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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 11th April 2013

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Thursday 11th April 2013.
Jackie Linden - ThePoultrySite Senior Editor

Jackie Linden
Senior Editor

Editorial - H7N9 Influenza in China

According to its latest report, dated 10 April, the World Health Organization (WHO) says a total of 28 human cases have been confirmed with influenza A(H7N9) virus in China, including nine deaths, 14 severe cases and five mild cases. The first known case was reported in early March, and all cases so far have been located in eastern China.

With the common flu symptoms of respiratory problems and pneumonia, the authorities are monitoring the situation closely. It appeared at first that the infection could not be passed from person to person but WHO's latest report states that in Jiangsu, investigation is ongoing into a contact of an earlier confirmed case who has developed symptoms of illness. The possibility of the virus being transmitted between humans cannot be ruled out, a WHO official has said.

Chinese officials have expressed confidence in curbing the H7N9 strain of bird flu, stating how the country has built capacity to deal with epidemics since the SARS outbreak.

The term 'bird flu' is much used in the media in respect of the current outbreak. In fact, birds (including poultry) may not be the direct source of infection in this latest outbreak; most of the victims did not have contact with poultry.

The link with birds is based on the fact that influenza A viruses of the H7 type are normally found in avian species. They have caused illness in humans in western countries in the past - but rarely and not in China.

A Chinese laboratory has described the H7N9 avian influenza as the result of a genetic reassortment of viruses from wild birds in East Asia with those from chickens in East China.

One feature of this outbreak that makes it different from H5N1 - which has been circulating since 2003 and is known to have infected 622 people - is that the H7N9 sub-type is a low-pathogenic form in poultry. H5N1 is highly pathogenic to most domestic poultry and most affected birds die suddenly. This low-pathogenic H7N9 form does not kill the birds and indeed, may only be identified by testing.

A veterinary expert in China said this week that H7N9 bird flu has not triggered an epidemic among poultry. However, the veterinary authority there has reported finding the virus in chickens and ducks at five live bird markets in Anhui, Zhejiang and Jiangsu - the regions with human cases. In Nanjing, live poultry markets have been closed.

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This Week's Articles and Analysis

GLOBAL POULTRY TRENDS: Europe Helps Double World Shell Exports
Europe, as a region, accounts for much of the global increase in the trade in shell eggs over the first decade of the millennium, according to industry watcher, Terry Evans. The greater part of this trade is between European Union member states.

Laying Hen Husbandry in Germany
With the judicial authorities currently investigating farm operators suspected of violating regulations on egg production, the German Federal Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection has published a review of egg production methods and their control in the country.

Colonisation of Internal Organs by Salmonella Enteritidis in Laying Hens Housed in Conventional or Enriched Cages
Housing system for egg-laying flocks can affect the susceptibility of hens to colonisation of internal organs by Salmonella Enteritidis, concluded US researchers, following experimental infection of the birds. Salmonella Enteritidis was detected more frequently in some organs of hens in conventional cages than those in enriched cages.

Poultry Litter Application on Pastures and Hayfields
Nutrient management planning and recommended rates ensure poultry litter is used in ways that maximise its benefits without harming the environment, according to Julia Gaskin and Glen Harris of the University of Georgia, Alan Franzluebbers of the USDA Agricultural Research Service and John Andrae from Clemson University.

Managing the Backyard Flock
Advice for those thinking of starting their own chicken flock for meat or eggs from Dr Tom Tabler, Dr Dustan Clark, Jessica Wells, Dr Wei Zhai and Dr Haitham Yakout with the Mississippi State University Extension Service.

Effect of Organic Acids on Salmonella Typhimurium Infection in Broiler Chickens
A new mixture of organic acids administered in drinking water reduced Salmonella Typhimurium in broiler chickens, according to researchers in the US and Brazil.

Common Source Outbreaks of Campylobacter Infection in the US
A study of the sources of Campylobacter infection in the US between 1997 and 2008 reveals that dairy products are the most common vehicle identified for outbreaks. Sporadic illnesses were primarily attributed to poultry.

Are Fumonisins a Real Threat to the Poultry Industry?
Mycotoxins of the fumonisin group have adverse effects on poultry health and productivity, according to this review from Biomin. Effective and long lasting mycotoxin risk management in combination with correct farm management, it concludes, will improve the health status and consequently, the performance of animals.

