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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 23 August 2012

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The Poultry Site

Thursday 23rd August 2012.

Jackie Linden - ThePoultrySite Senior Editor

Jackie Linden
Senior Editor








Editorial - Poultry Hit the Medical Headlines

Two news items this week from the medical research world have put the poultry industry back in the firing line again as links have been made to negative impacts on human health.

The first involved a study from Western University in Canada, published recently in Atherosclerosis, which has linked egg yolk consumption and atherosclerosis.

Research led by Dr David Spence shows that eating egg yolks accelerates atherosclerosis in a manner similar to smoking cigarettes. Surveying more than 1,200 patients, he and his team found regular consumption of egg yolks is about two-thirds as bad as smoking when it comes to increased build-up of carotid plaque, a risk factor for stroke and heart attack.

The study has received critical attention from the egg industries of other countries.

From the US, the Egg Nutrition Center and American Egg Board have commented that the results of the Canadian study "are surprising and contradict more than 40 years of research demonstrating that healthy adults can enjoy eggs without significantly impacting their risk of heart disease".

Mitch Kanter, PhD, Executive Director of the Egg Nutrition Center, added: "While eggs provide many nutrients and make an important contribution to overall diet quality, they are often accompanied by foods high in saturated fat and calories. These pairings were not taken into consideration in the Atherosclerosis study."

The agencies added that Western University carried out an observational study, which is not designed to measure causality. Further, the researchers did not adjust for lifestyle habits including smoking and exercise patterns, waist circumference, intake of saturated fat, alcohol, or foods commonly eaten with eggs like high-fat meats and other high-fat side dishes.

Australia's Egg Nutrition Council concurred with the US agencies' response, describing the Canadian study claims as 'weak', highlighting the important variables that were not measured, such as total dietary intake and physical activity level.

In the second health-related story of the week, researchers at New York University School of Medicine say that antibiotics used in livestock production could have widespread clinical implications in humans, potentially affecting everything from nutrient metabolism to obesity in children.

Ilseung Cho, MD, MS, and colleagues set out to reveal how antibiotics used in farm animals act on the body, hypothesizing that low doses of the drugs may alter the composition and function of the bacteria in the gut. The resulting study, appearing this week ahead of print in Nature, confirmed their theory about the gut microbiome, the term used to refer to the community of bacteria that lives in the stomach, and raises new questions about how manipulating it can impact metabolism and disease in the body.

The researchers administered STAT to normal mice and observed that the mice receiving antibiotics developed increased fat mass and percent body fat. After about six weeks, the mice that received antibiotics had gained about 10 to 15 per cent more fat mass than the mice that did not receive antibiotics. The researchers also noted that bone density was significantly increased in STAT mice early in development and that particular hormones related to metabolism were affected by antibiotic exposure, as well.

Dr Cho commented that the scientific community is only now beginning to understand just how complex the microbiome is and how it affects health and disease. With a better understanding about the interactions between the microbiome and hosts and how these interactions can be manipulated, he and his colleagues believe the finding has the potential to affect a wide array of conditions ranging from childhood obesity to metabolic syndrome in adults.

There was one positive food-related story for the poultry industry. Campylobacter is a bacterium often linked to poultry in cases of food poisoning but dairy products were more commonly associated with infection than those from poultry in a new study. Looking at common source outbreaks of Campylobacter infection in the US between 1997 and 2008, Centers for Disease Research and Prevention researchers found that that Campylobacter is a common but decreasing cause of foodborne infections. Foodborne transmission was reported in 86 per cent of outbreaks; dairy products, poultry and produce were implicated in 29 per cent, 11 per cent and five per cent, respectively, of the food-related cases.

And finally, UK supermarket, Morrisons, reports it is working with its British poultry suppliers to develop an information pack aimed at helping them tackle the impact of wet litter on bird health and performance.

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Maximizing Yield Key to Higher Returns
Procedures to increase product yield, regardless of product mix or accounting procedures, are outlined by David Beaver, Technical Processing Specialist with Cobb-Vantress, Inc. in the company's latest 'Technical Focus'.

