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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 08 August 2013

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ThePoultrySite
Thursday 8th August 2013.
Jackie Linden - ThePoultrySite Senior Editor

Jackie Linden
Senior Editor


Estimating the Cost of Antibiotic Resistance

Experts have this week described the number of avoidable human deaths and the costs of health care potentially caused by antibiotic use in food animals as "staggering" and are calling for a global ban on their use, singling out poultry hatcheries.

In a letter to Emerging Infectious Diseases, a multinational and multi-disciplinary group of experts says: "The number of avoidable deaths and the costs of health care potentially caused by third-generation cephalosporin use in food animals is staggering. Considering those factors, the ongoing use of these antimicrobial drugs in mass therapy and prophylaxis should be urgently examined and stopped, particularly in poultry, not only in Europe, but worldwide."

Globally, the authors explain that antimicrobial drug resistance is rapidly rising, with resultant increased illness and death. Of particular concern is Escherichia coli, the most common bacterium to cause invasive disease in humans.

Extrapolating from recent Dutch data to the whole of Europe, they estimate that 1,518 additional deaths and an associated increase of 67,236 days of hospital admissions from antibiotic-resistant E.coli would be counted as a result of cephalosporin and other antimicrobial drug use in poultry.

Billions of chickens receive third-generation cephalosporins in-ovo or as day-old chicks to treat E.coli infection, they say, a practice that has resulted in large reservoirs of resistant bacteria.

In the US, a veterinarian from the University of Kentucky has offered an explanation of the new guidelines on antibiotic use for livestock producers.

With proper use, antibiotic medications can keep animals healthy, control the spread of disease, help animals gain weight and also prevent diseases that could spread to humans. Recent concerns that the overuse or misuse of antibiotics could lead to an increase in antibiotic resistance have prompted the US Food and Drug Administration to implement a new strategy that will impact livestock producers, aimed to encourage the judicious use of antibiotics in food-producing animals.

In an overview of the current economic situation in the US poultry industry presented at a recent conference in Chicago, Mike Donohue of AgriStats highlighted the rapid progress made in broiler growing in the years he has been involved with the industry, including improved feed efficiency and meeting consumer expectations.

He highlighted ways in which managers can mitigate some of the consequences of reducing the use of medications in feed, including longer down-time between flocks, lower stocking densities and greater use of coccidiosis vaccines.

Also in the news this week, the world's first artificially produced meat was unveiled as a Cultured Beef-burger, re-igniting the debate over the sustainability of livestock production and the ability of the agricultural sector to feed a growing global population.

The World Trade Organization (WTO) issued a panel report on Chinese measures against US broiler products, which supported the case brought by the US.

And finally, turning to Bird Flu news, two outbreaks of H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza have been reported in central India. There have also been further cases in Nepal. Low-pathogenic avian flu has been found in Taiwan and in the Netherlands. For the first time, there is evidence that the H7N9 flu virus in China may have been transmitted from one person to another. A Mexican veterinarian has suggested that the low-pathogenic virus that has become endemic in his country over the last 18 years has cost the poultry industry there much more than the more recent highly pathogenic form.


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This Week's Articles and Analysis

New Vaccines Target Salmonella and Clostridium in Poultry
In partnership with the Alberta Livestock and Meat Agency (ALMA), Dr Christine Szymanski and Dr Mario Feldman are leading a team of researchers in creating a new vaccine for poultry that targets two pathogens – Salmonella and Clostridium perfringens.

Risk Factors Associated with Infectious Bursal Disease in Commercial Chickens in Bangladesh
In this study of Bangladesh farms, factors that were linked with an increased risk of infectious bursal disease (IBD) were purchasing birds on the open market, visitors and vehicles entering the premises and workers living off-site.

Can Substrate in Early Rearing Prevent Feather Pecking in Adult Laying Hens?
The provision of substrate for pecking in the first three weeks of life did not affect the risk of pullets developing severe feather-pecking behaviour when adult, according to new Dutch research.

High Dietary Levels of Biotin and Zinc to Improve Health of Foot Pads in Broilers Exposed to Litter with Critical Moisture Content
Experiments designed to induce foot pad dermatitis show the benefits of higher levels of zinc (especially in the form of zinc methionine) and biotin in the diet to minimise the risk and severity of this important welfare issue.

Broilers Respond to Cooler Ambient Temperatures after Temperature Acclimation During Incubation and Early Postnatal Age
Lowering temperatures during incubation and soon after hatching appeared to disturbed homeostasis and energy balance of broilers from older breeders but not from younger flocks, according to researchers from Turkey and the US.

Developing Countries Dominate World Demand for Agricultural Products
According to USDA’s baseline projections, developing countries will account for much of the increase in projected growth in global consumption of meats and crops in 2013-22, write Ronald Trostle and Ralph Seeley.

Mycotoxins and Their Control with Feed Additives
Following the recent publication of 'Mycotoxins Quo Vadis? Why Feed Additives?', first author, Dr Radu Marti, tells ThePoultrySite why he wrote the book and how it can help animal feed and health professionals.

