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ThePoultrySite Newsletter - 31st October 2005's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter's Weekly Poultry Industry Newsletter
Monday 31st October 2005
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Welcome to this weeks newsletter

* News Overview (link to ALL this weeks news)

We start this week in Iraq, where medical sources reported on Saturday the first case of bird flu found in the northern Iraqi Kurdish city of Erbil. The head of the central veterinary laboratory in Erbil, Ilham Butros, said in a statement made available to United Press International that a chicken was found to have been infected with the strain.
     She said a sample was taken from a sick bird in a poultry farm in the city and sent for tests in a reputable Cairo lab because Erbil has no advanced laboratories to detect such viruses. Butros said the tests in the Egyptian capital confirmed the chicken was infected with the bird flu.

In Kuwait, teams assigned by the Public Authority of Agricultural Affairs and Fish Resources to combat the deadly bird flu virus are conducting tests on dead and live birds from all over Kuwait as part of its intense campaign to tackle the possible spread of bird flu, officials said on Saturday. Kuwait on Wednesday slapped a worldwide ban on the import of all types of birds and their products.

In Iran, with no confirmed reports of an outbreak of bird flu, officials believe the country is free so far of a virus potentially fatal to humans, according to Radio Free Europe. But they fear it may arrive soon, brought in by migratory birds flying south to spend the winter in Iran's temperate climate and swamps.
     Official statements, at times contradictory, have indicated a cautious satisfaction with the situation so far, the report says. On 2 October, the head of the disease-management department at the Health Ministry, Mohammad Mehdi Guya, told ILNA that "no cases of bird flu have been reported in Iran," rejecting reports to the contrary from the northern Mazandaran province.

Yemen has identified Newcastle disease, common among fowl but harmless to humans, as the cause of chicken deaths which have prompted public fears of a possible bird flu outbreak, officials said on Saturday.
     An official who asked not to be named told Reuters that Newcastle disease and not bird flu was behind the chicken deaths in poultry farms in the Arab country. He declined to give further details.
     Newspapers quoted residents in some areas as saying large numbers of chickens had died, and officials said public concern has led to a 20 percent drop in poultry sales.

Vietnam said Monday it needs tens of millions of dollars to fight the spread of bird flu as disaster coordinators from Pacific rim nations met in Australia to hammer out ways to stop emerging diseases skipping across the region's borders.
     Vietnam's Vice Minister of Agriculture Bui Ba Bong said the country needs US$50 million and help building up its stockpile of bird flu drugs as it struggles to keep a lid on the virus. "Vietnam wants to use this meeting as an opportunity to ask member countries for cooperation and support," Bong said.
     Vietnam has been hardest hit by bird flu, which has killed more than 40 people in the country and prompted authorities to destroy tens of millions of poultry, reports ChinaPost.

In Thailand, an outbreak of avian influenza in the northeastern province of Kalasin is the first case outside the Central region's poultry zone since the third wave of infections in July. It has raised fears among bird flu fighters about the spread of the disease, and prompted warnings that the public is still not doing enough to help.
     ``The Kalasin outbreak is not what we expected,'' said Livestock Development Department director-general Yukol Limlaemthong. ``We have had no reports of a bird flu outbreak in the northeastern provinces for over a year''.

Coccivac-B - Coccidiosis vaccine for poultry
Coccivac-B - Coccidiosis vaccine for poultry

Indonesia's human bird flu outbreak is puzzling experts because several victims do not work or live around poultry, prompting an investigation into whether other animal hosts, perhaps cats, are to blame for the disease's spread, todayonline reports.
     The WHO says the lethal H5N1 strain of bird flu that has killed more than 60 people in Southeast Asia since late 2003 is mostly transmitted to humans through direct contact with infected birds or their droppings.
     But Indonesian Health Minister Siti Fadilah Supari has said there is so far no evidence of most of the country's victims catching the virus through close contact with, or eating the meat of, infected birds.
The WHO pressed China on Friday to provide information on a 12-year-old girl who Chinese officials say died of pneumonia, but who was initially suspected of contracting deadly bird flu, reports Reuters.
     "After SARS they know they should really provide timely information about what is going on," WHO spokeswoman Fadela Chaib told a news briefing in Geneva.
     China was accused in 2002 of covering up the extent of an outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) in the south of the country, contributing to its eventual spread to 8,000 people around the world, 800 of whom died.
     WHO officials say the H5N1 strain of bird flu is far more lethal than SARS. While SARS had a mortality rate of around 15 percent, H5N1, which has now spread from Asia to Europe, kills up to a third of people it infects.

