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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 12 March 2015

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ThePoultrySite
Thursday 12th March 2015.
Jackie Linden - ThePoultrySite Senior Editor

Jackie Linden
Senior Editor


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Avian Influenza Outbreaks in US Cause Concern

Outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza in the US are causing concern for the US poultry sector and the poultry market in general.

One of the major concerns is that these outbreaks of the H5N2 subtype are being found in flocks of birds on the Pacific and Mississippi flyways – the route taken by migratory birds.

Last week, an outbreak was reported on a turkey farm in Minnesota and this week on two farms in Missouri.

The United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) confirmed the presence of highly pathogenic H5N2 avian influenza in a commercial turkey flock in Pope County, Minnesota.

This is the first finding in the Mississippi flyway. It is the same strain of avian influenza that has been confirmed in backyard and wild birds in Washington, Oregon and Idaho as part of the ongoing incident in the Pacific flyway.

APHIS also confirmed the presence of highly pathogenic H5N2 avian influenza (HPAI) in two separate commercial turkey flocks in Missouri, located in Jasper County and Moniteau County, within the Mississippi flyway where this strain of avian influenza has previously been identified.

CDC said that the risk to people from these HPAI H5 infections in wild birds, backyard flocks and commercial poultry is low.

Samples from the turkey flocks, which experienced increased mortality, were tested at the Missouri Department of Agriculture Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory and the APHIS National Veterinary Services Laboratories in Ames, Iowa confirmed the findings.

APHIS is working closely with the Missouri Department of Agriculture on a joint incident response. State officials quarantined the affected premises and the remaining birds on the properties will be depopulated to prevent the spread of the disease.

Birds from the involved flocks will not enter the food system. No human infections with these viruses have been detected at this time.

Market analysts Dr Steve Meyer of Paragon Economics and Len Steiner of Steiner consulting, said the two cases in Missouri are a cause of "major concern" for the poultry industry, but things are not critical yet as action has been taken swiftly and to date the outbreaks have been restricted to turkey flocks.

However, the animal health and nutrition company Diamond V warned that overlapping migratory waterfowl flyways are spreading highly pathogenic avian flu eastwards in the United States.

High vigilance and biosecurity are slowing the advance of high pathogen avian influenza (HPAI) from north western North America. However, overlapping migratory waterfowl flyways are spreading the disease east.

Geese, ducks, and other waterfowl that fly over or land in areas with high concentrations of backyard poultry represent high-risk for the spread of HPAI. Migratory flyways overlap, so Pacific Flyway birds can pass HPAI to those travelling the Mississippi Flyway and so across the continent.

Diamond V poultry veterinarian, Dr Eric Gingerich, explained: “Turkeys can provide early warning of the spread of HPAI. It takes about 100 times more virus to infect chickens than turkeys.”

In other avian influenza incidence around the world, the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) confirmed there have been a total of 65 new outbreaks of H5N8 highly pathogenic avian influenza in South Korea, affecting almost 2.6 million birds.

The veterinary authority reports 22 outbreaks clusters of highly pathogenic avian flu covering 65 individual outbreaks, mainly in the western half of the country but also affecting city areas in the south-east.

All the outbreaks, which started between September 2014 and the end of January 2015, were in domestic poultry - chickens, ducks or both.

Ten poultry farms in Bauchi state in Nigeria have also been confirmed to have been affected with avian influenza, according to the Ministry of Animal Resources and Nomadic Resettlement.

 



The PoultrySite Digital #46 - Health and Disease

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This Week's Articles and Analysis

Atlanta Forum Centres on Feeding
Feeding and nutrition formed a key focus for the new research presented at the International Poultry Scientific Forum in Atlanta, Georgia, US, in January 2015. In this report, we look at the potential of novel feed ingredients – some new to poultry feeding and some new forms of familiar feedstuffs.

GLOBAL POULTRY TRENDS - Americas Supply One-fifth of World's Eggs
Egg production in the Americas has increased by 2.2 per cent per year since 2000, maintaining the region's share of global total at just over 20 per cent, according to market analyst, Terry Evans, in his latest review of the trends in the world egg business.

Campylobacter Control in Poultry
Nuriad describes the application of precision-delivery coated butyrate to control Campylobacter in two experiments in broilers.

Feeding Poultry at High Environmental Temperatures
A recently published review indicates some nutritional and management changes to help poultry overcome problems associated with heat stress.

Study Examines How to Integrate Poultry with Pasture Species and Agroforestry Production
Researchers at the USDA-ARS at the University of Arkansas report on their investigation into alternative feeding systems, parasite control and pasture enrichment for free-range poultry combined with pasture, cattle and agro-forestry systems.

Australian Agricultural Commodities Report: Chicken Meat
Australian chicken meat production grew consistently over the decade to 2013-14, averaging nearly five per cent growth a year and will continue to increase in the coming years, according to John Hogan in the 'Agricultural Commodities' report from the Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Sciences (ABARES) for the March quarter 2015.

Thermal Manipulations of Turkey Embryos
A new study from Israel reveals that increasing the temperature and relative humidity for part of the incubation period did not affect poultry bodyweight or hatchability although the manipulated birds hatched earlier and more of them had unhealed navels.

