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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 16 May 2013

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ThePoultrySite
Thursday 16th May 2013.
Jackie Linden - ThePoultrySite Senior Editor

Jackie Linden
Senior Editor


Counting the Cost – of Poultry to the Environment and Avian Flu to the Industry

A new study in the US has found that poultry production brings a lower environmental burden than thought.

Federal environmental programmes have drastically overestimated poultry industry contributions to water pollution, according to a University of Delaware-led study that could trigger changes to river and bay clean-up plans across Delmarva and around the country.

James L. Glancey, a professor in the university’s Bioresources Engineering and Mechanical Engineering departments, said that a multi-state study, based on thousands of manure tests, found that actual nitrogen levels in poultry house manure are 55 per cent lower than the Environmental Protection Agency’s decades-old, lab-based standards.

This work could significantly impact the future of poultry farming in the Chesapeake Bay area, where a forecasting model has been used to guide a federally backed attempt to restore the bay’s health and ecosystems and assign clean-up goals.

Growth in agricultural production has resulted in increased agricultural greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions - with a huge proportion of emissions coming from livestock production, according to a new report from the Worldwatch Institute.

In Japan, researchers comparing the figures for the output of GHG for pig and poultry production in France and Japan found that changing the manure handling process and increasing the use of synthetic amino acids in feeds could be beneficial in reducing output.

Avian influenza can be very costly for the poultry industry, as the Chinese are finding to their cost. Official figures released this week by the China Animal Agriculture Association estimated that since the H7N9 influenza outbreak the poultry industry has recorded losses of more than 40 billion yuan (US$6.5 billion).

The central government announced this week subsidies of 600 million yuan ($96.77 million) to support the poultry producers across the country as live bird markets were closed to control the disease and poultry meat demand slumped. Processing companies will receive short-term subsidised loans and local financial institutions are being encouraged to offer credit aid to breeders and companies.

The China Development Bank, the country's policy lender has said it has issued emergency loans worth 116 million yuan (US$18.7 million) to help poultry firms cope with the impact of avian flu.

Chinese economists are predicting fewer cases of H7N9 flu in May and a dramatic improvement in market fortunes by mid-summer.

On human cases of influenza A(H7N9), the latest report from China gives the tally as 130 confirmed cases and 35 deaths from the virus.

Global players are also seeing bird flu affect their bottom lines. McDonald's Corporation, for example, reported comparable sales in April 2.9 per cent below the same month last year in Asia/Pacific, Middle East and Africa, which the company attributed to the impact of bird flu, especially in China.

Bird flu outbreaks have also been reported this week in Nepal (in a backyard flock; virus subtype unknown), in North Korea (H5N1 highly pathogenic virus in domestic ducks) and Tibet (H5N1 in a mixed flock of village poultry).

 


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This Week's Articles and Analysis

GLOBAL POULTRY TRENDS: Incomes Are Key to Egg Uptake in Africa and Oceania
Egg consumption per person increased in Africa and Oceania between 2000 and 2009, the latest year from which figures are available, reports industry analyst, Terry Evans, in his final look at the global egg business in the current Global Poultry Trends series.

Factors Determining Air Velocity Distribution in Tunnel-Ventilated Broiler Houses
Dr Brian Fairchild and Dr Mike Czarick at the University of Georgia have completed a research project funded by the USPoultry Foundation, in which they found important interactions between airspeed, static pressure, and air velocity distribution in tunnel-ventilated broiler houses.

Method of Administration Affects the Ability of Bacteriophage to Prevent Colibacillosis in Day-old Broiler Chickens
Bacteriophages can be effective to control colibacillosis in young chickens but they need to be administered so that high titres are present at the site of the bacterial infection, according to new research from the University of Arkansas.

Diseases of Farmyard Poultry. Part 2 - Control of Marek's Disease and Other Tumours
The clinical signs and control of Marek's disease, lymphoid leukosis, myeloid leukosis and the rare conditions of erythroid leukosis and osteopetrosis are described by Victoria Roberts, BVSc MRCVS, for NADIS.

Effect of Nipple Type Drinker Height on Productive Parameters of Broilers
The height of the nipple drinker produced no statistically significant differences in broiler performance in research from Mexico. However, birds that were able to drink through the side of the beak had numerically lower mortality and drank more water during the 42-day trial than those that were able to drink only through the tip of the beak.

