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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 19 July 2012

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The Poultry Site

Thursday 19th July 2012.

Jackie Linden - ThePoultrySite Senior Editor

Jackie Linden
Senior Editor

Editorial – Highly Pathogenic Bird Flu Hits Mexico’s Egg Industry

From the most recent report from the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), dated 16 July, 305 poultry farms have been sampled for highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in the Mexican state of Jalisco, which is the centre of the country’s egg industry. The first outbreaks are reported to have started on 13 June. The virus, of the H7N3 subtype, was isolated in 33 farms; diagnosis was ongoing in other 166 and 106 have tested negative to H7N3 virus. The population at risk in these 305 farms amounts to about 17 million birds, of which 60 per cent of commercial farms, 24.6 per cent broilers, 8.5 per cent of backyard poultry and 6.9 per cent of breeders, according to the report sent to the OIE.

As part of the measures taken to reduce the risk, the buffer zone had already been extended to an area of about 22,000 square kilometres. As the result of depopulation of the poultry farms, around 3.8 million birds have been slaughtered and destroyed of an affected population of 9.3 million birds. Control measures on the movement of birds, their products and by-products were in place in the quarantine area and 22 check and surveillance points had been established – 14 around the perimeter and eight inside.

To prevent the disease from spreading further, authorities announced they had acquired about two million doses of vaccine from China through the middle of July, and National Health, Food Safety and Food Quality Service (SENASICA) director has said Mexico expects to have about six million does available by the end of the month.

Mexico’s government has taken action to prevent price speculation on eggs after prices took a jump after the first outbreaks were reported and expanding the supply of eggs by temporarily increasing imports for this year.

This latter decision did not sit well with the Mexican poultry industry. Ricardo Estrada, president of the Asociación de Avicultores de Tepatitlán said the imports are a new threat to Jalisco poultry producers, who already have to deal with the outbreak of avian flu.

He blamed authorities in neighbouring states for contributing to the price speculation by banning imports of eggs and poultry products from Jalisco, regardless of whether they came from the infected farms. Meanwhile, he and other local leaders are pushing for the state and federal governments to create a special contingency fund to compensate the affected poultry producers and the workers who have lost their jobs as a result of the outbreak. By some estimates, the outbreak has already cost 1,800 jobs.

SENASICA has since expanded the scope of review into areas adjacent to the initial quarantine area in order to protect the birds in the buffer zone.

It has stated that the H7N3 influenza virus poses no risk to humans, whether they are in contact with birds or poultry products, such as meat and eggs, and that the control measures are intended to protect the commercial poultry production in the area.

Furthermore, SENASICA has conducted a working meeting with laboratories in the veterinary pharmaceutical industry involved in the production of H7N3 avian influenza vaccine to contain the H7N3 outbreak.

It was confirmed that three laboratories – Avimex, IASA and Ceva – will manufacture some 80 million doses of the vaccine in Mexico. Those will be available later this month to protect a population, initially, of 40 million birds. The production capacity of those companies may reach 350 million doses per month. Merial Mexico has indicated that the company is manufacturing 12 million doses of the vaccine in the European Union.

Turning to news of bird flu in other countries, the confirmation of H5N1 virus in a swab sample collected from a bird cage in a pet shop in Hong Kong on 5 July has led to the temporary closure of a local market. The H5N1 virus has also been found in 38 birds intercepted at Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport on 7 July 2012; the birds were being smuggled by a passenger travelling from Macao to Taiwan and euthanised immediately. Authorities in Nepal have declared the country to be bird flu-free.

And finally, in other news, Bob Ingham, the long standing and sole shareholder of Inghams Enterprises Pty Ltd of Australia, has decided to sell the business.

The US poultry industry has signalled its satisfaction in response to the final action by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on a 2011 proposed rule that would have required Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) to submit information to the Agency regardless of whether or not they discharge to a water of the US.

Also in the US, widespread drought conditions continue to reduce the 2012 US corn and soybean yield potential. This will do nothing to reduce the high level and volatility of feed prices across the globe in the coming months.

GLOBAL POULTRY TRENDS - India’s Population to Exceed China’s by 2022
As a region, human population in Asia will rise more slowly than the global average, writes Terry Evans, but social and economic changes mean that chicken meat consumption will continue to develop in most countries, both overall and per person.

In-Ovo Monitoring of Embryonic Development Could Help to Optimise Poultry Hatchery Operations
Researchers at the Georgia Tech Research Institute and Auburn University are investigating whether the status of an avian embryo can be monitored and its hatch time predicted, using a non-invasive and rapid spectrophotometric technique to track the changing embryo in-ovo or inside the egg, according to a report from the Agricultural Technology Research Program at Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI).

Effects of Different Vitamin E Sources and Levels on Rearing Performance of Slaughter Turkeys
A natural form of vitamin E (RRR-d-?-tocopherol) at half the inclusion level or the dl-?-tocopherol acetate level recommended in 2005 for turkeys were more effective in stimulating the antioxidant status of female turkeys than synthetic tocopherol acetate, according to new research from Poland.

Global Overview for Avian Influenza
Since 2003, H5N1 bird flu has killed or forced the culling of more than 400 million domestic poultry and caused an estimated US$20 billion in economic damage across the globe before it was eliminated from most of the 63 countries infected at its peak in 2006, according to a report from the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations.

Optimising Hatchery Design for Peak Performance
Expert advice from Sander Koster of Pas Reform, who says: “Good design is crucial to cost–effective hatchery operation.”