Biofilters for Odour and Air Pollution Mitigation
A review of biofilter use and the main design and performance factors by Kevin A. Janni (University of Minnesota), Richard K. Nicolai (South Dakota State University), Steven Hoff (Iowa State University) and Rose M. Stenglein (also University of Minnesota).

Meat Quality and Sensory Attributes of a Conventional and a Label Rouge-type Broiler Strain
Cooked thigh meat from conventionally reared broilers scored higher than that from Label Rouge-type alternatives for most of the sensory attributes, according to new research from the US. Strain differences for cooked breast were minimal.

Broiler Trailer Thermal Conditions during Cold Climate Transport
During cold winter conditions, Saskatoon researchers found moisture removal and the re-distribution of heat were key to providing the most comfortable conditions for broilers during transportation.

Hatchery Flooring and Drainage
The quality and construction of hatchery flooring can contribute significantly to operational productivity and cost–efficiency, says Férenc Elshof of Pas Reform.

Interaction Effects between Sender and Receiver Processes in Transmission of Campylobacter
Dutch research has revealed that acidification of the drinking water can reduce the transmission of C. jejuni between birds. The treatment is equally effective when applied to the sender or receiver groups but there was a significant negative interaction when both groups received acidified water.

Composting Poultry Mortalities
Advice on improving composting on farm by Mark Risse, John Worley and Frank Henning of Cooperative Extension at the University of Georgia, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.

Impacts of Farming Intensification on Wildlife and Ecosystem Health
At a recent meeting, FAO experts voiced concern that wildlife species are increasingly at risk from the expansion and intensification of agricultural production, which appropriates habitat and exposes wildlife and livestock to one another’s diseases.


Equipment Progress Impresses Cobb Technical Team
NETHERLANDS - The progress being made in developing improved poultry equipment impressed Cobb Europe’s technical team when they visited five suppliers in the Netherlands.
Hy-Line International Welcomes New President
US - Jonathan Cade has been promoted to President of Hy-Line International, the world's leading supplier of layer genetics.
Biomin at AGRENA 2012 in Egypt
EGYPT - This year’s edition of the poultry exhibition AGRENA was held a few days after Egypt’s first elections in almost three decades. Salman Abbas (Area Manager) represented Biomin at this exhibition at the booth of Dakahlia – the company's distributor in Egypt.
Aviagen Strengthens Presence at World Poultry Congress
BRAZIL - Aviagen, the world's leading poultry breeding company, had significant participation in the 2012 World Poultry Congress, held August 5-9 in Brazil.
Big Dutchman International Team Build Connections
US - Big Dutchman Inc. invited its Latin America sales team to Holland in Michigan, USA for five days of inspiring exchange and learning. It was the first meeting of this kind since Mark Larson, Vice President of International Sales came to BD Inc. to build and further developed the network of Latin American poultry sales.
Termotecnica Pericoli Highlights Customer Commitment
ITALY - From humble beginnings as a local Italian manufacture of domestic heaters, Termotecnica Pericoli developed over the past 45 years into a global leader in their field of agricultural and livestock, environmental control and management with their extensive range of heaters, ventilation, cooling and control equipment and systems.
AB Vista Set to Supply Natural Betaine
UK - AB Vista, the global feed micro-ingredients company, is set to become one of only two suppliers of natural crystalline betaine in the world. Thanks to an important new agreement with the US beet sugar business, The Amalgamated Sugar Company, AB Vista will from 1st October 2012 be selling natural betaine to customers globally – under the brand name Vistabet.
Biomin.net Now Available in French
FRANCE - Biomin has now launched a French version of the corporate website www.biomin.net.
VIV Europe 2014 Kicks off Full Force
NETHERLANDS - In spring 2014, VNU Exhibitions organises its flagship-event: VIV Europe. As world expo for animal husbandry & processing, VIV Europe 2014 welcomes feed-to-meat professionals from all corners in the world in Utrecht, the Netherlands from May 20-22. The event consists of the exhibition and an extensive conference & seminar programme.
Biotronic Top3 Wins Innov'Space 2012 Award
GLOBAL - Modern livestock production faces the challenge of having to achieve higher levels of productivity and delivering high-quality products at the same time, according to Biomin, yet optimum growth performance in livestock production is continuously endangered by bacteria, which cause high energy losses and negatively impact the growth of the animal.
Broilers Next on Agenda for Aviagen Production School
EUROPE, MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA - Aviagen has announced that the second module of the new Production Management School for customers based in Europe, Turkey, the Middle East and Africa (EMEA) will be held in Turkey between 29th October and 5th November 2012. The School will focus on broiler management including health, welfare and nutrition.
Orego-Stim Launches in Algeria
ALGERIA - Orego-Stim was recently launched at a trade show in Algeria by Meriden’s distributor, VAPC. Meriden staff visited Algeria to present to product to numerous vet consultants, before attending the trade show to help with the launch.
PCS Announce FOSSILSHED Mite Treatment
UK - FOSSILSHIELD is a non-toxic diatomaceous powder. As the mite attempt to remove FOSSILSHIELD from their skin, the powder begins to scratch away their waxy outer layer, exposing the fatty tissue underneath. The powder then dries this tissue, killing the insect naturally.
Biomin Forum in Russia
RUSSIA - On 7 June, the team of Biomin Russia organised a poultry forum in the capital of the South Federal District – Rostov-on-Don, the Gates to the Caucasus.
Pfizer Supports Efforts of US Farmers, Ranchers Alliance
US - US Farmers & Ranchers Alliance (USFRA) announced that Pfizer Animal Health has joined USFRA, becoming the first animal health company member of USFRA's Premier Partner Advisory Group.