Company News

Ceva Launches New Vectormune Web Site
FRANCE - The new web site provides educational resources for poultry professionals, as well as comprehensive information about CEVA's vector vaccines range.
Cobb-Vantress Supports Texas A&M Poultry Meat Course
US - Texas A&M University’s Department of Poultry Science is offering four complimentary seats for Cobb-Vantress for its Poultry Meat Production Certificate Program.
Zoetis Reports Revenue up Two Per Cent in Q2 of 2013
US - Zoetis Inc. reports that during the second quarter of 2013, revenue reached $1.11 billion, up two per cent compared to the same quarter of 2012.
Aviagen Investing in Staff with First Technical Service Manager School
SCOTLAND - As part of a policy to continually invest in people to constantly update and broaden skills, Aviagen® recently held the first ever ‘School’ for Technical Service Managers (TSM) where Aviagen technical personnel from around the world met in Edinburgh to increase knowledge and understanding of critical issues and further develop their skills.
Okskaya Launches New Hatchery with Pas Reform
RUSSIA - ZAO Okskaya PF has successfully launched the first stage of its new hatchery expansion in the Ryazan region, putting the company on track for its ambition to become the largest egg producer in Russia.
Mycotoxin Workshop Supported by Biomin
BELGIUM - From 22 to 24 May 2013, the University College and University of Ghent, as well as the Society of Mycotoxin Research organised the 35th Mycotoxin Workshop.
Copacol Selects Petersime
BRAZIL - Copacol (Cooperativa Agroindustrial Consolata) has selected Petersime to supply the incubators for its new hatchery in the state of Paraná.
Avicol S.A. Achieves Compartmentalisation Certification
COLOMBIA - The leading supplier of layer and broiler genetics in Colombia and Ecuador, Avicol S.A., has been honored as only the second company in the world to meet the strict sanitary requirements of the World Animal Health Organization (OIE) of compartmentalization (establishment of a disease-free zone).
Novus Works, Plays Hard at PSA Meeting
US - The Poultry Science Association (PSA) annual meeting was an opportunity to work hard and play hard, according to Novus International.
Ceva and Ecat Join Forces to Lead Innovation
GLOBAL - Ceva and Ecat announce the signature of a long term strategic and economic alliance.
Aviagen Russian Production Management School a Great Success
RUSSIA - The first Aviagen® Russian School has been a tremendous success. 47 students travelled to Serpukhov, 40km south of Moscow, from over 25 Ross® Parent Stock (PS) customers based in countries such as Russia, Lithuania, Belarus and the Ukraine.
Market Reports

USDA Broiler Hatchery - 07 August 2013
USDA International Egg and Poultry: China
China Wholesale Prices - 6 August 2013
China Wholesale Prices - 5 August 2013
UK Farming and Food Brief - July 2013
China Wholesale Prices - 2 August 2013

Global Poultry Industry News

   Global

BIRD FLU: Nepal Govt Urged to Lift Ban in Flu-free Areas; FAO, African Union Sign MoU; Vaccine Failures in Indonesia Under Investigation
Increasing Resilience of Food Production Systems
New Warning of Human Impacts of Antibiotic Resistance from Poultry
How Sustainable is Cultured Meat?
WTO Finds in Favour of US over Poultry Exports to China
U of M and Chinese Quarantine Center Sign MoU on Food Safety

   United States

Seaboard Corp Sees Drop in Net Earnings
Significant Improvement in Cargill Earnings
Kentucky Vet Explains New Antibiotics Guidelines
for Farmers

Broiler Growers Make Progress on Efficiency, Health without Antibiotics
Tyson Reports Record Sales
US Poultry Industry Commends Panel Decision on China's Anti-dumping Case
Short Corn Crop, Long Price Tail - Are We There Yet?
NCC Annual Conference in Washington
US Wins Trade Enforcement Case for American Farmers
Closure of House of Raeford Turkey Plant Leads to Layoffs
Pilgrim's Pride Reports Increase in Net Income
Nutrition Agreement Posing More of a Problem, Says NFU
Sales up Eight Per Cent at Land O'Lakes

   United Kingdom

Projects to Investigate Better Ways to Measure Nutritional Value of Grain, Oilseeds
New Pedigree Hatchery Gears up for UK and Export Growth
Sustainable Consumption: Commercial Tensions in the Way
Production and Provenance Lead to Row Between Sainsbury and Tesco
Risk Factors Hens Face When Laying Eggs on the Floor

   Ethiopia

FAO, African Union Sign MoU to Control H7N9 Spread

   Indonesia

Bird Flu Vaccine Failures in Indonesia Investigated

   India

Poultry Feed Rules Firm on Steady Input Costs
India Reports Two Outbreaks of H5N1 in Poultry
US Students Get Chicken Farming Tips

   China

Geese Can Digest Range of By-products
Pilot Program Shows Poultry Markets New Way to Do Business
Agricultural Food Prices Continue Upward Trend

   Mexico

Counting the Cost of Low-Path Bird Flu in Mexico

   Ukraine

Ukrainian Meat Consumption Forecast to Rise in 2013
'Hazardous' Animal Products Seized by State

   Korea, South

Egg Drop Syndrome Virus Prevalent in South Korean Ducks

   Philippines

Philippines Expo Highlights Feed Safety, Efficient Livestock Production

   Brazil

Broiler and Chicken Prices up in July
Volume of Chicken Exports up in July

   Malaysia

Free-range Chicken Giveaway at Bukit Mertajam Market

   Sudan

Study Examines Antibiotic Residues in Eggs

   France

SPACE: Lemetayer Passes Away

   European Union

Commission Opens Consultation on Family Farming

   Netherlands

Low-Path Bird Flu Reported in Friesland Poultry

   Canada

Maple Leaf Foods Records Net Loss of C$14.7M

   Slovakia

MoU Between China and Slovakia

   Italy

Female Farmers Instrumental in Preservation of Countryside

   Taiwan

LPAI Outbreaks Detected in Taiwan

   Poland

Polish Poultry Production Set to Break New Record

   Dominican Republic

Govt Declares Country Disease-free

   Finland

Researchers Reveal Clostridium's Secrets

   Syria

Dead Sporozoites Effective as Coccidiosis Vaccine

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