Aviagen Launches New Production Management School
GLOBAL - Aviagen has announced the launch of its first Production Management School for customers based in Europe, Turkey, the Middle East and Africa following the success of similar schools in the US, China and Brazil.
Cobb Germany Hatchery Workshop for Leading Producers
GERMANY - More then 30 participants from leading German poultry producers took part in a two-day workshop seminar organized by Cobb Germany at the MMT veterinary laboratory at Köthen.
EuroTier 2012 - Bigger than Ever Before
GERMANY - So far 2,100 exhibitors from 50 countries have signed up for EuroTier 2012. With 30 per cent more exhibition space, the show will be held in Hanover from 13 to 16 November 2012.
New Synergy in Thai Distribution
THAILAND - With effect from 1 July 2012 Termotecnica Pericoli will no longer be associated with Utile Engineering Int’l Co Ltd - Thailand in respect to the sales and distribution of their range of ventilation products due to differences in core business focus and philosophy.
Outstanding Scholar and Teaching Awards Presented at 2012 PSA Meeting
US - During the Poultry Science Association (PSA) annual meeting held this week in Athens, Georgia, Novus International, Inc. presented two prestigious awards – the Outstanding Scholar and Teaching Awards.
ORKA Instruments Reputation Stays Strong in China
CHINA - Instruments manufactured by ORKA Food Technology are gaining market share and strong recognition in Chinese market.
LIMA Sales Jump in Asia and Middle East
ASIA & MIDDLE EAST - LIMA expects its sales in Asia to jump on the back of onset Asean Economic Community (AEC) in 2015.
Key Appointment Highlights Importance of Nutrition
GLOBAL - Aviagen has announced the appointment of Dr Antonio Kalinowski as Poultry Nutritionist for Europe, Turkey, Middle East and Africa. Dr Kalinowski will be based in Spain and is part of the global nutrition team managed by Dr John Halley.
Merial Takes Worldwide Avian Forum to Rome
ITALY - Conference gathers experts and industry leaders from Europe, Middle East, North America, Latin America and Asia to share updates on avian immunosuppressive diseases and novel vector vaccine technology. More than 250 veterinarians and poultry production specialists from 36 countries in Europe, the Middle East, North and South America and Africa participated in the Merial Avian Forum in Italy’s capital city earlier this month.
Best-Selling Authors Unveiled as Speakers at World Nutrition Forum
SINGAPORE - International best-selling author, John Naisbitt, and the Director of the Naisbitt China Institute in Tianjin, Doris Naisbitt, will deliver their guest speech on Day One of the 5th World Nutrition Forum in Singapore.


BIRD FLU: Bird Flu Back in a Stronger Avataar; Nepal Declared Free from Bird Flu
No Long-Term Effects of Feeding GM Diets


Veterinary Vaccines Found to Combine into New Viruses
National Food Plan for Australia
Inghams Prepares for Sale
Farmers Ask for Quarantine Facilties to Stay
DPI: New Livestock Traceability Rules Bolster Biosecurity


Customs Impounds, Destroys Poultry Products


Tax on Imported Food Will Benefit Farmers

   United States

Poultry Groups Urge Media Not to Stigmatize Production Methods
House Agriculture Committee Advances Farm Bill
AFBF Applauds House Ag Committee Farm Bill
CME: Changes to Forecasted Meat, Poultry Output Muted
AFBF: Livestock Antibiotic Proposals Based on Theory
Expected Price Pattern for Corn and Soybeans
Poultry Industry Pleased with EPA’s Final Action on Farm Database Proposal
Retail Prices for Meats, Dairy and Eggs Decline Slightly
Public Food Pathogen Genome Database Created
CME: Corn and Soybean Situation Equally Bad
Congress Fails to Restore Disaster Support for Struggling Producers
Rising Grain Prices Impact Production
CME: Beef, Pork and Chicken RPCE Demand


Chicken Vendors Launch Strike Against Price Hikes

   Hong Kong

Bird Market Closed Due to Detection of H5N1 Virus
Govt Approves New AI Vaccine for Poultry


Economia Opens 221K Metric Ton Egg Quota
Mexico Confirms 28 High-Path Bird Flu Outbreaks
High-Path Avian Flu Outbreak Hits Mexico's No. 1 Egg State
Mexican Egg Supply is Guaranteed for the Second Half of 2012
H7N3 Control Measures Expand


Egg Prices Cut Ahead of Lean Offtake Period
Poultry Sector in Andhra Seeks Subsidy in Rice, Wheat


Irradiate Poultry to Reduce Foodborne Illness

   European Union

Importance of Young Farmers Highlighted
Farm Ministers Look at Strengthening Agricultural Markets
Report Shows Drop in Dietary Dioxin Exposure over Last Decade

   Russian Federation

Russia, Kazakhstan, Belarus Keep Customs Union


Ukraine Bans Chinese Poultry Imports


Small Cooperatives Urged to Merge and Go Big in Poultry


IPC Annual Meeting Set for Brazil in August

   United Kingdom

Yorkshire Farmhouse Eggs UK’s Number One Producer
DNA Vaccines and Future of Disease Control
Farmers for the Future - Breaking Down Barriers
Smart Solutions at Soil and Water LIVE 2012


French Avian and Foie-Gras-type Waterfowl Research Days


HPAI Outbreak Reported in Taiwan


Poultry Sector Reaches Record Production of Two Million Tonnes


China's Farm Produce Prices Retreat


Ghana Poultry Association to Receive Support

   South Africa

Excessive Brine in Chicken May Pose Health Risk

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