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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 17th October 2005's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter
Monday 17th October 2005
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Welcome to this weeks newsletter

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

We start this week in South-East Asia where the building up of defences against bird flu could take 10 years, but fighting the virus at its source would be cheaper and a more effective way to stop a human pandemic, a top animal health official says.
     Alejandro Thiermann from WHO, said too much attention was being paid to stockpiling scarce antiviral drugs and developing a vaccine, and "not enough on birds".
     Dr Thiermann, part of a US-led mission to South-East Asia last week, urged rich nations to tackle the H5N1 virus in Asia's backyard farms and markets, where the pandemic threat is most likely to emerge.

The first known case of the A(H5N1) strain of avian influenza was found in 1996 in a goose in China. While the Beijing authorities insist that no poultry in the country has the disease now, Hong Kong University scientists who have studied the genetic evolution of the virus wrote in Nature in July that infected migratory birds in western China appeared to have contracted the disease in southern China. The virus has since spread from western China to East Asia, Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkey and Romania, according to the International Herald Tribune.
     The Chinese health authorities in Beijing have called repeatedly for vigilance against the disease. But they have refused to share virus samples from infected wild birds this year with international organizations and have quarreled with researchers who have suggested that the disease remains a problem.
     The strain of A(H5N1) avian influenza found in China is different from and older than the strain found in Thailand and Vietnam. Bird flu has infected more than 100 people in Thailand and Vietnam in the past two years, killing 60, the report says.

The Chinese government said it has created a new mechanism to warn about outbreaks of animal-borne diseases such as bird flu that might threaten humans. The new mechanism linked the ministries of health and agriculture and was meant to alert the government to disease outbreaks and activate teams of researchers, Xinhua reported last Thursday.
     The announcement came after a disease carried by pigs killed at least 39 people in August in China's south-west, and an outbreak of bird flu earlier this year killed thousands of migratory birds. It said a task force would meet regularly to report on the possible spread of zoonosis, or diseases such as bird flu that could spread from one species to another.
See Also: China to Enact Law on Stock Farming

In Turkey, a senior veterinarian was quoted on Sunday as saying that early tests on 1,000 chickens that died did not point to bird flu, but officials stopped poultry transportation in the province where the chickens died. Initial findings did not show the chickens in Agri province died from bird flu, according to Reuters. Final test results are expected in five or six days, he said.
     Turkey confirmed an outbreak of the disease on a farm in northwestern Turkey, triggering a virtually pan-European ban on imports of all Turkish live birds and feathers.

The Romanian government said on Saturday that a third place was affected by bird flu, a lake near the Maliuc in the Danube delta area in east Romania, where the virus was already detected. Maliuc area has been affected by bird flu and measures have been taken to prevent the spread of the disease, the Romanian news agency Rompres said. The government has ordered to isolate the area and deployed army and police forces to kill all the poultry within 3 km of Maliuc.

Greece has become the latest country to report a case of bird flu as the virus appears to spread across Europe. The country's agriculture ministry said a form of the virus had been found in nine turkeys on a farm on the Aegean Sea island of Oinouses.
     Twelve swans have also tested positive for bird flu in a second cluster in Romania, reports the BBC today. The European Commission has also ordered urgent tests on dead birds found in Croatia.
     At this stage, neither of the new outbreaks in Greece or Romania have been confirmed as the lethal H5N1 form of the bird flu virus, which has been linked to more than 60 human deaths in Asia. However, tests are continuing, and the Greek outbreak is known to involve the H5 strain, of which the deadly form is a member.

Schering-Plough Animal Health Poultry Solutions
Schering-Plough Animal Health Poultry Solutions

In the US, the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service announced last week that Mexico has agreed to lift its ban on poultry, table and hatching eggs and live birds from nine states that had previously had low pathogencity avian influenza (LPAI).
     Under the agreement negotiated with officials from Mexico's Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and Food, the states of California, Connecticut, Delaware, Maryland, Missouri, New Jersey, North Carolina, Pennsylvania and Texas (with the exception of 11 counties) will now be able to export their products to Mexico.

Manure-rich litter from Northwest Arkansas poultry farms is being sent to fertilize hay pastures near Charleston and to make the rice crop better on farms near Pocahontas. More poultry litter is being shipped out of protected watersheds in both Northwest Arkansas and eastern Oklahoma.
     It’s Sheri Herron’s job to coordinate transfer of poultry litter out of the Illinois River and Eucha-Spavinaw watersheds in both states. Herron is director of BMPs Inc., a nonprofit corporation created by poultry companies in 2003 to assist in the effort.

Oklahoma Attorney General Drew Edmondson's poultry lawsuit is turning into exactly what was feared - escalating court action that only creates a greater division between residents of Arkansas and Oklahoma and delays environmental protection for Oklahoma's streams, reports
     Edmondson filed suit against 14 poultry companies earlier this year, accusing them of polluting Oklahoma waters - including the Illinois River, a state scenic river - with chicken waste high in phosphorus. The poultry companies responded early this month with counteraction, naming 161 potential public and private contributors of phosphorus as well. Those named include Oklahoma towns, housing developments and resorts.

