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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 27 June 2013

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ThePoultrySite
Thursday 27th June 2013.
Jackie Linden - ThePoultrySite Senior Editor

Jackie Linden
Senior Editor


Even Low-Pathogenic Avian Flu Impacts the Poultry Industry

Just a couple of months ago, bird flu was hitting the headlines in China as people were being affected by the avian influenza A(H7N9) virus. Over just a couple of months, the World Health Organization reported 132 laboratory-confirmed cases and 32 deaths. All the patients were in China and a broad range of ages; none had particularly close contact with live poultry and none of them passed the infection to other people.

The H7N9 virus was found to be most similar to one originating in birds – hence the ‘avian’ nomenclature – but it had low pathogenicity in poultry. Live chickens showed no symptoms and it was some time before a link with poultry could be found at all. Eventually, live bird markets in the key regions were closed temporarily.

Ten weeks on, there have been no further reports from the WHO of further human cases, and the live poultry markets have re-opened.

But what about the cost to the poultry industry? Last week, the Chinese government granted subsidies of 300 million yuan (CNY; US$48.54 million) to prop up the poultry sector as it struggles to recover.

The latest figures from the China Animal Agriculture Association indicate that the industry has recorded losses of more than CNY40 billion (US$6.5 billion, at the same rate) since the first outbreak in March.

And that from a disease that is not reported to have killed not a single chicken, had a minimal effect on human health – however regrettable the cases are on an individual, human scale – and the production losses were confined to one country.

Now let us turn our attention to the US. On 18 June, it was confirmed that one chicken in Scott County, Arkansas, was infected with an avian influenza virus. State officials quarantined all poultry within a 6.2-mile radius around the infected bird's farm and the Arkansas Livestock and Poultry Commission has since confirmed that the chicken tested positive for H7N7, also a low-pathogenic virus to poultry.

There are no confirmed reports of the virus spreading – although it is said that one breeder flock has been destroyed as a precaution against further spread of the disease. Neither are there reports of humans becoming infected.

However, the US is the world’s no. 2 poultry meat exporter and Arkansas is one of the top broiler-growing states. Three countries - China, Japan and Russia - have announced they have halted imports from the state until the quarantine is lifted, which is likely to be after 90 days.

Even if no further cases occur, one virus-positive chicken could impact US broiler exports for some time and hence, the country’s industry.

It is probably no coincidence that since the virus was found in the US, Brazil and Argentina have had high-level talks over measures to keep poultry diseases out of their countries. Brazil is even producing leaflets for air passengers and poultry farmers to alert them to signs of disease.

No region is immune from the threat of avian flu. A second outbreak of the H7N7 low-pathogenic virus has been reported in Lower Saxony, one of Germany’s most important poultry-growing regions in the last week.

Avian flu can have, at best, huge ramifications for the poultry industry. We all need to be on our guard.


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This Week's Articles and Analysis

Broiler Breeder Management is No Easy Task
Feed intake and photostimulation are the key factors for good production of fertilised eggs, according to Tom Tabler (Extension Professor), Chris McDaniel (Professor), Jessica Wells (Extension Instructor) and Haitham M. Yakout (Visiting Research Professor) of the Poultry Science Department at Mississippi State University.

Effects of Broiler Carcass Scalding and Chilling Methods on Quality of Breast Fillets
Broiler carcass chilling method has a much greater impact on the quality of breast meat than scalding method, according to researcher based in Athens, Georgia, and the influence of chilling on breast meat quality was independent of scalding treatment.

Insight into Hens' Range Use
Using Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology, research at the University of New England reveals that 90 per cent of the hens used the outdoor range on at least one day but that around 10 per cent of the hen population studied never left the range.

Effects of Virginiamycin Against Experimentally Induced Necrotic Enteritis in Chickens Vaccinated Against Coccidiosis
Administration of an attenuated coccidial vaccine increased morbidity and mortality in broilers challenged with Clostridium perfringens in a study in Iran, while virginiamycin and/or salinomycin in the feed for 30 days improved broiler performance and prevented necrotic enteritis.

Local Meat and Poultry Processing: The Importance of Business Commitments for Long-Term Viability
Through the use of case studies, Lauren Gwin, Arion Thiboumery and Richard Stillman of the United States Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service identify the factors that contribute to a successful business relationship in Economic Research Report Number 150.

