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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 11th July 2005

ThePoultrySite.com's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter ThePoultrySite.com's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter
Monday 11th July 2005
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Welcome to this weeks newsletter

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

This week we start in Western China, where an outbreak of bird flu among migrating geese has opened a potential pathway for the disease to spread to India and Europe, according to studies published online Wednesday by the journals Science and Nature.
     The sick birds were discovered April 30 at Qinghai Lake, a breeding hub for bar-headed geese that migrate to Siberia, Myanmar, Australia, New Zealand and over the Himalayas into India - a possible jumping-off point for transmission of the virus to Europe.

In Japan, a fresh case of bird flu has been confirmed on a chicken farm neighbouring earlier outbreaks discovered late last month, reports Reuters today.
     An official with Ibaraki prefecture said tests had confirmed an outbreak of bird flu, which was likely to be the same weak strain of the disease that was first found a few weeks earlier. "It's unlikely to be the more virulent strain," the official said.
     The agriculture ministry and prefectures will now test chickens at poultry farms nationwide for AI, ministry officials said Friday. About 1,500 of 4,000 poultry farms nationwide that raise 1,000 or more chickens will be subject to the measure, which may take up to around two months to complete, to check for the H5N2 variant of the flu.

In Thailand, the deadly bird flu virus which has killed 55 people has erupted again despite a major campaign to eradicate it, the government said today.
     Infected fowl were found this month in five places of three districts in Suphanburi province, 100 km (60 miles) north of Bangkok, during follow-up inspections of previously affected areas, a senior Agriculture Ministry official said.

The Philippines has suffered its first case of bird flu after ducks were found to be infected in a town north of Manila, prompting the country to immediately halt poultry exports to Japan, government officials said last Friday.
     Health Secretary Francisco Duque said samples have been sent to Australia to determine whether the strain was the same as the one that has killed dozens of people elsewhere in Asia.

In Malaysia, the Sabah state has cancelled licences allowing the import of poultry from the Philippines after the first case of bird flu was detected in the country. Agriculture and Food Industry Minister Datuk Abdul Rahim Ismail said licences have been terminated with immediate effect.
     "We will also not allow transit of any type of poultry from the Philippines to make sure that the disease does not spread to Sabah" he said.

Bird flu is entrenched in Asia and it will take up to a decade to rid the region of the deadly virus and declare humans, animals and meat safe from infection, United Nations officials said last Tuesday.
     More than $100 million would be spent over the next three years on improving the detection and reporting of outbreaks, and in combating the virus, three UN health bodies said at the launch of a joint action plan to stop the spread of bird flu.
     "The disease is endemic in Asia and it will be here for long," Joseph Domenech, head of the UN's Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO), told a news conference.

Cobb - Primary Broiler Breeders
Cobb - Primary Broiler Breeders

International animal and human health experts last week unveiled a multi-point plan designed to reduce the risk of the H5N1 avian influenza virus spreading from poultry to humans. They appealed to the international community to come forward with funds to make it work and help stave off the risk of an influenza pandemic.
     The strategy was drawn up at a three-day conference in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, attended by experts from around Asia, as well as by senior representatives of FAO, the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) and the World Health Organization (WHO).

Brazil's farm exports reached a historical high of US$ 20.2 billion in the first half of this year, an increase of 10.2% over the same period in 2004, reports the Ministry of Agriculture.
     Soy continues to lead the farm export sector but in second place are Brazilian meats (beef, pork and poultry) with US$ 3.63 billion in export revenue, an increase of 31.56% over the same period last year.

Russia increased poultry imports 32.3% year-on-year in January-May 2005. According to current customs statistics, supplies of poultry amounted to 442,300 tonnes for $272.8 million, all of which was imported from outside the CIS.

The World Trade Organisation has demanded that the EU reinstates its special low import tariff for lightly salted poultry meat. The WTO had earlier ruled in favour of Thailand and Brazil against the EU in a related case regarding higher tariffs on salted chicken imports from both countries.
     The EU poultry processors' association, in response, expressed its concern that the WTO's decision could seriously damage the EU poultry industry through dumping of significantly cheaper chicken imports.

Prompted by a shortage of organic feeds, the EU is proposing a gradual phasing out of the non-organic feed derogation with 100% organic rations being required from the end of 2011. A Defra spokesman explained: “From August 24, the non-organic will fall from the current 20% to 15%. This will run until 31 December 2007 when it will fall to 10% and then again to 5% two years later.

Coccivac-B - Coccidiosis vaccine for poultry
Coccivac-B - Coccidiosis vaccine for poultry

In the UK, the National Fallen Stock Company is on the verge of announcing that collectors will be allowed to make bulk collections from farms from Jan 2006. Producers will be able to store fallen stock in Dolav bins - large sealed boxes - so collectors only need to visit the farm every few days.

McDonald's has hinted at a change in the way it markets its food during a conference at the Royal Show. The burger chain, which recently reformed its menu with healthier food, is looking to emphasise its local sourcing policy. The chain already sources all its beef from the UK and Ireland, as well as all its pork, eggs, lettuce and 50% of the wheat in its bread buns from British farmers.

In The Netherlands, broiler breeding company Hybro BV has announced the appointment of Mr. Brian High to the newly created position of country manager for the United Kingdom and Eire.
     The news comes as Hybro reports a record order book this year for its enhanced PG+, G+ and PN breeders, following major new account wins worldwide and the company’s reinstatement as core supplier for sister company SADA in Spain.

In Italy, figures released during the National Union of Poultry Breeders (UNA) annual assembly for chicken and egg production and consumption in 2004, showed a turnover of €4.5 billion for poultry with a total production of 1.134 million tonnes, down 1.4 percent year-on-year. Chicken consumption for 2004 dropped 1.7 percent compared with 1.68 million tonnes in 2003.

In the US, ARS researchers have found that ordinary poultry manure, when converted by carbonization into granules and powders, can mop up pollutants in water. Key to the litter’s newfound value is the charring process.
     When heated in an atmosphere stripped of oxygen, the waste - which can also include feathers and bedding material - takes on new qualities, such as a large surface area and high porosity.

Human exposure to antibiotic-resistant bacteria is growing because of the use of antibiotics in agriculture operations, according to a research team from the Fogarty International Center and the University of Maryland.
     The authors suggest that "transmission from agriculture can have a greater impact on human populations than hospital transmission," according to the article the researchers are publishing in the international medical journal "PLoS Medicine."

Cobb - Primary Broiler Breeders
Cobb - Primary Broiler Breeders

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 3 features this week.

Evaluation of Litter Treatments on Salmonella Recovery in Poultry Litter
By J.B. Payne and Susan E. Watkins Center of Excellence for Poultry Science, Center of Excellence for Poultry Science at the University of Arkansas's Avian Advice - Pathogenic bacterial populations can have a negative effect on the production and health of birds if concentrations are too high. Bacteria cause numerous disease conditions including necrotic enteritis, botulism, gangrenous dermatitis, airsacculitis, and cellulitis.

Enzymes for Poultry Feed: Yes or No
By Nicholas M. Dale, Extension Poultry Scientist, University of Georgia - A number of enzyme products are currently on the market intended for addition to poultry feed. Most of these are digestive enzymes, intended to improve the chicken’s ability to digest nutrients in the feed. No common feed ingredient is 100% digested in the animals’ gastrointestinal tract.

Breeder Nutrition and Chick Quality
By Marcus Kenny and Carolyne Kemp, Aviagen - This article by Aviagen discusses how the nutrition of the breeder hen affects the chicks physiology at hatching.

That's all for this week.

Ed.


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