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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 8th August 2005's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter
Monday 8th August 2005
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Welcome to this weeks newsletter

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

We start this week in Russia, where veterinary service officials last week issued a warning on further spread of the avian flu to more regions after the virus killed more than 2,000 domestic fowl in Novosibirsk and new infections were discovered in the neighboring Altai region.
     More than 300 domestic fowl died recently in Altai, and lab tests confirmed that the deaths were caused by the H5N1 type bird flu, the ITAR-TASS news agency said.
     Dmitry Rylko, director of the Institute of the Agrarian Market Situation, said: "There will be a catastrophe if the virus spreads to Tyumen (north of Western Siberia), Omsk and further, to European Russia," where the country's largest poultry farms are situated. Kommersant wrote that poultry farmers had calculated that if bird flu affected poultry farms, their losses might reach $1 billion.
     On the positive side, no humans have been infected by the bird flu outbreak in Russia and the situation remained stable, the country's consumers rights watchdog said on Monday.

Kazakhstan confirmed on Thursday an outbreak of bird flu in the north of the country but said scientists needed more time to discover whether the virus was dangerous to humans.
     Some 400 geese died at a poultry farm in the village of Golubovka in the Pavlodar region in late July. Veterinary officials say the virus is avian influenza, but have yet to define the exact type.

The European Union is going to introduce a ban on the import of poultry from Russia and Kazakhstan by the end of this week, state press are reporting. The Russian information agency has been advised by a high-ranking European Commission official that this way the European Union wants to protect itself from a potential bird flu threat.

The H5NI avian influenza outbreak hints that the disease is moving towards Europe, says a report in Nature. The new incidents risk opening a Eurasian front for the disease, increasing the animal reservoir that could spark a pandemic, the magazine says.
     "If we are seeing an expansion in range, that is something we should be concerned about," says Ian Brown, head of avian virology at the UK Veterinary Laboratories Agency in Weybridge, Surrey.

Vietnam has begun to vaccinate 210 million poultry as part of an all-out effort to eradicate the bird flu virus which has killed 42 people in the country, half of them since December, reports Reuters. The Agriculture Ministry said it would use more than 400 million batches of vaccine imported from China and the Netherlands to inoculate chickens, ducks and quails against the deadly H5N1 virus.

Up to 70% of waterfowls in the southern Mekong delta have been tested positive to bird flu virus strain H5N1, local newspaper Labor reported Wednesday. Local veterinary agencies culled 4,620 poultry, mainly ducks and chickens, after they detected small outbreaks of bird flu in capital city Hanoi and the three southern localities of Can Tho, Ben Tre and Dong Thap last month, Vietnam's National Steering Committee on Anti-Bird Flu was quoted as saying in the report.

In Japan, a case of bird flu was suspected in the Fukushima Prefecture, Nihon Keizai reported Thursday. According to the Japanese economic daily, the prefecture announced Wednesday that the blood serum of some chickens in a local hennery tested positive for a bird flu virus and the National Institute of Animal Health in Ibaraki Prefecture is now conducting confirmation tests.

Paracox-5 - Coccidiosis vaccine for poultry
Paracox-5 Coccidiosis vaccine

Broiler prices in China were mostly stable in the week ending Aug 3, say eFeedLink in their Weekly China Broiler report. Analysts expected near-term broiler prices to remain generally stable in Guangdong, Shandong, Henan and Guangxi. Prices were seen to rise marginally in Liaoning.

In Indonesia, the poultry giant Charoen Pokphand reported a net profit of 42.39 billion rupiah (US$4.4m) for the first half of 2005, compared with a net loss of 144.02 billion rupiah (US$14.8m) during the same period the previous year.
     Company sales rose 22 percent to 2.70 trillion rupiah (UD$277m) from 2.22 trillion rupiah (US$228) during the same period the previous year. The company attributed the turnaround to cost efficiencies.

In the Banten region of Indonesia, life has become more difficult for poultry and pig breeders since the area was declared a "red zone" after the first avian flu fatalities in humans occurred there last month. "I'm facing massive losses. I've had no buyers since the government started culling poultry and pigs here," said Parman, 47, a pig and duck breeder in Babat village, Legok district.

