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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 31st May 2005's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter
Tuesday 31st May 2005
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Welcome to this weeks newsletter

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

This week we start in China, where Bird flu killed more than five times as many migratory birds as previously reported in China's west during an outbreak of unprecedented scale, an agricultural official said Friday, but he denied reports of human cases of the disease.
     More than 1,000 bar-headed geese, great black-headed gulls and other birds found this month in the western province of Qinghai died of the H5N1 strain of bird flu, he said.
See also: What Does the Bird Flu Mean For the Birds?

As a result of the outbreak, China quickly moved to vaccinate more than 1.5 million birds in the affected province in hopes of preventing the virus from spreading to domestic animals and humans. The large-scale vaccination campaign has been finished throughout Gangca County and the surrounding region, where the avian flu was registered. Veterinarians are conducting door-to-door vaccinations for birds kept as livestock across the province.

About $50,000 worth of US chicken is being shipped to Vietnam to fund a bird-flu educational program and to ease the plight of Vietnamese poultry producers who have suffered huge losses because of the disease, reports
     The money raised will be donated to the Vietnam Poultry Association. Some of the proceeds will fund an educational program aimed at curbing the disease's spread and some will help compensate Vietnamese producers whose flocks were destroyed.

In Canada, turkeys at a medium-sized farm have contracted a harmless flu virus that seems to have spread from infected pigs brought in from the Prairies, the chief veterinary officer said on Friday. While stressing the virus doesn't present any public health concerns, Dr. Ron Lewis said it's the first time in Canada that it has crossed from pigs to poultry.
     "It's not a significant disease in terms of human concern, it's really not even a significant disease in terms of the birds that are involved," Lewis said.

In the US, Tyson Foods Inc. said Wednesday it will investigate allegations of inhumane chicken slaughter, but contended that an undercover animal-rights photographer apparently violated company policies by videotaping "what he should have been preventing." The People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, or PETA, distributed videotapes and launched a Web site accusing Tyson of mutilating birds and scalding thousands while they were conscious in an Alabama slaughterhouse.
     Tyson, the world's largest poultry processor, said a veterinarian from its Office of Animal Well-Being will look into the allegations. Tyson also raised the possibility of evidence manipulation by PETA's undercover agent, who was employed at the Alabama facility for several weeks.
See also: Tyson Comments on PETA Claims

Reducing the pathogenic bacterium Campylobacter on poultry farms and in processing plants begins with finding its sources, one of which is the birds' lungs, Agricultural Research Service scientists report. Microbiologists Mark Berrang and Richard Meinersmann and animal physiologist Richard J. Buhr studied Campylobacter before and after chicken carcasses were scalded to remove feathers, an integral step in poultry processing. Bacteria can contaminate live chickens during production or transport, or carcasses during scalding, they say.

Coccivac-B - Coccidiosis vaccine for poultry
Coccivac-B - Coccidiosis vaccine for poultry

Arkansas and Oklahoma, which have been at odds for years over poultry-farm pollution flowing into the rivers they share, are squabbling again after Oklahoma researchers secretly slipped across the state line and set up water-quality monitors in Arkansas, according to ACB News. Oklahoma has long complained that phosphorus-rich chicken waste, often used as fertilizer, runs off Arkansas farms and into Oklahoma streams.

The poultry industry's use of antibiotics promotes antibiotic resistance among the foodborne bacteria that infect humans, including the bacterium Campylobacter, according to a study by researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
     The study, published in Environmental Health Perspectives, also provides evidence suggesting that chickens raised without antibiotics are less likely to carry antibiotic-resistant strains of Campylobacter.

In Brazil, a group of Russian experts is to start inspecting slaughter-houses and poultry farms which supply meat products to Russia, a representative of Brazil's Ministry of Agriculture said in San Paolo. They must inspect about 200 enterprises all over Brazil, which currently have licenses of the Russian veterinary supervision service for supplying meat products.

Brazil is known as one of the largest poultry producers and exporters in the world and the organisers of AVE EXPO AMÉRICAS 2005 hope that this forum will enhance the international role Brazil has in this area.
     Running for three days from August 17th-19th, businessmen, executives, researchers and suppliers will have the opportunity to come together in Foz do Iguassu in Paraná and have the opportunity to participate in a high level program of technical seminars, market panels and a business fair focused on broiler and egg production.

The age-old dilemma – which came first the chicken or the egg? – raises its head again in an unexpected way thanks to two projects funded by the European Commission and coordinated by France’s Institut Nationale de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA).
     While neither of the two EU-funded projects – Broiler Breeder Production (BBP) and Egg defence – can lay the chicken-egg riddle to rest once and for all, they can lay claim to successfully completing three years of research aimed at improving the quality and safety of poultry meat and egg production, respectively, in Europe.

In Northern Ireland, eight food firms have been given a cash injection from Europe worth almost £2.8m (€4m) to expand and modernise their operations, it emerged last week. Moy Park in Dungannon will use its funds to modernise its poultry meat plant, reports IrelandOnLine.

In Paris, new standards to help safeguard the welfare of animals transported by road and sea have been agreed at a major conference by the OIE. The new guidelines also give increased welfare protection to animals prior to slaughter for human consumption as well those killed to control the spread of disease. The agreement will help set best practice standards of animal welfare across the organisation's 167 member countries.

DuPont Animal Health Solutions - ANTEC® BIOSENTRY®
DuPont Animal Health Solutions - ANTEC®  BIOSENTRY®

Baked bean and sauce giant Heinz is reviewing and considering shedding Tegel poultry products in New Zealand and some of its operations in Europe reports TVNZ. The review of the company's international operations in Europe and New Zealand will take about six to nine months. Heinz is the latest in a line of US conglomerates pulling back from Western Europe.

Russia is banning the import of finished poultry meat products from Italy's Province of Cremona due to cases of bird flu in that region, the Federal Veterinary and Phytosanitary Control Service told Interfax.
     Russia has banned the import of live poultry, incubated eggs, poultry meat and all types of poultry product not thermal-processed, as well as bird feed, over cases of bird flu in the Lombardy region Province of Brescia since April 20. Those restrictions do not cover finished products.

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 2 features this week.

Structural Change in the Meat and Poultry Processing Industries
Structural Change in the Meat, Poultry, Dairy, and Grain Processing Industries - By Michael Ollinger, Sang V. Nguyen, Donald Blayney, Bill Chambers, and Ken Nelson, Economic Research service, USDA - Consolidation and structural changes in the food industry have had profound impacts on firms, employees, and communities in many parts of the United States. This report examines consolidation and structural change in meatpacking, meat processing, poultry slaughter and processing, cheese products, fluid milk, flour milling, corn milling, feed, and soybean processing.

Auditing Vaccine Application Procedures in Poultry
By J.H. Breytenbach, Intervet International b.v. - Millions of Euros are invested annually in the vaccination of poultry. A vaccines efficacy however is dependant on effective administration. What tools are available to effectively monitor and audit vaccination techniques? This paper will discuss the requirements for an effective vaccination, focusing on the differences between live and inactivated vaccine preparations. Proposals for the practical auditing of the vaccination procedure are discussed with the goal of improving vaccine administration and ultimately bird immunity.

Cobb - Primary Broiler Breeders
Cobb - Primary Broiler Breeders

That's all for this week.

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