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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 19th September 2005

ThePoultrySite.com's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter ThePoultrySite.com's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter
Monday 19th September 2005
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Welcome to this weeks newsletter

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* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

We start this week in Asia, where reluctance by poor Asian poultry farmers to report bird flu outbreaks is a weak link in the fight to prevent the deadly disease spreading and causing a human pandemic, the World Health Organisation said on Monday.
     "We need to realise that there is very little incentive for farmers to report suspected outbreaks," said Dr Shigeru Omi, WHO regional director for the Western Pacific, which covers 37 Asian and Pacific nations.
     "In fact, fear that their flocks might be culled without compensation is a pretty strong disincentive to report an outbreak," said Omi at the opening of the WHO Western Pacific annual conference in Noumea, capital of New Caledonia in the South Pacific.
     Millions of poultry have been culled in Asia, destroying the livelihood of many poor farmers, since bird flu was first reported in 2003 in southern China and Hong Kong.

In Indonesia, 2 children have been hospitalised with suspected bird flu, prompting the government to put the country on high alert today as it struggled to contain the virus that has killed four people.
     Adding to fears among the general population in Jakarta, authorities closed the city's main zoo after tests showed some exotic birds had been infected with avian flu.
     Officials also said the cash-strapped government had little money to carry out a mass culling of infected poultry or birds.
     The highly pathogenic H5N1 strain of the virus has killed four Indonesians, including one woman who died in Jakarta a week ago. The virus has killed 64 people in four Asian countries since late 2003 and has also spread to Russia and Europe.

In this weeks China broiler report, eFeedLink say that prices of AA broilers have shown signs of sluggishness during the week ending Sep 14. Breeders and broiler processing enterprises had been upbeat about market demand for broilers in the run up to the Mid-Autumn Festival, which was last Sunday.
     Of late, cooler temperatures had led to an increase in the consumption of China breed broilers. Breeders who hoped to make up for their lower profits earlier, had held on to their stocks of broilers in anticipation of better prices, thus contributing to the more stable prices in recent days.

After over 20 years of sustained and rapid development, livestock production has become a pillar in China's agricultural and rural economy, and a way to raise farmers' incomes.
     The gross output value of livestock production is a record high of RMB 1 trillion in 2004, accounting for 33.6 percent of the national agricultural total output. About 40 percent of the rural per capita income's net increase came from livestock production.
     In recent years, there have been a number of improvements to the livestock production industry in China. Last year, standardised breeding centres provided for 37.9 percent of the country's pig farms, 73 percent of all chicken farms and 60.4 percent of cow farms. The number of breeding bases across China has exceeded 40,000.

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Japan has discovered chicken imported from a Brazilian producer to be tainted with an illegal anti-bacterial drug, enrofloxacin, the country's government said. The chickens, which came from a plant owned by the producer, were found to contain 0.06 ppm of the illegal drug. Japan had banned the drug due to human health concerns.
     In response, the Japanese government said all chickens from the plant would be tested. Also, the importers concerned were ordered to destroy or return the cargo back to Brazil, which reportedly totalled 1,668 kilograms.

In South-Eastern Russia, bird flu has spread to yet another village, the Emergencies Ministry said Thursday. Tests conducted at a veterinary lab in the Chelyabinsk region confirmed the avian influenza H5N1 virus as the cause of the death of 39 chickens at five poultry farms in the community of Lugovoi last week. No human cases have been detected, according to Novosti.
     Three other rural communities in the Chelyabinsk province reported outbreaks in August, but no new cases have been registered there so far this month.

Scientists believe they have the know-how to make an effective vaccine against pandemic bird flu; the problem is how to make enough of it. As avian flu spreads from Asia into Siberia and Kazakhstan, health experts are increasingly focused on the medical challenge of fighting the disease should it start to spread easily from person to person.
     A vaccine is the best hope to prevent millions of deaths but current global manufacturing capacity, at around 300 million regular flu doses a year, is simply insufficient to meet global needs during a pandemic.
     "If you need to vaccinate the whole world, you are not going to do that with existing capacity, which is basically aimed at the over-65s in the West," said Tony Colegate of Chiron Corp, who coordinates production issues for the Influenza Vaccine Supply Task Force, an international industry group.

A harmless virus used as a delivery vehicle may help set a roadblock for the potentially catastrophic human outbreak of bird flu, according to researchers at Purdue University and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
     Purdue molecular virologist Suresh Mittal and his collaborators are investigating a new way to provide immunity against avian influenza viruses, the most lethal of which, H5N1, has a 50% fatality rate in humans.

Mounting evidence suggests that the poultry industry's use of antibiotics promotes antibiotic resistance among the foodborne bacteria that infect humans. One such bacterium is Campylobacter, a pathogen common to chicken products. Every year more than 1 million Americans develop Campylobacter -induced food poisoning from eating undercooked contaminated chicken. Resistant strains of Campylobacter are a growing public health threat, particularly among elderly and immunocompromised patients.

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Classic from Hubbard

Chicken from the United States is the most-consumed type of flesh protein in Russia, and rapidly rising prices for U.S. product in the wake of Hurricane Katrina have Russian poultry importers and consumers concerned.
     Prices rose 18 percent in the last week alone, according to Kommersant, Russia's daily online news service. U.S.-sourced poultry accounts for 74 percent of all poultry imported into Russia.
     The hurricane slammed into a region of the U.S., Mississippi and Louisiana, that ranks among the largest poultry-production areas in the country. Tyson Foods, a major poultry exporter to Russia, sources approximately 10 percent of its poultry from Mississippi alone, and last week the company announced it would relocate its export shipments from the Port of New Orleans, which was damaged by the ferocious storm, to other East Coast ports.