Company News

Nutriad Appoints EMEA Director
BELGIUM - Multinational feed additive producer Nutriad has appointed Simon Martyn as Regional Director EMEA.
Termotecnica Pericoli Launches New EWD Exhaust Fan
ITALY - Termotecnica Pericoli S.r.l. is always striving for innovation and perfection in engineering through thinking outside the box and the new EWD fan range is a classic example of this.
Nutrient Intake Not Feed Intake Matters for Breeders
UK - To manage a breeder flock successfully the birds must receive the correct nutrient intake to meet the bird’s requirements for growth, maintenance and egg production, says Aviagen.
Not If But When: HPAI Heading into US Midwest
US - Overlapping migratory waterfowl flyways are spreading highly pathogenic avian flu eastwards in the United States, warns Diamond V.
Keep it on Site, Get it Right, Says Waste Spectrum
GLOBAL - Waste Spectrum offer an extensive range of incinerators, under the Volkan and Hurikan ranges, which are suitable for all types of poultry producers, worldwide.
Orka Launches Egg Candling Lamp
GLOBAL - EggTester.com has developed a new egg candling lamp.
Mycotoxin Screening from Randox Diagnostics
GLOBAL - Randox Food Diagnostics explains how food producers can tackle the issue of mycotoxins to ensure international food safety standards are being met.
Hubbard, CPGP Supported Successful Poultry School in Egypt
EGYPT - Hubbard and CPGP have supported the recent successful 18th CPC Poultry School at Hurghada.
Novus Receives Two Regional Awards at Best of NAMA
US - Novus International, Inc. has recently received two regional National Agri-Marketing Association (NAMA) awards, which recognise the best work in agricultural communications.
Nutriad Across the Globe
GLOBAL - Nutriad addresses how to deal with the great differences in poultry farming methods across the world.
Phytogenic Feed Additives for Livestock Production on the Rise
GLOBAL - Phytogenics are seen as one of the top solutions in animal nutrition, says Delacon as it prepares for VIV Asia 2015.
Russian Production Index Introduced at Seminar in Turkey
RUSSIA & TURKEY - The Russian Production Index was introduced during the Annual Baltisa seminar in Turkey, reports Hubbard.
Nutriad Appoints Commercial Manager Asia
ASIA - Multinational feed additive producer Nutriad has appointed Ab Greven as Commercial Manager for its Palatability Business Unit in Asia Pacific.
Ceva Posts Strong Double-digit Growth Again in 2014
FRANCE - Consolidated sales of the Ceva Group reached €766 million at the end of 2014, representing growth of 23 per cent and +14.1 per cent at a constant perimeter and exchange rates.
Market Reports

USDA Broiler Hatchery - 12 March 2015
USDA WASDE - March 2015
USDA International Egg and Poultry - 11 March 2015
USDA GAIN: China Poultry and Products Semi-annual 2015

Global Poultry Industry News

   United States

Three Colleges Received $30,600 in USPOULTRY Foundation Grants
Missouri Bird Flu a Major Concern to US Poultry
Few Changes to USDA Crop Estimates
American Farm Bureau Files Brief in Egg Law Case
Highly Pathogenic H5N2 Avian Flu in Commercial Turkey Flocks in Missouri
Water Quality Important to US Poultry Sector
House of Representatives to Get Chicken Caucus
Consumers Seek Nutrition Benefits of Meat Products, New Research Shows
Turkey Federation Reassures US on Bird Flu
OIE and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Reinforce Collaboration
Avian Flu Suspected at Second Missouri Farm
Hain Celestial Acquires Remaining Share of Empire Kosher
High-path Bird Flu Outbreak in Turkeys in Minnesota
Industry on Hunt to Find Safest Farm
Pilgrim’s Pride Raises US$500 Million to Reduce Debt

   United Kingdom

Is It Time We Embraced GM Crops?
Avian Reovirus Found in First Wild Bird
Poultry Litter Drying Grant Announced Up to £1million
Is Your Farm Safe Enough?

   Global

Strengthening the Direct Link Between Small-Scale Farmers and Public Institutions
New Delhi Meeting to Discuss Newcastle Disease Vaccine in South Asia, Africa
Food Price Index Dips to Lowest Level Since July 2010
BIRD FLU: First Outbreak in Mississippi Flyway; 2.6M Birds Lost in South Korea, 10 Outbreaks in Nigerian State

   Portugal

Committee Workshop Invitation to Industry World Egg Event

   Germany

Humans, Animals, Environment in Focus of Food Safety

   Spain

Alarm Sounded on 'Collapse' of Spain Chicken Meat Production

   Brazil

Truckers’ Strike Hits Brazilian Meat Trade

   Australia

Chicken Meat Will Dominate Australian Plate for Coming Years

   Thailand

World Egg Industry Gets Leadership Forum

   Canada

Canadian Poultry Company Fined
Investment in On-farm Food Safety Projects

   Nigeria

Ten Farms in Bauchi State, Nigeria, Hit by Avian Flu

   Israel

Israel Reports Three Newcastle Disease Outbreaks

   Korea, South

Sixty-five New Avian Flu Outbreaks Reported by South Korea

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