Company News

Cobb Appoints Marketing Manager for Fast Growing Asian Region
ASIA - Krit Pattanasak has been appointed by Cobb to the new position of marketing manager for the Asia / Pacific region. He will be based in the office in Bangkok, Thailand, which Cobb opened last year to serve its fast growing business across the region.
Biomax Technology Recycles Poultry Wastes to Organic Fertiliser
SINGAPORE - Biomax Technologies from Singapore has invented a breakthrough technology that recycles poultry wastes into organic fertiliser within one day.
Aviagen Participates in a Productive VIV Asia
THAILAND - VIV Asia 2013 proved to be a very responsive show with a lot of interest and an estimated 400 visitors to the Aviagen exhibition stand over the three-day event. Existing customers and new prospects also came from a number of markets outside the Asian region.
Novus Participates at Global Feed, Food Congress
SOUTH AFRICA - Novus International, Inc is excited to participate of the 4th Global Feed & Food Congress (GFFC) which will take place on 10 to 12 April in Sun City.
New Aviagen Parent Stock Handbook Introduced at VIV Asia
THAILAND - Aviagen marked the introduction of the company's new Parent Stock Handbook with the organization of three very successful customer seminars at VIV Asia in Bangkok for of each of their commercial products.
GFFC: Role of Agriculture in Feeding a Growing Population
SOUTH AFRICA - Novus International, Inc. has sponsored Dr Marty Matlock, Professor of Ecological Engineering, University of Arkansas (UA) and Executive Director, UA Office for Sustainability, at the 4th Global Feed & Food Congress (GFFC), which began on 10 April at the Sun City Resort in Sun City, South Africa.
Ceva Shares Global Field Experiences at New Technology Vaccine Symposium
US - The latest in a series of expert symposia, the New Technology Vaccine Symposium took place in the United States from 9-11 April 2013. Ceva believes that the sharing of field experiences between poultry experts is vital to achieving the full benefits that can be gained from the introduction of new technologies.
Market Reports

China Wholesale Prices - 8 April 2013
China Wholesale Prices - 9 April 2013
USDA WASDE - April 2013
USDA International Egg and Poultry: Growth in Philippines Poultry Production
China Wholesale Prices - 10 April 2013
USDA Broiler Hatchery: Broiler - Type Eggs Set in the 19 State Total Up Slightly
China Wholesale Prices - 11 April 2013

Global Poultry Industry News


Study Reveals Marketing Opportunity for Organic Chicken


German Egg Consumption Rises at Easter

   South Africa

Union Asks for EU, Brazil Chicken Import Tariffs
Critical Feed Issues Under Discussion at IFRM


Chinese Food Prices Keep Falling
Shanghai Begins Culling Poultry
China Confirms 21 Cases of H7N9 Infection
Nanjing Shuts Down Poultry Markets
Strong Biosecurity Measures Required in Response to Influenza A(H7N9) Virus
China's Flu Deaths Caused by Low-Pathogenic Virus
H7N9 Flu Can be Contained, Say Chinese Officials
No H7N9 Epidemic Among Poultry, Says Expert
BIRD FLU: Top Chinese Lab Reveals H7N9 Source; Authorities Deny Delay in H7N9 Reports; LPAI in Chicken, Duck Samples
LPAI Found in Chicken, Duck Samples


Brazilian Poultry Exports to Saudi Up
Study Shows Hatch Window Impacts Chick Development
Cost of Production for Pigs and Broilers Down in March

   United Kingdom

Chicken Gut: Microbial World Worth Exploring
Alternative Protein Sources
Conference Examines Science Behind Large-Scale Production
Breeding Better Chickens Website Launched
Egg Business Noble Foods Considers Sale
Training Programme Concludes with Key Business Insights

   United States

NFU Announces Beginning Farmer Institute Participants
App Launched by USPoultry
Pew Report Criticises 2011 Salmonella in Turkey Recall
Tyson Settles Plant Refrigeration Dispute
Summit Provides Insight on Food Safety, Ag-Gag Law
Study Finds Avian Virus Promising for Prostate Cancer Treatment
Virus Gets Rid of House Flies
Study Shows Essential Oils May Help Control Salmonella
CME: USDA Expected to Revise Estimates of Corn Ending Stocks
Grain Inventories, New Crop Outlook Boost Livestock Prospects
Consumers and Farmers Urge USDA to Protect COOL
Cargill Third-quarter Earnings Drop
4-H Poultry Project Registration Now Open
NFU Commends President's FY 2014 Budget
Bill to Reform Federal Ethanol Mandate Introduced in House
April Report Forecasts Tight Corn and Soybean Supply
Processor Workshop to Focus on Regulatory Updates, Sustainability
Egg White Protein May Help Control Blood Pressure

   European Union

ADAS Launches HealthyHens Project
Nordic Poultry Partnership Formed by CapVest, Lantmannen
Does Having Protected Geographical Status Boost Product Values?
Campylobacter, E. coli Cases Rise; Salmonella Falls


Turkey Producers Feeling Positive about Local Processing


Food Waste Has Environmental Downside


IEC Madrid Off to an Excellent Start
IEC: Big Opportunities for Egg Industry
IEC Madrid 2013 Comes to a Close


Newcastle Disease Outbreak in Haifa


Poultry Sector Seeks Relief Package to Overcome Crisis
Poultry Sector Seeks Revival Package


Ministries Look into Reported Shortage of Chicken

   Russian Federation

Miratorg Reports Growth

   Hong Kong

HK CE Pledges Resources to Fight H7N9


Ovostar Invests in New Housing, Equipment


US Grain Futures Weaken Modestly in Wake of USDA's Supply and Demand Report


Philippines Poultry Sector Grew in 2012


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Biomin - Mycotoxins
Global Poultry Trends - Exclusively prepared for
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