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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 5th September 2005's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter
Monday 5th September 2005
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Welcome to this weeks newsletter

Queens University, Belfast 11-13th September

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

We start this week in Japan, where the agriculture ministry has announced plans to cull about 1.5 million chickens following an outbreak of avian flu at poultry farms in Ibaraki and Saitama prefectures. Officials said it was a relatively weak strain of bird flu and that 504,000 chickens had already been destroyed. An additional 1.024 million birds are to be killed to prevent the disease from spreading. The area of infection has 30 farms with 4.14 million hens.
     Officials of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries said there is a strong possibility that the infection was caused by the use of an unauthorized and defective vaccine that contained an active virus. Authorized vaccines contain modified, killed or avirulent viruses or bacteria.

An analysis by the National Institute of Animal Health, an independent administrative corporation, found that the genetic makeup of the virus in Japan bore a strong similarity to a virus found in Central and South American countries, including Mexico and Guatemala.
     The virus did not exist in Japan, and it is highly unlikely it was carried to the country by migratory birds, reports Recombinomics. A prefectural government official said that so far, no indications pointing to the use of vaccines had been found.

In Taiwan, the National Health Research Institute is incorporating the efforts of various research organizations to fight a possible avian flu outbreak that could affect as many as five million people in Taiwan, according to a research report.
     A senior researcher said the institute has made much progress since it launched a project in cooperation with the Department of Health and various medical schools in June to study clinic syndrome, evaluation of different viruses, medical treatment, and development of vaccines in June.

The Thai government has ordered a mass culling of chickens in two provinces after bird flu was found in samples of native chickens. Livestock Development Department Director-General Yukol Limlamthong was quoted by the Thai News Agency as saying Thursday that laboratory test results had confirmed bird flu in native chickens from the central province of Ayutthaya and the lower northern province of Kamphaeng Phet.

The outbreak of bird flu is dying out in sprawling ex-Soviet neighbours Kazakhstan and Russia thanks to quarantine and cold weather in border regions, officials said on Friday.
     But Russia's chief veterinary inspector warned the disease could surface elsewhere in the world next spring and asked the United States and Europe to help monitor the routes of migratory wild fowl that may carry the virus from Russia.

Finland's first suspected case of bird flu, found in gulls in the northwest of the country last week, has turned out to be without risks for humans, the Finnish agriculture ministry said. The findings alleviate fears that Europe had been struck by the H5N1 strain of the virus.

Migrating birds pose a serious risk of spreading avian flu around the world, including into western Europe, the United Nations food agency said on Wednesday, rekindling fears that European experts moved to quash last week.
     The Food and Agriculture Organisation told a news conference that parts of eastern Europe, Africa and south Asia were at risk of being infected by the virus in the near term. Western Europe could face such a risk next year, it said.
     "Now that the winter is coming the risk is expanding rather fast into areas of eastern Europe, the Middle East and North Africa," said Samuel Jutzi, head of animal protection and health at the Rome-based FAO.


In The Netherlands, Dutch farmer Jan Hol says his chickens, forced indoors by government efforts to protect them from bird flu, may peck each other to death from anxiety. "I have to give my chickens a lot of extra attention," said Hol, 63, who farms 8,000 free-range hens in the central village of Beneden-Leeuwen. "I want to avoid the dangerous pecking."
     The Netherlands last month ordered its 5.6 million free-range and organically raised hens to be kept inside as the government tries to prevent the possible spread of bird flu from countries including Russia and Kazakhstan.

In the UK, a leading animal charity urged British poultry farmers to be vigilant as deadly bird flu continues to spread from Asia. The RSPCA is also calling for stricter controls on the importation of captured birds and a crackdown on the illegal trade in poultry and wild birds.
     The charity hopes the measures will prevent bird flu from spreading to Britain from Asia where dozens of people have died from a strain of the virus.

A south Devon specialist poultry vet has described the fears of bird flu hitting Britain as "utter hysteria", reports ThisIsSouthDevon. David Shingleton said there is too much hype surrounding the avian influenza outbreak in Asia, saying the viruses normally only affect birds and less commonly, pigs.

In the US, bird experts working in some of the most remote areas of Alaska have begun checking migrating birds for avian influenza to see if they are spreading the feared virus out of Asia. A team heads off later this week for the Alaskan Peninsula to test Steller's eiders, a type of duck, for the virus. "We think that Alaska is likely to be the front line," said Hon Ip, a virologist at the USGS National Wildlife Health Center.

Hurricane Katrina will cost U.S. farmers an estimated $2 billion in Gulf Coast crop and livestock losses and higher fuel bills throughout the farm sector, the American Farm Bureau said on Thursday.
     Another grower group, the National Farmers Union, urged the government to provide disaster aid for hurricane damage as well as Midwest states hit by drought and floods.
     Crop losses from the hurricane were still being assessed by federal and state experts, and farm-state lawmakers were wary of acting until a reliable tally was made, aides said.

Hurricane Katrina idled poultry processing plants and destroyed thousands of chicken houses in Gulf Coast states, which could push the cost of chicken higher in coming weeks.
     Springdale, Ark.-based Tyson Foods, which has three hen farms in Delaware, had four processing plants in Mississippi idled this week.
     One plant in Carthage resumed operations Wednesday and two in Forest were expected to begin operations Friday night. The fourth, in Vicksburg, was expected to open today.

