drop
HPAI Outbreak Reported in China


Three Newcastle Disease Outbreaks in Hazafon


Ag Department Lifts Clonakilty Avian Influenza Restrictions

   Russian Federation

Cherkizovo Reports Increased Poultry Sales in Q1 of 2012

   United Arab Emirates

DM Examines Farm Samples to Raise Biosecurity


Thai Chicken Exports to the EU Go Ahead from July

   Viet Nam

Viet Nam's Middle Class Lifts Food, Feed Demand

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