Mississippi's poultry industry officials are still calculating their losses after Hurricane Katrina, but one official said as many as 6 million birds could have perished. Officials aren't willing to discuss the impact on consumers just yet. "For the state as a whole, it's not as bad as it's been to individual farmers," said Tommy Gregory, USDA state statistician for Mississippi.

The Georgia f.o.b. dock quoted price on broilers and fryers for this week's trading is 75.25 cents based on full truck load lots of ice pack USDA grade "A" sized 2 1/2 to 3 pound birds, according to Tallahassee.com.
     The market is steady and the live supply is adequate for a good to normal demand. Average weights are ranging mostly desirable. Estimated slaughter Thursday is 5,098,500 head. This compares with 5,107,000 head last Thursday.

The European Commission on Wednesday decided to enhance national surveillance programs for avian influenza, amid fears that the virus could be carried into the European Union (EU) by migratory birds. The EU executive will provide up to 50 percent co-funding for the programs - the initial kitty of euro 884,000 euros (about 1.04 million US dollars). The allocation is to cover program costs for the next half of this year and will be supplemented by further funding in 2006.
     The measures are a response to scientists' warnings that the H5N1 strain of avian influenza - which has killed more than 60 people in Asia and led to the destruction of millions of birds - could get carried westwards to Europe from Siberia by migratory birds.

The UK will have just weeks to brace itself for a flu pandemic once cases start spreading rapidly in Asia, experts warned. The Health Protection Agency (HPA) has been using statistical models to estimate how soon a pandemic could start affecting the UK.
     They have also been assessing whether methods such as travel bans and screening people at airports would be effective in slowing down the spread of flu. Dr John Edmunds, from the HPA's centre for infections, said that once clusters of flu in Asia started to get bigger, with more people infected, the alarm would be raised.

Visit Safe-Poultry.com and learn about salmonella in poultry
Visit Safe-Poultry.com, learn about salmonella in poultry

Meat is an important source of the trace mineral zinc, which plays a vital role in growth, the immune system and brain function, according to the Dutch Meat Board. In the Netherlands consumers get almost one-third of their zinc requirements from meat, making it the main source of zinc in the Dutch diet.
     Zinc is primarily found in animal products such as meat, shellfish and dairy produce whereas a vegetarian diet contains a lot of phytate, which inhibits zinc absorption.

The ostrich industry in South Africa has welcomed Tuesday's announcement by Minister of Agriculture and Land Affairs Thoko Didiza, declaring the country free of avian influenza. However, it warned that this does not translate into an automatic resumption of ostrich-product exports.
     Last year, the European Union, Hong Kong, Singapore and Mozambique banned ostrich imports from South Africa after an outbreak of avian flu in two of the country's provinces. Before the ban, South Africa supplied about 70% of the world's ostrich meat, producing about 1 000 tonnes a year.

In Ghana, the government said last week that it would not subsidise or institute any form of protection for the domestic poultry industry so long as it can not produce at a comparative cheaper cost than the imported ones.
     Mr Kwamena Bartels, Minister of Private Sector Development and President Special Initiatives, who stated this on Tuesday said, "Even if the local industries are subsidised they can't produce chicken at lower prices compared to the imported product.
     "Our Highly Indebted Poor Country (HIPC) situation would not allow us to do that besides, because of the dilemma of not being able to compete with the heavily subsidized products from the developed nations," he said.

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 8 features this week.

Composting Mass Poultry Mortalities
By Casey W. Ritz, Extension Poultry Scientist, Department of Poultry Science, University of Georgia - Composting is a natural process where beneficial microorganisms decompose and transform organic materials into a useful and biologically stable end-product that is safe for the environment. This process has worked well for many poultry producers nationwide as a means of processing their daily poultry mortality.

What counts for chick quality?
By Ron Meijerhof, senior technical specialist, Hybro B.V., Boxmeer, The Netherlands - From experience and research we know that the quality of the day-old chick has a big influence on the start of the growing period and consequently on the final performance of the bird.

Determining Poultry Indemnity Values
By Stephen L. Ott, Agricultural Economist and Emergency Management Compensation Specialist, USDA's APHIS and Kirsti Bergmeier, Agricultural Economist, Disaster Assessment/Analysis Section, Agriculture and Agri-food Canada - This paper explores the process used to determine value in an industry where market prices are not always observable.

Malaysia Poultry and Products Annual Overview - September 2005
By the USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service - This article provides the poultry industry data from the USDA FAS Poultry and Products Annual 2005 report for Malaysia. A link to the full report is also provided. The full report includes all the tabular data which we have ommited from this article.

China Poultry and Products Annual Overview - September 2005
By the USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service - This article provides the poultry industry data from the USDA FAS Poultry and Products Annual 2005 report for China. A link to the full report is also provided. The full report includes all the tabular data which we have ommited from this article.

Guatemala Poultry and Products Annual Overview - September 2005
By the USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service - This article provides the poultry industry data from the USDA FAS Poultry and Products Annual 2005 report for Guatemala. A link to the full report is also provided. The full report includes all the tabular data which we have ommited from this article.

United Arab Emirates Poultry and Products Annual Overview - September 2005
By the USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service - This article provides the poultry industry data from the USDA FAS Poultry and Products Annual 2005 report for United Arab Emirates. A link to the full report is also provided. The full report includes all the tabular data which we have ommited from this article.

Venezuela Poultry and Products Annual Overview - September 2005
By the USDA, Foreign Agricultural Service - This article provides the poultry industry data from the USDA FAS Poultry and Products Annual 2005 report for Venezuela. A link to the full report is also provided. The full report includes all the tabular data which we have ommited from this article.

That's all for this week.

Ed.

Reaching new peaks of performance
Reaching new peaks of performance


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