Company News

McLeod Retires as GM of Aviagen New Zealand
NEW ZEALAND - Don McLeod has had an extensive career within the poultry industry, dedicating the majority of his working life to a handful of different companies over a 40-year period.
New Performance Objectives, Diet Specifications for Ross PM3
GLOBAL - Aviagen has launched Parent Stock (PS) Nutrition Specifications and Performance Objectives for the Ross PM3.
Big Dutchman Novelties for Breeder Management
RUSSIA - Poultry managers should be excited: Big Dutchman has recently launched two novelties for breeder management and presents both at the VIV Russia 2013.
Educators Share Experiences and Knowledge
US - Professors from Iowa State University, China Agricultural University, and Huazhong Agricultural University, along with veterinarians from Hy-Line International's Technical Services Department met in April.
Ariztia Chooses Pas Reform for New GP Hatchery in Chile
CHILE - Chile's Agricola Ariztia, one of the country's largest poultry producers, has commissioned Pas Reform Hatchery Technologies for the supply and installation of a new Grand Parent hatchery in Lagunillas (near Casablanca).
Hubbard and Suomen Broiler Oy Enter into Historic Agreement
FINLAND - Suomen Broiler and Hubbard SAS have announced that they have recently signed an exclusive distribution agreement with Hubbard.
House Environment Focus at Annual Aviagen SweChick Seminar
SWEDEN - Aviagen SweChick recently held its annual customer seminar, attended by representatives of the company's customer base across Sweden, Norway, Iceland and Denmark.
Market Reports

China Wholesale Prices - 10 May 2013
USDA WASDE - May 2013
USDA International Egg and Poultry - 10 May 2013
USDA Broiler Hatchery - 10 May 2013
Irish CSO: Consumer Price Index April 2013
China Wholesale Prices - 13 May 2013
China Wholesale Prices - 14 May 2013
USDA Feed Outlook - May 2013
USDA International Egg and Poultry - 15 May 2013
USDA Turkey Hatchery: Eggs in Incubators on May 1 Down 11 Percent from Last Year
USDA Broiler Hatchery: Broiler - Type Eggs Set in the 19 State Total Up 1 Percent
UK March Agricultural Price Index - 16 May 2013
China Wholesale Prices - 16 May 2013

Global Poultry Industry News

   India

Antibiotic Resistance in Egg Farm Study Raises Concerns
Humane Society: India Agrees Battery Cages Are Illegal
Soybean Meal Holds Key to Dip in Poultry Feed

   United States

Research Progress on Green Muscle in Broilers
Financial Management Seminar to Focus on Economic Trends
Senate Ag Committee Releases Farm Bill
Agriculture and Livestock Remain Biggest GHG Sources
Industry Body Puts Arsenic-in-Chicken Study in Perspective
US Poultry Meat Bodies State Their Case over Exports to EU
NFU: 2013 Farm Bill Gaining Momentum
NFU Weighs in on Trade Negotiations
Food Safety Concerns in Free-range Broilers
Photoperiod, Light Intensity Do Not Stress Broilers
NFU Outlines Farm Bill Priorities for Senate
CME: Pork and Poultry Production Will Expand as Beef Declines
Omtron Sues Chicken Farmers
NFU Outlines Farm Bill Priorities for House Committee on Agriculture
Product Innovation is Key at Tyson's
Poultry Pollution Overestimated, Study Finds

   Global

FAO Reports Strong Cereal Production and Food Price Rise
Another Rise in Global Food Price Index
Bird Flu in China Hits McDonald's Results
BIRD FLU: Bird flu in Pokhara, Nepal; Viet Nam Province Says Bird Flu Epidemic Over; H7N9 Flu Kills One in Central China

   Norway

Study Finds Whole Grains Cut Campy Colonisation

   Peru

Collaboration Between FSIS, SENASA Releases Shipment

   China

Premier Calls for Sound Agriculture
Nation Needs to Upgrade Poultry, Livestock Industries
OIE Reports LPAI Outbreak in Fujian
Chinese Scientists Uncover Origins of Novel H7N9 Influenza Virus
OIE Reports HPAI Outbreak in Tibet
Egg and Broiler Prices to Bounce Back from Bird Flu
China's Farm Produce Prices Drop
Bank Loans 116M Yuan to Support Poultry Firms

   Zimbabwe

Russians to Partner with CFI's Poultry Division

   European Union

EU Food and Feed Regulations to be Revised
EU Brings Reform of CAP Step Closer
Response to EC Package on Healthier Animals, Plants for Safer Food Chain

   Korea, South

Conference Reassures Korean Customers of US Partnership

   Jamaica

Jamaica Broilers Invests $300M in New Plant

   Spain

Tylvalosin Effective in Controlling Necrotic Enteritis

   Japan

Manure Handling Method, Feed Formulation Affect GHG Impact

   Denmark

Seaweed Marketed as Sustainable Feed Ingredient

   South Africa

Astral Foods Earnings Plunge on Rising Costs
Register Now for IEC Cape Town

   United Kingdom

Moy Park Named Processor of the Year
Survey Suggests Rural Economy 'Spiralling Towards Recession'
Taste of Success for Kelly Bronze
NFU President: Challenge MPs on CAP
Profit and Welfare Crucial for Pig and Poultry

   Korea, North

North Korean Duck Farm Hit by H5N1 Avian Influenza

   Germany

Minister Calls on Companies to Share Cost Burden of Food Controls

   Brazil

JBS Sees Profits Rise
Pig, Broiler Production Costs Drop to Lowest Level in April

   Ireland

Positive Discussion on Key CAP Reform Issues

   Uganda

Poultry Farmers Get Quality Assurance Laboratory

   Italy

Early Bird Registration Open for Poultry Meat and Egg Conferences

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