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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 8th November 2004's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter
Monday 8th November 2004
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Welcome to this week's newsletter

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

We start this week in Thailand, where the government will put six laboratories into operation from next week in an effort to identify any outbreaks of the bird flu virus at the earliest possible opportunities. Once the laboratories are operational, test results will be available within 24 hours, said the Head of Thailand's Medical Science Department.

The Thai government has also announced the country has successfully eliminated avian flu in six provinces, as no new cases of bird flu were reported in these regions over the past weeks. October inspections also found bird flu-ridden areas reduced in nine provinces, while eleven provinces have become new bird flu-ridden areas.
     The government announced the success of its one-month campaign against avian influenza outbreaks last Monday, reports eFeedLink. But the country remains alert and is implementing strict measures to prevent the virus from thriving in the coming cool season. According to Thai Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra, " The situation has been significantly improved in one month and we have identified existing problems. But we still have to be prepared and mobilize all resources to tackle the problems."

More than 1.5 million chickens and 147 tigers have been killed during last month’s operation to wipe out the bird flu virus. The destroyed fowls were mainly in farms and villages in the country's central and lower northern regions of the country, where most cases of bird flu both in poultry and humans has been found since the virus re-emerged in the country in July. The government also destroyed 147 tigers at Sri Racha Tiger Zoo where several had died from bird flu after being fed raw chicken.

Malaysia has been declared free of bird flu but remains on high alert for any signs of the deadly virus, according to The Borneo Bulletin. The country has not detected any cases of the lethal H5N1 strain of the virus since October 10, said Veterinary Services Department director-general Hawari Hussein.

In Hong Kong, a preliminary test of a dead Grey Heron found in the Lok Ma Chau area indicated a suspected case of H5 avian influenza, an official said. Further confirmatory tests are being conducted. All poultry farms within 2 kilometers of where the dead bird was found had been inspected by AFCD staff. There was no abnormal mortality and the chickens showed no symptoms of avian influenza.

China has joined forces with North Korea, South Korea, and Mongolia in the fight against bird flu, setting up a diagnostic laboratory and surveillance network linking the four countries, according to The FAO is funding the project with a 400,000-dollar grant. The idea is to prompt laboratories to share research on bird flu and provide guidance to other countries in the region that may be at risk of infection.

In the UK, researchers at London's Queen Mary Hospital have revealed that Roche's Tamiflu, an anti flu drug, works against the bird flu virus H5N1 strain. They say the drug is effective against avian and human forms of the virus. In a study the researchers said that Tamiflu (oseltamivir) is effective against the strain that is now hitting Vietnam and Thailand.

Egg producers in Shropshire UK were told they should take steps to ensure that their flocks are protected against salmonella infection right through to the end of lay. Matthias Mangels, Lohmann Animal Health said "We have been informed that an EU salmonella survey means that faeces/dust samples will be collected by the State Veterinary Service from flocks approaching the end of production."
     He said that the industry was doing a good job in controlling salmonella. Human cases of salmonella PT4 (the type linked to UK eggs) in 2003 decreased once again to 22.5% below the previous year and "an enormous 43%" down since the year 2000.
See also: for more information on salmonella in poultry

The USAPEEC International Poultry Development Program (UIPDP) may involve itself in yet another poultry meat production project in Russia. UIPDP President James Sumner made the announcement Thursday during an conference devoted to the joint enterprise Elinar Broiler's fifth year of operations. The UIPDP and Russian company Elinar carried out the Moscow region Elinar Broiler project. More than $30 million has been put into the company since its inception.

After two years of slow growth in the US chicken industry, low feed costs and strong consumer demand are prompting producers to increase flocks by about 4 percent from a year ago. Industry experts predict more growth next year. This should be good news for poultry-loving consumers. But opinions are mixed on whether this will hurt or help chicken companies like Tyson Foods Inc. and Pilgrim's Pride Inc.
     "While profit margins are not great, they are at a level that gives companies some confidence to do a bit more. Next year, I think we will see 4, maybe 4-1/2 percent," Bill Roenigk, vice president at the National Chicken Council, said of the production increases.

A team of researchers has found antibiotic use in animal production results in healthier animals, and the meat from these animals has lower levels of bacteria that can cause food-borne illness in people.
     University of Minnesota researchers developed a mathematical model to evaluate the potential human health risks and benefits of the use of the antibiotic tylosin in chickens. They compared the potential risks associated with increased levels of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in meat with the potential benefits associated with decreased risk of food-borne illness.

Japan has confirmed that it will send inspectors to view Thai chicken and pork processing plants in November, while ruling out any link between the inspections and bilateral free trade negotiations, the Permanent Secretary for Agriculture and Cooperatives revealed last week. The secretary also stressed that both countries would benefit from the proposed free trade area (FTA) deal, which the two prime ministers were eager to sign.

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

In this regular newsletter section we aim to provide a brief overview of the new Feature articles that have been added to the site over the past week.

We have 3 new features this week

Shelterbelts: Has Their Time Come?
By G.T. Tabler, Poultry Science Department at the University of Arkansas's Avian Advice - The increasing urban expansion into rural areas creates numerous challenges for livestock producers to various types of farming operations. A strong livestock industry is essential to the nation’s economic stability, the viability of many small rural communities, and the sustainability of a healthful, plentiful and high quality food supply for the American public.

Mortality Management Options
By Casey W. Ritz, Ph.D. Extension Poultry Scientist, University of Georgia - This report looks at how Poultry production facilities must deal with the disposal of farm mortalities on a daily basis. Death loss in animal production is an unfortunate reality that requires appropriate handling to prevent the spread of disease, the potential for odor and pest problems, and the possible contamination of surface and ground water. This article focuses on the requirements in the state of Georgia, but is generally applicable to most producers.

Minimizing Aflatoxin in Corn
By Mississippi State University - Aflatoxin is a naturally occurring toxic chemical by-product from the growth of the fungus Aspergillus flavus on corn and other crops such as peanuts and cottonseed.

That's all for this week.

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