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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 20 September 2012

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The Poultry Site

Thursday 20th September 2012.

Jackie Linden - ThePoultrySite Senior Editor

Jackie Linden
Senior Editor








Editorial - International Agencies Tackle Food Insecurity

Weather conditions have been the driving force behind the three food price 'spikes' that the world has experienced in the last five years, according to a new report.

While droughts in one part of the world or another have hit grain production every second year since 2007, floods elsewhere have also hit crop yields, putting up costs of production across the livestock sectors.

At the same time, according to the Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations, the International Fund for Agricultural Development and the World Food Programme, the increased use of crops that could be used for food for non-food purposes and speculation and hedging have led to more and more volatility in food prices.

"Until we find the way to shock-proof and climate-proof our food system, the danger will remain," the organisations said in a joint statement earlier this month.

The three organisations have pinpointed the main reasons for global food and feed price hikes and they claim that they have put in place "policies and instruments" to tackle the problems.

They warn that for every 10 per cent increase in the price of food, the World Food Programme has to find $200 million a year in food assistance, and they have called for investment in agriculture and social protection and an adjustment in policies to grow alternative uses for grains.

The risk of sharp food price rises exists because global food production is largely in the hands of only a few major food producers and when poor weather causes poor yields and high prices, countries are more likely to put domestic protection measures in place.

"Countries must avoid panic buying and refrain from imposing export restrictions which, while temporarily helping some consumers at home, are generally inefficient and make life difficult for everyone else," the FAO, IFAD and WFP said.

Poultry industries in several countries are warning of difficulties ahead as a result of high feed prices and have been calling for support from government and/or retailers in Ireland, Brazil, France and Thailand.

In the last week, the global water situation has been described as a crisis.

The world today faces a water crisis with critical implications for peace, political stability and economic development, experts warn in a new report issued jointly by the InterAction Council (IAC), a group of 40 prominent former government leaders and heads of state, United Nations University and Canada's Walter and Duncan Gordon Foundation.

A few mind-boggling facts from the report: approximately 3,800 cubic kilometres of fresh water is extracted from aquatic ecosystems globally every year. With about one billion more mouths to feed worldwide by 2025, global agriculture alone will require another 1,000 cubic kilometres (one trillion cubic metres) of water per year - equal to the annual flow of 20 Niles or 100 Colorado Rivers. It is expected that water demand in India and China alone – the world's two most populous countries – will exceed supplies in less than 20 years.

The report, published by the United Nations University – Institute for Water, Environment and Health (UNU-INWEH) and edited by Harriet Bigas, calls on governments and policy-makers to reform radically attitudes towards water and how it is managed globally.

Real change is needed, it says. There is little doubt that putting water on the global agenda is critical, not just to feed nine billion people in 2050 with less agricultural water than today but also to address the critical development challenge of doing this in a safe and sustainable way to protect the livelihoods of the rural poor.

Finally, turning to news about bird flu, new outbreaks have been reported in the last week in Viet Nam and China. South Korea has stepped up bird flu controls at its ports of entry.

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GLOBAL POULTRY TRENDS 2012 - Little Growth Forecast in Europe's Human Population
As population growth in European countries is forecast to be modest in coming years, any increase in chicken consumption will depend on real income growth, changes in the price differentials between chicken and other meats and shifts in social attitude to eating, according to Terry Evans in his latest forecast for trends in chicken meat consumption in the region.

Surveillance of Salmonella Prevalence in Animal Feeds and Characterisation of the Salmonella Isolates
Twelve per cent of more than 2,000 samples of feeds, feed ingredients and pet products tested by USDA between 2002 and 2009 were positive for Salmonella, with Senftenberg and Montevideo being the most common serotypes.

Contrast in Light Intensity Rather than Daylength Influences Broiler Behaviour and Health
Light intensity had a greater effect than daylength on broiler behaviour and health, according to new research from the University of California, Davis. Researchers observed that low-contrast light intensity appeared to dampen behavioural rhythms and may have an imapct on bird health.

Respiratory Disease on Breeder-Chicken Farms in the United States
The results of a USDA National Animal Health Monitoring System (NAHMS) study of breeder chicken farms in 2010, which examined potential risk factors for respiratory disease relating to farm surroundings, farm/house characteristics, human traffic, birds and other animals on the farm, and bird/egg movement and transport.

Influence of Enclosure Size on Growth of Breast and Leg Muscle Fibres in Domestic Fowl
Bodyweight gain was greater for broilers raised to 42 days with more space but other performance measures were unaffected, according to new research from Sao Paulo University in Brazil. The researchers found that space allowance for older birds affected hypertrophic growth and metabolic characteristics of breast and leg muscle fibres.

Irish Annual Review and Outlook for Agriculture, Food and the Marine: Poultry and Eggs
The 'Annual Review and Outlook for Agriculture, Fisheries and Food 2011/2012' provides a reference for all those who are interested in monitoring the performance of the agri-food sector. It provides an analysis of the structure and performance of the sector and it quantifies the benefits EU membership has had in terms of budget and trade. It also provides a view of likely trends in the sector over the coming months.