In the UK, next month's Royal Welsh Winter Fair is set to become the latest victim of Britain's bird flu panic, reports icNorthWales. On Thursday the government announced it would follow an EU directive to temporarily ban all bird fairs, shows and markets. The ban will be rushed into law "as soon as possible", the report said.
     It means the Royal Welsh Winter Fair will have to cancel its popular poultry show on November 28-29. Royal Welsh organisers said they were "disappointed" but were still awaiting details.

DuPont Animal Health Solutions - ANTEC® BIOSENTRY®
DuPont Animal Health Solutions - ANTEC®  BIOSENTRY®

Poultry producers in Wales say their businesses are at risk following a ban on bird sales and shows to lessen the potential spread of avian flu. Chris and Gene Taylor, who run one of the biggest auctions for breeders in Wales, said the ban cut trading by 80%, according to the BBC.
     "Birds are our livelihood," said Mrs Taylor, who runs Pen-rhiw-garn Poultry in Llangynidr, near Crickhowell. The assembly government, which brought in the emergency legislation, said a ban was "the only responsible option".
     Friday's decision was in line with bans in England and Scotland on the sale and display of birds at markets, shows, and fairs as a precaution against the potential spread of bird flu - which has not yet reached the UK.

Free-range chicken and egg farmers fear a consumer backlash over avian flu because their birds are more at risk from the virus than those kept indoors, reports the Telegraph. They say that shoppers could revert to buying battery hen eggs and factory farm chickens.
    Defra has told them to feed their animals indoors, and may still follow France's example and order them to lock them in all the time. There is no evidence that humans can contract bird flu from eating cooked chicken or eggs.
     But advice last week from the European Food Safety Authority to avoid eating raw eggs has heightened public concern, and butchers have reported a drop in poultry sales. Roussillon, a Michelin-starred restaurant in London, has removed poultry and game birds from its menu.

EU member states compliance with Brussels animal by-products regulation has generally been satisfactory, but some changes may need to be made to the regulation to make measures 'more proportionate to the risks' and remove unnecessary obstacles to the competitiveness of industry, according to the European Commission.
     A report describing the experience of member states in applying the Animal By-Products Regulation will be used as a 'reflection paper' on medium and long-term changes to the legislation. The Commission will develop proposals for amendments to the regulation, to be agreed by the end of next year or early 2007.
     The regulation, applicable since May 2003, was adopted in response to various food-borne crises. It lays down rules for the handling, processing, use and disposal of animal by-products unfit for human consumption.

Hatchery Automation Systems - Improved quality and reduced costs
Improved quality and reduced costs

Food processors will now be able to tell where their meat supplies originated just by scanning the ears of the livestock and plugging a number into an Internet data bank. The system speeds up the process of tracing the history of an animal. The free system has been set up by ScoringAg as part of the company's expansion of its online tracking and traceability system for food supply chains.
     The system is part of the new push to meet US regulations covering traceability, or record keeping. The EU and the US have adopted similar rules that require food companies to keep records of the operator immediately before them in the supply chain and the operator immediately after them.

In the US, meat processors such as Tyson Foods Inc. are likely to not be forced to label the origin of their products until 2008, under a joint recommendation from congressional appropriation committees.
     Members of the Senate and House of Representatives reached agreement Thursday on the Appropriations bill. Both chambers will vote on the recommendations, which include delaying mandatory country-of-origin labeling until Sept. 30, 2008.
     The mandatory program was part of President Bush's 2002 Farm Bill and was supposed to begin in September 2004. Implementation was delayed because of a provision in the 2005 Agriculture Appropriations bill.

