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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 15th August 2005's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter
Monday 15th August 2005
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Welcome to this weeks newsletter

**CORRECTION** Last week in our bird flu report we incorrectly identified the Banten region of Indonesia as being in the Philppines. Apologies for any confusion this may have caused.

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

We start this week in Russia, where the government cordoned off roads and slaughtered hundreds of birds on Monday to contain the advance of the bird flu epidemic towards Western Europe. The outbreak, previously confined to five remote areas of Siberia, has now struck a major industrial region, Chelyabinsk, in the Ural mountains, which separate Asia from Europe.
     "All ill and infected birds are being slaughtered there," the Agriculture Ministry said in a statement. It was unclear whether the virus found in Chelyabinsk was the deadly H5N1 strain.
     In a related report, bird flu is raging in ten districts of Russia's Altai territory with a population of over 30,000 people, regional government officials said. "In Zavyalovsky district, from which the infection began to spread, medics hospitalized a boy suspected of falling ill with bird flu, but subsequent tests did not confirm the diagnosis," Rospotrebnadzor officials told Itar-Tass. There are no people sickened by bird flu in the region, they noted.
     Meanwhile, tests are being conducted to ascertain if a journalist hospitalized on August 12 has contracted bird flu, a health official in the Siberian city of Novosibirsk said Monday.
     Maria Pashkova, a correspondent of the Novosibirsk state TV and radio company, was hospitalized days after returning from an assignment to areas in the region affected by an outbreak of bird flu.
     In Siberia, farmers have been reduced to hiding chickens from veterinaries in forests, a leading business daily reported Friday. Vedomosti wrote that the largest poultry holdings were not afraid for their businesses yet, but added that experts were certain that the virus had settled in Russia for a long time.

Veterinary officials in Kazakhstan are investigating dead poultry from a fifth village where the deadly strain of bird flu may have spread, the Agriculture Ministry said on Friday. The upcoming migration season in September creates the threat that the virus is spread further afield as birds fly south for the winter.

China has sealed off a farm in far-western Tibet and inoculated poultry within a three-mile radius after discovering a strain of bird flu likely to be deadly to humans, state media said on Friday. The OIE said the virus was likely to be the H5N1 strain that has killed more than 50 people across Asia and led to the deaths of some 140 million birds.

Vietnam will start vaccinating fowls nationwide against bird flu viruses, including the deadly strain H5N1, next month, one month ahead of schedule. Besides chickens and ducks, geese, quails and pigeons, especially those in the northern Red River Delta and the southern Mekong Delta, will also be vaccinated, the country's Veterinary Department said Monday.

Indonesia has passed the incubation period of bird flu virus after the outbreak killed three people in the outskirts of Jakarta, but the disease was still possible to spread as the method to eliminate the virus was questionable, ministers and WHO officials said Wednesday.
     Indonesian Health Minister Siti Fadilah Supari said that if one of the affected poultry still lived, it could contract the virus to human. "As long as there are still chicken with bird flu, the disease can spread," Supari told Xinhua.

VIROCID - The Global Disinfectant
VIROCID - The Global Disinfectant

In China, broiler prices were generally mixed in the week ending Aug 10, say eFeedLink in their Weekly China Broiler report.
     AA broiler prices in Shandong and Liaoning provinces rose marginally in the past week. With the recent outbreak of pig bacteria in Sichuan province, consumers have avoided consuming pork, thereby resulting in increased demand for broilers which has helped to prop up broiler prices in the two provinces.

Doctors in Asia fear western countries will grab the lion's share of vaccines and other drugs needed to fight an avian flu pandemic, according to the Guardian. They also question the governments' apparent dependence on one antiviral treatment pending development of a vaccine, saying other treatments should be considered in head-to-head trials as part of global contingency planning.
     The doctors, from Hong Kong, South Korea, Singapore and Malaysia, warn that a failure to adequately protect health workers in countries expected to be near the start of any pandemic could put such a strain on healthcare workers that they become demoralised and desert their posts.

DuPont safety experts and leaders will address global safety topics including avian flu and emerging innovations at the XVII "World Congress on Safety and Health at Work" Sept. 18-22 in Orlando, Florida. It will be the first time in 51 years that the global event will be held in the United States.
     The World Congress brings together several thousand key leaders and influencers of workplace safety policy from government, labor and industry to present and discuss emerging safety research, trends, best practices and innovations in the workplace.