The US government is optimistic about a new vaccine to protect against an outbreak of potentially deadly avian flu, and distribution could start as soon as mid-September, a senior federal health official said.
     The government is ready to move ahead with ordering significantly more than the two million doses it acquired from French vaccine maker Sanofi-Pasteur before testing began earlier this year to jump-start the US vaccine stockpile in case the tests were successful, reports The Scotsman.

Poultry processor Pilgrim's Pride Corp. on Thursday said it will sell shares to raise $522.9 million and use the bulk of the proceeds to buy ConAgra Foods Inc.'s stake in the company.

With Cobb continuing to expand sales throughout South America, Gustavo Wassermann has been appointed as broiler specialist to join the Cobb World Technical Support Team and will be based in Brazil. Mr Wassermann has worked in the technical department of Nutron Alimentos that belongs to the Provimi Group, a world leader in animal nutrition, for more than four years.

Cobb - Primary Broiler Breeders
Cobb - Primary Broiler Breeders

Delegates from the poultry sector worldwide have given the Hybro Poultry College (HPC) their unreserved seal of approval for the second year running. Russian ZAO Kotshetkov's Marco van den Broek represented all his delegate colleagues, when he thanked Hybro for a highly informative and thought-provoking fortnight, that saw delegates from 12 companies in Palestine, the Philippines, South Africa, Brazil, Latvia, Russia, Mauritius and Sri Lanka converging in Boxmeer last month.

Great Britain would be "overwhelmed" if a deadly strain of pandemic bird flu reached its shores, a leading expert warned today. Once the virus spread as far as the UK it would be impossible to contain, said Professor Neil Ferguson.
     The only chance of averting a global disaster costing many millions of lives would be to snuff out the strain rapidly at its point of origin in south-east Asia. The new deadly version of the virus would have to be identified while confined to only about 30 people, Prof Ferguson's team found.

A Penrith poultry company is being prosecuted by environment chiefs for allegedly polluting the River Eden. Officials from the Frank Bird Poultry factory, at Langwathby, are due in court on September 19 to face two charges of polluting the River Eden and nearby land.
     It is alleged that the chicken processing company dumped liquid animal waste on land near the River Eden, polluting both the land and the river. If convicted the company could be fined up to £40,000 for the two offences.

In Goa, a day-long seminar on strategies for improving poultry production, held at the ICAR Research Complex, discussed in detail the causes for the recent major drop in poultry activities in the state.
     The director of the Department for Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Services, Dr T T Naik, who was the chief guest for the inaugural session observed that cost of production in the poultry farming is very high due to the expenses incurred on chicken-feed, labour, water and electricity, which in turn has resulted in low earnings for those who practice the same.

DuPont Animal Health Solutions - ANTEC® BIOSENTRY®
DuPont Animal Health Solutions - ANTEC®  BIOSENTRY®

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 4 features this week.

Small Flock Vaccination
Small Flock Vaccination - By Joseph M. Maudlin, Extension Poultry Scientist, University of Georgia - Vaccines are widely used by the livestock industry to prevent diseases. Commercial poultry (farms with greater than 5,000 birds) are almost universally vaccinated against a variety of diseases. Preventative vaccinations have resulted in increased health and improved production efficiency in the poultry industry.

Windbreaks for Poultry Farms
By G.T. Tabler, Poultry Science Department at the University of Arkansas's Avian Advice - Windbreaks are barriers that have been used for centuries to reduce and redirect wind. They were first used in the mid-1400’s when the Scottish Parliament urged the planting of tree belts to protect agricultural production (Droze, 1977).

Basic Introduction to Broiler Housing Environmental Control
By Brian D. Fairchild, Department of Poultry Science, University of Georgia - Broilers have been selected for increased meat yield, better feed conversion and high growth rates for many decades. Fifty years ago it took over 12 weeks to raise a 4 pound broiler. Through advances in genetic selection and nutrition, a 5 pound broiler can now be raised in 6 to 7 weeks.

Cheap Food Policy: Fact or Rhetoric?
By Mississippi State University - James C. Miller and Keith H. Coble, Department of Agricultural Economics, Mississippi State University - This paper econometrically evaluates the impact of direct government payments to farmers from 1960-1999 on the proportion of disposable income consumers spend on food.

That's all for this week.


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