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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 1st August 2005's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter
Monday 1st August 2005
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Welcome to this weeks newsletter

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

We start this week in China, where a laboratory whose research findings on bird flu have been contested by the Chinese government, has had its research suspended. The decision followed a meeting between the researchers and China's Ministry of Agriculture to clarify regulations for handling the bird flu virus (H5N1) and infected birds.
     Their findings suggested that the virus had originated in Guangdong province in southern China. A day later, the Ministry of Agriculture denied that there had been any bird flu outbreaks in Guangdong this year. Jia Youling, director-general of the ministry's veterinary bureau, added that the Joint Influenza Research Programme did not have the facilities to handle the virus.

The Russian authorities plan to begin slaughtering poultry on Tuesday in 18 Siberian villages where bird flu has been detected, reports the BBC. The strain found in the Novosibirsk region has been identified as H5N1 - the type that has killed at least 57 people in South-East Asia since 2003.
     An outbreak of bird flu has also been reported in neighbouring Kazakhstan. Russian doctors suspect that migratory birds brought the virus to Siberia, where poultry is now in quarantine. No human cases of the disease have been reported so far in Siberia. There are fears of a global pandemic stemming from the H5N1 type, if it mutates into a form which could spread easily from human to human. Most of those who have died in Asia are believed to have contracted the virus directly from birds.

Although it took over a week to determine the subtype of N, the indications are that the outbreaks in Novosibirsk were related to the H5N1 outbreaks in Qinghai and Xinjiang provinces in China reports Recombinomics. All three outbreaks have been linked to migratory birds and are H5N1 confirmed.
     The export of H5N1 from Qinghai Lake has now almost certainly included Kazakhstan, they report. They say the sequences from Qinghai Lake were clearly cause for concern as they had mammalian sequences and were mixtures of sequences from Europe and Asia.

The bird flu strain could spread to parts of the European Union, a senior Russian veterinary official has warned. The official from the Russian Veterinary and Phytosanitary Inspection Service told Reuters that the chances were "very high" that the strain found in the Novosibirsk region could spread to other parts of Siberia.
     "There is also a possibility that bird flu could spread to the European Union as (infected) wild birds from China may have been in contact in Russia with birds that will fly on to the Netherlands, France and elsewhere," the official said. "North America is not safe either, as some birds from Russia fly there, too," said the official who did not wish to be named.

Vietnamese authorities are vaccinating three million birds in a southern province, officials said on Monday, as nationwide efforts got underway to contain bird flu, which has killed 41 people in the country.
     The trial vaccination started on Saturday in Tien Giang province, in the heart of the fertile Mekong Delta where large-scale poultry farming is common. "On the first day, some 5,000 chickens that were at least eight days old were vaccinated against the H5N2 virus and some 2,000 ducks that were at least 15 days old were vaccinated against the H5N1 virus," said Cao Van Hoa, deputy director of the provincial agriculture service.

Bird flu killed two more people in Vietnam, an official said on Friday. He said both tested positive for the bird flu virus on Thursday, bringing the regional human death toll to 59.

Schering-Plough Animal Health Poultry Solutions
Schering-Plough Animal Health Poultry Solutions

The Indonesian government has chosen selective culling instead of mass culling to counter the widespread bird flu due to financial strain, a minister said on Thursday. The plan was canceled to mass cull all the poultry within the radius of three kilometers of all the bird flu affected areas, Agricultural Minister Anton Apriantono said.

North Korea, which recently announced an end to the outbreak of avian influenza within its borders, has the deadly virus under control for the time being, an official with the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has said. "If you have no confirmed new outbreak for a 90-day period, you can declare your country free of bird flu," Hans Wagner, bird flu expert at the FAO's Bangkok office, said.

Japanese authorities have discovered a fresh outbreak of bird flu disease on a chicken farm in eastern Japan, close to where several cases of the disease have been detected since late June. Some chickens at the farm had tested positive for a strain of the H5 virus, a local government official in Ibaraki prefecture, northeast of Tokyo, said on Wednesday.

The states and territories of Australia have agreed to test their readiness to deal with a bird flu pandemic in the country, said Federal Health Minister Tony Abbott. The World Health Organisation has said there is a 10% chance a bird flu pandemic will break out globally in the next 12 months

The Dutch farm ministry played down fears on Monday that a strain of bird flu found in Russia could spread to the Netherlands, saying no extra protection measures were needed. "We have made a risk assessment and it's not necessary to take extra measures," a spokeswoman for the Dutch ministry said. "The outbreak poses no threat to the Netherlands."