DuPont Animal Health Solutions - ANTEC® BIOSENTRY®
DuPont Animal Health Solutions - ANTEC®  BIOSENTRY®

Organic arsenic is fed to poultry to prevent bacterial infections and improve weight gain and a little bit of arsenic is taken up by the tissue and the majority of it is excreted in urine, according to Virginia Tech. Poultry litter - the wood chips, feathers, droppings, and urine from under poultry houses - is rich in nitrogen and phosphorous, so is a logical fertilizer. But what happens to that arsenic?
     Virginia Tech geoscientists are determining what happens to such feed additives when they are part of the manure applied to agricultural fields. In research funded by the USDA, Madeline Schreiber, associate professor of geosciences in the College of Science at Virginia Tech, carried out field and laboratory studies to discover the fate of arsenic fed to poultry.

A series of five EU-funded projects announced last week in the UK are a sign that the bloc is moving to rebuild public confidence in its food industry and is willing to invest more in research and development for the sector.
     The €61.6m devoted to the projects are part of a plan by the European Commission to beef up investment in food research and development in the bloc. The effort is part of a plan to get governments and the food industry to put more into R&D to help keep them competitive.
     Only about one per cent of the food industry's turnover is put into R&D compared to between three to five per cent in other industries.

This season's harvest results showed how valuable organic matter is in boosting yields, according to FWi. "If we'd have mapped them I'm sure they would have followed exactly where we had used sewage sludge and chicken manure," says Mr Blatchford. So next season he aims to double cattle and sheep numbers to provide more home-produced crop nutrients and boost supplies for the estate's specialist meat-selling enterprise.
     A 10,000 free-range poultry unit for home-slaughtered table birds, using all home-grown rations, is also anticipated. "We're planning to replace as much increasingly expensive fertiliser as we can with manure." For the poultry, which will be housed in polytunnels, the priority will be simplicity. "We'll want to avoid the trap that caught out some early outdoor pig producers tempted away from low-cost housing" he said.

Hatchery Automation Systems - Improved quality and reduced costs
Improved quality and reduced costs

A scheme for a power plant fuelled entirely by chicken waste is being tipped for approval, despite a long-running campaign by residents fiercely opposed to the plans. Banham Poultry wants to build the energy plant on its former processing site at Bunn's Bank, on the edge of Attleborough.
     Its first application was turned down last year by Norfolk County Council planning (regulatory) committee because there was insufficient evidence to guarantee the development would not result in odour problems for neighbours.

Company news

Merial has finalised an exclusive sub-license agreement with Imugene which grants it the global rights to develop and sell Imugene’s poultry productivity enhancing product.
     Merial is a world leading animal health company and is a recognised leader in poultry disease management. Trials of Imugene’s poultry productivity enhancer have demonstrated growth gains of 13.7% with 11.7% improvement in food conversion ratio. These weight gains exceed the current industry best practice by up to 15.8%.

Sven Guericke from Oldenburg has been appointed Member of the Board of Management of Big Dutchman AG. As of October 1, 2005, the 48-year-old graduate of agricultural engineering will be responsible for the areas of production coordination and logistics at the world market leader for feeding and housing equipment.
     "With Sven Guericke we have won another well-known expert for the Big Dutchman Group" says Chairman of the Supervisory Board Josef Meerpohl. "With his support, we are going to speed up and further develop our successfully started concept of the Big Dutchman logistics service centres around the world. At the same time, we will be making more room for strategic initiatives in other important business areas."

Intervet International in The Netherlands is pleased to announce the recent appointment of Mr. Herman van Iersel to the position International Product Manager Poultry Products within the Intervet International Marketing Department.
     Ruud Aerdts, Head of Global Marketing Poultry: "We wish Herman a lot of success in his new position. His appointment completes our newly structured International Poultry Marketing Team which includes two International Product Managers and four International Technical Managers.

The historic city of Istanbul, Turkey, served as the venue of the 14th World Veterinary Poultry Congress and Exhibition organized by the World Veterinary Poultry Association (WVPA). This biennial event is an important meeting place for leading poultry veterinarians and scientists from all over the world; with this year's event attracting more than 900 delegates.
    Intervet, global leader in poultry biologicals and Platinum Sponsor of the Congress organized a variety of activities throughout the event. On registration day Intervet hosted a satellite symposium on "Recent developments in respiratory diseases in poultry". Speakers from the UK, the US, the Netherlands and Intervet International presented papers on such diseases as Infectious Bronchitis and Avian Pneumovirus.

Cobb - Primary Broiler Breeders
Cobb - Primary Broiler Breeders

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 4 features this week.

Influence Of Feed Form On Broiler Performance
By Aviagen - Good broiler growth rates will be achieved if the daily nutritional requirement of the bird is met. The ability of the bird to achieve its daily nutritional requirement will, in part, depend upon the nutrient composition of the diet; however what the bird actually responds to is feed or nutrient intake.

Marathon chick
By Ron Meijerhof, Senior technical specialist, Hybro B.V. and published in International Hatchery Practice Volume 19 Number 5, 2005 - Supplying energy to a developing embryo is a critical process in incubation. To fully understand its impact, we need to look closely at sources of energy and how they are used.

How To Save Money On Poultry Feed
By Nicholas M Dale, Extension Poultry Scientist, University of Georgia - Those formulating poultry feeds continually walk a tightrope between trying to save money on the formula while avoiding a decrease in the production of eggs or meat. While the cost of feed/ton can be calculated to the nearest cent, the consequences of a marginal nutrient deficiency are usually invisible.

Highlights of Part II: Reference of Health and Management of Gamefowl Breeder Flocks in the United States, 2004
By The National Animal Health Monitoring System - This article is a highlight of Part II of NAHMS's study of the U.S. poultry industry.

That's all for this week.


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