Poultry house wastes would power a new steam plant in Maryland west of Seaford under a plan announced recently by Seaford-based Allen’s Hatchery Inc. A spokesman said construction on the 12,000-ton per year plant was expected to begin this fall and by September 2006 could replace about 15% of the steam source now used at JCR Enterprises Inc., a rendering plant in Maryland.
     Poultry companies and farmers have been working for years to find new uses for poultry litter, a combination of chicken manure and wood chips or similar bedding material. Driving the effort are concerns densely concentrated commercial animal farms produce too much animal waste for safe use as fertilizer, jeopardizing water quality.

Cobb - Primary Broiler Breeders
Cobb - Primary Broiler Breeders

Two new lawsuits have been filed alleging that the spreading of chicken litter in the Prairie Grove area causes cancer and other health problems, reports Many of the 15 new plaintiffs represent deceased relatives or children.
     The suits, filed in Washington County Circuit Court, track earlier lawsuits and name the same poultry producers and suppliers of feed additives. The suits in Washington County Circuit Court claim poultry companies use chicken feed with high levels of arsenic, copper and zinc as well as fungi and mold spores. All have denied allegations of wrongdoing and have asked that the suits be dismissed.

Company news

Leading Dutch broiler breeding company Hybro BV recently welcomed a delegation of 20 owners and breeder managers from Turkish poultry companies, for a four day seminar at their headquarters in Boxmeer. The visit has resulted in new orders being placed for Hybro parent stock before the end of this year.
     The visit was organised in response to increasing interest from the Turkish poultry industry, explained international sales manager Wilfred Folkeringa. "Since the launch of our enhanced product portfolio," he says, "there has been significant interest from Turkey in working with Hybro parent stock.

Hybro BV has appointed Mr. Bas Kanters as regional manager for Indonesia with effect from November 1 2005. In 1996 Mr Kanters (34) graduated from the Agricultural University of Wageningen (NL), gaining his degree in Fish Culture and Fisheries.
     Subsequently, his first professional appointment was as Production Manager for "P.T. Triasta Citarate", a shrimp farm in Indonesia - and since March 2001, he has worked as General Manager/owner of "Filter Queen Lelystad", a company specialising in the sales and import of air purifiers.

DuPontTM Virkon® S, the world's premier veterinary disinfectant, recognised by governments worldwide as a disinfectant of choice for the Emergency Disease Control of Avian Influenza, has now been independently proven to be highly effective against the lethal H5N1 strain.
     Independent tests carried out by the Harbin Veterinary Research Institute, Peoples Republic of China, have proved that DuPontTM Virkon® S completely inactivates the H5N1 virus at dilutions of 1:800 & 1:1000 following a ten minute exposure time under laboratory test conditions.

* Feature Articles Overview (link to features listings)

We have 4 features this week.

The Management of Male Breeders
By Lindsay Broadbent, UK Customer Account Co-ordinator, Aviagen - The objective in managing male breeders is to rear sufficient good quality males to mate with females at 19 weeks and thereafter maximise fertility through the lay period. Good quality means that males have the potential to maintain high levels of fertility through the production period. Sufficient will mean anywhere between 8 and 10 percent of the female number at 23 weeks.

Annual United States Animal Health Report (for 2004)
By the USDA's APHIS - This article is the first report on the status of animal health in the United States. As an annual publication, the Animal Health Report will be updated and refined each year to ensure that it addresses issues of current importance to its stakeholders. Here we provide the introduction, contents and a link to the full report.

UK Poultry Disease Quarterly Surveillance Report (to June 2005)
By Veterinary Laboratories Agency - This report monitors trends in the major endemic poultry diseases and utilises the farmfile and VIDA (Veterinary Investigation Disease Analysis) databases. The report is compiled using disease data gathered by the network of 15 VLA regional laboratories which carry out disease investigation in the field.

Single stage incubation is the most natural choice
By Dr. Marleen Boerjan, Pas Reform Hatchery Technologies - What are the incubation needs of the developing embryo? To achieve the best results from commercial incubation we should focus on temperature in the setter, the most critical factor of embryonic development.

That's all for this week.


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