Welcome to this weeks newsletter
We start this week in Indonesia, where the government said today it will test people for bird flu who had contact with a woman in Jakarta suspected of having died from the virus, as United Nations health authorities said more cases could be expected. Initial tests were positive for the H5N1 virus and more blood samples were being sent to a laboratory in Hong Kong for further testing, officials said.
They said the results should be known in a week. If confirmed, the death would be the fourth from the virus in Indonesia. Dr Steven Bjorge, technical officer of emerging diseases at the WHO office in Jakarta said he expected more human infections in Indonesia.
Moroccan health minister Mohammed Cheikh Biadillah confirmed that Morocco is no longer subject to the threat of bird flu, but is cautious in the event of possible propagation of the virus, reported MAP news agency.
"We are prepared for this possible risk as part of the international alert," he declared, adding that the World Health Organization (WHO) has established a group of laboratories that is now preparing a vaccine prototype to fight this illness.
In China, in the face of increasing concerns over the controversial use of antibiotic growth promoters in animal feed, agricultural researchers are trying to find possible replacements and reduce the need for antibiotics in factory farming.
Tong Jianming, a professor with the Institute of Animal Science under the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, said Chinese researchers have already focused attention on the potential hazards of antibiotic growth promoters, which speed pigs, poultry and cattle to market but also speed the development of bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics.
In Russia, outbreaks of bird flu were registered in 45 villages by late August, with another 75 villages still suspected to be infected by the virus, a senior veterinary official said last week.
"The infection cannot be contained, and it is impossible to isolate a separate region," Chief Veterinary Inspector Yevgeny Nepoklonov said at a session of the coordinating council of the Siberian Agreement Interregional Association. "The problem will have serious consequences for the environment, the economy, and primarily for human health."
According to the official, as many as 120,000 birds have been incinerated in the infected regions of Russia.
Wholesale prices on American Bush Legs, the most consumed kind of meat in Russia, have soared 18% touching a historic high of $2-2.1 per a kilogram. The price hike is attributed to Hurricane Katrina, which hit American ports accounting for the half of the American poultry imported to Russia, and the declining trust of Russian poultry meat because of the bird flu.
Experts predict the rise to continue. The prices on the American meat will soon grow 5-10% to bring up prices on the Russian poultry as well. Prices on the American poultry, which accounts for 74% of the poultry import in Russia, have shot up 18 percent past week, Kommersant reports.
In the US for the first time, the Food and Drug Administration has succeeded in forcing off the market an antibiotic used to treat animals because of concerns that it would make similar antibiotics less effective in treating people.
After a five-year battle, Bayer said last week it would immediately stop selling its poultry antibiotic Baytril, a close relative to its widely used human antibiotic Cipro. The company could have appealed the FDA ban on the drug to a federal court but instead decided to comply.
Cobb - Primary Broiler Breeders
US farmers and agricultural producers may see losses of as much as $2 billion from Hurricane Katrina, as estimates of damage to crops, farms and exports rise from the natural disaster. Direct damage to crops and livestock may exceed $1 billion, said Terry Francl, chief economist at the American Farm Bureau, which represents about 5 million farmers. Another $1 billion may be lost from delayed exports of corn and soybeans and soaring fuel prices, he said.
In Mississippi, which supplies almost 10% of U.S. poultry, chicken producers have been hurt by fuel shortages, power outages and road blockages caused by the storm, National Chicken Council spokesman Richard Lobb said.
See Also:Hurricane may cause chicken shortages
Poultry is the No. 1 agricultural commodity in Georgia, representing some 45% of the total farm gate income in 2004. Breaking it down by the numbers, the value of poultry products is impressive, reports Gainsville Times.
In 2004, poultry farm gate value was more than $4.7 billion with broilers at $4.1 billion, eggs at $439 million and pullets at $110 million and Georgia led all states in broiler production with more than 1.5 billion produced, they say.
In a new management structure Cobb-Vantress, Inc has appointed Jerry Moye as senior vice president and created two new vice presidents to provide for expanding broiler breeder sales worldwide - Stan Reid responsible for North America, Asia and Australasia, and James Young for Europe and South America. "With the continuing growth and success of Cobb around the world, these appointments will reinforce our commitment to customers," says James Bell, president of Cobb-Vantress, Inc.
Around 140 million chickens who carry the H5N1 virus have been destroyed in South East Asia, but that hasn't stopped more than 100 people catching the disease in Vietnam, Thailand, Cambodia and Indonesia, killing almost 60. Experts agree up to 100 million people could be killed worldwide, if the virus mutates with an existing human flu strain, according to ABC.
