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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 27th June 2005

ThePoultrySite.com's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter ThePoultrySite.com's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter
Monday 27th June 2005
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Welcome to this weeks newsletter

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

This week we start in Japan, where a strain of bird flu has been detected in at a chicken farm in the North East, the government said Sunday, adding that the strain is not considered dangerous to humans.
     More than 800 chickens at a farm in Mitsukaido, just northeast of Tokyo, have died since April, and recent tests have found the H5N2 strain of bird flu among them, said Hirofumi Kurita, an official at the Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Ministry.

Since the finding, Local government officials have started the extermination of about 25,300 chickens at the farm. Officials of the prefectural government said that they would poison the birds with carbon dioxide then cover their bodies to kill the influenza virus.

Laboratory tests in Vietnam and abroad have indicated that the antigen structure of bird flu virus strain H5N1 in the country is changing, local newspaper Labor Monday quoted a Vietnamese Health Ministry report as saying.
     The change, which might increase the possibility of bird flu infections in humans, explains why people in Vietnam have still been infected with H5N1 in recent months, although it has detected no major outbreaks.

One-fifth of all the waterfowl flocks in Vietnam's central Quang Tri province have been found to have contracted the bird flu virus strain H5N1, Peoples Daily has reported. The provincial Veterinarian Bureau has culled over 23,000 waterfowls, mainly ducks, in the 38 infected flocks. It will further the culling if the 144 untested flocks prove to be infected with H5N1.

China has confirmed reports that Chinese poultry farmers have been using the human anti-flu drug amantadine in poultry, which can cause drug-resistant strains of the virus to develop but has said it will stop the practice, reports New Scientist.
     The Washington Post revealed that amantadine has been used in China "since the late 1990s" to control and prevent bird flu outbreaks on chicken farms. The investigation followed a report in New Scientist, citing flu expert Robert Webster, of St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital in Memphis, US. In it, Webster blamed widespread use of amantadine in feed by Chinese chicken farmers for the occurrence of resistant strains of H5N1 since 2003.
See Also: Cost seen limiting use of flu drug on birds in China

In India, the year 2005-06 began on a discouraging note for poultry farmers as roasting temperatures and rampant gout and raniketh (kokkera) diseases have taken a heavy toll on layers and broilers in coastal Andhra districts, reports business-standard.com.
     The average mortality of birds due to infections has been put at 10 per cent, the toll being 40 per cent in extreme cases. The toll due to heat waves has been estimated between 5 and 10 per cent. With no rains in sight, the mortality rate is on the rise, the report says.

Stiffer competition between countries exporting wheat, oilseeds, sugar and livestock will intensify over the next ten years, bringing down prices, according to forecasts by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the UN.
     While those buying the commodities will benefit from the lower prices and the increased ability to source products from more developing countries, farmers in OECD countries will have to make additional efforts to improve their efficiency as profit margins fall, the organisations stated in a forecast report released this week.
     In the poultry sector the continued investment in integrated poultry systems, particularly in developing countries, will lead to lower prices, the report states.

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In the US, scientific research, changing farm practices and dump trucks have combined to nearly eliminate a poultry manure surplus long viewed as a major threat to Delaware water quality, state agriculture and industry leaders said last Thursday.
     "We need a handful of small-scale alternatives," to eliminate remaining excess manure, William Rohrer, who directs Delaware's Nutrient Management Commission, said Thursday. Poultry farms produce about 280,000 tons of poultry "litter," a mix of wood chips and manure, each year. Studies dating to the late 1990s estimated that the volume until recently was about 150,000 tons higher than the amount state soils can absorb. A push by industry and government officials cut the excess to about 50,000 tons a year, according to DelawareOnline.

A rise in the number of Salmonella cases around North Carolina have prompted stated health officials to issue some tips on prevention of the food-borne illness. A variety of Salmonella bacteria are known to exist, but the type that is causing the most concern due to the rapid rise in the number of cases in the state is Salmonella enteritidis.
     According to public health officials, the North Carolina Laboratory of Public Health has detected more cases of Salmonella enteritidis in the first six months of this year than in the same six-month period in the past three years combined-five times as many as for the same period in 2004.

Poultry litter could be used as a source of power to run a proposed ethanol plant in Missouri, according to the Joplin Globe. It takes 5 megawatts of power to generate 30 million gallons of ethanol and they hope to gain that energy from burning poultry litter.
     The report says the burned litter would leave an ash that could be used by farmers as fertilizer on fields. That process would concentrate the nutrients into the ash and make it easier to apply to fields without generating any odor.

A high pressure system using ozone gas would eliminate the use of hot water and chemicals when cleaning equipment at food processing plants, according to the product's inventor, US-based eFoodSafety.com. The hosing equipment, called the Pulsator, can be used in plants processing pork, beef, poultry, seafood and fruits and vegetables and would eliminate the need for chlorine, they say.

In Jamaica, the recent outcry from producers and suppliers of chicken parts of unfair and illegal competition seems to have been supported by information to the Ministry of Agriculture from American exporters, reports Jamaica-Gleaner.
     It now appears that for every permit granted by the ministry for the importation of just over eight million kilograms of chicken necks and backs, the same amount of leg quarters has been imported in their stead, they report.

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Market-leading San Miguel Corporation, the largest poultry integration in the Philippines, has awarded a new supplier contract to Hybro BV for the supply of Hybro PG+ GPS flocks commencing this year. The new contract was signed on April 5th and signifies another important step for Hybro in achieving significant growth in the region.
     The Dutch broiler breeding company has made no secret of its ambitions in Asia, and Hybro general manager Richard Maatman confirmed that the decision from San Miguel was 'pivotal' in speeding up Hybro's bid for increased market share.

In the UK, the Red Tractor logo will appear for the first time ever on menus, following a groundbreaking agreement with the Slug and Lettuce pub chain, the NFU report. The logo will appear on menus at all 56 Slug and Lettuce pubs after its management agreed to exclusively source Red Tractor Assured Chicken year round.
     The logo is recognition that all chicken in Slug and Lettuce meals has been subjected to a rigorous set of assurance standards that have been independently inspected along all points of the food chain.

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 3 features this week.

Poultry Genetics for Pastured Production
By Anne Fanatico, NCAT Agriculture Specialist and Skip Polson; Updated 2005 by Holly Born - This article is from the National Center for Appropriate Technology (NCAT) and provides information on the Cornish Rock crosses in outdoor production, discusses several slower-growing breeds, and provides information on hatcheries that offer these alternative breeds.

UK Poultry Disease Monthly Surveillance Report (to April 2005)
By Veterinary Laboratories Agency - This report monitors trends in the major endemic poultry diseases and utilises the farmfile and VIDA (Veterinary Investigation Disease Analysis) databases. The report is compiled using disease data gathered by the network of 15 VLA regional laboratories which carry out disease investigation in the field.

What protein level will maximise your profits
By Marcus Kenny, Carolyne Kemp and Colin Fisher, Aviagen - This article by Aviagen explains the need for varying dietary protein in order to maximise profits in a broiler operation.

Vencomatic - Complete Solutions in Poultry Equipment
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That's all for this week.

Ed.


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