Cobb - Primary Broiler Breeders
Cobb - Primary Broiler Breeders

In the US, consumers will purchase 26 billion pounds of chicken in 2005 - 87 pounds for each man, woman and child - making chicken by far the country's most popular meat, reports the Examiner-Enterprise.
     And as the poultry industry marks the seventeenth consecutive September as National Chicken Month, new survey statistics confirm that Americans eating more chicken than ever, both at home and in restaurants.

In the UK, the NFU said last Friday that the State Veterinary Services suspect another Newcastle Disease outbreak, this time at Chiddingfold, Surrey. Again, it is in pheasants and confirmation of the test results will be released in about a week.
     In the meantime movement restrictions have been placed on the two release pens (approx 600 birds) and the SVS are in discussion with Trading Standards regarding implementing restrictions on neighbouring footpaths.

Also on Friday, the OIE released a follow-up report on the earlier outbreak of Newcastle Disease in the UK. They confirmed that the origin of the Newcastle disease outbreak reported in pheasants in West Horsley was a legal movement of animals and that a surveillance zone with movement controls remains in place. From the active surveillance in the restricted area, including laboratory sampling to date, it appears that this was a single isolated outbreak that has been effectively contained, they say.

Significant numbers of chickens on sale in UK shops are contaminated with superbugs, a scientific survey commissioned by BBC One's Real Story suggests. Of the British-grown chickens analysed, over half were contaminated with multi-drug resistant E.coli which is immune to the effects of three or more antibiotics.
     More than a third of the 147 samples, which included overseas and UK produced chicken, had E.coli germs resistant to the important antibiotic Trimethaprim. The Health Protection Agency scientists testing the meat also found 12 chickens had antibiotic resistant Campylobacter.

With up to 76% of UK chickens testing positive for Campylobacter, processors and their suppliers will soon be facing a food safety crackdown from the country's regulator, reports FoodProductionDaily. The process will mean greater costs for UK food processors as they implement new measures and increased screening and cleaning techniques to reach the target. The problem is prevalent throughout the EU.

Ross Breeders - Generations of innovations
Ross Breeders - Generations of innovations

In Denmark, nine out of ten people infected with multi-resistant bacteria got it from foreign meat, imported in increasing amounts, reports the Copenhagen Post. Danish researchers are voicing their concern that imported chicken, pork, and beef contains much more dangerous bacteria than Danish meat.
     Studies by the Danish Institute for Food and Veterinary Research (DFVF) have found that meat products from foreign countries contained an alarming amount of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, presenting a health risk to consumers.

Although the benefits of automatic egg collection are already widely proven in western countries, still a lot of the worldwide produced hatching eggs are gathered manually. Therefore Vencomatic and Prinzen machines, producers of nests and egg collection systems, started a worldwide campaign to promote the automatic collection of hatching eggs.
     With a special campaign website ( and brochure, Vencomatic wants to point out the importance of careful, clean and hygienic collection.

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 3 features this week.

Keeping Broilers Cool During Hot weather
By Brian D. Fairchild, Extension Poultry Scientist, University of Georgia - As hot weather approaches it is important to remember the benefits of removing heat from the house and the birds, especially during the last two weeks of grow-out. If bird body temperature rises feed consumption will decrease, water consumption will increase, electrolytes will be depleted and growth and livability will be reduced.

Coexisting with Neighbors: A Poultry Farmer’s Guide
By Casey W. Ritz, Ph.D. Extension Poultry Scientist, University of Georgia - The farming environment in which we live is continually changing. Several factors stand out as influences of that change in this day and age: the geographic consolidation of agricultural industries is creating a concentration of agricultural wastes, national public awareness of the environment and pollution has heightened, urban growth is spilling over into our nation’s farmland, and few people understand typical farming practices.

Nutritional and Feeding Strategies to Minimize Nutrient Losses in Livestock Manure
By Mindy J. Spiehs, Regional Extension Educator - Livestock Manure Systems, University of Minnesota Extension Service - The livestock industry has undergone substantial changes in the past few decades. The poultry, swine, and dairy industries in particular have become increasingly concentrated. This has resulted in fewer, but larger, livestock operations throughout the country.

That's all for this week.


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