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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 20th June 2005's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter
Monday 20th June 2005
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Welcome to this weeks newsletter

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

This week we start in South-East Asia, where the race to estimate the likelihood of a global human pandemic of Avian Influenza took another twist Friday, reports the Guardian.
     A virologist from Hong Kong warned pigs could provide a launchpad, even if birds carrying the virus, which is causing havoc in Vietnam, Cambodia and Thailand, failed to do so.
     Malik Peiris warned a conference on animal-to-human diseases in Liverpool that disease could spiral if pigs - already carrying a virus linked directly to human flu - picked up a member of the avian flu family.

In the Philippines, the Departments of Agriculture and Health and the Philippine Charity Sweepstakes Office have prepared the first line of defense against the bird flu virus, in order to protect the local poultry industry, as well as the Candaba Swamp.
     Agriculture Secretary Arthur Yap said the PCSO would be releasing P53 million (US$950,000) to set up facilities that would help detect and contain the avian flu in case it hits some 20 areas in the country.

Two more people from northern Vietnam have been sickened with bird flu, and thousands of chickens have dropped dead in the south, officials said Monday. The poultry outbreak is the country's first in three months. The two new victims tested positive for the virus after being admitted to Bach Mai Hospital in Hanoi over the weekend, said hospital director Tran Quy.

Indonesia has confirmed its first case of bird flu in humans, reports the BBC News. A farm worker in South Sulawesi has tested positive for the H5N1 strain of the virus, although he has shown no outward symptoms of the disease. Indonesia's agriculture ministry has reported sporadic H5N1 outbreaks in birds in various parts of the country, including Sulawesi, in the first three months of this year.

South Korea and Japan have suspended poultry imports from New York, following a USDA confirmation of a low-pathogenic H7N2 virus outbreak there.
     Despite reports from the US poultry industry that the H7N2 strain is harmless to humans, the South Korean government is still awaiting further confirmation from the US that the virus would not mutate into the highly pathogenic H5N1 form, before lifting the suspension.
     South Korea has yet to import any US poultry after lifting a ban in early May. The ban was imposed in February 2004 following an outbreak of bird flu in the state of Delaware. Experts are currently holding an international meeting in Liverpool to discuss the threat of killer diseases such as bird flu, reports say.

The United States and Russia have formally signed a nearly 2-year-old meat trade agreement that could ease the way for Moscow to join the World Trade Organization, U.S. officials said last Wednesday. "This agreement will help provide stable access to a very important market for American poultry, beef and pork and a vehicle through which we can address some of the difficult market access issues that we face in Russia," U.S. Agriculture Secretary Mike Johanns said in a statement.

Schering-Plough Animal Health Poultry Solutions
Schering-Plough Animal Health Poultry Solutions

US-based Tasker Capital, which is attempting to expand its reach into the food market, will test its anti-pathogen pHarlo technology at a commercial poultry processor after it received authorisation last week from the USDA, reports
     "Tasker's pHarlo technology is a totally new and unique process that could revolutionise the food processing industry," the company said.

Researchers at the University of Alberta have discovered that chickens raised for meat can choose whether or not they'll funnel the nutrients they eat towards themselves or their eggs, reports the High Plains Journal.
     That phenomenon of 'reproductive attitude' is a headache for producers who must figure out how to deal with less productive hens that "partition" nutrients needed for egg production into their own bodies.
     "They like to be a little bit more selfish with their nutrients, and continue growing," said Dr. Martin Zuidhof, an Alberta Agriculture researcher who is collaborating with the University of Alberta to solve the dilemma.

The EU ban on traditional cages for laying hens, scheduled for 2012, could cost European egg producers up to 354 million euros per year, reports eFeedLink. An EC report calculates the cost of egg production indicating that switching to free range egg production increases cost by 20%, and barn egg production raises cost by 12%.
     The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) also recently opined that a marked increase in bacteriological, health and welfare problems should be expected. Council Directive 1999/74/EC, which was meant to improve physiological welfare of laying hens, appears to in fact increase animal health and food safety concerns at a huge economical cost to producers, the report says.

The British Poultry Council welcomes the proposal to fix common standards for chicken welfare across the whole EU. The proposal will pull together several existing welfare rules for chickens and elaborate new detailed requirements in a single Directive. However, they would like it to be applied to all chicken placed on the market not just to chicken reared in the EU.
     "The proposal still needs some fine tuning but in general we support the Commission's recognition that good welfare is determined more by the standards and conditions in houses and by the management of the birds, including proper training for stockmen, than by stocking density itself. "
     "In this respect we think the Commission has not taken full account of the latest scientific study of the effect of stocking density on chicken welfare by Professor Marian Dawkins, which would support a maximum stocking density higher than the 38 kg/m2 proposed provided the other conditions are being met" they say.

Britons are at risk of food poisoning from cheap imported eggs despite the success of British producers in curbing the threat from salmonella, a conference was told last week, according to the Guardian.
     Tom Humphrey, a veterinary professor at Bristol University, warned that a hen vaccination programme that had dramatically cut the bacteria in British poultry could be undermined by lack of proper controls elsewhere in Europe.

In the Netherlands, the Vencomatic Group, producers of poultry housing and egg collection systems, have announced that their production facility has moved to new premises. The production unit of Vencomatic will continue under the new name, Vencosteel BV. The building of the new premises on the industrial estate Meerheide II, close to the head office of Vencomatic in Eersel, started at the beginning of January 2005.

Recently, an Australian company, Darwalla, placed a large order for automatic nest systems with Vencomatic. Currently, on most of their farms, eggs are collected manually or with locally designed nests.
     After some years of testing, Darwalla has chosen Vencomatic nests which are supplied through the local dealer, Imexco Australia. The first houses are installed already and will go into production at the beginning of May. The second group of houses will be installed in June and a third group in September.
     Darwalla is one of the main broiler integrations in Australia with a parent stock of 160,000 broiler breeders. Most of Darwalla's breeder farms will be totally modernized with Vencomatic equipment from this order, the company reports.

DuPont Animal Health Solutions - ANTEC® BIOSENTRY®
DuPont Animal Health Solutions - ANTEC®  BIOSENTRY®

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 3 features this week.

Bacteriophage: A Replacement for Antibiotics?
By William E. Huff, USDA/ARS Poultry Production and Product Safety Research Unit, Center of Excellence for Poultry Science at the University of Arkansas's Avian Advice - Antibiotics, miracle drugs of the 20th century, have saved millions of human and animal lives, and contributed to efficient animal production to feed a hungry world. Antibiotics are used in poultry production in high doses to treat poultry diseases and at low doses in feed to prevent poultry diseases, as well as reduce the levels of food borne pathogens on poultry products.

US Poultry Outlook Report - June 2005
By U.S.D.A., Economic Research Service - This article is an extract from the April 2005: Livestock, Dairy and Poultry Outlook Report, highlighting Global Poultry Industry data. The report indicates that upward revisions in U.S. broiler meat production for February and March boosted production for broilers in first-quarter 2005 to 8.57 billion pounds, 4.6 percent higher than the same period last year.

Getting Started with the Home Poultry Flock
By Dr. Mickey A. Latour and Dr. Todd J. Applegate, Department of Animal Sciences, University of Purdue - The desire to begin raising poultry must be carefully considered before the first purchase. As the husbandry person, you will need to become acquainted with a variety of potential issues before the first purchase.

Cobb - Primary Broiler Breeders
Cobb - Primary Broiler Breeders

That's all for this week.

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