Releasing his five-point plan today, Australia's Labor Party Foreign Affairs spokesman, Kevin Rudd, said Avian Influenza was a national security and public health risk.
Paracox-5 - Coccidiosis vaccine for poultry
In New Zealand, experts warn that hospitals will be overwhelmed and thousands of sick and dying will have to be cared for at home if a bird flu pandemic strikes. The Health Ministry's director of public health, Mark Jacobs, said a flu pandemic, such as bird flu, was potentially the biggest crisis New Zealand had faced. A new flu virus could infect one in three people, and as many as 16,000 would need hospital care.
Two German state governments have issued orders to keep poultry inside pens in some areas to prevent bird flu being spread by migrating wild birds.
The states of Lower Saxony and North Rhine Westphalia have both issued orders that farmers keep poultry inside from September 15 in several parts of their regions used by especially large numbers of migratory birds.
See also: Germany Prepares For H5N1 Wild Bird Flu Migration
The chances of avian flu reaching Northern Ireland are low, the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development has said. A Dard statement said that the risk of high pathogenic avian influenza entering Europe was low, and the risk to the province was lower still.
A contingency plan is in place which is reviewed and updated, Dard said. It said there was no need to house free-range poultry flocks, but that it would conduct wild bird surveillance.
Bird flu could enter Britain through "pet fairs" held across the country every weekend, a leading charity has revealed. The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds gave the warning as concern remains high over any possible spread of the disease to western Europe from Asia, where dozens of people have died from a strain of the virus.
UK Company Banham Poultry has submitted another application for a composting plant at Carleton Rode, near Attleborough, reports EDP24. The application is for a derelict site at Abbey Road, which the firm previously used for slaughtering, and would see up to 28,000 tonnes of waste processed a year. The firm previously applied to build a renewable power plant on the edge of Attleborough using poultry by-products, but this was turned down by Norfolk County Council because of concerns about smell. Banham Poultry appealed, with a public inquiry due in January, and it has also submitted a fresh application for the power plant.
Despite intense global competition the European poultry scene is set to grow at 2% per year a major conference has been told this week. The biennial Northern Ireland Poultry Industry conference attracted specialists from all over Europe to Loughry Campus. Jim McAdam, Aviagen's breeding programme director, said the world's leading poultry breeder said world broiler meat production had increased in the past 25 years from under 20 million tonnes to around 60 million tonnes today.
DuPont Animal Health Solutions - ANTEC® BIOSENTRY®
We have 7 features this week.
Poultry Litter Sampling
By Casey W. Ritz, Extension Poultry Scientist, Paul F. Vendrell and Armando Tasistro, Agricultural and Environmental Services Laboratory, University of Georgia - Poultry litter is a mixture of poultry manure, feathers, wasted feed, and bedding material that contains nitrogen, phosphate, potash, and other nutrients essential for plant growth.
The Impact of Genetics on Breeder Management
By Ron Meijerhof, senior technical specialist, Hybro B.V., Boxmeer, The Netherlands - In the world of broiler meat production, rapid developments are being made. The increase in broiler performance for all commercial breeds has been tremendous over recent years, measured not only by improvements in growth per day, but also in terms of feed conversion, carcass yield, breast meat yield, mortality and leg quality, for example.
UK Poultry and Poultrymeat Statistics - August 2005
By Defra - This monthly publication combines information from the UK Hatcheries Survey and Poultry Slaughterhouse Survey results together with other Defra statistics, and trade data, pulling all ‘official’ poultry statistics in one publication.
Taiwan Poultry and Products Annual Overview - August 2005
By the USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service - This article provides the poultry industry data from the USDA FAS Poultry and Products Annual 2005 report for Taiwan. A link to the full report is also provided. The full report includes all the tabular data which we have ommited from this article.
Korea Poultry and Products Annual Overview - August 2005
By the USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service - This article provides the poultry industry data from the USDA FAS Poultry and Products Annual 2005 report for Korea. A link to the full report is also provided. The full report includes all the tabular data which we have ommited from this article.
Japan Poultry and Products Annual Overview - August 2005
By the USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service - This article provides the poultry industry data from the USDA FAS Poultry and Products Annual 2005 report for Japan. A link to the full report is also provided. The full report includes all the tabular data which we have ommited from this article.
Indonesia Poultry and Products Annual Overview - August 2005
By the USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service - This article provides the poultry industry data from the USDA FAS Poultry and Products Annual 2005 report for Indonesia. A link to the full report is also provided. The full report includes all the tabular data which we have ommited from this article.
That's all for this week.
Reaching new peaks of performance
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