Company News

Ceva Announces Management Changes in Poultry Team
US - A series of promotions is bringing new leadership to Ceva Animal Health’s US Poultry Team.
Success at VIV Russia with Focus on Conference Programme
RUSSIA - VIV Russia 2013 has noted a huge success with the new, global exhibition format, say the co-organisers, VNU Exhibitions.
Zoetis Becomes Fully Independent
US - Zoetis Inc., the former animal health business of Pfizer Inc., has opened a new chapter in the company’s history this week, marking its separation from Pfizer and establishment as a fully independent company.
Aviagen Anadolu: a Major Exhibitor at VIV Turkey
TURKEY - Aviagen Anadolu has been the market leader in Turkey for the last 12 years and fully supported the VIV Exhibition in Istanbul on 13 to 15 June by participating with one of the major display stands and the full support and attendance of the company’s commercial and technical team.
Novus International Hosts Gut Health Symposium
US & LATIN AMERICA - Novus has hosted key influencers representing the Latin American poultry and pork industries for a day-long seminar at the company's headquarters in St. Charles, Missouri.
Novus Presents Fifth Annual Sustainability Report
US - Novus International has released its fifth annual sustainability report that provides detailed information and examples of how the company works hand-in-hand with its stakeholders and network of business partners to improve and advance their sustainability efforts.
Molecular Technology to Enhance Future Diagnostics
GERMANY - Diagnostics are likely to play an increasingly important role in veterinary practice over the next few years, according to speakers at a satellite symposium at WAVLD (World Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians) in Berlin.
Hy-Line Established for Future in Indian Market
INDIA - In a strong commitment to ensure long-term success in the world’s third largest egg market, Hy-Line International is investing in a wholly-owned subsidiary, Hy-Line Layers Pvt. Ltd., to serve the Indian market.
Vet Speaks at Gujarat Livestock Development Conference
INDIA - DVM Joséphine Verhaeghe was a guest speaker at the Gujarat Livestock and Dairy Development Conference on 11 June.
Biomin at MycoRed International Conference
ITALY - More than 300 participants from about 50 countries worldwide took part in the final ISM - MycoRed International Conference 'Europe 2013' held in Martina Franca in Apulia from 27 to 31 May, 2013.
Market Reports

China Wholesale Prices - 27 June 2013
UK Poultry and Poultrymeat Statistics - June 2013
China Wholesale Prices - 26 June 2013
USDA International Egg and Poultry: Ukraine
China Wholesale Prices - 25 June 2013
UK Egg Statistics - 25 June 2013
China Wholesale Prices - 24 June 2013
USDA Poultry Slaughter - June 2013
USDA Broiler Hatchery - 20 June 2013

Global Poultry Industry News

   Global

Brazil, Argentina in Discussion over Bird Flu Prevention, Trade
BIRD FLU: Three Countries Halt Poultry Imports from Arkansas; Brazil, Argentina Step up Biosecurity Measures
FAO Meeting Discusses Water and Food Security
Rise in Animal Health Research Documented
FAO Statistical Yearbook Paints Picture of Food, Agriculture
Weekly Overview: Focus on Asia

   Armenia

Armenian Poultry Farms Prefer Chinese Technology

   United States

Study Shows Eating Chicken Reduces Cancer Risk
Study Examines Effects of Gene Expression on Turkey Meat Quality
Allen Foods Outlines Plans for Millsboro Plant
Economists: Second US Farm Bill Extension Seems Inevitable
FDA Launches New Initiative on Egg Safety
Seminar to Highlight Project Management Solutions
Environment-controlled Housing Boosts Broiler Performance
NFU 'Deeply Disappointed' in House Failure to Pass Farm Bill
House Blocks Farm Bill
Food, Agribusiness Executives Explore Food Security

   European Union

EFSA Consults over Renewal of Feed Additive Permits
EFSA Reports on Listeria Levels in Certain Ready-to-eat Foods
Luxembourg Council Meeting Focused on CAP Reform
EFSA Finds Selenomethionine Safe for Feeds

   Cyprus

Three More Newcastle Disease Outbreaks in Cyprus
Newcastle Disease Hits Cyprus

   United Kingdom

Scottish Demands to Receive More CAP Money 'Unjustified'
UK Votes on Common Agricultural Policy Reform
NFU President at Heart of CAP Battle
Farmers Call for Land Agents to Help British Farming

   Brazil

Feed Restriction Does Not Impact Broiler Meat Quality
Ministry Offers Advice on Keeping out Bird Flu
Grouping Chicks by Bodyweight Does Not Improve Finished Uniformity
No Salmonella Protection from In-ovo Probiotic
New Research Centre Set up by BRF
Spray-dried Plasma Boosts Early Broiler Chick Performance
BRF Announces Final Exchange Offers
Salmonella Feed Treatments Do Not Reduce Phytase Efficacy

   Spain

Pathogen Decontamination Treatments of Chicken Meat Compared
European Poultry Meat Producers to Meet in Valencia

   Poland

Researchers Call for Campylobacter Resistance Monitoring

   Nigeria

Poultry Industry Supports Nigerian Economy

   Canada

Study Points to One Health Approach to Salmonella Control
Per-capita Meat Consumption Up One Per Cent in 2012

   Netherlands

Breeding Consortium Appoints De Geus as Director
AgriVision 2013: Creating a Successful Strategy

   Germany

New Outbreak of Low-Path Bird Flu in Lower Saxony

   China

Researchers Improve Efficacy of Bird Flu Vaccine in Ducks
Mycoplasma Vaccination Pays off in Chinese Study
Live Poultry Industry Slowly Picking Up

   Ireland

Irish Poultry Producers Protest over Prices

   Switzerland

Registration for IPC Conference in Geneva

   Argentina

Study Shows Detection of Salmonella in Feed Needs Two Tests

Events/Promotions

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