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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 22nd August 2005

ThePoultrySite.com's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter ThePoultrySite.com's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter
Monday 22nd August 2005
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Welcome to this weeks newsletter

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

We start this week in Mongolia, where the USDA has positively identified the pathogenic form of avian flu H5N1 in samples taken from birds last week by field veterinarians from the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS). It is the first instance of this viral strain occurring in wild migratory birds with no apparent contact to domestic poultry or waterfowl.
     WCS field vets Drs. William Karesh and Martin Gilbert responded to initial reports of the most recent avian influenza outbreak in Kovsgol Province near the Russian border from the Mongolian Ministry of Food and Agriculture, which conducted preliminary testing of birds that died at Erkhel Lake.
     Their finding coincided with confirmations of cases of avian influenza in Russia and Kazakhstan. Approximately 100 dead birds were found at the site.
See Also: Group questions whether wild birds carry much flu

The bird flu outbreak in Siberia could soon spread to Europe, health officials warned again last week. The potentially fatal H5N1 strain has reached the Ural Mountains, which separate Europe from Asia, reports the Daily Mail.
     It is feared migratory birds flying to warmer climes could spread the virus to the Mediterranean and Middle East by autumn or spring. More than 11,000 fowl have been culled in the Chelyabinsk region of Siberia, where several geese, ducks and chicken have caught the virus, the paper states.
See Also: Rapid H5N1 Wild Bird Flu Spread to Europe

In Japan, an outbreak of a mild form of avian influenza was reported last Thursday. Japan's Ministry of Agriculture reported that chickens at a farm in Konosu, near Tokyo, had tested positive for avian flu, according to the Chinese news agency Xinhua. "The virus detected is of the H5 variety but is considered to be a weaker type because no mass deaths occurred at the farm," the story said.

Japanese authorities have completed roughly half of their random nationwide inspections for bird flu on farms, a Farm Ministry official said on Friday, a day after such checks revealed a new case of the disease in the country.

In the UAE, the Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries issued a decision on Sunday banning the import of live birds and their products from Mongolia as precautionary measure against possible transmission of bird flu in the country. The ban was imposed after the ministry received information from the World Health Organisation regarding the spread of avian bird flu virus in Mongolia.

Canadian financial analysts predicted that an avian flu pandemic would have dire consequences on the global economy, its impact comparable to the Great Depression of the 1930s.
     In a first-of-its-kind report on the financial impact of a possible pandemic, BMO Nesbitt Burns researchers warned that an outbreak could devastate the airline and hospitality industries, trigger mass foreclosures and bankruptcies, decimate insurance companies, and disrupt food chains as people switched from animal to vegetable diets all costing hundreds of billions of dollars.

In the US, the same antibiotics that prompted officials to ban the Vietnamese fish basa in Alabama and Louisiana have been commonly, and legally, used in U.S. poultry production for about a decade. The drugs were never approved for use in U.S. farm-raised catfish, but were approved for poultry in 1995, Food and Drug Administration officials said Thursday.
     Just last month, after five years of deliberation, the Food and Drug Administration moved to ban one drug in the fluoroquinolone antibiotic family from use in farmed chickens, but the ban won't go into effect until Sept. 12.

Paracox-5 - Coccidiosis vaccine for poultry
Paracox-5 Coccidiosis vaccine

Aviagen, the world's leading poultry breeding company, recently completed its annual production management course. This four-week workshop brings participants from around the world together to learn the latest information in all areas of poultry science and its practical application to managing successful breeder and broiler operations.

Hundreds to thousands of game birds, fighting cocks and other fowl are shipped into North Carolina each day through the U.S. Postal Service without proof they've been checked for highly contagious diseases, state agriculture officials said Thursday.
     This loophole, a violation of state law that requires all birds entering North Carolina to be certified as healthy, poses a potential health and bioterrorist threat to the state's $2.1 billion poultry industry, they said.

Right in line with the theme "Manure Handling for the 21st Century," new technology played a major role in last week's Manure Handling Expo at the Southern Research and Outreach Center, Minnesota. Some high-tech highlights included: Odor detection and metering, odor filtration & water separation.
     Larry Stowell, a regional sales manager for New Logic Research, Inc., said advancements have been made in water separation technology. "Over 80% of the water can be extracted, and it's clean enough to use as drinking water," he said.

Researchers at Duke University Medical Center have traced the biochemical pathway by which plants build a compound that compromises the quality of corn and soybeans as an animal feed. Their studies indicate that it is feasible to engineer such plants to significantly improve their quality as animal feeds -- a potentially important boon to the hog and poultry industries, said the researchers.

Cobb - Primary Broiler Breeders
Cobb - Primary Broiler Breeders

The Netherlands is banning farmers from keeping fowl outdoors to try to prevent the spread of bird flu. Authorities fear the poultry could be infected through contact with birds migrating from Russia. EU veterinary experts are to meet this week to discuss the emergency move.
     From Monday in the Netherlands, five million free range chickens, ducks, geese, turkeys and other birds will have to be kept indoors - along with 80 million battery birds that are already under a roof. The country is one of the world's biggest meat exporters. The country had to cull about a quarter of its poultry after an outbreak of bird flu two years ago.

Germany is also ready to order farmers to keep poultry penned up in an effort to avert bird flu, but not yet, the Agriculture and Consumer Protection Minister said. Emergency regulations have been prepared under which poultry farmers could be ordered to keep their flocks in pens to prevent contact with wild birds migrating from central Asia where bird flu has been discovered, Kuenast told a news conference in Berlin. The order has not yet been put into force and poultry farmers can work as usual for the time being, she said.

In the UK, a BBC ‘Real Story’ investigation was broadcast on 15th August, which looked into antibiotic resistance in the food chain. A laboratory carried out the testing for levels of antibiotic resistant bacteria found in chicken.
     Following the broadcast, the Health Protection Agency issued a news release stating it has been advising the BBC on the making of this programme for many months but felt it necessary to point out that the testing carried out for the BBC was similar to previous studies and did not highlight any new areas of concern, that were not being addressed.
See Also: Defra issues response to TV programme on antibiotics use on animals

DuPont Animal Health Solutions - ANTEC® BIOSENTRY®
DuPont Animal Health Solutions - ANTEC®  BIOSENTRY®

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 4 features this week.

Litter Quality and Broiler Performance
By Casey W. Ritz, Brian D. Fairchild, and Michael P. Lacy Extension Poultry Scientists, University of Georgia - Quality of chicks, feed and water are all of great concern to broiler producers; but quality of litter in broiler houses is seldom given sufficient emphasis.

EU-25 Poultry and Products Annual Overview - July 2005
By the USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service - This article provides the poultry industry data from the USDA FAS Poultry and Products Annual 2005 report for EU. A link to the full report is also provided. The full report includes all the tabular data which we have ommited from this article.

Mexico Poultry and Products Annual Overview - July 2005
By the USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service - This article provides the poultry industry data from the USDA FAS Poultry and Products Annual 2005 report for Mexico. A link to the full report is also provided. The full report includes all the tabular data which we have ommited from this article.

The use of meat/bone meal as organic farming fertiliser
By Prof. Dr. Dr. Ewald Schnug, Federal Agricultural Research Centre (FAL), Institute for Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, Germany. - Meat and bone meal (MBM) contains mineral elements essential for all organisms, typically 6-8% Nitrogen (N) and 5-6% Phosphorus (P). Phosphorus is essentially short lived and non renewable.

That's all for this week.

Ed.

Vencomatic - Complete Solutions in Poultry Equipment
Complete Solutions in Poultry Equipment


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