   Brazil

BRF Issues Statement on Marfrig Brand Acquisitions
Soaring Feed Prices Hit Brazilian Poultry Industry

   New Zealand

New Zealand Aims for World Leading Animal Welfare

   Global

JBS Reports Strong Performance by Mercosul Group
George Watts Named Secretary General of IPC

   United States

USDA Seeks Grants to Help Producers Increase Value
CME: Would RFS Waiver Affect Corn Prices?
Low-Interest Emergency Drought Loans Available
Poultry Science Association Names New President
Rationing the 2012 US Soybean Crop
Comment Period Open on Renewable Fuel Waiver
Egg Agencies Raise Doubts over Latest Health Study
Should Foods Made with GM Ingredients be Labelled?
Study Identifies Common Sources of Campy Infections
Fire Sprinkler Dispute Rejected by Fire Protection Association
Six States Now Lobbying for RFS Waiver
Coalition Pushes Congress to Pass Farm Bill
Antibiotics Could Increase Obesity, Say Researchers

   United Kingdom

Alternative Use for Poultry Litter Discussed in Ireland
British Egg Information Service Responds to Canadian Research
4G Would Benefit Farming, says NFU
Morrisons Helps Poultry Industry Tackle Wet Litter

   Viet Nam

OIE: More H5N1 Outbreaks in Viet Nam

   Canada

Species, Diet Influence Manure Composting
Meeting the Greatest Global Farming Challenge
Research to Replace Antibiotics in Livestock Feed
Study Links Egg Yolk Consumption to Heart Disease

   Mexico

Mexico Announces Import Quotas for US Eggs
Mexico Begins Second Stage of H7N3 Vaccination
Mexico Explains Egg Price Increase

   Germany

German Meat Production Down Slightly
German Poultry Industry Expects 'Significant Feed Shortage'

   Sweden

HKScan to Increase Efficiency in Sweden

   Russian Federation

Russia Restricts Imports after Dutch H7N7 Outbreak

   Australia

Australian Egg Nutrition Council Responds to Canadian Egg Study

   Ireland

Grain Losses Increase as Weather Deteriorates

   Philippines

Government Proposes 2013 Agriculture/Fisheries Budget

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