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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 28th February 2005

ThePoultrySite.com's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter ThePoultrySite.com's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter
Monday 28th February 2005
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Welcome to this weeks newsletter

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

We start this week in the US, where Wendy Orent, writing in the LA Times reports that the director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Julie Gerberding, now says there is no immediate threat of a flu pandemic in the US.
     The report says that Gerberding is still peddling this basic and pessimistic position: The circulation of lethal bird flu in Southeast Asia, and the disease's ability to infect mammals, means that it will probably evolve to spread among people. When it does, we will have no immunity, because H5N1 is new to humans. And hundreds of millions may die.
See also: Asian countries appeal for bird flu help

In Vietnam, animal health experts at a conference on bird flu criticised the underfunding of efforts to combat the deadly virus which threatens both poultry stocks and humans. The FAO director of animal health, Joseph Domenech, said "support generated for fighting avian influenza is not enough."
     "Ten million dollars per country is needed," he said for activities such as surveillance and vaccination. Globally more than 100 million dollars would be needed, he said. The cost of restocking poultry and restructuring the industry to ward off future risks would run into "several hundred million dollars", Domenech said.

Vietnamese officials said today that a 69-year-old man had died from bird flu, the 14th fatality from the disease this year. The victim's relatives reported that his whole family had eaten chicken during Lunar New Year festivities this month, said the head of the Thai Binh Provincial Preventive Medicine Center.

Thailand has announced that it will begin vaccinating millions of chickens and other fowl against bird flu within the next two months. A meeting chaired by Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra confirmed that the vaccine would be administered under conditions stipulated by international health organisations, said deputy premier Jaturon Chaisang, who oversees the country's avian influenza fight.

Japanese researchers found flies infected with the bird flu virus after an outbreak among chickens in Japan last year, a Health Ministry official said on Tuesday, a finding that underscores the ability of the deadly virus to jump between species.
     Besides having killed dozens of humans and caused the cull of millions of wild and farmed birds across Asia, the H5N1 strain has been known to infect other species such as cats and leopards, reports Reuters.

Chicken is the world's fastest growing meat sector, but bird flu outbreaks in Asia have placed the livelihoods of millions of farmers at risk, reports eFeedlink. Although meat from pigs is still the largest source of animal protein, poultry farming is growing exponentially, according Dr Samuel Jutzi, Director of Animal Production and Health at the Food and Agriculture Organisation. In 2000, the world produced 89 million tonnes of pig meat, 66 million tonnes of poultry and 59 million tonnes of beef. However, poultry's efficiency makes it the most attractive meat source.

VIROCID - The Global Disinfectant
VIROCID - The Global Disinfectant

In the US, if farmers want to continue using poultry litter as fertilizer on their fields, they will need to avoid excess phosphorus going on the land. That is the advice of Dan Philbrick, Natural Resources Conservation Service district conservationist, reports the Joplin Globe. Missouri has no regulations covering phosphorus applications. Current application regulations are based on nitrogen. Phosphorus is needed for plant growth and is not toxic to plants, livestock or humans, he said.

Producers need to plan now to meet two key compliance dates for confined livestock operations next year, says Rick Koelsch, livestock bioenvironmental engineer in the university's Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Both deadlines result from the EPA's update on rules dealing with concentrated animal feeding operations, or CAFOs. By Feb. 13, 2006, all large CAFOs must apply for a National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System permit, including those that already have a current state operator's permit. By Dec. 31, 2006 all large CAFOs will also need a fully implemented nutrient management plan.

In the UK, experts say it is no longer a case of if but when a pandemic of bird flu hits the human population. Some countries have already started stockpiling drugs and testing vaccines to beat the virus, according to the BBC. The UK government has been criticised for being slow on the uptake, but is expected to announce its full pandemic plan in coming weeks.
     The WHO recently urged all countries to develop or update their influenza "pandemic preparedness plans" after experts estimated anywhere between two and 50 million people could die if a pandemic hits and the world is not prepared.
See also: Rethink on bird flu emergency plan

A new initiative will provide farmers and advisers with free practical advice to help deal with a host of environmental issues, according to ADAS. The DEFRA-funded Environment Sensitive Farming initiative addresses issues from pesticide contamination of water courses, through plastics disposal to soil management, explained Andrée Carter from ADAS.
     "It is a national project, but with a focus on regional issues. We want farmers and growers to understand the environmental impact of their activities and decide how they can comply with environmental requirements."

The entire fallen stock collection scheme should be scrapped, frustrated farmers have told Eifion Evans, the Welsh director of the Fallen Livestock Company. According to FWi, ihe retired veterinary surgeon faced a barrage of complaints when he met members of National Farmers Union Cymru's Montgomeryshire branch at Newtown in Powys.
     The NFU Cymru members told him that they were angry and frustrated by five to seven day delays in collections. And the sight and stench of decomposing carcases were distressing and alienating the general public using footpaths.

Cumberland - Your Source for Poultry Equipment
Cumberland - Your Source for Poultry Equipment

Brazilian chicken exports increased in both volume and revenues in January, compared with January 2004, according to a report released by the Brazilian Association of Chicken Producers and Exporters (Abef). According to Abef, export earnings in January amounted to US$199 million, against US$164 million in January 2004, an increase of 20.53 percent. In terms of volume, an increase of 16.6 percent was seen with volumes rising from 161 thousand tons to 187 thousand.

Russia's Agriculture Ministry announced that it had placed a ban on fishery imports from Finland and at the same time the veterinary services have lifted a ban on Finnish poultry. The poultry ban was introduced in July 2004 after discovery of Newcastle disease in the western provinces of Finland. The fish ban is placed on all fish from the water area of the Aland Islands following the emergence and spread of haemorrhagic septicemia in fish.

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 5 features this week.

The Mycotoxin Challenge In Modern Feed Production
By Eva M. Binder, PhD, Biomin® Laboratory Singapore Pte. Ltd and published by eFeedLink - Mycotoxins are secondary metabolites produced by filamentous fungi that cause a toxic response (mycotoxicosis) when ingested by higher animals. Fusarium, Aspergillus, and Penicillium are the most abundant moulds that produce these toxins and contaminate human foods and animal feeds through fungal growth prior to and during harvest or as a consequence of improper storage following harvest.

Detection of bone fragments in Processed Chicken
By Abby Vogel, the University of Maryland - University of Maryland technology may lead to solving the number-one consumer complaint about chicken they buy at the grocery story--finding pieces of bone in poultry that's supposed to be boneless.

USDA Livestock and Products Semi-Annual Reports 2005
By USDA, FAS - These articles provides the poultry industry data from the USDA FAS Poultry and Products Semi-Annual 2005 reports: EU-25, Brazil and Mexico.

Merial Avian Products
Merial Avian Products

That's all for this week.

Ed.


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