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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 21st March 2005's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter
Monday 21st March 2005
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Welcome to this weeks newsletter

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

We start this week in Vietnam, where a commune has been severely hit by the bird flu, with 195 patients showing symptoms and two children testing positive with the virus, according to Thanh Nien News. The Quang Binh province is currently trying to stop the spread of the influenza by culling all poultry in the commune.

The growing illegal import of chickens from China to Vietnam via northern border gates has become a concern for the country as the smuggling poses a threat to Vietnam’s attempts to contain the bird flu, Thanh Nien News reports.
     Although the Vietnamese prime minister has issued a ban on the import and transportation of poultry from other countries in order to control the spread of bird flu, smugglers have managed to set up an elaborate system to get chickens from China across the border unchecked.

New cases of bird flu have been reported in Indonesia and North Korea last week, says Channel News Asia. In Vietnam, which has the most human deaths from the disease, there are plans to reserve one million doses of a vaccine it developed, once tests are completed.
     Deep in the rice paddies of the Mekong Delta where officials rarely venture, the Vietnam government's bird flu awareness campaign hasn't gotten far. Ducks run into areas where wild birds play -- migratory fowl which might carry the bird flu virus.

Classes on livestock breeding will be offered this year to over 500 farmers in the provinces of Thai Binh, Thanh Hoa and Nghe An. Through the classes, farmers will receive instruction in a new livestock-rearing model and in small livestock breeding component of a programme mostly sponsored by the Danish government.

In Southern Burma, thousands of chickens died suddenly at Moulmein last week and residents suspect that there could be an outbreak of bird flu. However, a local veterinary official said there is no report of an Avian Flu outbreak in Burma.

Merial has announced the introduction of a new inactivated vaccine, GALLIMUNE(R) Flu H5N9, developed and shown to be effective specifically for use against the highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N1 that has caused devastating economic losses in the poultry industry in Asia, and which has been linked to the deaths of over 29 humans.
     Once vaccinated by GALLIMUNE Flu H5N9, chickens can be readily differentiated from infected birds through the use of the DIVA (differentiating infected from vaccinated animals) serological diagnostic test, which detects a non-pathogenic influenza strain contained in the vaccine.

South Korean officials are investigating a report of a massive bird flu outbreak in the North Korean capital last month that killed several thousand chickens in the impoverished communist state. Quoting an unnamed source, Yonhap news agency said on Tuesday that the chickens died at a poultry farm in Pyongyang, prompting North Korean authorities into an emergency response.

Vencomatic - Complete Solutions in Poultry Equipment
Complete Solutions in Poultry Equipment

In Hong Kong, with concern ratcheting up over a possible avian influenza outbreak, an increasingly wary government says it wants to slap an immediate and permanent ban on poultry breeding if bird flu hits just two local farms. While present safeguards are considered effective, Health, Welfare and Food Bureau officials told a Legislative Council joint panel meeting Monday they may not be enough.

In the US, a research team recently found that Campylobacter occurs naturally in turkeys’ male and female reproductive tracts. To make things more complicated, it appears that artificial insemination procedures at turkey farms could expand the pathogen’s prevalence.
     But another procedure used on the farm – placing antibiotics in turkey semen – could offer some hope for fighting Campylobacter there. Donoghue’s Food Safety Consortium research project at the University of Arkansas is testing these antibiotics to determine their effectiveness against foodborne pathogens.

The good work of Scotland's poultry producers is being undermined by trade developments, which threaten both animal and human health, according to NFU Scotland. NFUS was in Brussels this week for meetings with other EU farm unions and European Commission officials.
     NFUS stressed that Scottish producers are increasingly subjected to high environmental and animal welfare costs while, at the same time, finding their markets being increasingly opened up to imports from production systems that avoid such regulation.

A generation ago chicken was a luxury in the average Scottish diet, but times have changed. It is now the least expensive meat that consumers can purchase in their supermarket. However, according to NFU Scotland, it comes at a price in terms of welfare standards and the cost of production, which is increasingly open to question.

In the UK, the National Fallen Stock scheme, jointly set up by Government and the farming industry to help farmers meet their legal responsibilities for disposing of dead animals, has had 25,000 more sign-ups. Michael Seals, Chairman of the NFSCo which administers the scheme, said: "The sign-up rate has been impressive but there are many more farmers out there who could benefit from our service.

The presence of drug-resistant, pathogenic bacteria on uncooked poultry products varies by commercial brand and is likely related to antibiotic use in production, according to researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Their study is the first to directly compare bacterial contamination of poultry products sold in US supermarkets from food producers who use antibiotics and from those who claim they do not.

Thousands of rural jobs in the UK may be at risk if European Union plans to allow more cheap poultry imports from non-EU countries go ahead according to the Transport and General Workers Union.
     The T&G, the 'plough to plate' union and largest trade union in food and farming, has warned of the dire potential consequences to the UK poultry industry as cheap, subsidised products, which do not have to meet the same rigorous animal welfare standards as this country, are poised to increase by 275,000 tonnes.

In Australia, a million-dollar joint research facility dedicated to developing new medicines and vaccines to fight poultry diseases has been established at CSIRO Livestock Industries' Australian Animal Health Laboratory.
     Funded by the Australian Poultry Cooperative Research Centre - with CSIRO support in instrumentation and research expertise - the Australian Centre for Poultry Immunogenomics will facilitate research efforts into improving bird productivity and health, product quality and animal welfare.

Merial Avian Products
Merial Avian Products

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 2 features this week.

Poultry Outlook Report - March 2005
By U.S.D.A., Economic Research Service - This article is an extract from the March 2005: Livestock, Dairy and Poultry Outlook Report, highlighting Global Poultry Industry data. The report indicates that the overall broiler production estimate for 2005 is 35.13 billion pounds, up 3.1 percent from 2004.

A possible explanation for limited feed intake of Wheat-based diets by Broilers
By T A Scott, Poultry Research Foundation, University of Sydney - Bioassay research has focused on establishing nutrient levels in grains and their availability to poultry, with a major emphasis on measurement of metabolisable energy (ME). A bioassay, using young broiler chicks incorporates these measures and included measures of variability in nutrient intake and retention (growth and FCR).

VIROCID - The Global Disinfectant
VIROCID - The Global Disinfectant

That's all for this week.

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