Selling Sustainability? In Search of the Retail Business Case for Sustainable Diets
This report presents the results of a research exercise commissioned by WWF and conducted by Brook Lyndhurst during the latter part of 2011 and early part of 2012. The research was designed to investigate the business case for retailers to further support and promote sustainable diets.

Salmonella in Animal Feedingstuffs and Other Products Associated with the Animal By-Products Regulations
Of the almost 45,000 tests carried out on these materials in Great Britain last year, fewer than one per cent were positive for Salmonella, according to the 2011 edition of 'Salmonella in Livestock Production in GB', an annual publication from the Veterinary Laboratories Agency.


Peruvian Sales Team for Santrev
PERU - Santrev has continued to increase their presence on the worldwide poultry stage by setting up their Peruvian sales team and meeting with the top five local poultry companies.
Aviagen Includes Genomics Information
UK - After eight years of sustained investment in unravelling the relationship between the chicken genome and broiler and breeder performance traits, Aviagen has now included genomics information in the routine selection of its elite lines. Genomics information will complement existing selection techniques, adding to the continuous improvement of Aviagen products year-on-year.
Merck Partners with Layer Operations on Salmonella Control
US - Commercial egg-laying operators are keenly aware of how important effective disease management is to the health and production of their flocks, especially when the disease has the potential to result in food-borne illness. That's why Merck Animal Health is committed to partnering with egg producers to find an effective and FDA-compliant solution for the prevention of Salmonella.
Quantum Blue Hits Mexico
MEXICO - A major launch event on 20 September will see AB Vista introduce its revolutionary phytase enzyme, Quantum Blue, to Mexico. First launched to the US market in January 2012, Quantum Blue has now been launched with great success across a number of markets, delivering unprecedented performance benefits for pig and poultry producers around the world.
New Appointment at Merial
GLOBAL - Merial, a world leading animal health company, has appointed Paul Casady Vice President, Business Operations, Latin America and Oceania. Casady will oversee all commercial activities for South America, Mexico, Australia and New Zealand. He succeeds Jorge Sole, who retires effective October 1, 2012. Casady will be based in the Merial offices in Campinas, Brazil.


   United Kingdom

Young Poultry Farmers Set to Become Industry Leaders
Kelly Turkeys: Two Awards in One Week
Poll: Public 'Appalled' over Duck Rearing Conditions
Assurance Scheme Launched for Duck Production
Chicken Tax to Cost British Farmers Millions of Sales
BPC Claims RSPCA Duck Campaign Incorrect, Misleading
Focus on Egg Processing and Economics
BPC Supports French Biofuels Halt
Feed Prices and Poultry Health: Hot Topics at the UK Poultry Meat Conference

   United States

Farm Bill Now Rally Draws Hundreds of Supporters
JBS USA Announces Leadership Succession Plan
First Quota Auction for US Chicken Leg Quarters to Take Place in October
NFU Urges Congress to Vote on Farm Bill
Novel Training Opportunity for Poultry Vets
Free-Range Broilers Can Pick up, Carry Listeria
CME: Grain Markets Very Volatile
No Vote on Farm Bill
Mexico and Canada's Inclusion in TPP a 'Positive Opportunity'
Call Renewed for RFS Waiver
Early Corn Harvest, September Stocks
FSIS Clarifies Young Chicken Carcass Sampling Rules
Industry Assures Consumers: No Arsenic in Feed

   Canada

Livestock Species, Diet Influence Manure Composting Recipes

   Philippines

Census Will Help Develop the Industry

   Global

World Egg Day Web Site Launched
Global Water Crisis: an Urgent Security Issue
Water - The Threat and the Challenge
Can the World Beat Global Food Price Spikes?
Does Higher Welfare Mean Better Nutrition?
Farm Safety Must be a Priority

   European Union

Rising Raw Material Costs Threaten Production

   France

Glon Sanders, Duc Acquire Doux Plants
French Govt Supports Producers
International Coordination Stabilising Food Prices
FAO and OIE Work on Formal Accord

   Russian Federation

Cherkizovo Continues to Grow

   Ireland

Co-ordinated Weather Action Plan Gets Go-Ahead
Poultry Producers Seek Fair Play from Retailers
Nearly All Food Service Chicken is Imported

   Brazil

Poultry Industries to Benefit from Tax Relief
Exports of Meat, Soy Increase

   China

67,000 Birds Culled in Bird Flu Outbreak

   Korea, South

Salmonella Prevalence Varies in South Korean Chicken
Seoul to Step up Bird Flu Prevention Efforts

   Mexico

Egg Import Tariffs Eliminated
Repopulation of Birds Begins in Jalisco

   Viet Nam

Further Outbreak of Bird Flu in Viet Nam

   Australia

Ag Export Earnings Remain Strong

   Thailand

Thai Broiler Industry under Pressure

   Turkey

Egg, Poultry Production Increases in Turkey

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