A British firm has developed a bird flu vaccine which could be easily mass produced, officials say. PowerMed's vaccine is further away from the market than others, but as it is a DNA-based, it may be easier to produce than traditional egg-grown flu shots. The firm said 1.2kg of the vaccine, which is expected to enter clinical trials next year, would be enough to vaccinate the US population twice over.
     PowerMed chief executive Dr Clive Dix said he believed enough of the vaccine could be produced within three months to vaccinate everybody. "We believe that our technology offers the best potential to save lives and minimise the economic impact of a flu pandemic." PowerMed's vaccine is produced by cloning a gene from the current bird flu strain and slotting it into an existing DNA backbone vaccine.

Cobb - Primary Broiler Breeders
Cobb - Primary Broiler Breeders

Defra has completed the cull of 10,240 pheasants infected with Newcastle disease on a farm in Surrey and is fully satisfied that the disease is contained, according to Debbie Reynolds the chief veterinary officer.
     The birds, which were imported from a game farm in France, were in a release pen when the game keeper became concerned at the health of several birds and submitted samples to a laboratory for diagnosis.
     Once the disease was confirmed on July 15 DEFRA imposed infected area status around the farm stopping all movements of poultry and poultry related products within the area, reports FWi.
See also: Newcastle Disease - 11 days on

Whether it is a pork pie from Melton Mowbray or olive oil from Nimes, everyone seems to believe their local food deserves the EU’s protection from corporations, reports There are over 300 applications waiting to join the 720 foods and drinks already protected under the EU’s Geographical Indication (GI) regime but a rush of more applications is bound to happen, with MPs in the UK recently calling for producers to catch up with the rest of GI divided Europe.

The fact that consumers think meat is delicious is not actually that surprising, report the Dutch Meat Board. Besides the four basic tastes, taste buds can sense a fifth one: the umami taste, which is described as being savoury and meaty. Traditionally, its function has been as a taste receptor to recognise amino acids (i.e. proteins) in food. Meat is a product with a distinct umami taste.

In the US The Food and Drug Administration decided on Thursday to ban the use of Bayer's antibiotic Baytril in the poultry industry, saying use of the drug has lead to increased occurences of antibiotic-resistant food-borne infections in people.
    FDA Commissioner Lester Crawford ordered the withdrawal of the approval for use of the drug in the poultry industry, and the ban will be effective as of Sept. 12. Scientific data has shown that the use of the drug, generically known as enrofloxacin, caused resistance in a bacteria normally harbored in the digestive tracts of chickens and turkeys, called campylobacter bacteria, the FDA said.

DuPont Animal Health Solutions - ANTEC® BIOSENTRY®
DuPont Animal Health Solutions - ANTEC®  BIOSENTRY®

Using an innovative bacterial process, the USDA's Agricultural Research Service scientists are paving the way for new, cost-efficient and large-scale methods of removing ammonia from livestock wastewater. In tests with anammox - a technology that uses rare anaerobic bacteria to convert nitrite and ammonium to harmless dinitrogen gas - soil scientists Matias Vanotti and Ariel Szogi at ARS' Coastal Plains Soil, Water and Plant Research Center in Florence, S.C., have scored noteworthy results.

In Canada, Maple Leaf Foods Inc. saw second-quarter earnings rise 18% to $33.2 million, from $25 million, despite a drop in revenue due to lower prices for pork and poultry. Sales at the large Toronto-based food processing company fell to $1.7 billion, a one per cent drop over the same period of 2004.      "The decline in the primary processing margins in fresh pork and the commodity poultry margins here in Canada was very substantial in the quarter," chief executive Michael McCain told analysts last week. "In the case of pork, a well over 100 per cent decline year-over-year."

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 4 features this week.

Defining Chick Quality
By Brian D. Fairchild, Extension Poultry Scientist, CES, University of Georgia - Chick quality is still a term than many breeder, hatchery and broiler people still have a hard time defining. Most everyone can identify poor quality chicks from good quality chicks. However, when three people are asked to define chick quality, three different descriptions would be received.

Is Mold Growth Hurting Your Performance?
By Frank T. Jones, Cooperative Extension Section Leader, Center of Excellence for Poultry Science at the University of Arkansas's Avian Advice - Unexplainable poor performance can occur from time to time. While production problems can originate from innumerable sources, some common situations should not be overlooked. When management factors are good and birds still perform poorly, it may be time to take a closer look at the feed bins and pans to determine if mold growth is the source of the problem.

Lighting for Poultry Farms and Processing Plants
Joseph M. Zulovich Department of Agricultural Engineering, University of Missouri - Poultry businesses and poultry industry specialists have known for years the value of specialized controlled lighting for stimulating bird growth and egg production. But the very low lighting level (usually 2 foot-candles or less) required for better egg production has often led to low worker productivity. Houses are windowless to control light, summer heat, winter heat loss and year-round ventilation.

EU-25 Poultry and Products Annual Overview - July 2005
By the USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service - This article provides the poultry industry data from the USDA FAS Poultry and Products Annual 2005 report for EU. A link to the full report is also provided. The full report includes all the tabular data which we have ommited from this article.

That's all for this week.


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