The Russian federal veterinary and phytosanitary inspection service has not ruled out the possibility of imposing restrictions on chicken meat imports from the US states affected by Hurricane Katrina, Sergey Dankvert, the service's chief said. He stressed that no restrictive measures had been imposed yet on poultry meat imports from the US, including the above regions.

Merial Avian Products
Merial Avian Products

Brazil's foreign sales of beef, pork, and poultry are expected to reach around US$ 8 billion this year, as estimated by the Secretary of Agricultural Surveillance of the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Supply, Gabriel Alves Maciel.
     If this estimate is borne out, meat will take over first place from the soybean complex in Brazilian agribusiness exports.

Brazilian researchers have sequenced the genomes of two bacteria that cause significant damage to pig and poultry farming in Brazil and elsewhere. The researchers are now analysing the results in an attempt to identify bacterial proteins that could be used to develop vaccines and diagnostic kits against the bacteria.
     Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae causes pneumonia in pigs and costs the Brazilian pig-breeding industry US$200 million each year. Mycoplasma synoviae is a related bacterium that causes respiratory disease in chickens and turkeys.
     The researchers also identified the genetic sequence of a non-pathogenic strain of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae in order to compare it to the pathogenic strain and determine which genes and proteins help the bacterium kill pigs.

In India, Calcuttan's want more eggs on their plates. And to meet that demand, Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee’s government has decided to offer sops to encourage egg farming in the state.
     “We will offer 10 per cent subsidy on the capital invested in medium-sized egg farms. The finance department has recently cleared our proposal,” animal resources development minister Anisur Rahaman said on Sunday.
     Only medium-sized farms, which keep around 10,000 birds on an average, will be eligible for the subsidy, officials stated.

Company News

Aviagen and Merial Ltd. are pleased to announce that Aviagen has completed the purchase of Merial's subsidiary British United Turkeys (B.U.T.), one of the world's leading turkey breeding companies. The transaction, concluded on August 26th, took the form of a sale of shares of B.U.T. Ltd. (UK) and B.U.T. (France).
     Following several years of investment in the Nicholas brand in research and facilities in North America, Aviagen has made the strategic move into the European market. B.U.T. is the European market leader in turkey breeding with complementary products to the Nicholas genetic lines.

Leading Dutch broiler breeding company Hybro BV has announced the appointment of a new regional manager for the Middle East. Mr. Marcel Roy will take up the role from September 1 2005, working out of Boxmeer and reporting to Hybro's area manager for the Middle East and Africa, Mr. Mannes Elkink.
     Marcel (42) began his career as account manager Europe with BePoTra NV in Belgium in 1986 and subsequently gained broad experience of intensive livestock farming (pigs), including work as Sales Manager for Dumeco in Boxtel.

Bayer Corp. has asked the Food and Drug Administration to allow it to keep selling its controversial animal antibiotic, Baytril, while it fights an agency ban on the drug in federal court.
     Almost five years after the FDA first moved to ban the drug - which the agency had concluded was contributing to a decrease in the effectiveness of closely related human antibiotics - FDA Commissioner Lester M. Crawford issued a final rule in July ordering the drug off the market as of Sept. 12.
     However, a drug safety consumer group has accused Bayer Corp. of endangering public health by seeking to stay the Sept. 12 effective date of the first-ever ban for an agricultural antibiotic by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.
VIROCID - The Global Disinfectant
VIROCID - The Global Disinfectant

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 6 features this week.

South Africa, Republic of, Poultry and Products Annual Overview - August 2005
By the USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service - This article provides the poultry industry data from the USDA FAS Poultry and Products Annual 2005 report for South Africa. A link to the full report is also provided. The full report includes all the tabular data which we have ommited from this article.

India Poultry and Products Annual Overview - August 2005
By the USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service - This article provides the poultry industry data from the USDA FAS Poultry and Products Annual 2005 report for India. A link to the full report is also provided. The full report includes all the tabular data which we have ommited from this article.

Brazil Poultry and Products Annual Overview - August 2005
By the USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service - This article provides the poultry industry data from the USDA FAS Poultry and Products Annual 2005 report for Brazil. A link to the full report is also provided. The full report includes all the tabular data which we have ommited from this article.

Poultry Mortality Composting Management Guide
By Casey W. Ritz, Extension Poultry Scientist and John W. Worley, Extension Engineer, University of Georgia - Disposal of dead birds can be a problem for poultry growers. Typical methods of mortality disposal include burial, incineration, rendering, and composting. Many states have banned the use of burial pits that historically have been used to dispose of dead birds. Incineration can be costly and raise air quality concerns, and the decreasing number of renderers further complicates disposal.

Disease-Related Trade Restrictions Shaped Animal Product Markets in 2004 and Stamp Imprints on 2005 Forecasts
By the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) - This report looks at Disease outbreaks and related trade restrictions that affected U.S. animal-product markets and exports in 2003, and how they continued to constrain markets in 2004.

Analysis of US poultry meat trade with the EU: Past, present, future
By the USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service - The US exports $2.2 billion of poultry meat per year, however none of those exports enter the EU. This report outlines some of the current and historical reasons for this. Web links and other sources are cited as appropriate.

That's all for this week.


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